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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Byzantine Coins ▸ Isaurian Dynasty ▸ Leo IIIView Options:  |  |  | 

Leo III the Isaurian, 25 March 717 - 18 June 741 A.D.

Joint rule with Constantine V (his son), 25 August 720 - 18 June 741 A.D.
Leo III and the dynasty he founded are probably misnamed because he was likely born not in Isauria, but in Syria. Of peasant origin, he worked his way up in the army until, as a general, he seized the throne from the weak emperor Theodosius III. Leo so successfully defeated the Arabs that they ceased to be a serious threat for a couple of centuries. Unfortunately his iconoclast policies (opposition to devotion to religious images) began a division of Christianity which resulted in the destruction of thousands of masterpieces of Roman art, split the Roman and Byzantine churches (fortunately the Pope refused his order to destroy the artworks of Rome), and resulted in violent struggles between iconoclasts and their opposition which would not end until 842 A.D.
Byzantine Empire 717 AD


Byzantine Empire, Leo III the Isaurian and Constantine V, 25 March 720 - 18 June 741 A.D.

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SH08815. Gold solidus, DOC III, part 1, 5; BMC Wroth 8; Tolstoi 54; Ratto 1734; SBCV 1504; Sommer 21.3, gVF, very nice centering, finder scrape on reverse, weight 4.46 g, maximum diameter 20.9 mm, die axis 180o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 725 - 732 A.D.; obverse D No LEON P A MuL S, facing crowned bust of Leon, wearing chlamys, globus cruciger in right hand, akakia in left hand; reverse D N CONSTANTINu Θ, facing crowned bust of Constantine V, wearing chlamys, globus cruciger in right hand, akakia in left hand; SOLD


Byzantine Empire, Leo III the Isaurian and Constantine V, 25 March 720 - 18 June 741 A.D.

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This type varies considerably in size and weight, ranging from c. 27mm and 6 grams down to 15 mm and 1 gram. -- Byzantine Coins and Their Values by David R. Sear
BZ72012. Bronze follis, Wroth BMC 11 (Leo V); DOC III, part 1, 39; SBCV 1516; Sommer 21.11; Morrisson BnF - (p. 460); Tolstoi 15 (Leo V); Ratto -, VF, nice green patina, scrapes, weight 5.285 g, maximum diameter 23.5 mm, die axis 180o, 1st officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, c. 735 - 741 A.D.; obverse LEOn-S C-ONS, busts of Leo III bearded on left and Constantine V beardless facing, each wears crown with cross and chlamys, each holds akakia in right; reverse large M (40 nummi), cross above, X/X/X left, N/N/N right, A below; scarce; SOLD


Byzantine Empire, Leo III the Isaurian and Constantine V, 25 March 720 - 18 June 741 A.D.

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"Specimens of this type vary considerabley in size and weight." -- Byzantine Coins and Their Values, by David R. Sear.
BZ65614. Bronze follis, Anastasi 399, DOC III part 1, 54; Sommer 21.18; SBCV 1530, aVF, weight 1.941 g, maximum diameter 19.5 mm, die axis 180o, Sicily, Syracuse mint, 722 - 730 A.D.; obverse legend normally illegible (Sear), crowned bust of Leo III facing, short beard, chlamys, akakia in right, globus cruciger in left; reverse bust of Constantine V, as obverse but beardless, above line, below line large M (40 nummi) between SC and L; scarce; SOLD







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REFERENCES

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Sear, D. Byzantine Coins and Their Values. (London, 1987).
Sommer, A. Die Münzen des Byzantinischen Reiches 491-1453. Mit einem Anhang: Die Münzen des Kaiserreichs von Trapezunt. (Regenstauf, 2010).
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Wroth, W. Catalogue of the Imperial Byzantine Coins in the British Museum. (London, 1908).

Catalog current as of Thursday, November 23, 2017.
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Byzantine Coins of Leo III