The Troad or Troas is the historical name of the Biga Yarimadasi peninsula in the northwestern Turkey. Bounded by the Dardanelles to the northwest, by the Aegean Sea to the west and separated from the rest of Anatolia by the massif that forms Mount Ida, the Troad is drained by two main rivers, the Scamander (Karamenderes) and the Simois, which join near the ruins of Troy. The Kingdom of Pergamum ceded the territory to the Roman Republic.
Assos, Troas, c. 480 - 450 B.C.
Assos was a harbor city on the Gulf of Adramytteion, just north of the island of Lesbos. Hermias, a student of Plato, ruled Assos for a time during the 4th century B.C. He invited Plato's most famous student, Aristotle, who lived and taught in Assos for more than three years. When the Persians took the city, they executed Hermias and Aristotle fled to Lesbos. After visiting Alexandria Troas, Paul walked to Assos and visited the Christians there (Acts 20:13).
An astragalos was a gaming piece, made from the knuckle-bone of a sheep or goat, used in antiquity for divination and games in a manner similar to dice.
SH58954. Silver diobol, SNGvA 1546, SNG Cop -, SNG München -, BMC Troas -, VF, weight 1.172 g, maximum diameter 9.6 mm, die axis 180o, Kebren mint, 5th Century B.C.; obverse head of Apollo left; reverse ram's head left within square incuse; wonderful Archaic style; rare; $220.00 (€165.00)
Maximus, Caesar, 235 or 236 - 24 June 238 A.D., Alexandria, Troas
Alexandria Troas was founded by Antigonus around 310 B.C. with the name Antigoneia. He populated his new city with the inhabitants of Cebren, Colone, Hamaxitus, Neandria, and Scepsis. About 300 B.C., Lysimachus improved the city and re-named it Alexandreia.
RP63419. Bronze AE 23, Bellinger Troy A378, BMC Troas 138, SNG Cop -, SNGvA -, SNG München -, aF, weight 8.081 g, maximum diameter 23.3 mm, die axis 180o, Alexandreia mint, obverse IVL MAXI-MVS CAES, bare-headed, draped, and cuirassedbust right, from behind; reverse horse grazing right, tree on left behind horse, TROAC below; scarce; $85.00 (€63.75)
Gergis, Troas, c. 320 - 270 B.C.
Gergis, on the north of the river Scamnander in Troas, was believed by some to have been the birthplace of the Sibyl. It was Sybil Herophile who told Herakles that as penance for killing his wife and children in a fit induced by Hera, he was must to carry out twelve tasks set by his arch-enemy, Eurystheus, who had become King in his stead. In the mid-third century B.C., King Attalus of Pergamon transplanted the inhabitants of Gergis to a place called Gergetha or Gergithion, near Larissa in Cyme.
GB66107. Bronze AE 11, SGCV II 4098; SNG Cop 337; SNGvA 1516; BMC Troas p. 55, 3, VF, weight 1.745 g, maximum diameter 11.2 mm, die axis 45o, Gergis mint, c. 320 - 270 B.C.; obverse head of Sibyl Herophile facing slightly right; reverse ΓEP, sphinx with curved wings seated right; $80.00 (€60.00)
Alexandria, Troas, c. 253 - 268 A.D.
Alexandria Troas was founded by Antigonus around 310 B.C. with the name Antigoneia. He populated his new city with the inhabitants of Cebren, Colone, Hamaxitus, Neandria, and Scepsis. About 301 B.C., Lysimachus improved the city and re-named it Alexandreia.
RP63415. Bronze AE 22, Bellinger Troy A490, cf. SNG Tübingen 2535, SNG München 61, SNGvA 7553, SNG Cop 114, BMC Troy 53, SNG Canakkale 546 (all legend variations), VF, nice reverse, weight 5.119 g, maximum diameter 20.8 mm, die axis 0po, Alexandreia mint, reigns of Valerian and Gallienus, c. 253 - 268; obverse AL-EXA TR, turreted bust of Tyche right, vexillum behind; reverse CO - A-VGO - TR, eagle with open wings standing right on forepart of a bull; scarce variety; $75.00 (€56.25)
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