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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Greek Coins| ▸ |Geographic - All Periods| ▸ |Anatolia| ▸ |Aeolis||View Options:  |  |  | 

Aeolis

Aeolis was not originally a geographic term but a collective name for the cities in the region on the west coast of Asia Minor founded by the Aeolians, a branch of the Hellenic peoples. The twelve southern cities were grouped in the Aeolian League; these were Temnos, Smyrna, Pitane, Neonteichos, Aegirusa, Notium, Cilla or Killa, Cyme, Gryneum, Larissa, Myrina, and Aegae.

Myrina, Aeolis, 2nd - 1st Century B.C.

|Aeolis|, |Myrina,| |Aeolis,| |2nd| |-| |1st| |Century| |B.C.||AE| |16|
Myrina is said to have been founded before the other Aeolian cities by either Myrinus or the Amazon Myrina. Artaxerxes gave Gryneium and Myrina to Gongylus, an Eretrian, who had been banished from his native city for favoring Persia. Myrina had a good harbor. Pliny the Elder mentions the fame of its oysters and that it bore the surname of Sebastopolis (venerable city). An inscription tells us that Myrina was within the Kingdom of Pergamon in the 3rd century B.C. For some time Myrina was occupied by Philip V of Macedon; but the Romans compelled him to evacuate, and declared the place free. It twice suffered severe earthquakes, in the reigns of Tiberius and Trajan. The town was restored each time, and continued to exist until a late period. It was the birthplace of Agathias, a Byzantine poet and historian of the 6th century.
GB93490. Bronze AE 16, SNG Cop 225; SNGvA 1666; SNG Munchen 571 - 573; BMC Troas p. 137, 27 ff., Choice VF, green patina with highlighting buff earthen deposits, weight 4.477 g, maximum diameter 16.1 mm, die axis 0o, Aiolis, Myrina (near Aliaga, Turkey) mint, 2nd - 1st century B.C.; obverse laureate head of Apollo right; reverse amphora, lyre right, MY-PI flanking across lower field; from the Errett Bishop Collection; $100.00 SALE |PRICE| $90.00
 


Kyme, Aiolis, c. 480 - 450 B.C.

|Aeolis|, |Kyme,| |Aiolis,| |c.| |480| |-| |450| |B.C.||hemiobol|
Cyme, one of the oldest Aeolian cities, was probably a colony of Cyme in Euboea, though according to tradition it was founded by the Amazon Kyme. Its large capable port was a valuable maritime asset to the Persian Empire, contributing ships to Dareios in 512 B.C. and to Xerxes in 480 B.C. After the Battle of Salamis, the remnants of Xerxes' fleet wintered at Cyme. After Persia, Aeolis was held successively by the Macedonians, Seleucids, Pergamenes, Romans, Byzantine, and Ottomans.
GS94116. Silver hemiobol, cf. SNG Kayhan 84; SNG Cop 31; SNGvA 1623; BMC Troas p. 105, 10 ff.; Klein 333; Rosen 538, aVF, etched surfaces, scratches, weight 0.280 g, maximum diameter 7.0 mm, Kyme (near Nemrut Limani, Turkey) mint, c. 480 - 450 B.C.; obverse eagle head left, KY or no ethnic; reverse irregular square incuse; $90.00 SALE |PRICE| $81.00
 


Tisna, Aeolis, c. 350 - 300 B.C.

|Aeolis|, |Tisna,| |Aeolis,| |c.| |350| |-| |300| |B.C.||AE| |10|
 
GB68074. Bronze AE 10, Traité II 2074, pl. CLVII, 22; Klein 345 var. (head right); SNG Cop -; SNGvA -, SNG Munchen -, BMC Troas -, Lindgren -, VF, weight 1.214 g, maximum diameter 10.3 mm, die axis 225o, Tisna mint, c. 350 - 300 B.C.; obverse youthful head of river-god Tisnaios left; reverse sword in scabbard with strap, TIΣNA/ON (in two lines, one above, one below); very rare; $80.00 SALE |PRICE| $72.00
 


Kyme, Aiolis, 2nd Century B.C.

|Aeolis|, |Kyme,| |Aiolis,| |2nd| |Century| |B.C.||AE| |16|NEW
The types on this coin are unusual. In a recent auction, Nomos AG noted the male figure in the chariot is not only wearing military garb but on some specimens also appears to have a laurel wreath on his head (not visible on this coin). If he is laureate, he could be a Roman emperor, which would date this type to the 1st or early 2nd century A.D. We agree, the long accepted Hellenistic date for this type could be wrong.
GB96107. Bronze AE 16, SNG Cop 113; SNGvA 1644; SNG Munchen 512; BMC Troas p. 113, 96, aVF, slightly rough, die damage reverse center, obverse off center, weight 3.797 g, maximum diameter 16.4 mm, die axis 0o, Kyme (near Nemrut Limani, Turkey) mint, 2nd century B.C.; obverse Artemis standing right, long torch in left hand, quiver and bow on back, clasping right hands with Amazon Kyme, Kyme standing left, transverse scepter in left hand, K-Y flanking the figures; reverse two figures in a slow quadriga right, draped female (Kyme?) in front holding reins, male behind, wearing military dress, holding a long transverse spear; $60.00 (€55.20)
 


Kyme, Aiolis, c. 350 - 320 B.C.

|Aeolis|, |Kyme,| |Aiolis,| |c.| |350| |-| |320| |B.C.||AE| |13|
Cyme, one of the oldest Aeolian cities, was probably a colony of Cyme in Euboea, though according to tradition it was founded by the Amazon Kyme. Its large capable port was a valuable maritime asset to the Persian Empire, contributing ships to Dareios in 512 B.C. and to Xerxes in 480 B.C. After the Battle of Salamis, the remnants of Xerxes' fleet wintered at Cyme. After Persia, Aeolis was held successively by the Macedonians, Seleucids, Pergamenes, Romans, Byzantine, and Ottomans.
GB93489. Bronze AE 13, BMC Troas p. 107, 35 ff. var.; SNG Cop 62 ff. var., SNG Mun 456 var.; Weber 5488 var. (all different magistrate), gF, well centered, scratches, light deposits, weight 1.977 g, maximum diameter 13.3 mm, die axis 0o, Kyme (near Nemrut Limani, Turkey) mint, c. 350 - 320 B.C.; obverse AΠOΛΛO∆AP (or similar), eagle standing right, head right, wings closed; reverse one-handled cup or vase, K-Y divided across field; from the Errett Bishop Collection; $38.00 SALE |PRICE| $34.00
 


Elaia, Aiolis, 2nd - 1st Century B.C.

|Aeolis|, |Elaia,| |Aiolis,| |2nd| |-| |1st| |Century| |B.C.||AE| |15|
Elaea or Elaia was an ancient city of Aeolis, the port of Pergamum. The site is not precisely determined but is somewhere near the modern town of Zeytindag, Izmir Province, Turkey. According to Strabo, from Livy (xxxv. 13), travelers who would reach Pergamum from the sea, would land at Elaea. One of the passages of Livy shows that there was a small hill near Elaea, and that the town was on a plain and walled. Elaea was damaged by an earthquake in the reign of Trajan.
GB89013. Bronze AE 15, BMC Troas p. 127, 20; SNGvA 7685; SNG Cop 181; SNG Munchen 395; SGCV II 4206, F, dark patina, scratches, porosity, earthen deposits, weight 3.725 g, maximum diameter 14.9 mm, die axis 0o, Aiolis, Aigai (near Yuntdagi Koseler, Turkey) mint, 2nd - 1st century B.C.; obverse head of Demeter right, wearing grain wreath; reverse lit torch, EΛ−AI/T−ΩN in two divided lines, all within grain wreath; ex Gerhard Rohde; $36.00 SALE |PRICE| $32.40
 







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