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Home>Catalog>GreekCoins>GreekImperial>Phoenicia PAGE 3/25«««123456»»»

Roman Provincial Coins from Phoenicia


The Temple Tax Coin, Tyre KP Type Shekel, Jerusalem or Tyre Mint, 34 - 35 A.D.
Click for a larger photo Full Shekel - Tax for Two. At the Great Temple in Jerusalem the annual tax levied was 1/2 shekel per male. The 1/2 shekel and shekel were the only coins accepted by the temple. Some experts believe that after the coinage of Tyre was debased under Roman control, Herod the Great began to strike "Tyre" shekels in Jerusalem. These coins were of cruder fabric and style, but maintained the silver purity required to pay the temple tax. The "Jerusalem" shekels have the letters KP or KAP to the right of the eagle and dates range from PH (18/17 B.C.) to PKE (69/70 A.D.). The Greek letters KP or KAP are probably an abbreviation for KAICAP, Greek for Caesar.

JD35168. Silver shekel, RPC I 4664, Prieur 1424, Hendin 919, Fair, toned, weight 13.039 g, maximum diameter 23.0 mm, die axis 0o, Tyre or Jerusalem mint, 34 - 35 A.D.; obverse laureate head of Melqart right, lion's skin knotted around neck; reverse TYPOY IEPAΣ KAI AΣYΛOY (of Tyre the holy and inviolable), eagle left, right foot on ship's ram, palm frond behind, PΞ (year 160) and club left, KP over XE monogram right, Aramaic beth between legs; SOLD

Jerusalem (or Tyre), c. 20 - 40 A.D.
Click for a larger photo Half Shekel - the currency of the Jerusalem Temple
After the coinage of Tyre was debased under Roman control, some experts believe Herod the Great began to strike "Tyre" shekels in Jerusalem. These coins were of cruder fabric and style, but maintained the silver purity required to pay the temple tax. The Jerusalem shekels have the letters KP or KAP to the right of the eagle and dates range from PH (18/17 B.C.) to PKE (69/70 A.D.). The Greek letters KP or KAP are probably an abbreviation for KAICAP, Greek for Caesar.
SH09316. Silver shekel, Hendin 919, VF, weight 13.96 g, maximum diameter 25.5 mm, die axis 0o, obverse laureate head of Melqart right, lion's skin knotted around neck; reverse TUROU IERAS KAI ASULOU (blundered), eagle l., r. foot on ship's ram, palm frond behind, blunderd date & club l., KP over monogram r., Phoenician beth between legs; the date is blundered but the style is c. 20 - 40 A.D.; SOLD

Trajan, 25 January 98 - 8 or 9 August 117 A.D., Tyre, Phoenicia
Click for a larger photo The attribution of this type to Tyre is uncertain. Sear notes the mint may be Antioch.
SH11416. Silver tetradrachm, BMC Phoenicia 29, SGICV 1089 variety, gVF, weight 14.173 g, maximum diameter 25.93 mm, die axis 180o, Tyre mint, 111 A.D.; obverse AYTOKP KAIC NEP TPAIANOC CEB ΓEPM ∆AK, laureate head of Trajan right, club on left and eagle on right below; reverse ∆HMAPC EΞ IE YΠAT E (regnal year 15, 5 times Consul), City goddess (Tyche?) seated on a rock holding heads of grain, river god (Orontes?) swimming at her feet.; superb reverse, some mint luster, some scratches on obverse; SOLD

Jerusalem or Tyre, 36 - 37 A.D.
Click for a larger photo After the coinage of Tyre was debased under Roman control, some experts believe Herod the Great began to strike "Tyre" shekels in Jerusalem. These coins were of cruder fabric and style, but maintained the silver purity required to pay the temple tax. The Jerusalem shekels have the letters KP or KAP to the right of the eagle and dates range from PH (18/17 B.C.) to PKE (69/70 A.D.). The Greek letters KP or KAP are probably an abbreviation for KAICAP, Greek for Caesar.
SH22683. Silver shekel, RPC I 4695, BMC Phoenicia -, SNG Cop -, F, weight 13.128 g, maximum diameter 24.2 mm, die axis 0o, obverse laureate head of Melqart right, lion's skin knotted around neck; reverse TYPOY IEPAΣ KAI AΣYΛOY, eagle standing left, right foot on ship's ram, palm frond behind, PΞB (year 162) and club l., KP and monogram r., Aramaic letter between legs; SOLD

Jerusalem or Tyre, 13 B.C. - 12 B.C.
Click for a larger photo Half Shekel - the currency of the Jerusalem Temple
After the coinage of Tyre was debased under Roman control, some experts believe Herod the Great began to strike "Tyre" shekels in Jerusalem. These coins were of cruder fabric and style, but maintained the silver purity required to pay the temple tax. The Jerusalem shekels have the letters KP or KAP to the right of the eagle and dates range from PH (18/17 B.C.) to PKE (69/70 A.D.). The Greek letters KP or KAP are probably an abbreviation for KAICAP, Greek for Caesar.
SH22686. Silver shekel, Hendin 919, cf. BMC Phoenicia 189 (date obscure, probable BMC attribution and date based on monogram), F, weight 13.174 g, maximum diameter 26.8 mm, die axis 0o, 13 B.C. - 12 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Melqart right, lion's skin knotted around neck; reverse TYPOY IEPAΣ KAI AΣYΛOY (of Tyre the holy and inviolable), eagle l., r. foot on ship's ram, palm frond behind, uncertain date & club l., KP over monogram r., Aramaic letter between legs; crude style; SOLD

Jerusalem or Tyre, 18 B.C. - 69 A.D.
Click for a larger photo Half Shekel - the currency of the Jerusalem Temple
After the coinage of Tyre was debased under Roman control, some experts believe Herod the Great began to strike "Tyre" shekels in Jerusalem. These coins were of cruder fabric and style, but maintained the silver purity required to pay the temple tax. The Jerusalem shekels have the letters KP or KAP to the right of the eagle and dates range from PH (18/17 B.C.) to PKE (69/70 A.D.). The Greek letters KP or KAP are probably an abbreviation for KAICAP, Greek for Caesar.
SH22687. Silver shekel, Hendin 919, F, crude style, weight 13.469 g, maximum diameter 24.3 mm, die axis 0o, obverse laureate head of Melqart right, lion's skin knotted around neck; reverse TYPOY IEPAΣ KAI AΣYΛOY (of Tyre the holy and inviolable), eagle l., r. foot on ship's ram, palm frond behind, uncertain date & club l., KP over monogram r., Aramaic beth between legs; SOLD

The Temple Tax Coin, Tyre KP Type Half Shekel, Jerusalem or Tyre Mint, 18 B.C. - 69 A.D.
Click for a larger photo After the coinage of Tyre was debased under Roman control, some experts believe Herod the Great began to strike "Tyre" shekels in Jerusalem. These coins were of cruder fabric and style, but maintained the silver purity required to pay the temple tax. The Jerusalem shekels have the letters KP or KAP to the right of the eagle and dates range from PH (18/17 B.C.) to PKE (69/70 A.D.). The Greek letters KP or KAP are probably an abbreviation for KAICAP, Greek for Caesar.
JD33352. Silver half shekel, Hendin 920, SGICV 5209, aVF, weight 6.265 g, maximum diameter 18.5 mm, die axis 0o, Tyre or Jerusalem mint, obverse laureate head of Melqart right, lion's skin knotted around neck; reverse TYPOY IEPAΣ KAI AΣYΛOY, eagle standing left, right foot on ship's ram, palm frond behind, uncertain date & club left, KP and monogram right, Aramaic letter between legs; barbaric style with blundered legends and date, typical of the later coins attributed by some experts to Jerusalem; SOLD

Jerusalem or Tyre, 11 - 12 A.D.
Click for a larger photo Half Shekel - the currency of the Jerusalem Temple
After the coinage of Tyre was debased under Roman control, some experts believe Herod the Great began to strike "Tyre" shekels in Jerusalem. Other experts believe all of the type were struck at Tyre. These later coins were of cruder fabric and style, but maintained the silver purity required to pay the temple tax. The late shekels have the letters KP or KAP to the right of the eagle and dates range from PH (18/17 B.C.) to PKE (69/70 A.D.). The Greek letters KP or KAP are probably an abbreviation for KAICAP, Greek for Caesar.
SH22682. Silver half shekel, RPC -, RPC Supp. 4687E, F, weight 6.178 g, maximum diameter 20.7 mm, die axis 45o, obverse laureate head of Melqart right, lion's skin knotted around neck; reverse TYPOY IEPAΣ KAI AΣYΛOY (of Tyre the holy and inviolable), eagle standing left, right foot on ship's ram, palm frond behind, ΠΛ (year 137) and club l., KP and monogram r., Aramaic letter between legs; rare year; SOLD

Jerusalem or Tyre, 47 - 48 A.D.
Click for a larger photo Half Shekel - the currency of the Jerusalem Temple
After the coinage of Tyre was debased under Roman control, some experts believe Herod the Great began to strike "Tyre" shekels in Jerusalem. Other experts believe all of the type were struck at Tyre. These later coins were of cruder fabric and style, but maintained the silver purity required to pay the temple tax. The late shekels have the letters KP or KAP to the right of the eagle and dates range from PH (18/17 B.C.) to PKE (69/70 A.D.). The Greek letters KP or KAP are probably an abbreviation for KAICAP, Greek for Caesar.
SH26438. Silver half shekel, Hendin 920, SGICV 5209 var, aVF, weight 6.488 g, maximum diameter 19.00 mm, die axis 0o, Tyre or Jerusalem mint, 47 - 48 A.D.; obverse laureate head of Melqart right, lion's skin knotted around neck; reverse TYPOY IEPAΣ KAI AΣYΛOY (of Tyre the holy and inviolable), eagle standing left, right foot on ship's ram, palm frond behind, uncertain date and club l., KP and EPH monogram r., Aramaic beth between legs; SOLD

Jerusalem or Tyre, 42 - 43 A.D.
Click for a larger photo Half Shekel - the currency of the Jerusalem Temple
After the coinage of Tyre was debased under Roman control, some experts believe Herod the Great began to strike "Tyre" shekels in Jerusalem. Other experts believe all of the type were struck at Tyre. These later coins were of cruder fabric and style, but maintained the silver purity required to pay the temple tax. The late shekels have the letters KP or KAP to the right of the eagle and dates range from PH (18/17 B.C.) to PKE (69/70 A.D.). The Greek letters KP or KAP are probably an abbreviation for KAICAP, Greek for Caesar.
SH26225. Silver half shekel, BMC Phoenicia -, RPC I 4700 (1 specimen cited), aVF, dark toning, weight 5.353 g, maximum diameter 19.9 mm, die axis 0o, Tyre or Jerusalem mint, 42 - 43 A.D.; obverse laureate head of Melqart right, lion's skin knotted around neck; reverse TYPOY IEPAΣ KAI AΣYΛOY (of Tyre the holy and inviolable), eagle standing left, right foot on ship's ram, palm frond behind, PΞH (year 168 = 42 - 43 A.D.) and club l., KP and monogram r., Aramaic letter between legs; rare year; SOLD



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REFERENCES

Baramki, D.C. The Coin Collection of the American University of Beirut Museum. (Beirut, 1974).
Burnett, A., M. Amandry, et al. Roman Provincial Coinage. (1992 - ).
Cohen, E. Dated Coins of Antiquity: A comprehensive catalogue of the coins and how their numbers came about. (Lancaster, PA, 2011).
Duyrat, F. Arados Hellénistique: Étude historique et monétaire. (Beirut, 2005).
Hendin, D. Guide to Biblical Coins. (Amphora, 2010).
Hill, G.F. Catalogue of Greek Coins in the British Museum: Phoenicia. (London, 1910).
Hoover, Oliver D. Handbook of Coins of the Southern Levant: Phoenicia, Southern Koile Syria (Including Judaea), and Arabia, Fifth to First Centuries BC. HGC 10. (Lancaster, PA, 2010).
Lindgren, H. & F. Kovacs. Ancient Bronze Coins of Asia Minor and the Levant. (San Mateo, 1985).
Lindgren, H. Lindgren III: Ancient Greek Bronze Coins. (Quarryville, 1993).
Meshorer, Y. "The Coins of Dora" in INJ 9 (1986).
Prieur, M. & K. Prieur. The Syro-Phoenician Tetradrachms and their fractions from 57 BC to AD 258. (Lancaster, PA, 2000).
Rouvier, J. "Numismatique des Villes de la Phénicie" in Journal International d’Archéologie Numismatique. (Athens, 1900-1904).
RPC Online - http://rpc.ashmus.ox.ac.uk/coins/
Sear, D. Greek Imperial Coins and Their Values. (London, 1982).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Denmark, The Royal Collection of Coins and Medals, Danish National Museum, Volume 7: Cyprus to India. (New Jersey, 1981).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, France, Bibliothèque National, Collection Jean et Marie Delepierre. (Paris, 1983).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Great Britain XII, The Hunterian Museum, Univ. of Glasgow, Part 2: Roman Provincial Coins: Cyprus-Egypt. (Oxford, 2008).

Catalog current as of Friday, October 31, 2014.
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Roman Phoenicia