The Troad or Troas is the historical name of the Biga Yarimadasi peninsula in the northwestern Turkey. Bounded by the Dardanelles to the northwest, by the Aegean Sea to the west and separated from the rest of Anatolia by the massif that forms Mount Ida, the Troad is drained by two main rivers, the Scamander (Karamenderes) and the Simois, which join near the ruins of Troy. The Kingdom of Pergamum ceded the territory to the Roman Republic.
Assos, Troas, c. 480 - 450 B.C.
Assos was a harbor city on the Gulf of Adramytteion, just north of the island of Lesbos. Hermias, a student of Plato, ruled Assos for a time during the 4th century B.C. He invited Plato's most famous student, Aristotle, who lived and taught in Assos for more than three years. When the Persians took the city, they executed Hermias and Aristotle fled to Lesbos. After visiting Alexandria Troas, Paul walked to Assos and visited the Christians there (Acts 20:13).
An astragalos was a gaming piece, made from the knuckle-bone of a sheep or goat, used in antiquity for divination and games in a manner similar to dice.
Macedonian Kingdom, Alexander III The Great, 336 - 323 B.C., Lifetime Issue
Abydos is located on the Asiatic shore of the Hellespont (Dardanelles), at the shortest crossing point, scarcely a mile across from Sestus on the European side. In the Iliad, Abydos was an ally of the Trojans (Iliad ii.836) and it is the mythical home of Leander. Persians occupied it in 514 B.C. and Darius burned it in 512. When he invaded Greece in 480 B.C., Xerxes built his two bridges of boats across the strait from Abydos. Abydos became a member of the Delian League, but revolted against Athens in 411 B.C. It allied itself to Sparta, until 394 B.C. Then it passed under Achaemenid rule until 334. Alexander the Great threw a spear to Abydos while crossing the strait and claimed Asia as his own. Abydos is celebrated for the vigorous resistance it made against Philip V of Macedon in 200 B.C. The city minted coins from the early fifth century B.C. to the mid-third century A.D.
GS71600. Silver drachm, Price 1505, Müller Alexander 610, Thompson 44, SNG Cop 891, VF, nice style, well centered, toned, weight 4.027 g, maximum diameter 17.6 mm, die axis 225o, Troas, Abydos mint, c. 328 - 323 B.C.; obverse Herakles' head right, clad in Nemean lion scalp headdress tied at neck; reverse AΛEΞAN∆POY, Zeus enthroned left, right foot forward, feet on footstool, eagle in extended right, long scepter vertical behind in left, Pegsos forepart left in left field, I over Ω under throne; lifetime issue!; $200.00 (€150.00) ON RESERVE
Dardanos, Troas, 4th Century B.C.
In mythology, Dardanos was founded by Dardanus, from whom the city, the region and the people took their name. It lay on the Hellespont, and is the source of the strait's modern name, the Dardanelles. From Dardanus' grandson Tros the people gained the additional name of Trojans and the region gained the additional name Troad. Tros' son Ilus subsequently founded a city called Ilion (in Latin Ilium) down on the plain, the city now commonly called Troy, and the kingdom was split between Ilium and Dardania. The Dardani people appear in the Trojan War under Aeneas, in close alliance with the Trojans, with whose name their own is often interchanged, especially by the Roman poets.
GB67648. Bronze AE 18, BMC Troas p. 48, 4; SNG München 175; SNG Cop 284, aF, thick flan, weight 7.367 g, maximum diameter 18.5 mm, die axis 180o, Dardanos mint, 4th century B.C.; obverse horseman galloping right, wearing petasos and chlamys flying behind; reverse ∆AP, cock right, standing erect, Athena Promachos holding lance and shield in right field; rare; $110.00 (€82.50)
Birytis, Troas, c. 350 - 250 B.C.
Birytis' precise location in western Asia Minor remains unknown but it probably stood either south of Troy or near Hellespont. Numismatics provides our only evidence this city existed.
The god Kabeiros is similar in appearance to Dionysos and the rites of his cult were likely similar to those of the Dionysian mysteries. The attributes of Kabeiros are a rhyton and hammer.
GB71329. Bronze AE 11, SNG Cop 249; SNG München 19, 170; SNG Tübingen 2574; BMC Troas p. 40, 6 - 7; SNGvA -, aVF, weight 1.327 g, maximum diameter 11.1 mm, die axis 0o, Birytis mint, c. 350 - 250 B.C.; obverse head of Kabeiros left wearing pileus; reverse B-I/P-Y in fields at sides of club, all within laurel wreath; $100.00 (€75.00)
Gallienus, August 253 - September 268 A.D., Alexandreia Troas, Troas
Alexandria Troas (modern Eski Stambul) is on the Aegean Sea near the northern tip of the west coast of Anatolia, a little south of Tenedos (modern Bozcaada). The city was founded by Antigonus around 310 B.C. with the name Antigoneia and was populated with the inhabitants of Cebren, Colone, Hamaxitus, Neandria, and Scepsis. About 301 B.C., Lysimachus improved the city and re-named it Alexandreia. Among the few structure ruins remaining today are a bath, an odeon, a theater and gymnasium complex and a stadium. The circuit of the old walls can still be traced.
RP69784. Bronze AE 27, SNG Hunterian 1305 (same obv die); cf. BMC Troas p. 32, 185 ff.; Bellinger Troy A466; SNG Cop 211; SNGvA 7574; SNG Canakkale 467, F+, weight 10.447 g, maximum diameter 27.0 mm, die axis 45o, Alexandria Troas (Eski Stambul, Turkey) mint, obverse IMP GALLI, laureate, draped and cuirassedbust right; reverse TROA, turreted bust of city goddess right, vexillum behind inscribed AV / CO; from the Butte College Foundation, ex Lindgren; rare; $80.00 (€60.00)
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