Caria was a region of western Anatolia extending along the coast from mid-Ionia (Mycale) south to Lycia and east to Phrygia. The Ionian and Dorian Greeks colonized the west of it and joined the Carian population in forming Greek-dominated states there.
Persian Empire, Carian Satrapy, Pixodaros, c. 340 - 335 B.C.
Pixodarus was the youngest of the three sons of Hecatomnus, all of whom successively ruled. To secure the friendship of Philip II, king of Macedonia, Pixodarus offered his eldest daughter in marriage to his Philip's son Arrhidaeus. Arrhidaeus' ambitious younger brother, Alexander (later Alexander the Great) offered himself instead. Pixodarus eagerly agreed but Philip put an end to the scheme. Pixodarus died, apparently a natural death, before Alexander landed in Asia in 334 B.C. and was succeeded by his Persian son-in-law Orontobates.
SH63582. Silver didrachm, SNGvA 2375, SNG Cop 597, SNG Keckman 280, SNG Kayhan 891, SNG Lockett 2913, SGCV II 4966, aVF, porous, weight 6.541 g, maximum diameter 19.5 mm, die axis 0o, Mylasa mint, c. 340 - 335 B.C.; obverse head of Apollo facing slightly right; reverse ΠIΞΩ∆APOY, Zeus Labraundos standing right, labrys (double-headed axe) over shoulder in right, lotus-tipped scepter vertical in left; $850.00 (€637.50)
Alabanda (as Antiocheia), Caria, 197 - 190 B.C.
Alabanda was renamed Antioch of the Chrysaorians during the reign of Antiochus II, sometime between 267 and 260 B.C. However, it was only in the reign of Antiochus III, that Alabanda to mint coins. Only the first series was struck with the name Antioch, after which all coins were struck as Alabanda. See N. Waggoner, "A New Wrinkle in the Hellenistic Coinage of Antioch/ Alabanda" in Essays Kraay-Morkholm (1989).
SH65749. Silver tetradrachm, SNGvA 2380, cf. SNG Cop 2 (magistrate), VF, a little rough, weight 16.227 g, maximum diameter 29.9 mm, die axis 0o, Alabanda as Antiocheia mint, 197 - 190 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Apollo left with long hair; reverse ANTIOXEΩN / ΣYMMAX, Pegasos flying left; $490.00 (€367.50)
Mygissos, Caria, c. 350 - 300 B.C.
Many Greek cities had names beginning MY, and this type has been attributed to many of them. Most references attribute the type to Myus. Mygissos is most likely correct because nearby Nisyros issued coins with a very similar reverse with NI above the dolphin.
GB69183. Bronze chalkous, SNG München 335 (MY...), SNG Cop 1022 (Myus), SNGvA 2114 (Myus), SNG Tüb 3115 (Myus), SNG Keckman 235 (Myndos?), SNG Kayhan 847 (Myndos), VF, pitting, weight 1.91 g, maximum diameter 11.0 mm, die axis 270o, Mygissos mint, c. 350 - 300 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Poseidon right; reversedolphin right, MY above, trident right below; rare; $180.00 (€135.00)
Mygissos, Caria, c. 350 - 300 B.C.
Many Greek cities had names beginning MY, and this type has been attributed to many of them. Mygissos is most likely correct because nearby Nisyros issued coins with a very similar reverse with NI above the dolphin.
GB67788. Bronze chalkous, SNG München 335 (MY...), SNG Cop 1022 (Myus), SNGvA 2114 (Myus), SNG Tüb 3115 (Myus), SNG Keckman 235 (Myndos?), SNG Kayhan 847 (Myndos), F, weight 1.655 g, maximum diameter 11.1 mm, die axis 0o, Mygissos mint, c. 350 - 300 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Poseidon right; reversedolphin right, MY above, trident right below; very rare; $175.00 (€131.25)
Kos, Carian Islands, 530 - 500 B.C.
Tzamalis and Svoronos attributed this type as Thraco-Macedonian.
GS69899. Silver hemiobol, SNG Kayhan 903; Klein 543; BMC Caria, p. 193, 5; SNGvA 6665; HGC 6, 1297 (R2); Tzamalis 5 (Thraco-Macedonian); Svoronos HPM pl. XV, 16 (same), VF, weight 0.499 g, maximum diameter 7.8 mm, die axis 180o, Kos mint, 530 - 500 B.C.; obverse crab; reverse rough irregular incuse; very rare; $150.00 (€112.50)
Caria, Uncertain Dynast, 5th Century B.C.
This type is unpublished in the major references and missing from the major collections. The CNG coin, attributed to Magnesia ad Maeandrum, graded aEF, and identified as apparently the second known (at that time), sold for $1100 plus fees. To date, this is the fourth example known to Forum.
GA68739. Silver tetartemorion, CNG Auction 88 (9/2011), lot 340 (Magnesia ad Maeandrum), Hauck & Aufhäuser 15, lot 164; SNG Cop -, SNGvA -, SNG Kayhan -, SNG Mugla -, F/VF, grainy, weight 0.200 g, maximum diameter 5.5 mm, die axis 135o, Carian mint, 5th Century B.C.; obverseeagle head right; reverse schematic wreath (dynastic family symbol?) in incuse square; extremely rare; $150.00 (€112.50)
SNG Finland, The Erkki Keckman Collection in the Skopbank, Helsinki, Part I, Karia
SNG Keckman I
The Erkki Keckman Collection in the Skopbank, Helsinki, Part I, Karia
Richard Ashton, editor.
Often called SNG Keckman or SNG Helsinki. This volume, one of two for the Keckman Collection, is a primary reference for the coins of Karia. It is difficult to obtain but essential for dealers and specialist collectors.
BKBKARIA. SNG Finland, The Erkki Keckman Collection in the Skopbank, Helsinki, Part I, Karia, 32 plates, 926 coins; $140.00 (€105.00)
Mylasa, Caria, c. 2nd Century B.C.
Mylasa (Milas, Turkey today) was often mentioned by ancient writers. The first mention is from early 7th century B.C., when Arselis, a Carian leader from Mylasa, helped Gyges in his fight for the Lydian throne. Under Persia, Mylasa was the chief city of Caria. Mylasa joined the Delian League c. 455 B.C., but Persian rule was restored by 400. Mylasa was the hometown and first capital of the Hecatomnid dynasty, nominally Persian satraps, but practically kings of Caria and the surrounding region, 377 - 352 B.C. In the Hellenistic era, the city was contested by Alexander's successors, but prospered. Mylasa was severely damaged in the Roman Civil War in 40 B.C., but again regained prosperity under Roman rule.
GB67789. Bronze AE 13, Akarca 34; SNG Cop 422; SNG Keckman 226; BMC Caria p. 129, 11; Weber 6528; SGCV II 4911, VF, light corrosion, weight 1.915 g, maximum diameter 12.5 mm, die axis 0o, Mylasa mint, 2nd Century B.C.; obverse free horse trotting right; reverse ornamented trident head, M−Y flanking shaft; $125.00 (€93.75)
Macedonian Kingdom, Demetrius I Poliorketes, 306 - 283 B.C.
The B A on the reverse refers to BAΣIΛEΩΣ AΛEΞAN∆POY, King Alexander (the Great). The Macedonian Kingdom continued to issue coinage in Alexander's name long after his death.
The prow refers to Demetrios' defeat of Menelaus, Ptolemy's brother, in the naval Battle of Salamis, completely destroying the naval power of Egypt.
GB66864. Bronze AE 15, Newell 163, SNG Cop 1185, SNG München 1056; SNG Alpha Bank 956, gVF, weight 2.847 g, maximum diameter 15.5 mm, die axis 0o, Carian(?) mint, 290 - 283 B.C.; obverse Demetrios' head right, wearing crested Corinthian helmet; reverse BAΣIΛEΩΣ ∆HMHTPIOY, prow right, B A above, AP monogram below, double axe before; $110.00 (€82.50)
Caria (Uncertain City), c. 460 - 440 B.C.
Troxell notes that hoard provinces indicate this type was struck in Caria, however, the issuing city remains unknown. SNG Kayhan identifies the denomination as a Milesian standard tetartemorion. SNG Keckman lists it as a Persic hemiobol.
GS68732. Silver hemiobol, Troxell Carians 11C, SNG Keckman 913 ff.; cf. SNG Kayhan 968 ff. (no star), SNG Tüb 3329 (same), VF, weight 0.340 g, maximum diameter 7.9 mm, die axis 180o, Carian mint, c. 460 - 440 B.C.; obverse foreparts of two bulls confronted; reverse forepart of bull left, star below; scarce; $110.00 (€82.50)
Ashton, R., et al. “The Pixodarus Hoard” in Coin Hoards IX (2002). Head, B.V. A Catalog of the Greek Coins in the British Museum, Caria, Cos, Rhodes, etc. (London, 1897). Klein, Dieter. Sammlung von griechischen Kleinsilbermünzen und Bronzen, Nomismata 3. (Milano, 1999). Konuk, K. “Influences et Eléments Achéménides dans le monnayage de la Carie” in MIMAA. Konuk, K. “The Early Coinage of Kaunos” in Essays Price, pp. 197 - 224 and pls. 47 - 50. Meadows, A.R. "Stratonikeia in Caria: the Hellenistic City and its Coinage" in NC 2002. Numismatik Lanz, Auktion 13: Sammlung Karl, Münzen von Karien. (27 Nov 2006). Price, M.J. & N. Waggoner. Archaic Greek Silver Coinage, The "Asyut" Hoard. (London, 1975). Sear, D. Greek Coins and Their Values, Volume 2, Asia and Africa. (London, 1979). Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Denmark, The Royal Collection of Coins and Medals, Danish National Museum, Vol. 5: Ionia, Caria and Lydia. (West Milford, NJ, 1982). Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Deutschland, Münzsammlung Universität Tübingen, Part 5: Karien und Lydien. (Berlin, 1994). Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Deutschland, Sammlung Hans Von Aulock, Vol. 2: Caria, Lydia, Phrygia, Lycia, Pamphylia. (Berlin, 1962). Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Finland, The Erkki Keckman Collection in the Skopbank, Helsinki, Part 1: Karia. (Helsinki, 1994). Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Great Britain VI, Corpus Christi College Cambridge, The Lewis Collection II: The Greek Imperial Coins. (1992). Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Turkey I: The Muharrem Kayhan Collection. (Istanbul, 2002). Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Turkey VIII: Mugla Museum, Vol. 1: Caria. (Istanbul, 2012). Troxell, H.A. “Carians in Miniature” in Studies Mildenberg. Troxell, H.A. “Winged Carians” in Essays Thompson. Waggoner, N.M. Early Greek Coins from the Collection of Jonathan P. Rosen (ANS ACNAC 5). (New York, 1983).
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