and , Second Triumvirate, 36 B.C., , Gaul
was originally founded as the Roman city , a name invoking prosperity and the blessing of the gods. The city became increasingly referred to as by the end of the 1st century A.D. The etymology of is a latinization of the Gaulish place name Lugodunon. While dunon means , the source of Lug is uncertain. The most commonly offered meaning is the god named Lug. During the Middle Ages, was transformed to by natural sound change.RR70870. Bronze
Roman Republic, Second Triumvirate, and , Spring - Early Summer 41 B.C.
AVG in the , abbreviates Antony's official position as (not , a title which did not yet exist). The was an official and priest, whose main role was to interpret the will of the gods by studying the flight of birds: whether they are flying in groups or alone, what noises they make as they fly, direction of flight and what kind of birds they are. This was known as "taking the auspices." The ceremony and function of the was central to any major undertaking in Roman society, public or private, including matters of war, commerce, and religion. The Roman historian Livy stresses the importance of the augurs: "Who does not know that this city was founded only after taking the auspices; that everything in war and in peace, at home and abroad, was done only after taking the auspices?"
Octavian's "equivalent" position as , a priest, is abbreviated in the .
The moneyer M. Barbatius was a friend of . In 41 B.C. he was a quaestor pro praetore to Antony in the East.RR73605. Silver
Roman (Ninica-Claudiopolis?), Octavian/Augustus, c. 30 - 29 B.C.
This was previously attributed to and the portrait as or . , supported by find data, attributes it to , probably Pedias, and identifies the portrait as Octavian/Augustus, and likely immediately post-Actian. proposed the coins were struck for Octavian/Augustus for the founding of Iulia Augusta Ninica, and the epithet could be apply to both and the colony. VE and TER abbreviate the names of the two (municipal officers) of the colony.
RP74281. Bronze provincial as, 4082, aVF, : , 11.247 g, maximum 23.9 mm, 0o, Ninica-Claudiopolis(?) mint, c. 30 - 29 B.C.; PRINCEPS , of right; : obscure in oval punch; VE TER IVLIA , standing left, helmeted and draped; very ; $350.00 (€304.50)
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