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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Greek Coins ▸ Hellenistic Monarchies ▸ Kingdom of BosphorosView Options:  |  |  | 

Kingdom of Bosporus

Bosporus retained semi-independent status until the 4th century A.D.


Kings of Bosporos, Polemo I, c. 14 - 9 B.C.

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The Bosporan Kingdom (or Kingdom of the Cimmerian Bosporus) was in eastern Crimea and the Taman Peninsula on the shores of the Cimmerian Bosporus, the present-day Strait of Kerch (it was not named after the Bosphorus beside Istanbul). The mixed population adopted Greek language and civilization. The prosperity of the kingdom was based on the export of wheat, fish and slaves. The kingdom's golden age was 2nd and 1st centuries B.C. At the end of the 2nd century A.D., King Sauromates II inflicted a critical defeat on the Scythians and expanded his state to include the entire Crimea. It was the longest surviving Roman client kingdom, lasting until it was overrun by the Huns c. 375 A.D.
GB85937. Bronze tetrachalkon, Frolova-Ireland p. 52, pl. 33/1, pl. 34/1-5, MacDonald Bosporus 229, SNG Stancomb 961, Anokhin 256, HGC 7 347 (R2), RPC I -, SNG BM -, SNG Pushkin -, nice VF, bold strike, slightly off center, attractive near black patina with buff earthen highlighting, scratches, edge cracks, countermark, weight 9.295 g, maximum diameter 24.0 mm, die axis 0o, Pantikapaion (Kerch, Crimea) mint, c. 14 - 9 B.C.; obverse head of gorgon Medusa (or Perseus? - most references say a gorgon) right, winged, snakes (or drapery) around neck, obscure round countermark before; reverse monogram of Polemo I; very rare; $200.00 (Ä170.00)


Kingdom of Bosporus, Rheskuporis II (III), 211 - 228 A.D., Caracalla Reverse

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Certificate of Authenticity issued by David R. Sear.
SH59734. Electrum stater, Frolova 200 and pl. 45, 14 (same dies); MacDonald Bosporus 555/2, SGICV 5482 var. (date), Choice aEF, weight 7.836 g, maximum diameter 18.8 mm, die axis 0o, Pantikapaion (Kerch, Crimea) mint, 215 - 216 A.D; obverse BACIΛEWC PHCKOVΠOPI∆OC, diademed and draped bust right, club before; reverse laureate and draped bust of Caracalla right, BIΦ (year 512) below; ex Freeman and Sear, ex Forum (2007); conservative "nearly EF and attractive" grade by David Sear, perfect centering and great strike; SOLD


Kingdom of Bosporus, Rheskuporis II (III), 211 - 228 A.D., Caracalla Reverse

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SH53612. Electrum stater, MacDonald Bosporus 556/1, aVF, weight 7.656 g, maximum diameter 19.7 mm, die axis 0o, Pantikapaion (Kerch, Crimea) mint, 216 - 217 A.D.; obverse BACIΛEWC PHCKOVΠOPI∆OC, diademed and draped bust right, sword before; reverse laureate and draped bust of Caracalla right, ΓIΦ (year 513) below; SOLD







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REFERENCES

Anokhin, V.A. Monetnoye delo Bospora (The Coinage of the Bosporus). (Kiev, 1986).
Burnett, A., M. Amandry and P.P. RipollŤs. Roman Provincial Coinage I: From the death of Caesar to the death of Vitellius (44 BC-AD 69). (1992 and supplement).
Frolova, Nina A. The Coinage of the Kingdom of Bosporus AD 69 - 238. BAR International Series 56. (Oxford, 1979).
Lindgren, H & F. Kovacs. Ancient Bronze Coinage of Asia Minor and the Levant. (San Mateo, 1985).
Lindgren, H. C. Lindgren III: Ancient Greek Bronze Coins from the Lindgren Collection. (1993).
MacDonald, D. An Introduction to the History and Coinage of the Kingdom of the Bosporus, Classical Numismatic Studies 5. (Lancaster, 2005).
Sear, D. Greek Imperial Coins and Their Values. (London, 1982).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Denmark, The Royal Collection of Coins and Medals, Danish National Museum, Volume 4: Bosporus - Lesbos. (New Jersey, 1982).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Great Britain, Volume IX, British Museum, Part 1: The Black Sea. (London, 1993).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Great Britain, Volume XI, The William Stancomb Collection of Coins of the Black Sea Region. (Oxford, 2000).
Wroth, W. A Catalog of the Greek Coins in the British Museum, Pontus, Paphlagonia, Bithynia. (London, 1889).
Zograph, A.N. Ancient Coinage, Part II, Ancient Coins of the Northern Black Sea Littoral. (Oxford, 1977).

Catalog current as of Saturday, October 20, 2018.
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Bosphoros Kingdom