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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Roman Coins ▸ The Imperators ▸ OctavianView Options:  |  |  |   

Octavian, Triumvir and Imperator, Augustus 16 January 27 B.C. - 19 August 14 A.D.

Gaius Octavius Thurinus, was adopted by his great-uncle Julius Caesar in 44 BC, and between then and 27 BC was officially named Gaius Julius Caesar. After 27 BC, he was named Gaius Julius Caesar Augustus. Because of the various names he bore, it is common to call him Octavius when referring to events between 63 and 44 B.C., Octavian (or Octavianus) when referring to events between 44 and 27 B.C., and Augustus when referring to events after 27 B.C. The first and possibly greatest Roman emperor, he founded the Roman Empire after defeating Mark Antony and Cleopatra. As emperor, he reformed the coinage and the military, and embarked on a huge building program all across the empire. After a long reign of 41 years, from 27 B.C. to 14 A.D., he died at the age of 77. The coins below were struck before he was renamed Augustus in 27 B.C.


Octavian and Divus Julius Caesar, Second Triumvirate, 36 B.C., Lugdunum, Gaul

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Lyon was originally founded as the Roman city Colonia Copia Felix Munatia, a name invoking prosperity and the blessing of the gods. The city became increasingly referred to as Lugdunum by the end of the 1st century A.D. The etymology of Lugdunum is a latinization of the Gaulish place name Lugodunon. While dunon means hill fort, the source of Lug is uncertain. The most commonly offered meaning is the Celtic god named Lug. During the Middle Ages, Lugdunum was transformed to Lyon by natural sound change.
RR70870. Bronze dupondius, RPC I 515, Giard Lyon 7, SNG Cop 689, F, weight 16.797 g, maximum diameter 29.9 mm, die axis 0o, Lugdunum (Lyon, France) mint, 36 B.C.; obverse IMP CAESAR DIVI F DIVI IVLI, two heads back to back: laureate head of Divus Julius Caesar to left and bare head of Octavian to right; between them palm branch with its tip bent to right over Octavian's head; reverse Prow of galley to right, ornamented with an eye and dolphin; star superimposed on globe and meta above deck, COPIA below; rare; $600.00 (€534.00)
 


Roman Republic, Octavian, Triumvir & Imperator, and Ti. Sempronius Gracchus, Consul Desig., 40 B.C.

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Though Gracchus' coin inscriptions indicate he was quaestor designate, nothing else is known of his life. The standard, aquila, plow and surveyor's rod allude to Octavian's resettlement of some 40,000 retiring veterans after the Battle of Philippi. This type may have been struck to help fund the resettlement.
RR79809. Silver denarius, Crawford 525/2, Sydenham 1127, BMCRR I Rome 4314, Sear CRI 326, RSC I Augustus 523 , F, toned, holed and filled, scratches and marks, weight 3.700 g, maximum diameter 19.1 mm, die axis 315o, Rome mint, 40 B.C.; obverse DIVI IVLI·F (son of the divine Julius), bare head of Octavian right, wearing slight beard; reverse TI·SEMPRON (above), GRACCHVS (below), Q DESIG (upward on left), IIII VIR (upward on right), legionary standard and aquila, plow and decempeda (surveyor's rod), S - C (Senatus Consulto) in lower inner field; very rare; $350.00 (€311.50)
 


Roman Republic, Octavian, Imperator and Consul, 29 - 28 B.C.

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The reverse depicts Octavian establishing the pomerium, or sacred boundary, around the city of Nicopolis (the name means city of victory) in Epirus, which he founded near the site of his Actian base camp.
RR77159. Silver denarius, RSC I Augustus 117, RIC I 272, Sear CRI 424, BMCRR II Rome 4363, BMCRE I 638, SRCV I 1560, F, light toning, slightly off center, light marks, weight 3.770 g, maximum diameter 19.0 mm, die axis 180o, Italian (Rome?) mint, 29 - 28 B.C.; obverse laureate head of the Actian Apollo right; reverse Octavian, as pontifex and the city founder of Nicopolis in Epirus, plowing with yoke of two oxen right, laureate and veiled, reins in right hand, whip in left hand, IMP CAESAR in exergue; $280.00 (€249.20)
 




  



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Catalog current as of Wednesday, August 31, 2016.
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Roman Coins of Octavian