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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Greek Coins ▸ Geographic - All Periods ▸ Anatolia ▸ TroasView Options:  |  |  |   

Ancient Greek Coins of Troas

The Troad or Troas is the historical name of the Biga Yarimadasi peninsula in the northwestern Turkey. Bounded by the Dardanelles to the northwest, by the Aegean Sea to the west and separated from the rest of Anatolia by the massif that forms Mount Ida, the Troad is drained by two main rivers, the Scamander (Karamenderes) and the Simois, which join near the ruins of Troy. The Kingdom of Pergamum ceded the territory to the Roman Republic.


Macedonian Kingdom, Alexander III The Great, 336 - 323 B.C.

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The attribution of any of Alexander's or Lysimachus' coinage to Abydus is uncertain, however, the mint was definitely in the area near to Lampsacus.
GS85192. Silver drachm, Price 1565, Müller Alexander -, SNG Cop -, SNG München -, SNG Saroglos -, SNG Alpha Bank -, VF, well centered and struck on a broad flan, die wear, porosity, scrapes on edge, weight 4.167 g, maximum diameter 17.5 mm, die axis 0o, Troas, Abydos(?) mint, c. 310 - 301 B.C.; obverse head of Herakles right, clad in Nemean Lion scalp headdress tied at neck; reverse AΛEΞAN∆POY, Zeus Aëtophoros enthroned left, nude to waist, himation around hips and legs, eagle in extended right hand, long scepter vertical behind in left hand, feet on footstool, right leg drawn back, MY monogram within grain wreath (control symbol) left, head of Mithras with Phrygian cap (control symbol) below throne; rare; $240.00 (€213.60)
 


Gordian III, 29 July 238 - 25 February 244 A.D., Ilion (Troy), Troas

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Ilion (Troy) became an ally of Rome in the 1st century BC. In 48 B.C., Julius Caesar bestowed benefactions on the city, recalling the city's loyalty during the Mithridatic Wars, the city's connection with his cousin L. Julius Caesar, and the family's claim that they were ultimately descended from Venus through the Trojan prince Aeneas and therefore shared a kinship with the Ilians. In 20 B.C., Augustus visited Ilion and financed the restoration and rebuilding of the sanctuary of Athena Ilias, the bouleuterion, and the theater.
RP79605. Bronze AE 19, RPC VII 38; BMC Troas p. 71, 99; SNG Cop 439; Weber 5414; Bellinger p. 75, T280; SNG Munchen 277 var. (no shield), VF, broad flan, green patina, flan adjustment marks, weight 4.266 g, maximum diameter 19.1 mm, die axis 0o, Ilion (Troy) mint, 29 Jul 238 - 25 Feb 244 A.D.; obverse AVT K M AN ΓOP∆IANO, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse mummiform statue of Athena Ilias standing slightly right, head right, transverse spear in right hand, distaff in extended left hand, small round shield at feet, IΛIE−ΩN divided across field near center; ex Ancient Imports; very rare; $225.00 SALE PRICE $203.00 ON RESERVE


Severus Alexander, 13 March 222 - March 235 A.D., Alexandreia Troas, Troas

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Hercules is depicted in the same pose as the Farnese Hercules, a massive marble sculpture, which depicts a muscular yet weary Hercules leaning on his club, which has his lion-skin draped over it. He has just performed the last of The Twelve Labors, which is suggested by the apples of the Hesperides he holds behind his back. The Farnese Hercules is probably an enlarged copy made in the early third century A.D., signed by Glykon, from an original by Lysippos that would have been made in the fourth century B.C. The copy was made for the Baths of Caracalla in Rome (dedicated in 216 AD), where it was recovered in 1546. Today it is in Naples National Archaeological Museum. The statue was well liked by the Romans, and copies have been found in many Roman palaces and gymnasiums.
RP72147. Brass AE 24, Apparently unpublished, perhaps unique; Bellinger Troy -, BMC Troas -, SNG Cop -, SNGvA -, SNG Munchen -, SNG Tub -, SNG Turkey -, Lindgren -, VF, well centered and struck, grainy surfaces, weight 7.816 g, maximum diameter 23.7 mm, die axis 45o, Alexandria Troas (Eski Stambul, Turkey) mint, 13 Mar 222 - Mar 235 A.D.; obverse M AV S AL-EXANDRV, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse COL AL AVG - TROAD, Hercules standing right, nude, right hand behind back presumably holding apples of the Hesperides, leaning with left hand on his club, which has the Nemean Lion's skin draped over it; the only example known to Forum; $200.00 SALE PRICE $180.00
 


Tenedos, Islands off Troas, c. 550 - 470 B.C.

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Tenedos is mentioned in both the Iliad and the Aeneid, in the latter as the island where the Greeks hid their fleet near the end of the Trojan War in order to trick the Trojans into believing the war was over and into taking the Trojan Horse within their city walls. The island was important throughout classical antiquity despite its small size due to its strategic location at the entrance of the Dardanelles. In the following centuries, the island came under the control of a succession of regional powers, including the Persian Empire, the Delian League, Alexander the Great, the Kingdom of Pergamon, the Roman Empire, the Byzantine Empire, and the Republic of Venice. As a result of the War of Chioggia (1381) between Genoa and Venice the entire population was evacuated and the town was demolished. The Ottoman Empire established control over the deserted island in 1455. During Ottoman rule, it was resettled by both Greeks and Turks. In 1807, the island was temporarily invaded by the Russians. During this invasion, the town was burnt down and many Turkish residents left the island.Map of Troas
GS79837. Silver hemidrachm, SNG Cop 506; SNG Munchen 338; BMC Troas p. 91, 4; HGC 6 380 (S); SNGvA -, F, toned, weight 1.644 g, maximum diameter 12.2 mm, die axis 180o, Tenedos (Bozcaada, Turkey) mint, c. 550 - 470 B.C.; obverse archaic janiform head, male on left, female on right (Zeus and Hera?); reverse labrys (double axe), TENE∆EOΣ, all within an incuse square; scarce; $200.00 SALE PRICE $180.00
 


Macedonian Kingdom, Antigonus I Monophthalmus, 323 - 301 B.C., In the Name of Alexander the Great

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Antigonos I Monophthalmos ("the One-eyed") (382 B.C. - 301 B.C.) was a nobleman, general, and governor under Alexander the Great. Upon Alexander's death in 323 B.C., he established himself as one of the successors and declared himself King in 306 B.C. The most powerful satraps of the empire, Cassander, Seleucus, Ptolemy, and Lysimachus, answered by also proclaiming themselves kings. Antigonus found himself at war with all four, largely because his territory shared borders with all of them. He died in battle at Ipsus in 301 B.C. Antigonus' kingdom was divided up, with Seleucus I Nicator gaining the most. His son, Demetrius I Poliorcetes, took Macedon, which the family held, off and on, until it was conquered by Rome in 168 B.C. --
Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

GS76148. Silver drachm, ADM II Series XII, Price 1551, Müller Alexander 189, Prokesch-Osten II 72, SNG Berry 228, SNG Cop 970, SNG Munchen 484, SNG Alpha Bank -, VF, attractive style, toned, centered on a tight flan, weight 4.191 g, maximum diameter 17.8 mm, die axis 0o, Troas, Abydos mint, c. 310 - 309 B.C.; obverse head of Herakles right, clad in Nemean Lion scalp headdress tied at neck; reverse AΛEΞAN∆POY, Zeus seated left on throne without back, nude to waist, himation around hips and legs, right leg drawn back, feet on footstool, eagle in extended right hand, long scepter vertical behind in left hand, horned head of Zeus Ammon right in right field, ivy leaf under throne; $175.00 SALE PRICE $158.00
 


Kebren, Troas, 5th Century B.C.

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Kebren (or Cebren, or Cebrene) was in the middle Skamander valley in the Troad region of Anatolia. Its remains have been located in the forested foothills of Mount Ida (modern Kaz Dagi), approximately 7 km to the south of the Skamander. Archaeological remains suggest that in the mid-7th and early 6th century B.C. Kebren as a mixed Greco-Anatolian community. Writing in the early 4th century B.C., Xenophon implies that the population of Kebren was still both Greek and Anatolian. In the 5th century B.C., Kebren was a member of the Delian League and is listed in the Hellespontine district paying tribute to Athens. Following the defeat of Athens at the end of the Peloponnesian War in 404 B.C., Kebren came under the control of Zenis, the tyrant of Dardanus, and his wife Mania who together controlled the Troad on behalf of the Persian satrap Pharnabazos. Kebren was captured by the Spartan commander Dercylidas in 399 B.C., but soon after returned to Persian control. In 360 to 359, the Greek mercenary commander Charidemus briefly captured the city before being repelled by the Persian satrap Artabazos. At some point in the 4th century B.C. Kebren produced coinage depicting a satrap's head as the obverse type, indicating the city's close relationship with its Persian overlords. Kebren ceased to exist as an independent city about 310 B.C., when Antigonus I Monophthalmus founded Antigonia Troas (after 301 B.C. renamed Alexandria Troas) and included Kebren in the synoecism.
GA76288. Silver obol, Klein 312, SNG Kayhan 1051 - 1052 (Lykia?), SNG Cop -, SNGvA -, BMC Troas -, aEF, toned, grainy etched surfaces, weight 0.570 g, maximum diameter 7.3 mm, Kebren mint, 5th century B.C.; obverse head of ram left; reverse irregularly divided incuse square; rare; $160.00 SALE PRICE $144.00
 


Macedonian Kingdom, Antigonus I Monophthalmus, 323 - 301 B.C., In the Name of Alexander the Great

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Antigonos I Monophthalmos ("the One-eyed") (382 B.C. - 301 B.C.) was a nobleman, general, and governor under Alexander the Great. Upon Alexander's death in 323 B.C., he established himself as one of the successors and declared himself King in 306 B.C. The most powerful satraps of the empire, Cassander, Seleucus, Ptolemy, and Lysimachus, answered by also proclaiming themselves kings. Antigonus found himself at war with all four, largely because his territory shared borders with all of them. He died in battle at Ipsus in 301 B.C. Antigonus' kingdom was divided up, with Seleucus I Nicator gaining the most. His son, Demetrius I Poliorcetes, took Macedon, which the family held, off and on, until it was conquered by Rome in 168 B.C. -- Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
GS75252. Silver drachm, ADM II Series XIV, Price 1528, Müller Alexander 1618, SNG Cop 995, SNG Munchen 476, SNG Alpha Bank -, VF, toned, full circle obverse, light marks and scratches, weight 4.140 g, maximum diameter 18.4 mm, die axis 0o, Troas, Abydos(?) mint, c. 310 - 301 B.C.; obverse head of Herakles right, clad in Nemean Lion scalp headdress tied at neck; reverse AΛEΞAN∆POY, Zeus seated left on throne without back, nude to the waist, himation around hips and legs, right leg drawn back, eagle in extended right hand, long scepter vertical behind in left hand, MI monogram left, Z (appearing as I) under throne; $160.00 SALE PRICE $144.00
 


Alexandreia Troas, Troas, c. Mid 3rd Century A.D.

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Alexandria Troas (modern Eski Stambul) is on the Aegean Sea near the northern tip of the west coast of Anatolia, a little south of Tenedos (modern Bozcaada). The city was founded by Antigonus around 310 B.C. with the name Antigoneia and was populated with the inhabitants of Cebren, Colone, Hamaxitus, Neandria, and Scepsis. About 301 B.C., Lysimachus improved the city and re-named it Alexandreia. Among the few structure ruins remaining today are a bath, an odeon, a theater and gymnasium complex and a stadium. The circuit of the old walls can still be traced.
RP84498. Bronze AE 22, RPC IX 478 (9 spec., same dies), SNGvA 1465 (same dies), SNG Cop 106 (same dies), Bellinger Troy A495, SNG Munchen -, BMC Troas -, Choice gVF, nice green patina, attractive style, weight 6.754 g, maximum diameter 21.9 mm, die axis 0o, Alexandria Troas (Eski Stambul, Turkey) mint, c. mid 3rd century A.D.; obverse CO - ALEX TR, turreted bust of Tyche right, vexillum with CO over AV on ensign behind; reverse she-wolf right, head turned back left, suckling the twins Romulus and Remus, COL AVG above, TROA in exergue; from the Dr. Sam Mansourati Collection; $150.00 SALE PRICE $135.00
 


Valerian I, October 253 - c. June 260 A.D., Alexandreia Troas, Troas

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In Roman mythology, Romulus and Remus were the twin sons of the Vestal Virgin Rhea Silvia, fathered by the god of war, Mars. They were abandoned in the Tiber as infants. Faustulus, a shepherd, found the infants being suckled by the she-wolf (Lupa) at the foot of the Palatine Hill. Their cradle, in which they had been abandoned, was on the shore overturned under a fig tree. Faustulus and his wife, Acca Larentia, raised the children. Romulus was the first King of Rome.
RP84560. Bronze AE 23, SNG Cop 187; Bellinger A442; BMC Troas p. 30, 167 var. (legends); SNG Hunterian 1296 var. (same); SNGvA -, gVF, excellent portrait, well centered and struck on a broad flan, porous, tiny edge cracks, weight 4.844 g, maximum diameter 23.2 mm, die axis 225o, Alexandria Troas (Eski Stambul, Turkey) mint, obverse IMP LIC V-ALERIAN, laureate, draped, and bearded bust right, from behind; reverse COL AV, TRO (TRO in exergue), she-wolf standing right, head turned facing, suckling Romulus and Remus; ex Agora Auction 52, lot 90; $140.00 SALE PRICE $126.00
 


Claudius, 25 January 41 - 13 October 54 A.D., Ilium, Troas, Divus Augustus Reverse

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Ilium was previously named Troy. The countermark, presumably the gorgoneion on the breastplate of Athena Illias, is known on coins from Galba, Nero and Agrippina, Claudius, Gaius, and also on civic issues.
CM85344. Bronze AE 25, RPC I 2313 (10 spec., this countermark noted); BMC Troas p. 62, 38; SNGvA 153; Bellinger Troy 121; SNG Cop -; c/m: Howgego 193, aF, countermark VF, nice green patina, some porosity, weight 8.458 g, maximum diameter 25.0 mm, die axis 180o, Ilium mint, 25 Jan 41 - 13 Oct 54 A.D.; obverse TI KΛAY∆IOC KAICAP, bare head of Claudius right; reverse ΘEOC AYTOKPATΩP, radiate head of divus Augustus right, IΛI lower right horizontal before neck, statue of Athena Illias standing on base to right; countermark: gorgoneion in 7mm round punch; very rare; $135.00 SALE PRICE $122.00
 




  



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REFERENCES

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Catalog current as of Thursday, July 20, 2017.
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Troas