The Troad or Troas is the historical name of the Biga Yarimadasi peninsula in the northwestern Turkey. Bounded by the Dardanelles to the northwest, by the Aegean Sea to the west and separated from the rest of Anatolia by the massif that forms Mount Ida, the Troad is drained by two main rivers, the Scamander (Karamenderes) and the Simois, which join near the ruins of Troy. The Kingdom of Pergamum ceded the territory to the Roman Republic.
Assos, Troas, c. 480 - 450 B.C.
Assos was a harbor city on the Gulf of Adramytteion, just north of the island of Lesbos. Hermias, a student of Plato, ruled Assos for a time during the 4th century B.C. He invited Plato's most famous student, Aristotle, who lived and taught in Assos for more than three years. When the Persians took the city, they executed Hermias and Aristotle fled to Lesbos. After visiting Alexandria Troas, Paul walked to Assos and visited the Christians there (Acts 20:13).
An astragalos was a gaming piece, made from the knuckle-bone of a sheep or goat, used in antiquity for divination and games in a manner similar to dice.
SH58954. Silver diobol, SNGvA 1546, SNG Cop -, SNG München -, BMC Troas -, VF, weight 1.172 g, maximum diameter 9.6 mm, die axis 180o, Kebren mint, 5th Century B.C.; obverse head of Apollo left; reverse ram's head left within square incuse; wonderful Archaic style; rare; $250.00 (€192.50)
Maximus, Caesar, 235 or 236 - 24 June 238 A.D., Alexandria, Troas
Alexandria Troas was founded by Antigonus around 310 B.C. with the name Antigoneia. He populated his new city with the inhabitants of Cebren, Colone, Hamaxitus, Neandria, and Scepsis. About 300 B.C., Lysimachus improved the city and re-named it Alexandreia.
RP63419. Bronze AE 23, Bellinger Troy A378, BMC Troas 138, SNG Cop -, SNGvA -, SNG München -, aF, weight 8.081 g, maximum diameter 23.3 mm, die axis 180o, Alexandreia mint, obverse IVL MAXI-MVS CAES, bare-headed, draped, and cuirassedbust right, from behind; reverse horse grazing right, tree on left behind horse, TROAC below; scarce; $85.00 (€65.45)
Gallienus, August 253 - 24 March 268 A.D., Alexandria, Troas
Alexandria Troas (modern Eski Stambul) was an ancient Greek city on the Aegean Sea near the northern tip of Turkey's western coast, a little south of Tenedos (modern Bozcaada). Among the few structure ruins remaining today are a bath, an odeon, a theater and gymnasium complex and a stadium. The circuit of the old walls can still be traced.
RP82467. Bronze AE 26, SNG Cop 202 ff., EF, weight 5.657 g, maximum diameter 22.0 mm, die axis 0o, Alexandria Troas mint, obverse IMP LICIN GALLIENVS, laureate, draped bust right, from behind; reverse COL AVG O TROA, horse feeding right; $80.00 (€61.60)
Birytis, Troas, c. 350 - 250 B.C.
Birytis' precise location in western Asia Minor remains unknown but it probably stood either south of Troy or near Hellespont. Numismatics provides our only evidence this city existed.
The god Kabeiros is similar in appearance to Dionysos and the rites of his cult were likely similar to those of the Dionysian mysteries. The attributes of Kabeiros are a rhyton and hammer.
GB54677. Bronze AE 11, SNG Cop 249; SNG München 19, 170; SNG Tübingen 2574; BMC Troas p. 40, 6 - 7; SNGvA -, VF, weight 1.431 g, maximum diameter 11.4 mm, Birytis mint, c. 350 - 250 B.C.; obverse head of Kabeiros left wearing pileus; reverse B-I/P-Y in fields at sides of club, all within laurel wreath; $80.00 (€61.60)
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