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Ptolemaic Kingdom, Ptolemy IX Soter II (Lathyros), 2nd Reign, 88 - 80 B.C.
Ptolemy IX Lathyros was king of Egypt three times with intervening periods ruled by his brother, Ptolemy X Alexander. His first reign ended when his mother and co-regent Cleopatra III claimed that he tried to kill her and replaced him with Alexander, her favorite son. Ptolemy IX, replaced the gold sarcophagus of Alexander the Great with a glass one and melted the original to strike gold coinage. The citizens of Alexandria were outraged and he was killed soon after.GP84839. Bronze AE 34, Svoronos 1696 (only 1 specimen), SNG Cop -, SNG Milan -, Weiser -, Hosking -, Noeske -, Malter -, Cox Curium -, F, dark green patina, porous, reverse a little off center, irregular flan with pre-strike casting sprues, weight 16.863 g, maximum diameter 33.7 mm, die axis 0o, Cypriot mint, c. 87 B.C.; obverse diademed and horned head of Zeus-Ammon right; reverse ΠTOΛEMAIOY BAΣIΛEΩΣ, two eagles standing left on thunderbolt, petasos with diadem and straps (control symbol) left; extremely rare; $180.00 (€160.20)
The Paphos II finds were excavated at the House of Dionysos in Paphos.GP84889. Bronze hemiobol, Paphos II 383 - 385, otherwise unpublished, gVF, weight 1.996 g, maximum diameter 15.3 mm, die axis 0o, Paphos mint, 88 - 58 B.C.; obverse diademed and horned bust of Zeus Ammon right; reverse ΠTOΛEMAIOY BAΣIΛEΩΣ, single cornucopia bound with fillet; rare; $180.00 (€160.20)
Salamis, Cyprus, c. 322 - 310 B.C.
Salamis was a maritime town on the east coast of Cyprus, at the end of a fertile plain between two mountains, near the River Pediaeus.GB85330. Bronze AE 13, Bank of Cyprus 27; Tziambazis 130 (Evagoras II); BMC Cyprus p. 61, 74 (Evagoras II); SNG Cop -, VF, rough, corrosion, weight 2.750 g, maximum diameter 13.2 mm, die axis 0o, Salamis mint, c. 322 - 310 B.C.; obverse helmeted and draped bust of Athena left, wearing crested Attic helmet, earring and necklace; reverse prow left, ΣAΛ upward on left; very rare; $180.00 (€160.20)
This type is the smallest denomination issued by the Ptolemaic Kingdom, and among the last coins struck. It has been re-attributed to Cleopatra VII by Matt Kreuzer. Three examples of this tiny coinage were found at the House of Dionysos, the Ptolemaic bronze coin mint discussed in Paphos II. One was found in room LXXXIII, along with sixty-two quarter obols. A second was found in Well 11, along with fifteen more quarter obols. The third was a single find, near a late Roman coin. The Romans last issued this denomination under Nero, when it was marked with an E for five drachmai.GP85369. Bronze 1/8 obol, Svoronos 1246 (Ptolemy V), Paphos II 170, Weiser -, Noeske -, Hosking -, SNG Cop -, SNG Milan -, Cox Curium -, Bank of Cyprus -, Tziambazis -, F, dark green patina, earthen deposits, light scratches, weight 0.946 g, maximum diameter 10.7 mm, Paphos mint, 51 - 30 B.C.; obverse winged fulmen (thunderbolt); reverse ΠTOΛEMAIOY BAΣIΛEΩΣ, eagle standing left, head left, wings closed; rare; $150.00 (€133.50)
Ptolemaic Kingdom, Ptolemy I Soter, 305 - 285 B.C.
Ptolemy, one of Alexander the Great's generals, was appointed Satrap of Egypt in 323 B.C. In 305 B.C. he took the title king and established the Ptolemaic dynasty. The ancients likened Ptolemy I to a tortoise who would from time to time reach forth to secure what he desired, but who always had a safe retreat in Egypt, behind its desert defenses.GP84834. Bronze dichalkon, Svoronos 80 - 81; BMC Ptolemies p. 7, 59; Weiser 3, SNG Milan 27; SNG Cop 643; Malter 13; Noeske -; Hosking -, F, rough, pitting, weight 4.646 g, maximum diameter 16.6 mm, die axis 45o, Salamis(?) mint, as satrap, c. 310 - 305 B.C.; obversehead of Aphrodite right, wearing a taenia (ornamented with leaves = Sv. 80, or plain = Sv. 81), earring, and necklace; reverse ΠTOΛE, eagle standing left on thunderbolt, head left, wings open, wreath left; rare; $140.00 (€124.60)
Ptolemaic Kingdom, Ptolemy X Alexander, c. 116 - 80 B.C., Ancient Counterfeit
This is an unusual ancient counterfeit with a Cypriot style portrait of Zeus Ammon. The central "dimples" on this counterfeit type were actually cut into the dies and struck into the flan. On the official coins the "dimple" resulted from a production process and was not a feature of the dies. This is the third specimen of this counterfeit type known to Forum.GP84120. Bronze AE 21, cf. Svoronos 1698 (official mint), VF, dark green patina, highlighting earthen deposits, pre-strike casting sprue remaining, struck imitations of centration dimples, weight 5.201 g, maximum diameter 20.6 mm, die axis 0o, unofficial Cypriot mint, c. 116 - 80 B.C.; obverse diademed head of Zeus Ammon right, central "dimple"; reverse ΠTOΛEMAIOY BAΣIΛEΩΣ, two eagles standing left on thunderbolts, side by side, heads left, wings closed, cornucopia left, central "dimple"; $130.00 (€115.70)
Ptolemaic Kingdom, Ptolemy VI Philometor, 180 - 145 B.C., ReverseBrockage
A brockage occurs when a blank is struck with a previously struck coin which adhered to the opposite die. Click here to read a detailed explanation. GP85469. Bronze quarter obol, Svoronos 1408, Weiser -, SNG Cop -, Noeske -, Hosking -, SNG Milan -, Malter -, Tziambazis -, VF, reversebrockage, edge cracks, weight 1.793 g, maximum diameter 13.9 mm, Cyprus, uncertain mint, c. 176 - 170 B.C.; obverseincuse of reverse (normal obverse is diademed head of Zeus-Ammon right); reverse BAΣIΛEΩΣ ΠTOΛEMAIOY, eagle standing left on fulmen (thunderbolt), wings closed, lotus in left field; scarce error; $130.00 (€115.70)
While not noted in Svoronos, this type is fairly common on Cyprus and many have been found in the excavations at Neopaphos. The lack of a central depression indicates they were struck after 96 B.C. Recent Cypriot numismatic publications date them to the time of Cleopatra VII.GP84819. Bronze hemiobol, Bank of Cyprus 69; Paphos II 469 ff.; Hosking 68; Cox Curium 128; Michaelidou 35; Svoronos -; Weiser -; SNG Cop -; RPC I -, VF, dark patina, irregular flan with edge split, light corrosion, weight 2.763 g, maximum diameter 15.8 mm, die axis 0o, Neopaphos mint, c. 51 - 30 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Zeus right; reverse statue of Zeus Salaminios standing left, stalks of grain in right hand, long scepter in left hand, star above; $95.00 (€84.55)
Ptolemaic Kingdom, Cleopatra III and Ptolemy IX Soter II (Lathyros), c. 116 - 110 B.C.
The date and reign of issue for this type are uncertain. Svoronos attributed it to Ptolemy IV but noted it may "belong to a later reign." Recent attributions span from Ptolemy VIII to Ptolemy X. Kreuzer suggests it is very similar to Svoronos 1426, from the Alexandria mint, with a cornucopia in place of the silphium plant.GB65953. Bronze AE 20, Svoronos 1158 (Ptolemy IV); SNG Cop 455 (2nd century B.C.); SNG Milan 447 (2nd century B.C.); Weiser -, Noeske -, Hosking -, VF, weight 8.320 g, maximum diameter 20.0 mm, die axis 0o, Kyrene mint, c. 116 - 110 B.C.; obversehead of Zeus Ammon right with ram's horn, wearing taenia and uraeus; reverse ΠTOΛEMAIOY BAΣIΛEΩΣ, two eagles with closed wings standing left on two thunderbolts, silphium plant in left field; rare; $85.00 (€75.65)
Ptolemaic Kingdom, Ptolemy II Philadelphos, 285 - 246 B.C., Cyprus
Cyprus became part of Alexander the Great's empire when he defeated Persia. After the succession struggles between Alexander's generals, Cyprus was ruled by the Ptolemies of Egypt.GP90086. Bronze obol, Svoronos 363; BMC Ptolemies p. 14, 7; Mionnet VI 229, Weiser 8; Noeske 107; Cox Curium 69, Malter 55; SNG Milan 12; SNG Cop -; Hosking -, F, green patina with earthen encrustation, weight 10.040 g, maximum diameter 20.5 mm, die axis 0o, Salamis(?) mint, c. 285 - 274 B.C.; obversehead of Alexander the Great right, wearing elephant scalp headdress; reverse ΠTOΛEMAIOY BAΣIΛEΩΣ, eagle standing left on thunderbolt, head left, wings closed, EY over XAP monogram left; ex Rusty Romans; $60.00 (€53.40)
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