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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Greek Coins| ▸ |Geographic - All Periods| ▸ |Anatolia| ▸ |Pisidia||View Options:  |  |  |   

Ancient Greek Coins from Pisidia

Pisidia included the mountainous country between Phrygia and the north of Pamphylia and north-east of Lycia. Uncivilized in early times, only Selge struck money before the time of Alexander the Great. Alexander the Great conquered Sagalassos on his way to Persia, but Termessos defied him. After Alexander died, the region was ruled by Antigonus Monophthalmus, and possibly Lysimachus of Thrace, after which Seleucus I took control. The Seleukids founded colonies at strategically important places and the local people were Hellenised, but the area was contested by the Attalids of Pergamon and invading Galatian Celts. Through the Treaty of Apamea, Pisidia officially passed to the Attalids in 188 BC. Attalos III, the last king of Pergamon, bequeathed his kingdom to Rome in 133 B.C. Rome gave Pisidia to the Kingdom of Cappadocia, but the Pisidians allied with pirate-dominated Cilicia and Pamphylia. Roman rule was restored in 102 B.C. In 39 B.C. Mark Antony bestowed Pisidia upon Amyntas, king of Galatia, who held it until his death in 25 B.C. Pisidia was then made part of the new province of Galatia. In 6 B.C., Augustus founded a line of colonies, Antiocheia, Olbasa, Cremna, and Comama.


Selge, Pisidia, c. 300 - 190 B.C.

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A scarce type inspired by the well known "athletic" issue of Aspendos.
SH28066. Silver stater, SNG BnF 1936, SNG Cop -, SNGvA -, BMC Lycia -, EF, minor flan defects on rev, weight 10.747 g, maximum diameter 25.5 mm, die axis 0o, Selge (southern slope of Mount Taurus, Turkey) mint, c. 300 - 190 B.C.; obverse two wrestlers, the left one grabs the wrist and forearm of his opponent, AΛI between their legs; reverse ΣEΛΓEΩN on left, Herakles standing half-left, head turned right, club in raised right, lion-skin in left, O between legs; SOLD


Komama, Pisidia, 1st Century B.C.

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A recent CNG auction identified their example of this type as only the second known silver coin of Komama. This hemidrachm type is the only known silver silver struck by Komama, all examples of which were struck from a single pair of dies, and of which only a single von Aulock specimen is published.
SH32489. Silver hemidrachm, Von Aulock Komama 1 (all known examples, including this coin, from the same dies); otherwise unpublished, VF, weight 2.148 g, maximum diameter 13.6 mm, die axis 0o, Komama mint, 1st century B.C.; obverse diademed head of Artemis right, K behind; reverse KOMA−MEΩN, long torch; flat areas, small bumps on the obverse were caused by an ancient fire; extremely rare; SOLD


Komama, Pisidia, 1st Century B.C.

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A recent CNG auction identified their example of this type as only the second known silver coin of Komama. This hemidrachm type is the only known silver silver struck by Komama, all examples of which were struck from a single pair of dies, and of which only a single von Aulock specimen is published.
SH31655. Silver hemidrachm, Von Aulock Komama 1 (all known examples, including this coin, from the same dies); otherwise unpublished, aEF, weight 1.517 g, maximum diameter 13.7 mm, die axis 0o, Komama mint, 1st century B.C.; obverse diademed head of Artemis right, K behind; reverse KOMA−MEΩN, long torch; reverse struck with partially filled die, bumpy fields on the reverse were caused by an ancient fire; extremely rare; SOLD


Komama, Pisidia, 1st Century B.C.

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A recent CNG auction identified their example of this type as only the second known silver coin of Komama. This hemidrachm type is the only known silver silver struck by Komama, all examples of which were struck from a single pair of dies, and of which only a single von Aulock specimen is published.
SH31652. Silver hemidrachm, Von Aulock Komama 1 (all known examples, including this coin, from the same dies); otherwise unpublished, VF, weight 1.786 g, maximum diameter 13.6 mm, die axis 0o, Komama mint, 1st century B.C.; obverse diademed head of Artemis right, K behind; reverse KOMA-MEWN, long torch; slightly rough surfaces caused by an ancient fire; extremely rare; SOLD


Selge, Pisidia, c. 350 - 300 B.C.

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Selge, Pisidia on the southern slope of Mount Taurus where the river Eurymedon (Köprücay) forces its way through the mountains, was once the most powerful and populous city of Pisidia. Protected by precipices, torrents, and an army of 20,000 regarded as worthy kinsmen of the Spartans, Selge was never subject to a foreign power until Rome. In the 5th century A.D., Zosimus calls it a little town, but it was still strong enough to repel a body of Goths. The remains of the city consist mainly of parts of the encircling wall and of the acropolis. A few traces have survived of the gymnasium, the stoa, the stadium and the basilica. There are also the outlines of two temples, but the best-conserved monument is the theater, restored in the 3rd century AD.
GS86788. Silver trihemiobol, BMC Lycia p. 257, 4; SNG BnF 1928 var.; SNGvA 5281 var., Klein 631 var., SNG Tüb 4466 var., SNG Cop -, SNG PfPs - (all var. astragalos behind), EF, well centered, some die wear, light marks, weight 0.874 g, maximum diameter 10.7 mm, die axis 180o, Selge (southern slope of Mount Taurus, Turkey) mint, c. 350 - 300 B.C.; obverse facing head of Medusa (gorgoneion), tongue protruding; reverse head of Athena right in crested Attic helmet, astragalos before on left; extremely rare, an apparently unpublished variety and the only specimen known to Forum; SOLD


Seleukid Kingdom, Achaios, Usurper in Anatolia, 220 - 214 B.C.

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Achaios (Achaeus) was an uncle of Antiochos III. In 223 B.C., Antiochus III appointed Achaeus to the command of Anatolia on the western side of Mount Taurus. Achaeus recovered all the districts which had been lost; but was falsely accused by Hermeias, the minister to Antiochus, of intending to revolt. In self-defense he assumed the title of king. Antiochus marched against Achaeus after he concluded the war with Ptolemy. After a two-year siege of his capital of Sardes, Lydia, Achaios was captured and beheaded.
SH80414. Bronze AE 20, Houghton-Lorber II Addenda Ad204 (cites Gorny & Mosch auction 142 (10 Oct 2005), lot 1636); HGC 9 439 (R3), VF, green patina, small edge split, weight 6.129 g, maximum diameter 19.6 mm, die axis 0o, Pisidia(?) mint, c. 220 - 216 B.C.; obverse head of Zeus right, circle of dots around; reverse BAΣIΛEΩΣ AXAIOY, eagle standing slightly right, head right, wings open; extremely rare; SOLD


Julia Domna, Augusta 194 - 8 April 217 A.D., Antiocheia, Pisidia

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Tyche (Greek for luck; the Roman equivalent was Fortuna) was the presiding tutelary deity that governed the fortune and prosperity of a city, its destiny. Increasingly during the Hellenistic period, cities had their own specific iconic version of Tyche, wearing a mural crown (a crown like the walls of the city).
SH12557. Bronze AE 23, Krzyzanowska XVII/38; SNG BnF 1126; BMC Lycia p. 181, 34, gVF, nice green patina, weight 6.029 g, maximum diameter 22.9 mm, die axis 180o, Antioch in Pisidia (Yalvac, Turkey) mint, obverse IVLIA AVGVSTA, draped bust right, hair in waved horizontal ridges, bun at back of head; reverse ANTIOCH CE NI COL CAES, Tyche (genius of the colony) standing left, branch in right hand, cornucopia in left hand; SOLD


Nero, 13 October 54 - 9 June 68 A.D., Sagalassos, Pisidia

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Sagalassos, Pisidia, high in the western Taurus Mountains, was within the Roman province of Asia from 133 until 39 B.C., when Rome gave the region to the Galatian client king Amyntas. After he was killed in 25 B.C., the kingdom became the province of Galatia. Sagalassos became the "first city" of Pisidia and the center of the imperial cult. Sagalassos city was abandoned in the middle of the seventh century after it was destroyed by a plaque, Arab raids, and earthquakes. Survivors likely resettled in the valley below.
RP84970. Bronze AE 24, RPC I 3525 (7 spec.), SNG BnF 1751, SNGvA 5163, McClean 8998, BMC Lycia -, VF, attractive dark green patina, nice portrait, weight 9.487 g, maximum diameter 23.5 mm, die axis 0o, Sagalassos (near Aglasun, Turkey) mint, 63 - 9 Jun 68 A.D.; obverse NEPWN KAICAP, laureate head right; reverse CAΓAΛACCWN, Zeus seated left on throne, right leg drawn back, himation around hips and legs and over left shoulder, eagle in extended right hand, long scepter vertical behind in left hand; extremely rare; SOLD


Komama, Pisidia, 1st Century B.C.

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A recent CNG auction identified their example of this type as only the second known silver coin of Komama. This hemidrachm type is the only known silver silver struck by Komama, all examples of which were struck from a single pair of dies, and of which only a single von Aulock specimen is published.
GS31651. Silver hemidrachm, Von Aulock Komama 1 (all known examples, including this coin, from the same dies); otherwise unpublished, F, weight 1.721 g, maximum diameter 14.3 mm, die axis 0o, Komama mint, 1st century B.C.; obverse diademed head of Artemis right, K behind; reverse KOMA−MEΩN, long torch; bumpy surfaces caused by an ancient fire; extremely rare; SOLD


Antiocheia, Pisidia, c. 50 - 20 B.C.

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During Roman Republic expansion, Anatolia was dominated by the Roman Empire, Pisidia was given to the Kingdom of Cappadocia, which was an ally of Rome. During the following years, the authority gap which could not be filled by these kingdoms remote from central government, led to the rise of powerful pirate kingdoms, especially in Cilicia and Pisidia. The Romans fought against them. Cilicia, Pamphylia, Phrygia and Pisida were freed from pirates and Roman rule was restored in 102 BC. The geographical and strategical position of the region made it difficult to control the area and maintain constant peace. Then Rome started to colonize the area using military legions as a solution to the failure of the locally appointed governors. During the reign of Augustus, eight colonies were established in Pisidia, but only Antioch was honored with the title of Caesarea and given the right of the Ius Italicum, maybe because of its strategic position. The city became an important Roman colony which rose to the position of a capital city with the name of "Colonia Caesarea".
GB88941. Bronze AE 16, SNGvA 4915 (same reverse die), SNG BnF -, SNG Cop -, BMC Lycia -, Münsterberg -, aEF, attractive near black patina, tight flan cutting off part of reverse legend, weight 2.939 g, maximum diameter 15.7 mm, die axis 90o, Antioch in Pisidia (Yalvac, Turkey) mint, magistrate Nikoboulos, c. 50 - 20 B.C.; obverse eagle standing right on thunderbolt, with wings spread, Γ in right field; reverse ANTIOXEΩN clockwise above, NIKOBOVΛOV counterclockwise below, eight-pointed star; extremely rare; SOLD




  




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REFERENCES|

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von Aulock, H. "Kleinasiatische Münzstätten, VI: Die römische Kolonie Komama in Pisidien" in JNG XX (1970).
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Catalog current as of Sunday, November 17, 2019.
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Pisidia Greek Coins