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Michael VIII Palaeologus, 15 August 1261 - 11 December 1282
Joint rule as Emperor of Nicaea with John IV, August 1258 - 15 August 1261 A.D. Joint rule as senior emperor with Andronicus II (his son), 1272 - 11 December 1282 A.D. Michael VIII was regent for and later co-emperor with the Nicaean Emperor John IV. He defeated the Latin emperor Baldwin II, captured Constantinople and restored the empire. His superb diplomatic skills balanced his enemies against each other. He agreed to union with the Church of Rome, gaining the support of the pope and preventing attack by Charles of Anjou. With the passing of the Byzantine throne to his son Andronicus, he founded the last great Byzantine dynasty.
Byzantine Empire, Michael VIII Palaeologus, 15 August 1261 - 11 December 1282
The Panagia Agiosoritissa or Hagiosoritissa is the name for a type of Marian icon, showing Mary without child, slightly from the side with both hands raised in prayer. BZ89849. Copper trachy, B-D BTM C.7; Bendall PCPC 25; Grierson 1343; DOC V type 8, 64 - 65; SBCV 2264; Sommer 77.8, VF, crowded flan, nicer than the two Dumbarton Oaks plate coins, face of Mary weak, reverse typical double strike, weight 2.237 g, maximum diameter 24.3 mm, die axis 180o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 1261 - 1282 A.D.; obverse the Virgin Hagiosoritissa, standing orans half-left, wearing tunic and maphorion, MP - ΘV (Mother of God) flanking nimbus; reverse X / M / ∆/EC/ΠO/T on left, O / Γ on right, Michael, on left, with St. George, on right, both standing facing holding a labarum between them, emperor wearing stemma, divitision, color piece and loros and holds scepter cruciger in right hand, St. George nimbate and wearing tunic, breastplate and sagion; very rare; $175.00 (€154.00)
Michael VIII was regent for and later co-emperor with the Nicaean Emperor John IV. He defeated the Latin emperor Baldwin II, captured Constantinople and restored the empire. His superb diplomatic skills balanced his enemies against each other. He founded the last great Byzantine dynasty.SH76242. Gold hyperpyron, DOC V 19 (siglon 61), Lianta 499, Bendall PCPC 5 (none with this siglon), Grierson 1289, SBCV 2243, Sommer -, F, weight 4.179 g, maximum diameter 26.6 mm, die axis 180o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 15 Aug 1261 - 11 Dec 1282; obverse Nimbate half-length facing figure of the Virgin Mary orans within city walls, six towers on walls, sigla P - P low across field; reverse X/M/∆EC/ΠO/T (or similar) on left, Π/ΛA (or similar) on right, Archangel Michael standing facing, on left, behind Michael VII kneeling facing, presents Michael VIII to Christ, on right, seated left on high throne, Gospels in right hand, IC - CX (sic, blundered Greek abbreviation for Jesus Christ) flanking Christ's head; from the Robert Watcher Collection; very scarce; SOLD
In Hebrew, Michael means "who is like God." Archangel Michael is mentioned three times in the Book of Daniel, once as a "great prince who stands up for the children of your people." The idea that Michael was the advocate of the Jews became so prevalent that in spite of the rabbinical prohibition against appealing to angels as intermediaries between God and his people, Michael came to occupy a certain place in the Jewish liturgy. In the Book of Revelation, Michael leads God's armies and defeats Satan's forces. Christian sanctuaries to Michael appeared in the 4th century, when he was first seen as a healing angel, and then over time as a protector and the leader of the army of God against the forces of evil. By the 6th century, devotions to Archangel Michael were widespread both in the Eastern and Western Churches.SH36612. Copper trachy, B-D BTM C.1, Bendall PCPC 20, DOC V 46 - 51, SBCV 2259, Grierson 1339 1340, Sommer 77.3, gVF, green patina, punch in obv. center, weight 2.727 g, maximum diameter 25.8 mm, die axis 180o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 1261 - 1282 A.D.; obverse nimbate bust of Christ facing, wearing tunic and colobion, right hand raised in benediction, scroll in left hand, IC - XC (Greek abbreviation: Jesus Christ) over K - inverted K flanking; reverse X / M / ∆EC/Π/TIC on left, O / ΠAΛE on right, Archangel Michael standing facing, on left, behind Michael VII kneeling facing, presenting Michael VIII to Christ, on right, seated left on high throne holding gospels, M (Michael) top center, IC - XC (Jesus Christ) flanking head of Christ, siglos K - inverted K in center at feet; rare; SOLD
Bellinger, A. Catalogue of the Byzantine Coins in the Dumbarton Oaks Collection and in the Whittemore Collection, Vol. V: Michael VII to Constantine XI, 1258-1453. (Washington D.C., 1999).
Bendall, S. A Private Collection of Palaeologan Coins. (Wolverhampton, 1988).
Bendall, S. & P. Donald. The Billion Trachea of Michael VIII Palaeologos 1258 - 1282. (London, 1974).
Grierson, P. Byzantine Coins. (London, 1982).
Lianta, E. Late Byzantine Coins, 1204 - 1453, in the Ashmolean Museum, University of Oxford. (London, 2009).
Sabatier, J. Description générale des monnaies Byzantines. (Paris, 1863).
Sear, D. Byzantine Coins and Their Values. (London, 1987).
Sommer, A. Die Münzen des Byzantinischen Reiches 491-1453. Mit einem Anhang: Die Münzen des Kaiserreichs von Trapezunt. (Regenstauf, 2010).
Catalog current as of Wednesday, June 19, 2019. Page created in 1.128 seconds.