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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Roman Coins| ▸ |Crisis and Decline| ▸ |Gordian I||View Options:  |  |  | 

Gordian I Africanus, c. 18 or 22 March - c. 12 April 238 A.D.

Marcus Antonius Gordianus Sempronianus Romanus was proconsul of Africa where he and his son were selected as leaders of a local rebellion. The Roman Senate, hoping to rid themselves of the harsh Emperor Maximinus, concurred and declared the father and son emperors. The Gordians did not, however, have an army. They stood no chance when challenged by a legion led by Capellianus, the Governor of Numidia. Gordian II was killed in battle. Hearing the news Gordian I committed suicide.


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In 243, Timesitheus, Gordian's father-in-law and praetorian prefect became ill and died under suspicious circumstances. Gordian III appointed Philip the Arab as his new praetorian prefect.
RB92621. Orichalcum sestertius, RIC IV 304a, Hunter III 120, Cohen V 273, cf. SRCV III 8732 (TR P V), aVF, well centered on a tight flan, bumps, edge crack, weight 18.115 g, maximum diameter 27.8 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 4th issue, 242 - 243 A.D.; obverse IMP GORDIANVS PIVS FEL AVG, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse P M TR P VI COS II P P, Apollo enthroned left, laurel-branch in right hand, left forearm resting on lyre on back of his seat, S C (senatus consulto) in exergue; from the Errett Bishop Collection; $70.00 (63.00)


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Felicitas was the goddess or personification of happiness, good fortune, and success. She played an important role in Rome's state religion during the empire and was frequently portrayed on coins. She became a prominent symbol of the wealth and prosperity of the Roman Empire.
RS92620. Silver antoninianus, RIC IV 142, RSC IV 81, Hunter III 49, SRCV III 8608, Choice gVF, well centered, nice portrait, old collection toning, flow lines, tiny edge cracks, weight 4.390 g, maximum diameter 23.8 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 243 - 244 A.D.; obverse IMP GORDIANVS PIVS FEL AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, seen from behind; reverse FELICITAS TEMPORVM (happy times), Felicitas standing facing, head left, long caduceus vertical in right hand, cornucopia in left hand; from the Errett Bishop Collection; $50.00 (45.00)


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This reverse type is representative for a senate backed revolt.
SH46955. Silver denarius, SRCV III 8447; RIC IV-1 4; BMCRE VI 8; RSC III 8, aVF, weight 2.852 g, maximum diameter 19.9 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, Mar - Apr 238 A.D.; obverse IMP M ANT GORDIANVS AFR AVG, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse ROMAE AETERNAE (to eternal Rome), Roma seated left on shield, Victory in right hand, long scepter vertical in left hand; great portrait; very rare; SOLD







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OBVERSE| LEGENDS|

IMPCAESMANTGORDIANVSAFRAVG
IMPMANTGORDIANVSAFRAVG


REFERENCES|

Banti, A. and L. Simonetti. Corpus Nummorum Romanorum. (Florence, 1972-1979).
Calic, X. The Roman Avrei, Vol. Two: From Didius Julianus to Constantius I, 193 AD - 335 AD. (Barcelona, 2003).
Cohen, H. Description historique des monnaies frappes sous l'Empire Romain, Vol. 5: Gordian I to Valerian II. (Paris, 1885).
Mattingly, H., E.A. Sydenham & C.H.V. Sutherland. The Roman Imperial Coinage, Vol IV, From Pertinax to Uranius Antoninus. (London, 1986).
Mattingly, H. & R.A.G. Carson. Coins of the Roman Empire in the British Museum, Vol. 6: Severus Alexander to Pupienus. (London, 1963).
Robinson, A. Roman Imperial Coins in the Hunter Coin Cabinet, University of Glasgow, Vol. III. Pertinax to Aemilian. (Oxford, 1977).
Seaby, H.A. & D.R. Sear. Roman Silver Coins, Volume III, Pertinax to Balbinus and Pupienus. (London, 1982).
Sear, D.R. Roman Coins and Their Values III, The Accession of Maximinus I to the Death of Carinus AD 235 - AD 285. (London, 2005).
Vagi, D. Coinage and History of the Roman Empire. (Sidney, 1999).

Catalog current as of Tuesday, February 18, 2020.
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Roman Coins of Gordian I