, 13 September 81 - 18 September 96 A.D., Capta, ,
Capta issue minted at , . After Herod's death, was the seat of the Roman procurator and capital of Roman for about 500 years. A riot in 66 A.D. between Syrians and Jews in the city led to the First Jewish Revolt. Paul was delivered to when his life was threatened in Jerusalem (Acts 9:30). From , Paul departed to Tarsus, his birthplace. Paul met the church in (Acts 18:22; 21:8,16). Finally, Paul was taken prisoner (Acts 23:23,33) and returned to where he was tried before Festus and (Acts 25:1-4; 24:6-13)
JD75361. Bronze AE 26, 1454, 391, 2304, F, red earthen encrustation, some corrosion, 10.803 g, maximum 25.8 mm, 0o, Maritima mint, c. 83 A.D.; IMP DOMITIANVS AVG , laureate left; standing right on galley with owl on prow, in left, spear downward in right, behind, frond right, no ; from the J. Collection (a surface find from an agricultural near in 1972); $250.00 (€217.50)
, 13 September 81 - 18 September 96 A.D.
a goddess of agriculture, grain crops, fertility and motherly relationships, was listed among the Di Consentes, Rome's equivalent to the Twelve of Greek mythology. The Romans saw her as the counterpart of the Greek goddess Demeter, whose mythology was reinterpreted for in Roman art and literature.RB64531. Bronze , .1 243, 17, VF, 2.181 g, maximum 17.9 mm, 135o, Rome mint, IMP DOMIT AVG , of (possibly with the features of ) left, wreathed with grain; bundle of three poppies and four stalks of grain, flanking across ; ; $190.00 (€165.30)
RS70562. Silver , , 1, 741 (C3); 279; 205; 185, gVF, some luster, on a typical , 3.541 g, maximum 18.9 mm, 180o, Rome mint, 14 Sep 92 - 13 Sep 93 A.D.; DOMIT AVG XII, laureate right; IMP XXII COS XVI , standing left, helmeted and draped, thunderbolt in right, spear vertical behind in left, grounded at feet behind; $190.00 (€165.30)
RS70179. Silver , , 1, 957; 49; 234; 207; 2638, VF, portrait, , 3.303 g, maximum 17.8 mm, 180o, Rome mint, as , 77 - 78 A.D.; DOMITIANVS, laureate right; , helmeted rider on rearing horse right; $180.00 (€156.60)
Roman Empire, Anonymous, to , c. 81 - 161 A.D.
RIC identifies this as common but it appears to be with the dove facing left.
Quadrantes, like quinarii, were issued only occasionally, perhaps exclusively for imperial distributions. Suetonius reported that, from the roof of the "Caligula threw coins among the people." Perhaps this small coin was thrown to the crowd by the emperor himself at a similar event.RB63623. Bronze , p. 218, 25, VF, 1.847 g, maximum 14.4 mm, 180o, Rome mint, c. 81 - 161 A.D.; diademed and draped of right; dove standing left, S C in ; ; $145.00 (€126.15)
, 13 September 81 - 18 September 96 A.D., Tomis, Inferior
Tomis (Constanta, Romania today) was founded by Greek around 600 B.C. on the Black Sea for trade with the local Getic population. The Roman poet Ovid was banished by to Tomis in 8 A.D. and died there eight years later. By his account, Tomis was "a town located in a war-stricken cultural wasteland on the remotest margins of the empire."RP68780. Bronze AE 18, 4646 (R6), I/II 2592, -, -, -, VF, 4.517 g, maximum 20.0 mm, 0o, Tomis (Constanta, Romania) mint, ∆OMETIANO-C KAICA ΓEPM, laureate right; TOM−ITΩN, standing left on globe, wreath in right, frond in left; ; $140.00 (€121.80)
In 91 A.D., Pliny the Younger was named a tribunus plebis. On 24 August 79, he along with his uncle, Pliny the Elder, witnessed the eruption of Vesuvius, during which his uncle died. Pliny rose through the cursus honorum, a series of Imperial civil and military offices, and was an imperial magistrate under . He wrote hundreds of letters, many of which survive, that are of great historical value for the time period. Some are addressed to reigning emperors or to notables such as the historian . His letters to provide one of the few surviving records of the relationship between the imperial office and provincial governors.RS70129. Silver , , 1, 719 (C2); 265; 176; 166; -, VF, nice portrait, on a , 3.588 g, maximum 19.3 mm, 225o, Rome mint, 14 Sep 90 - 13 Sep 91 A.D.; DOMIT AVG X, laureate right; IMP XXI COS XV , advancing right, wearing helmet and , brandishing spear in right hand, in left; $130.00 (€113.10)
RS70205. Silver , , 1, 921 (C2); 47; 193; 169; 2637, gF, , 3.408 g, maximum 20.0 mm, 180o, Rome mint, as , early 76 - early 77 A.D.; DOMITIANVS, laureate right; , standing right, archaic curved wing (only near wing showing), raising left foreleg; $130.00 (€113.10)
The (plural pulvinaria) was a special couch used for displaying images of the gods, that they might receive offerings at ceremonies such as the or supplicatio. In the famous of 217 B.C., on orders of the sibylline books, six pulvinaria were arranged, each for a divine male-female pair, identified by Livy as:
Mercury-CeresRS70224. Silver , , 1, 271; 399a; 98; 79; 2677, gF, excellent portrait, centered, , 3.208 g, maximum 17.5 mm, 180o, Rome mint, as , 80 A.D.; DOMITIANVS , laureate right; , of : Corinthian helmet right on a draped facing throne without back; $130.00 (€113.10)
In 79 A.D., Mount Vesuvius spawned a deadly cloud of volcanic gas, stones, ash and fumes to a height of 33 km (20.5 miles), spewing molten rock and pulverized pumice at the rate of 1.5 million tons per second, ultimately releasing a hundred thousand times the thermal energy released by the Hiroshima bombing. The towns of Pompeii and Herculaneum were obliterated and buried underneath massive pyroclastic surges and lava. An estimated 16,000 people died from the eruption. Historians have learned about the eruption from the eyewitness account of Pliny the Younger, a Roman administrator and poet.RS70314. Silver , , 1, 1084; 384; 265; 237; 2642, F, nice portrait, , 3.472 g, maximum 18.3 mm, 180o, Rome mint, as , 79 A.D.; DOMITIANVS , laureate right; , standing left, legs crossed, leaning against column, feeding snake from ; $125.00 (€108.75)
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