, 25 January 41 - 13 October 54 A.D.
R. F. in "The on coins of from Britain" (NC 148, 1988) writes that the , which was applied only to of , can be expanded to PROBatum, meaning "approved." The Claudian bearing this are found almost exclusively in Britain and Italy. His study did not find shared punches between any coins with known provenances from Britain and Italy, suggesting that the Claudian circulating in Britain were countermarked there. The countermarks were carefully applied, always in the right and never overlapping the imperial portrait. Coins were countermarked before they had seen much, if any, circulation.
SH85461. , 99; 124; 1853; 85; c/m: 1 - 7 (same coin , same placement), 23 ( ), 40, VF, c/m: EF; , bumps and scratches, light corrosion, double struck, 25.951 g, maximum 36.4 mm, 180o, mint, 42 A.D.; TI CLAVDIVS AVG IMP, laureate right, : in a rectangular punch; , walking left, flower in right hand, raising skirt with left hand, S C ( ) in ; ; $1000.00 (€890.00)
, 16 January 27 B.C. - 19 August 14 A.D., VAR Quinctillus Varus
The of and the Sanctuary of the Three Gauls was dedicated by on 1 August 10 B.C., the very same day Drusus' son, the future emperor , was born in . All the notable men of Gaul were invited. Julius Vercondaridubnus, a member of the Aedui tribe, was the first priest of the new imperial cult. The , which was with the names of 60 Gallic tribes, was featured prominently on coins from the mint for many years.CM84471. Copper as, 1485 (with c/m), 230, 549, 1690, 240; : 52e (Publius Quinctilius Varus), aF, rough, edge crack, c/m: aF, 8.852 g, maximum 27.0 mm, 180o, ( , France) mint, c. 10 - 6 B.C.; , laureate right; : VAR (Varus) in a rectangular punch; (in ), the of , the front decorated with the corona civica between laurels and figures; flanked on each side by a on a column standing facing center, raising a and holding a frond; $810.00 (€720.90)
, October 253 - c. June 260 A.D., , in with
This coin commemorates the ( ) between and . Cities in and sometimes formed alliances with other cities. The competition for prestige and rivalry between cities in the East was intense. Alliances could enhance a city’s status by aligning either with many cities or with particularly important ones. was of civic "foreign policy" and might have involved the exchange of delegates and joint celebrations and sacrifices. At least 87 cities issued coins celebrating their alliances. RP77248. Bronze AE 28, , VI, 857 (Vs.C/Rs.18); cf. 3668; 4054; 596, VF, , obscure on , 9.924 g, maximum 28.1 mm, 180o, (near Pamukkale, Turkey) mint, Oct 253 - c. Jun 260 A.D.; AY• K• - ΠOY• ΛIK• OYAΛEPAN/OC, , draped, and right, from the front, round on ; ΠOΛE/ITΩN - KE - CAP∆IANΩN, on left, standing right, in right hand, in left hand; cult statue of Kore facing, wearing and veil, NEOKOPΩN downward in right , OMONOYA in ; very ; $300.00 (€267.00)
Antioch, Roman Provincial , Municipal Coinage, Fall 48 - Spring 47 B.C.
The is similar to a group of countermarks from Antioch, Chalkis, Laodicaea, Seleukia, and , all cities controlled by (except for Antioch, which nevertheless appears to have issued coins for Antony and ). Richard notes, "it now seems likely that the portrays , and was used to mark coins circulating in the Syro-Phoenician territories which were given to her by ." Older references identified the as .RY84165. Bronze AE 23, 43; 4216; p. 155, 35; -; : p. 74, note 25, VF, green , earthen deposits, , 11.436 g, maximum 23.3 mm, 0o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 48 - 47 B.C.; laureate of Zeus right, : right ( ?) in an oval punch; ANTIOXEΩN THΣ MHTPOΠOΛΩΣ, Zeus seated left holding and , date IΘ below; $225.00 (€200.25)
, 25 January 41 - 13 October 54 A.D., Ilium, ,
Ilium was previously named Troy. The , presumably the on the breastplate of Illias, is known on coins from , and , , Gaius, and also on civic issues.
CM85344. Bronze AE 25, 2313 (10 spec., this noted); p. 62, 38; 153; 121; -; c/m: 193, aF, VF, nice green , some , 8.458 g, maximum 25.0 mm, 180o, Ilium mint, 25 Jan 41 - 13 Oct 54 A.D.; TI KΛAY∆IOC , of right; ΘEOC AYTOKPATΩP, of right, IΛI lower right horizontal before neck, statue of Illias standing on base to right; : in 7mm round punch; very ; $135.00 (€120.15)
, 16 January 27 B.C. - 19 August 14 A.D., Uncertain ( ?),
notes the capricorn was a for . The capricorn was a symbol of and was probably adopted as a symbol of the city after a Augustan refoundation of the . notes that the capricorn countermarks on the colonist plowing types may have indicated a devaluation of the coins.
RP85357. Bronze AE 19, 1656.43 (same ); 282; 3770 (R4); 7660 ( ); 1439 ( , ); c/m: 302 ( ), gF, c/m: VF; scratches, corrosion, earthen deposits, flattened by counter-marking, 3.861 g, maximum 17.8 mm, 0o, Uncertain ( ?) mint, 16 Jan 27 B.C. - 19 Aug 14 A.D.; AVG, right; c/m Capricorn right in rectangular punch; two priests with yoke of two oxen right, plowing the pomerium (sacred boundary), founding the new colony; with ; $125.00 (€111.25)
, , c. 218 - 268 A.D.
RP77263. Bronze AE 25, Johnson 67 (3 spec.); II, 12; p. 242, 85; -; -; -; -; : 278, F, c/m: F; on a broad , edge crack, 7.557 g, maximum 25.1 mm, 180o, , (near Pamukkale, Turkey) mint, pseudo-autonomous, c. 218 - 268 A.D.; CY- NKΛHTO-C, draped of the senate right; : Male figure standing, uncertain object in right hand, or spear in left hand, letter(s) in ; ΠOΛEITΩN NEΩKOPΩN, Kitharoedos (Archegetes) standing right, in long and mantle, in lowered right hand, in left arm; very ; $100.00 (€89.00)
, , c. 221 - 268 A.D.
The AKTIA festival and games at were founded in of Augustus' at . RP77252. Bronze AE 26, 74; p. 242, 89; 444; -; -; -; 6128; -; -; c/m: 278, aF, broad , small edge crack; : gF, 5.595 g, maximum 26.0 mm, 180o, , (near Pamukkale, Turkey) mint, pseudo-autonomous, c. 221 - 268 A.D.; CY-NKΛHTO-C, draped of the senate right; : male figure standing, an uncertain object in right hand, or spear in left hand, letter(s) in , irregularly shaped punch; ΠOΛEITΩN NEΩKOPΩN, A/KTI/A in three lines within a demos crown (laurel ); very ; $90.00 (€80.10)
, 25 January 41 - 13 October 54 A.D., , , of
was founded by of to control the neighboring gold mines and the route between Amphipolis and . Philip constructed fortifications, sent , and established a mint in the city. and defeated the assassins of , Junius and Cassius, at the Battle of of the city in October 42 B.C. They released some of their veterans to colonize the city, which was refounded as Philippensium. In 30 B.C., reorganized the colony with more Italian settlers, veterans possibly from the Praetorian Guard. The city was renamed Iulia Philippensis, and then Augusta Iulia Philippensis after January, 27 B.C., when received the title from the Roman Senate.
RP85361. Bronze , 1660 (21 spec.); p., 93 (with c/m); 285 (same); 7662; c/m: 303 ( ), F, c/m: F; coppery surfaces, porous, somewhat with edge cracks, 3.772 g, maximum 17.5 mm, 180o, (near Filippoi, ) mint, 25 Jan 41 - 13 Oct 54 A.D.; TI CLAV, of left; : Capricorn left in a rectangular punch; Priest and yoke of two oxen plowing right; $90.00 (€80.10)
, , c. 221 - 268 A.D.
The AKTIA festival and games at were founded in of Augustus' at . RP77253. Bronze AE 24, 74; p. 242, 89; 444; -; -; -; 6128; -; -; c/m: 278, F, , edge crack, punch or flaw on the ; : F, 5.388 g, maximum 24.3 mm, , (near Pamukkale, Turkey) mint, pseudo-autonomous, c. 221 - 268 A.D.; CY-NKΛHTO-C, draped of the senate right; : male figure standing, an uncertain object in right hand, or spear in left hand, letter(s) in , irregularly shaped punch; ΠOΛEITΩN NEΩKOPΩN, A/KTI/A in three lines within a demos crown (laurel ); very ; $85.00 (€75.65)
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