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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Asian Coins| ▸ |Sasanian Empire||View Options:  |  |  | 

Coins of the Sasanian Empire, 224 - 651 A.D.

With the overthrow of the Parthians in 224, Ardashir I founded the Sasanian Empire which was for over four centuries, alongside the Roman-Byzantine Empire, one of the main powers in Western and Central Asia. At its greatest extent, the Sassanid Empire encompassed all of today's Iran, Iraq, the Levant (Syria, Lebanon, Palestine, Jordan, Israel), the Caucasus (Armenia, Georgia, Azerbaijan, Dagestan), Egypt, parts of Turkey, much of Central Asia (Afghanistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan), the Persian Gulf countries, Yemen, Oman and Pakistan. It was overthrown by the Rashidun Caliphate in 651. Much of what later became known as Islamic culture in architecture, poetry, etc. was conveyed to the Muslim world by the Sassanids.


Sasanian Empire, Ardashir I, 224 - 241 A.D.

|Sasanian| |Empire|, |Sasanian| |Empire,| |Ardashir| |I,| |224| |-| |241| |A.D.|, |tetradrachm|
SH46230. Billon tetradrachm, Gbl II/5 and pl. 1, 7; Mitchiner ACW 784 - 786, VF, porous, weight 12.263 g, maximum diameter 27.2 mm, die axis 270o, Ctesiphon mint, obverse Pahlavi legend, "MaZDISN BaGi ARTaHShATER MaLKAN MaLKA AIRAN" (of the Worshipper of Mazda, the Divine Ardashir, King of Kings or Iran); cuirassed bust of Ardashir right with long beard, Parthian-style headdress with ear flaps; reverse Pahlavi legend, "NURA ZI ARTaHShaTR" (Fire of Ardashir), fire-altar without attendants; rare in this condition; SOLD


Sasanian Empire, Ardashir I, 224 - 241 A.D.

|Sasanian| |Empire|, |Sasanian| |Empire,| |Ardashir| |I,| |224| |-| |241| |A.D.|, |drachm|
SH46231. Silver drachm, SNS I type IIIa/3a, 50 - 51; Gbl SN III/2/2, 9; Mitchiner ACW 789 - 790, gVF, weight 4.245 g, maximum diameter 24.0 mm, die axis 270o, "C" mint, Phase 3, c. 228 - 239 A.D.; obverse Pahlavi legend: Lord Ardashir, King of Kings of the Iranians whose image is from the Gods, bust of Ardashir right with long beard and hair over shoulders, close fitting headdress with korymbos above, no ear flaps, ties flying behind; reverse Pahlavi legend: Fire of Ardashir, fire-altar without attendants; SOLD


Islamic, Tabarestan, Abbasid Governor Suleiman, 788 - 789 A.D.

|Islamic|, |Islamic,| |Tabarestan,| |Abbasid| |Governor| |Suleiman,| |788| |-| |789| |A.D.|, |dirham|
Tabaristan, on the Southern coasts of Caspian sea, roughly corresponded to the modern Iranian provinces of Mazandaran, Golestan and northern Semnan. It was one of the last parts of Persia to fall to the Muslim Conquest, maintaining resistance until 761. Even afterward, Tabaristan remained virtually independent of the Caliphate. By the 770s, the Dabuyan dynasty of Tabaristan was prosperous enough to mint coins under Umar ibn al-Ala (771 - 780).
IS60712. Silver dirham, Sasanian type; SIC Ashmolean 434, SNS Israel 272, Mitchiner WOI 280, Album 65, gVF, weight 1.706 g, maximum diameter 25.3 mm, die axis 315o, Tabaristan mint, 28 May 788 - 27 May 789 A.D.; obverse AFTZWT GDH left, Arabic name "sulayman" right, Sasanian style crowned bust but face replace by diamond enclosing the Arabic word "bakh," APD (excellent) and NWKW (good) with stars and crescents in margin outside border; reverse fire altar with two attendants; HPTSYYST (year 137 of the Post-Yazdegard Era) and TPURSTAN (mint), stars, crescents and groups of pellets outside border; SOLD







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REFERENCES|

Album, S. A Checklist of Islamic Coins. (Santa Rosa, CA, 1998).
Album, S., R. Gyselen, et al. Sylloge Nummorum Sasanidarum Paris - Berlin - Wien. (Wien, 2003 - 2012).
Alram, M. Iranisches Personennamenbuch: Nomina Propria Iranica In Nummis. (Wien, 1986).
Baratova, L., N. Schindel, E. Rtveladze. Sylloge Nummorum Sasanidarum Usbekistan: Sasanidische Mnzen und ihre Imitationen aus Bukhara, Termes und Chaganian. (Vienna|, 2012).
Curtis, V.S., et al. Sylloge of the Sasanian Coins in the National Museum of Iran (Muzeh Melli Iran), Tehran. Vol. 1: Ardashir I - Hormizd IV. (London, 2010).
Cribb, J. "Numismatic Evidence for Kushano-Sasanian Chronology" in Studia Iranica 19 (1990).
Gbl, R. Mnzprgung des Kusanreiches. (Wien, 1984).
Gbl, R. Sasanian Numismatics. (Braunschweig, 1971).
Grierson, P. Catalogue of the Byzantine Coins in the Dumbarton Oaks Collection and in the Whittemore Collection: Vol. 2. (Washington, D.C., 1968).
Gyselen, R. ed. New Evidence for Sasanian Numismatics: The Collection of Ahmad Saeedi. (Leuven, Belgium, 2004).
Mitchiner, M. Oriental Coins and Their Values: The Ancient and Classical World. (London, 1978).
Mitchiner, M. Oriental Coins and Their Values: The World of Islam. (London, 1977).
Mitchiner, M. Oriental Coins and Their Values: Non-Islamic States & Western Colonies. (London, 1979).
Pottier, H. Le monnayage de la syrie sous l'occupation perse (610-630). Cahiers Ernst-Babelon 9. (Paris, 2004).
Schindel, N. Sylloge Nummorum Sasanidarum Israel: The Sasanian and Sasanian-Type Coins in the Collections of the Hebrew University. (Jerusalem, 2009).
Tsotsella, M. History and Coin Finds in Georgia: Sasanian coin finds and hoards. Moneta 30. (Wetteren, 2003).

Catalog current as of Friday, February 28, 2020.
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Sasanian Coins