Phrygia lies in western Central Anatolia (Asia Minor) between Bithynia, Mysia, Lydia, Pisidia and Galatia. The cities were found in the valleys and high plains between the many high mountains of the land. The Phrygians were Indo-Europeans that occupied the area following the fall of the Hittite Empire. Their kingdom was destroyed by the Cimmerian invasion and fell under Lydian and Persian rule. The Phrygians used an alphabet based on the Phoenician one and their inscriptions have not yet been deciphered. After Alexander, Phrygia was controlled by the Pergamene kingdom, became intensely Hellenized, and the cities issued coins for the first time.
Hadrian, 11 August 117 - 10 July 138 A.D., Aezani, Phrygia
Apparently all coins of this type were overstruck on cistophori of Augustus.
RS63458. Silver cistophoric tetradrachm, Metcalf Cistophori, type 49 (unlisted dies); RSC II 275b; RIC II 497 note; overstruck on a cistophorus of Augustus (RSC I 16), VF, weight 11.29 g, maximum diameter 27.3 mm, die axis 225o, Aezani mint, 128 - 138 A.D.; obverse HADRIANVS AVGVSTVS P P, bare-headed, draped, and cuirassedbust right, from behind; reverseCOS III, Zeus Aezani standing left, nude to the waist, eagle in right, scepter in left; ex CNG Mail Bid Sale 73 (2006), lot 904; scarce; SOLD
Burnett, A., M. Amandry & P.P. Ripollès. Roman Provincial Coinage I: From the death of Caesar to the death of Vitellius (44 BC-AD 69). (1992 & supplement). Forrer, L. Descriptive Catalogue of the Collection of Greek Coins formed by Sir Hermann Weber. (1922 - 1929). Head, B. A Catalogue of Greek Coins in the British Museum, Phrygia. . (London, 1906). Lindgren, H & F. Kovacs. Ancient Bronze Coinage of Asia Minor and the Levant. (San Mateo, 1985). Lindgren, H. Ancient Greek Bronze Coins. (Quarryville, 1993). Sear, D. Greek Coins and Their Values. (London, 1978 - 1979). Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Denmark, The Royal Collection of Coins and Medals, Danish National Museum, Vol. 6: Phrygia to Cilicia (Parts 29 - 33). (West Milford, NJ, 1981). Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Deutschland, München Staatlische Münzsammlung , Part 24: Phrygien. (Berlin, 1989). Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Deutschland, Sammlung Hans Von Aulock, Vol. 2: Caria, Lydia, Phrygia, Lycia, Pamphylia. (Berlin, 1962).
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