the Younger, , 94 - 95 A.D., Smyrna,
In 94 A.D., because he had no heir, adopted his two young great-nephews. He renamed them and . The next year he executed the boys' father, his cousin, Flavius Clemens, and exiled the boys' mother, his niece, . They were charged with Atheism, a charge sometimes applied to condemn converts to Judaism or Christianity. The boys then disappeared from history and their fate is unknown.
Smyrna was the only city to strike coins in the name of the Younger. No coins were struck for his brother.
Some scholars connect with a Roman Matron in the Talmud (Avodah Zarah 10b) and the Deuteronomy Rabbah 2.25. When the emperor had decreed that in 30 days, the Senate would confirm an edict to kill all Jews and Christians in the Roman Empire, the Roman matron convinced her husband to stand up for the Jews. If that identification is correct, her husband Flavius Clemens converted to Judaism, after having contact with the great sage Rabbi Akiva. is a saint in both the Greek Orthodox and the Roman Catholic .SH83453. Bronze AE 16, p. 244, 3, pl. 31 (V1/R1); 1028; 1360; 2208; p. 276, 320, gF/F, 2.790 g, maximum 16.3 mm, 0o, Smyrna mint, as , 94 - 95 A.D.; OYOCΠACIANOC NEΩTEPOC, right; ZMYPNAIΩN, standing right, in extended right hand, frond over left shoulder in left hand; ex Numismatik, auction 7, lot 200; ; $1350.00 (€1201.50)
or , Zeus to the Greeks, was the of the gods and god of the sky and thunder, and of laws and social order. As the deity of ancient Rome, he was the chief god of the Capitoline Triad, with his sister and wife . The father of , he is therefore the grandfather of and , the legendary founders of Rome.RB72831. , , 1, 702; 439, 476; 176; 314; cf. 2766 ( ), attractive F, excellent portrait, nice chocolate tone, with some unstruck and top of weak, light corrosion, 25.472 g, maximum 34.7 mm, 180o, Rome mint, 90 - 91 A.D.; DOMIT AVG COS XV P P, laureate right; , seated left, nude to waist, around hips and legs, feet on footstool, standing left raising in his extended right hand, long vertical behind in his left hand, S C in ; $300.00 (€267.00)
RS77156. Silver , , 1, 921 (C2); 47; 193; 169; 2637, VF, nice , slightly off-center, edge cracks, 3.366 g, maximum 20.5 mm, 180o, Rome mint, as , early 76 - early 77 A.D.; DOMITIANVS, laureate right; , standing right, archaic curved wing (only near wing showing), raising left foreleg; $240.00 (€213.60)
In 93 A.D., Pliny the Younger was named a . On 24 August 79, he along with his uncle, Pliny the Elder, witnessed the eruption of Vesuvius, during which his uncle died. Pliny rose through the cursus honorum, a series of Imperial civil and military offices, and was an imperial magistrate under . He wrote hundreds of letters, many of which survive, that are of great historical value for the time period. Some are addressed to reigning emperors or to notables such as the historian . His letters to provide one of the few surviving records of the relationship between the imperial office and provincial governors.RB79762. Copper as, , 1, 756; 469; 500; 333; -; cf. 2807 (COS XV), VF, excellent , and struck, areas of light corrosion, 10.306 g, maximum 29.0 mm, 180o, Rome mint, 92 - 94 A.D.; DOMIT AVG COS XVI P P, laureate right; AVGVSTI, standing left, in right hand, in left hand, flanking across ; $180.00 (€160.20)
ilius in the declares that is "son of the divine." His father, , had been deified by the Senate and was now the son of a god.RS79262. Silver , , 1, 266 (C2); 397a; 92; 76; 2676, aVF, , centered, 3.455 g, maximum 18.1 mm, 180o, Rome mint, as under , 80 - 81 A.D.; DOMITIANVS •, laureate right; , flaming and garlanded ; ex (2014); $165.00 (€146.85)
, 13 September 81 - 18 September 96 A.D., Amphipolis,
Amphipolis was home to an imperial cult, worshiping the living emperor, and to a cult dedicated to . The likely depicts a local statue of .RP79971. Bronze AE 22, 339; p. 54, 91 - 93; 177; 100; 976, F, green , 5.991 g, maximum 21.5 mm, 180o, Amphipolis mint, 13 Sep 81 - 18 Sep 96 A.D.; AYTO ∆OMITIANOC, laureate right; AMΦIΠOΛEITΩN, standing left, on , long torch before her in right hand, small branch in left hand downward at side, grounded behind; $160.00 (€142.40)
, 13 September 81 - 18 September 96 A.D.
a goddess of agriculture, grain crops, fertility and motherly relationships, was listed among the Di Consentes, Rome's equivalent to the Twelve of Greek mythology. The Romans saw her as the counterpart of the Greek goddess Demeter, whose mythology was reinterpreted for in Roman art and literature.RB64531. Bronze , .1 243, 17, VF, 2.181 g, maximum 17.9 mm, 135o, Rome mint, IMP DOMIT AVG , of (possibly with the features of ) left, wreathed with grain; bundle of three poppies and four stalks of grain, flanking across ; ; $150.00 (€133.50)
The Roman statesman Pliny the Elder wrote that owls foretell only evil and are to be dreaded more than all other birds.RS77082. Silver , , 1, 771; 289; 223; 201; 89; -, aVF, well struck, light , 3.337 g, maximum 18.9 mm, 180o, Rome mint, 95 A.D.; DOMIT AVG XIIII, laureate right; IMP XXII COS XVII , standing right on , wearing helmet and , brandishing javelin in right, in left, owl at feet on right; $150.00 (€133.50)
From the extensive series commemorating the Secular Games held in Autumn of 88 A.D.RS77275. Silver , 596, 76, 120, 131, 2723, VF, centered, , die wear, marks, 3.206 g, maximum 19.3 mm, 180o, Rome mint, 14 Sep - 31 Dec 88 A.D.; DOMIT AVG , laureate right; , herald wearing feathered cap, advancing left, wand in right, decorated with helmeted of on left arm; $140.00 (€124.60)
In 79 A.D., Mount Vesuvius spawned a deadly cloud of volcanic gas, stones, ash and fumes to a height of 33 km (20.5 miles), spewing molten rock and pulverized pumice at the rate of 1.5 million tons per second, ultimately releasing a hundred thousand times the thermal energy released by the Hiroshima bombing. The towns of Pompeii and Herculaneum were obliterated and buried underneath massive pyroclastic surges and . An estimated 16,000 people died from the eruption. Historians have learned about the eruption from the eyewitness account of Pliny the Younger, a Roman administrator and poet.RS79265. Silver , , 1, V1081; 393; V269; V249; 2643, aVF, , , bumps and marks, 3.203 g, maximum 18.2 mm, 180o, Rome mint, as , 79 A.D.; DOMITIANVS •, laureate right; , clasped holding on prow; $140.00 (€124.60)
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