, Triumvir and , 44 - 30 B.C.,
Struck by Antony and at while preparing for the struggle with . Twenty-three different legions are named on coins of this issue. This may have been the famous V Alaudae ('the larks'), a Caesarean legion which remained loyal to Antony but was later retained by . There are other possibilities, however: V Macedonica, a Caesarean legion about which little is known; V Urbana, disbanded after (and therefore quite likely an Antonian legion); and V Gallica, a Caesarean legion that was probably the one that under Lollius lost its to German raiders in Gaul in 17 B.C.
SH75375. Silver , 544/18, 1221, II East 196, 32, 354, gVF, , banker's mark, , 3.485 g, maximum 18.6 mm, 180o, mint, 32 - 31 B.C.; ANT AVG III. VIR. R. P. C., galley right with rowers, mast with banners at prow; LEG - V, legionary between two standards; $550.00 (€478.50)
, Triumvir and , 42 - 31 B.C., Akko-Ptolemais,
In 38 B.C. (or 37 B.C.), , Gaius Octavianus and signed the Treaty of Tarentum, extending the Second Triumvirate until 33 B.C.RP72123. Bronze AE 26, 4740; Monnayage 19; pl. 7, 118; 73; 993; -, aF, rough, earthen encrustations, 10.071 g, maximum 25.6 mm, 0o, Akko-Ptolemais, mint, 39 - 38 B.C.; of Antony right, within laurel wreath; standing left on prow of galley, right, and rudder in right hand, and in left, L IA / KAI AΣY (year 11 of Caesarian Era) upper left, ΠTOΛE/MAEΩN / IEPAΣ in three horizontal lines on right; ; $500.00 (€435.00)
Roman Republic, Second Triumvirate, and , Spring - Early Summer 41 B.C.
AVG in the , abbreviates Antony's official position as (not , a title which did not yet exist). The was an official and priest, whose main role was to interpret the will of the gods by studying the flight of birds: whether they are flying in groups or alone, what noises they make as they fly, direction of flight and what kind of birds they are. This was known as "taking the auspices." The ceremony and function of the was central to any major undertaking in Roman society, public or private, including matters of war, commerce, and religion. The Roman historian Livy stresses the importance of the augurs: "Who does not know that this city was founded only after taking the auspices; that everything in war and in peace, at home and abroad, was done only after taking the auspices?"
Octavian's "equivalent" position as , a priest, is abbreviated in the .
The moneyer M. Barbatius was a friend of . In 41 B.C. he was a quaestor pro praetore to Antony in the East.RR73605. Silver , and 8, 103, 1181, 517/2, 1504, F, , , grainy surfaces, 3.156 g, maximum 19.1 mm, 0o, military mint moving with Antony, (?) mint, spring - early summer 41 B.C.; M ANT M BARBAT Q P (MP and AV ), of Antony right; IMP , of right; ; $400.00 (€348.00)
, Triumvir and , 44 - 30 B.C., LEG III
This legion was probably Caesar's old III Gallica, which fought for Antony. Another possibility is III , which was perhaps taken over from . The III Augusta was probably an legion.RS73643. Silver , 544/15, 1217, II East 193, 28, aVF, 3.378 g, maximum 17.9 mm, ,180o, (?) mint, fall 32 - spring 31 B.C.; ANT•AVG / III VIR•R•P•C, galley right with rowers, mast with banners at prow, of dots; LEG - III, ( ) between two legionary standards, of dots; $350.00 (€304.50)
, Triumvir and , 44 - 30 B.C.,
The XIII Gemina probably fought for , and so is not likely to be the Thirteenth Legion referred to on this coin.
SH75371. Silver , 544/20, 1224, II East 198, RSC 34, F, dark , bankers' marks, some scratches and marks under tone, traces of deposits, shallow edge test, a little off center, 3.305 g, maximum 17.8 mm, 180o, (?) mint, 32 - 31 B.C.; ANT•AVG / III•VIR•R•P•C, galley right with rowers, mast with banners at prow, of dots; LEG - XIII, ( ) between two legionary standards, of dots; ex CNG e-auction 353, lot 419; $250.00 (€217.50)
, Triumvir and , 44 - 30 B.C.
RR75378. Silver , cf. 544/14, 1216, II East 190, 27 ff., VF, nice galley, rough, off center, 3.311 g, maximum 17.9 mm, (?) mint, 32 - 31 B.C.; ANT•AVG / III VIR•R•P•C, galley right with rowers, mast with banners at prow, of dots; LEG - [...], ( ) between two legionary standards, of dots; $250.00 (€217.50)
, Athens, Summer 32 B.C.
dates this issue to the summer of 32 B.C., when Antony and stayed in Athens. The of Zeus is in the Ptolemaic and represents , while Dionysos represents Antony. GB69775. Bronze AE 20, 311 (same dies); 144; pl. 25, 36 ff.; p. 86, 604; 1544, F, 6.291 g, maximum 19.8 mm, 0o, Athens mint, summer 32 B.C.; laureate of Zeus; of Dionysos, wearing ivy wreath, A−Θ/E flanking; from the Butte College Foundation, ex ; very ; $200.00 (€174.00)
Aegium, Achaea, , c. 37 - 31 B.C., Under Antony and
connected the types with Antony and , who controlled Achaea when this coin was struck. Dionysos refers to Antony, who called himself the "new Dionysos," and the typically Ptolemaic symbolizes .GB67910. Bronze , 438 - 439, 6 - 7, 3, 3954, F, 3.916 g, maximum 20.0 mm, 0o, Aegium mint, Theoxios and Kletaios, magistrates, c. 37 - 31 B.C; AIΓIEΩN, of young Dionysos right, wreathed in ivy; ΘEOΞIOΣ KAHTAIOΣ, standing left, left, wings closed; ; $180.00 (€156.60)
and , , , 37 B.C.
The abbreviates, MAPKOΣ ANTΩNIONΣ AYTOKPATΩP ΓAIOΣ KAIΣAP AYTOKPATΩP. The of on the "refers to the grant of freedom by the Triumvirs to in 42 BC after the battle of (the which is celebrated on the )." -- , p. 29SH72307. Leaded bronze AE 31, p. 115, 63; 1551/20-26; 672; 374; 823, aVF, 17.561 g, maximum 29.3 mm, 180o, (Salonika, ) mint, 37 B.C.; ΘEΣΣAΛONKEΩN EΛEYΘEPIAΣ, diademed and draped of Eleutheria (Liberty) right, E (year 5) below chin; M ANT AYT Γ KAI AYT, advancing left, extending wreath in right, frond in left; $180.00 (€156.60)
and , , , 37 B.C.
The abbreviates, MAPKOΣ ANTΩNIONΣ AYTOKPATΩP ΓAIOΣ KAIΣAP AYTOKPATΩP. The of on the "refers to the grant of freedom by the Triumvirs to in 42 BC after the battle of (the which is celebrated on the )." -- , p. 29SH63716. Leaded bronze AE 31, p. 115, 63; 1551; 672; 374; 823, F, 18.710 g, maximum 31.0 mm, 180o, (Salonika, ) mint, 37 B.C.; ΘEΣΣAΛONKEΩN EΛEYΘEPIAΣ, diademed and draped of Eleutheria (Liberty) right, E (year 5) below chin; M ANT AYT Γ KAI AYT, advancing left, extending wreath in right, frond in left; $175.00 (€152.25)
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