, 13 September 81 - 18 September 96 A.D.
Jupiter or , Zeus to the Greeks, was the of the gods and the god of sky and thunder, and of laws and social order. As the deity of ancient Rome, he was the chief god of the Capitoline Triad, with his sister and wife . The father of , he is therefore the grandfather of and , the legendary founders of Rome.RB72831. , , 1, 702; 439, 476; 176; 314; cf. 2766 ( ), attractive F, excellent portrait, nice chocolate tone, uneven strike with some unstruck and top of weak, light corrosion, 25.472 g, maximum 34.7 mm, 180o, Rome mint, 90 - 91 A.D.; DOMIT AVG COS XV P P, laureate right; , Jupiter seated left, nude to waist, around hips and legs, feet on footstool, standing left raising wreath in his extended right hand, long vertical behind in his left hand, S C in ; $315.00 (€280.35)
Construction of the Colosseum, started by c. 72 A.D., was completed by in 80 A.D. It was capable of seating 50,000 spectators. Games held for its inauguration lasted for 100 days and nights, during which some 5,000 were slaughtered.RB77111. Brass , cf. , 1, 837 (R2); 530; 24; 551, 516 ( ); I 52; 345; -, aVF/F, , a little rough, 24.753 g, maximum 37.9 mm, 180o, uncertain Thracian mint, 82 A.D.; IMP DIVI F AVG P P COS , laureate right; , Pax standing left, branch in right hand, in left hand, flanking across ; ; $290.00 (€258.10)
, 13 September 81 - 18 September 96 A.D., Capta, Maritima,
Capta issue minted at , . After Herod's death, was the seat of the Roman procurator and capital of Roman for about 500 years. A riot in 66 A.D. between Syrians and Jews in the city led to the First Jewish Revolt. Paul was delivered to when his life was threatened in Jerusalem (Acts 9:30). From , Paul departed to Tarsus, his birthplace. Paul met the church in (Acts 18:22; 21:8,16). Finally, Paul was taken prisoner (Acts 23:23,33) and returned to where he was tried before Festus and (Acts 25:1-4; 24:6-13)JD75361. Bronze AE 26, 1454, 391, 2304, F, red earthen encrustation, some corrosion, 10.803 g, maximum 25.8 mm, 0o, Maritima mint, c. 83 A.D.; IMP DOMITIANVS AVG , laureate left; standing right on galley with owl on prow, in left, spear downward in right, behind, frond right, no ; from the J. Collection (a surface find from an agricultural near in 1972); $225.00 (€200.25)
In Seaby's Roman Silver Coins Volume II ( ) this is described as "Minerva on vessel."RS77352. Silver , , 1, 686 (C2); 258; 159; 154, gVF, light tone on luster, , light marks, 3.472 g, maximum 19.5 mm, 180o, Rome mint, 14 Sep - 31 Dec 89 A.D.; DOMIT AVG , laureate right; IMP XXI , standing right on , wearing helmet and , brandishing javelin in right, in left, owl at feet on right; $200.00 (€178.00)
, 13 September 81 - 18 September 96 A.D.
a goddess of agriculture, grain crops, fertility and motherly relationships, was listed among the Di Consentes, Rome's equivalent to the Twelve of Greek mythology. The Romans saw her as the counterpart of the Greek goddess Demeter, whose mythology was reinterpreted for in Roman art and literature.RB64531. Bronze , .1 243, 17, VF, 2.181 g, maximum 17.9 mm, 135o, Rome mint, IMP DOMIT AVG , of (possibly with the features of ) left, wreathed with grain; bundle of three poppies and four stalks of grain, flanking across ; ; $150.00 (€133.50)
RS77332. Silver , , 1, 921 (C2); 47; 193; 169; 2637, aVF, , light , die wear, marks and scratches, 3.220 g, maximum 18.9 mm, Rome mint, as , early 76 - early 77 A.D.; DOMITIANVS, laureate right; , standing right, archaic curved wing (only near wing showing), raising left foreleg; $150.00 (€133.50)
to the ancient Romans included valor, manliness, excellence, courage, character, and worth, perceived as masculine strengths (from Latin vir, "man"). Curiously, despite the masculine characteristics of , the personification or deity was usually depicted as a female warrior, in armor holding a spear, , or a . and can usually be distinguished since is usually shown nude and is always shown clothed.RB73633. Copper as, , 1, 650; 417; 545; 655; 174; cf. I 2817 (COS XV), VF, on a heavy , green with some flaking and bare copper high points, minor corrosion and encrustation, 12.962 g, maximum 29.8 mm, 180o, Rome mint, 88 - 89 A.D.; DOMIT AVG P P, laureate right with ; , standing right, helmeted and draped, left foot on a helmet, inverted spear vertical behind in right hand, in left hand, flanking across ; ex J. ; $135.00 (€120.15)
RS70404. Silver , , 1, 763 (C3); 283; 218; 193; 88, VF, nice portrait, light , 3.429 g, maximum 18.8 mm, 180o, Rome mint, 14 Sep 93 - 13 Sep 94 A.D.; DOMIT AVG XIII, laureate right; IMP XXII COS XVI , standing left, helmeted and draped, thunderbolt in right, spear vertical behind in left, grounded at feet behind; $125.00 (€111.25)
The period covered by in his Histories ends in 96 A.D.RS77335. Silver , , 1, 790, 290, 235; 209; -, VF, perfect centering, , , light marks, 3.241 g, maximum 18.9 mm, Rome mint, 14 Sep 95 A.D. - 13 Sep 96 A.D.; DOMIT AVG XV, laureate right; IMP XXII COS XVII , standing left, helmeted and draped, inverted spear vertical before her in her right hand, her left hand on hip; $125.00 (€111.25)
In 93 A.D., Pliny the Younger was named a . On 24 August 79, he along with his uncle, Pliny the Elder, witnessed the eruption of Vesuvius, during which his uncle died. Pliny rose through the cursus honorum, a series of Imperial civil and military offices, and was an imperial magistrate under . He wrote hundreds of letters, many of which survive, that are of great historical value for the time period. Some are addressed to reigning emperors or to notables such as the historian . His letters to provide one of the few surviving records of the relationship between the imperial office and provincial governors.RB73715. Copper as, , 1, 756; 469; 500; 333; -; cf. 2807 (COS XV), VF, centered, green , light scratches and corrosion, 10.417 g, maximum 29.1 mm, 180o, Rome mint, 92 - 94 A.D.; DOMIT AVG COS XVI P P, laureate right; AVGVSTI, standing left, in right hand, in left hand, flanking across ; $120.00 (€106.80)
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