and , Second Triumvirate, 36 B.C., , Gaul
was originally founded as the Roman city , a name invoking prosperity and the blessing of the gods. The city became increasingly referred to as by the end of the 1st century A.D. The etymology of is a latinization of the Gaulish place name Lugodunon. While dunon means , the source of Lug is uncertain. The most commonly offered meaning is the god named Lug. During the Middle Ages, was transformed to by natural sound change.RR70870. Bronze , 515, 7, 689, F, 16.797 g, maximum 29.9 mm, 0o, ( , France) mint, 36 B.C.; IMP DIVI , two heads back to back: laureate head of to left and of to right; between them branch with its tip bent to right over Octavian's head; Prow of galley to right, ornamented with an eye and ; superimposed on globe and above deck, below; ; $680.00 (€591.60)
Roman Republic, Second Triumvirate, and , Spring - Early Summer 41 B.C.
AVG in the , abbreviates Antony's official position as (not , a title which did not yet exist). The was an official and priest, whose main role was to interpret the will of the gods by studying the flight of birds: whether they are flying in groups or alone, what noises they make as they fly, direction of flight and what kind of birds they are. This was known as "taking the auspices." The ceremony and function of the was central to any major undertaking in Roman society, public or private, including matters of war, commerce, and religion. The Roman historian Livy stresses the importance of the augurs: "Who does not know that this city was founded only after taking the auspices; that everything in war and in peace, at home and abroad, was done only after taking the auspices?"
Octavian's "equivalent" position as , a priest, is abbreviated in the .
The moneyer M. Barbatius was a friend of . In 41 B.C. he was a quaestor pro praetore to Antony in the East.RR73605. Silver , and 8, 103, 1181, 517/2, 1504, F, , , grainy surfaces, 3.156 g, maximum 19.1 mm, 0o, military mint moving with Antony, (?) mint, spring - early summer 41 B.C.; M ANT M BARBAT Q P (MP and AV ), of Antony right; IMP , of right; ; $400.00 (€348.00)
, Triumvir and , 16 January 27 B.C. - 19 August 14 A.D.
The Moneyer, Quintus Salvius Salvidienus Rufus, was of humble origin and owed his elevation to . promised him the consulship and made him governor of . He repaid with base ingratitude, encouraging the troops in his province to desert to Antony. After Antony revealed his treachery to , Salvius was summoned to Rome, where he was condemned to death, and then took his own life.RR72260. Silver , II Gaul 88 (also with MP ), 1541, 514, 1326b, 300, 523/1a, aF, , 3.289 g, maximum 18.1 mm, 45o, moneyer Q. Salvius, early 40 B.C.; , right; Q SALVIVS IMP (MP ), winged thunderbolt; mobile mint traveling with in southern Italy; from the Andrew McCabe Collection; ex Numismatics e-auction 10, lot 596; ; $215.00 (€187.05)
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