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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Byzantine Coins ▸ Latin Crusader RuleView Options:  |  |  | 

Latin Rule, 12 April 1204 - 25 July 1261 A.D.

For 57 years after the crusader armies sacked the city, Constantinople was ruled by Latin princes.


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For 57 years after the crusader armies sacked the city, Constantinople was ruled by Latin princes.
BZ66600. Billon aspron trachy nomisma, CLBC I 11.22.1; Lianta p. 99, 95; DOC IV 23; Sommer 68.20.1; SBCV 2043; Wroth -; Ratto -; Hendy -; Grierson -, gVF, obverse double struck, weight 1.885 g, maximum diameter 26.8 mm, die axis 0o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, c. 1235 - 1240; obverse large cross on base, IC - X in upper quarters, NI-K in lower quarters; reverse emperor standing facing, wearing stemma, short military tunic, breastplate and sagion, spear vertical in right hand, globus cruciger in left hand, obscure blundered legend on right; SOLD


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In Hebrew, Michael means "who is like God." Michael is mentioned three times in the Book of Daniel, once as a "great prince who stands up for the children of your people." The idea that Michael was the advocate of the Jews became so prevalent that in spite of the rabbinical prohibition against appealing to angels as intermediaries between God and his people, Michael came to occupy a certain place in the Jewish liturgy. In the Book of Revelation, Michael leads God's armies and defeats Satan's forces. Christian sanctuaries to Michael appeared in the 4th century, when he was first seen as a healing angel, and then over time as a protector and the leader of the army of God against the forces of evil. By the 6th century, devotions to Archangel Michael were widespread both in the Eastern and Western Churches.
BZ76983. Billon aspron trachy nomisma, CLBC I 11.15.1; DOC IV, part 2, 16; Hendy, type P, pl. 27, 3; Sommer 68.15; Grierson 1256; SBCV 2036, gVF, well centered, well centered and struck, short open flan crack, exceptionally nice for the type, weight 1.679 g, maximum diameter 24.1 mm, die axis 180o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, c. 1225 - 1235; obverse nimbate bust of Christ facing, right hand raised in Benediction scroll in left; reverse archangel Michael, standing facing, nimbate, wearing a short military tunic, breastplate and sagion, jeweled trifid scepter in right, globus cruciger in his left, X/A left, X/M right; SOLD


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BZ36611. Billon aspron trachy nomisma, DOC IV, part 2, 25; SBCV 2044; Sommer 68.21.1; CLBC I 11.1.3, Lianta 12; Sommer 68.21.1, gVF, weight 2.767 g, maximum diameter 25.6 mm, die axis 180o, Thessalonica (Salonika, Greece) mint, c. 1204 - 1224; obverse IC - XC, on left O/EM/A, facing bust of Christ Emmanuel, nimbate, bearded, wearing tunic and kolobion, scroll in left; reverse TWKOMN, full-length figure of the emperor, wearing stemma, divitision, and chlamys, labarum headed scepter in right, globus cruciger in left; SOLD







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REFERENCES

Bellinger, A. Catalogue of the Byzantine Coins in the Dumbarton Oaks Collection and in the Whittemore Collection, Vol. IV, Part 2: The Emperors of Nicaea and Their Contemporaries (1204 - 1261). (Washington D.C., 1966).
Grierson, P. Byzantine Coins. (London, 1982).
Hendy, M. Coinage and Money in the Byzantine Empire 1081-1261. (Washington D.C., 1969).
Lianta, E. Late Byzantine Coins, 1204 - 1453, in the Ashmolean Museum, University of Oxford. (London, 2009).
Marchev, V. & R. Wachter. Catalogue of the Late Byzantine coins, Vol. I, 1082 - 1261 AD. (Veliko Tarnovo, Bulgaria, 2011).
Morrisson, C. Catalogue des Monnaies Byzantines de la Bibliothèque Nationale. (Paris, 1970).
Sabatier, J. Description générale des monnaies Byzantines. (Paris, 1863).
Sear, D. Byzantine Coins and Their Values. (London, 1987).
Sommer, A. Die Münzen des Byzantinischen Reiches 491-1453. Mit einem Anhang: Die Münzen des Kaiserreichs von Trapezunt. (Regenstauf, 2010).
Ratto, R. Monnaies Byzantines et d'autre Pays contemporaines à l'époque byzantine. (Lugano, 1930).
Tolstoi, I. Monnaies byzantines. (St. Petersburg, 1913 - 14).
Wolkow, C. Un Trésor Balkanique de Monnaies Byzantines Et Latines Du XIIIème Siècle. (Bruxelles, 2016).
Wroth, W. Catalogue of the Imperial Byzantine Coins in the British Museum. (London, 1908).

Catalog current as of Monday, August 21, 2017.
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Latin Rule