Octavian, Triumvir and Imperator, Augustus 16 January 27 B.C. - 19 August 14 A.D.
Gaius Octavius Thurinus, was adopted by his great-uncle Julius Caesar in 44 BC, and between then and 27 BC was officially named Gaius Julius Caesar. After 27 BC, he was named Gaius Julius CaesarAugustus. Because of the various names he bore, it is common to call him Octavius when referring to events between 63 and 44 B.C., Octavian (or Octavianus) when referring to events between 44 and 27 B.C., and Augustus when referring to events after 27 B.C. The first and possibly greatest Roman emperor, he founded the Roman Empire after defeating Mark Antony and Cleopatra. As emperor, he reformed the coinage and the military, and embarked on a huge building program all across the empire. After a long reign of 41 years, from 27 B.C. to 14 A.D., he died at the age of 77. The coins below were struck before he was renamed Augustus in 27 B.C.
Roman Republic, Second Triumvirate, Mark Antony and Octavian, Spring - Early Summer 41 B.C.
The moneyer M. Barbatius was a friend of Julius Caesar. In 41 B.C. he was a quaestor pro praetore to Antony in the East.
In 41 B.C., Lucius Antonius, Mark Antony's younger brother, and Fulvia, Mark Antony's wife, anxious to get her husband back from Cleopatra, raised eight legions against Octavian. Lucius marched on Rome, drove out Lepidus, and promised the people that the triumvirate would be abolished. On the approach of Octavian, he retired to Perusia in Etruria, where he was besieged by three armies, and compelled to surrender in the winter of 41 B.C. The city was destroyed but Lucius was spared, and was sent by Octavian to Spain as governor. Nothing is known of the circumstances or date of his death.
SH58580. Silver denarius, RSC I Mark Antony and Augustus 8, BMCRR 103, Sydenham 1181, Crawford 517/2, SRCV I 1504, F, weight 3.229 g, maximum diameter 19.1 mm, die axis 0o, spring - early summer 41 B.C.; obverse M ANT IMP AVGIII VIR R P C M BARBAT Q P (MP and AV ligate), bare head of Antony right; reverseCAESAR IMP PONTIII VIR R P C, bare beardless head of Octavian right; military mint moving with Antony, Ephesus(?); rare; $720.00 (€554.40)
Octavian, Triumvir and Imperator, Spring - Summer 36 B.C.
The star on the temple of Julius Caesar may be the "Julian Star," a bright comet which appeared in the skies during Julius Caesar's funeral games.
SH63668. Silver denarius, SRCV I 1545, RSC I 90, BMCRRAfrica 33, Crawford 540/2, F, weight 3.760 g, maximum diameter 19.4 mm, die axis 180o, Italian mint, Spring - Summer 36 B.C.; obverse IMP CAESARDIVI F III VIR ITER R P C, bare head of Octavian right; reverseCOS ITER ET TER DESIG, hexastyle temple of Divus Julius containing his statue, wearing a veil and holding a lituus, DIVO IVL on architrave, star in pediment, flaming altar left; $270.00 (€207.90)
Reverse refers to Octavian's reestablishment of boundaries in the east after the battle of Actium and review of the client kingdoms established by Mark Antony (in particular return of Roman territory from Cleopatra and her children)
RS63761. Silver denarius, SRCV I 1561, RSC I 114, RIC I 269a, BMC 628, F, banker's mark, punch, weight 3.516 g, maximum diameter 19.1 mm, die axis 135o, Italian mint, 30 - 29 B.C.; obverse No legend, bare head right; reverse IMP - CAESAR, facing head of Octavian on ithyphallic boundary stone of Jupiter Terminus, winged thunderbolt below; very scarce; $270.00 (€207.90)
Banti, A. and L. Simonetti. Corpus Nummorum Romanorum. (Firenze, 1972-1979). Burgos, A. La moneda hispanica desde sus origenes hasta el siglo V. (Madrid, 2008). Burnett, A., M. Amandry and P.P. Ripollès. Roman Provincial Coinage I: From the death of Caesar to the death of Vitellius (44 BC-AD 69). (1992 and supplement). Cohen, H. Description historique des monnaies frappées sous l’Empire Romain. (Paris, 1880). Crawford, M. Roman Republican Coinage. (Cambridge, 1974). Dattari, G. Numi Augg. Alexandrini. (Cairo, 1901). Grueber, H.A. Coins of the Roman Republic in The British Museum. (London, 1910). Rutter, N.K. ed. Historia Numorum. Italy. (London, 2001). Seaby, Sear, and Loosley. Roman Silver Coins, Volume I, The Republic to Augustus. (London, 1989). Sear, D. R. The History and Coinage of the Roman Imperators 49 - 27 BC. (London, 1998). Sear, D. R. Greek Imperial Coins and Their Values. (London, 1982). Sear, D. R. Roman Coins and Their Values, Volume One, The Republic and the Twelve Caesars 280 BC - AD 86. (London, 2000). Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Denmark, The Royal Collection of Coins and Medals, Danish National Museum. (Copenhagen, 1942-1979). Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Great Britain, Volume IX, British Museum. (London, 1993 -). Sydenham, E. The Coinage of the Roman Republic. (London, 1952). Touratsoglou, I. Die Münzstätte von Thessaloniki in der römischen Kaiserzeit. AMUGS XII. (Berlin, 1988). Vagi, D. Coinage and History of the Roman Empire. (Sidney, 1999). Varbanov, I. Greek Imperial Coins And Their Values. (Bourgas, 2005 - 2007).
Catalog current as of Thursday, May 23, 2013. Page created in 0.936 seconds