Plarasa and Aphrodisias, , 1st Century B.C.
During the middle of the second century B.C., the neighboring towns of Plarasa and Aphrodisias united, forming a single community. The union was undoubtedly approved and probably encouraged by to improve their security. The order of the names indicates Plarasa was the dominant community when the agreement was made. At that time Aphrodisias may have been little more than a small village with a sanctuary to Aphrodite. By the middle of the first century B.C., however, Aphrodisias was the prominent partner. Sometime during the reign of , the name Plarasa was dropped. The is apparently that of a late Roman Republican .
GS84797. Silver , 2 (O2/R3), I 13 (same dies), 2434 (different dies), cf. p. 27 (illegible), -, aVF, die break behind on , scratches, polished, almost all of is off or unstruck, 3.478 g, maximum 17.1 mm, 0o, Aphrodisias-Plarasa mint, pseudo-automomous, 1st century B.C.; of Aphrodite right, veiled and draped, wearing , earring and necklace; ΠΛAPAΣEΩN KAI AΦPO∆EIΣEIΩN (or similar, none known with end of legible), standing right on thunderbolt, right, wings open, MY/ΩN in two lines in left , ΞE/NO/KPA/THΣ / ME/NAN/∆PO/Y (magistrate Xenokrates ) in nine lines in right ; extremely ; $600.00 (€534.00)
Persian Achaeminid Empire, Carian Satrapy, Pixodaros, c. 340 - 335 B.C.
Pixodarus was the youngest of the three sons of , all of whom successively ruled. To secure the friendship of , of , Pixodarus offered his eldest daughter in marriage to his Philip's son Arrhidaeus. Arrhidaeus' ambitious younger brother, Alexander (later Alexander the Great) offered himself instead. Pixodarus eagerly agreed but Philip put an end to the scheme. Pixodarus died, apparently a natural death, before Alexander landed in in 334 B.C. and was succeeded by his Persian son-in-law Orontobates.SH63582. Silver , 597; 2375; 280; 891; 2913; p. 185, 5 ff.; 6608; 4966, aVF, porous, 6.541 g, maximum 19.5 mm, 0o, Mylasa (Milas, Turkey) mint, c. 340 - 335 B.C.; of facing slightly right; ΠIΞΩ∆APOY, standing right, (double-headed axe) over shoulder in right, lotus-tipped vertical in left; $400.00 (€356.00)
Rhodes, Carian Islands, c. Mid 4th Century B.C.
This may be a fraction of the Pseudo-Rhodian "solar disk drachm" that suggests may be from Lampsakos under Memnon of Rhodes. Bronzes of a similar are now known.
GS84169. Silver tetartemorion, Other than the two previous auction listings for this coin, apparently unpublished, VF, edge chip, 0.128 g, maximum 6.1 mm, 0o, Rhodos (Rhodes, ) mint, c. mid 4th century B.C.; facing of , delicate linear ring around; rose bloom; ex CNG e-auction 377 (29 Jun 2016), lot 130; ex Numismatik Naumann Auction 39 (3 Jan 2016), lot 386; unique(?); $280.00 (€249.20)
Rhodos, Carian Islands, c. 188 - 170 B.C.
was the ancient Greek personification of the sun. Each day he drove the chariot of the sun across the sky. The of Rhodes, the sixth of the seven wonders of the ancient world, was a huge statue of measuring 32 meters (100 feet) high, built at Rhodes in 280 B.C. The c. 3 gram on which this coin is struck, used by Rhodes and other Carian cities, is called 'Plinthophoric' for the square around the (plinthos = brick or ingot). The revived a characteristic more typical of the 5th century B.C.GS84891. Silver , , group A, 2; 1457 (C); -; -; -, gVF, , darker areas, porous, light marks and scratches, 2.578 g, maximum 15.5 mm, 0o, Rhodos (Rhodes, ) mint, magistrate Aetion, c. 188 - 170 B.C.; of right; rose with bud right, a bunch of grapes (control symbol) lower left, P - O across fields, ANTAIOΣ (magistrate) above, all within a shallow square; ex Numismatics e-sale 27 (28 May 2016), lot 245; $160.00 (€142.40)
, 16 January 27 B.C. - 19 August 14 A.D., Kos, Carian Islands
"In the suburb [of the town of Kos] is the Asklepieion (Temple of Asklepios), a temple exceedingly famous and full of numerous votive offerings." -- Strabo, 14. 2. 19
Herakles was traveling by sea when , who hated him, sent a storm, sinking his boats. and only a few friends survived, swimming to Kos. Once ashore they asked a shepherd for food and shelter. The shepherd refused and insulted and they fought. People from nearby Antimachia joined the fight against . and his friends slipped into a house, disguised as women, and escaped. Another town welcomed and declared war on Antimachia. killed the of Antimachia and married the newly elected king's sister, Halkiopi. Their son, Thessalos, would later be the of Kos and Nisyros.RP84595. Bronze AE 17, 2739 (27 spec.); p. 217, 226; 699; 548; 3539; 684; III 6670, aVF, brassy surfaces, , a little off center, some corrosion, 3.087 g, maximum 16.8 mm, 0o, Kos, Carian Islands mint, 16 Jan 27 B.C. - 19 Aug 14 A.D.; ΣEBAΣTOΣ, right; KΩIΩN downward between snake coiled staff of Asklepios on left and club of Herakles on right, ΣOΦOKΛHΣ (magistrate Sophokles) curving downward on right; very ; $150.00 (€133.50)
Persian Achaeminid Empire, Carian Satrapy, Hekatomnos, c. 392 - 377 B.C.
was a native of Mylasa, which he made his capital and the seat of his government. His coins often depict Zeus Labrandenos from the celebrated temple of that name near Mylasa. The Persian emperor appointed to command naval forces in the war against Evagoras of , but he not only took no in support of the Emperor, but secretly supplied Evagoras with money for mercenaries. The disorganized Persian monarchy took no action against and he continued to rule until his death. He left three sons, , Idrieus and Pixodarus - all of whom - in their turn, succeeded him in the sovereignty.GS76809. Silver tetartemorion, 2c, 848 ff., 837 ff., 3312 ff., 507, II -, -, gVF, of flat strike on male , , 0.172 g, maximum 5.9 mm, 0o, Mylasa (Milas, Turkey) mint, c. 390 - 380 B.C.; forepart of right, turned back left, tongue protruding; male ( ?) facing slightly left, with long hair, no inscriptions or , all within a round ; $120.00 (€106.80)
Mygissos, , c. 350 - 300 B.C.
Many Greek cities had names beginning MY, and this has been attributed to many of them. Most references attribute the to Myus. Mygissos is most likely correct because nearby Nisyros issued coins with a very similar with NI above the .GB69183. Bronze , 335 (MY...), 1022 (Myus), 2114 (Myus), 3115 (Myus), 235 ( ?), 847 ( ), VF, pitting, 1.910 g, maximum 11.0 mm, 270o, Mygissos mint, c. 350 - 300 B.C.; laureate of Poseidon right; right, MY above, trident right below; ; $110.00 (€97.90)
, Uncertain City (probably Mylasa), c. 420 - 390 B.C.
Among the smallest coins ever minted.
GA76794. Silver tetartemorion, 940 - 943, I 926, VF, 0.150 g, maximum 5.7 mm, 165o, Carian mint, c. 420 - 390 B.C.; forepart of right, turned back left; bird standing left within square; $100.00 (€89.00)
Mygissos, , c. 350 - 300 B.C.
Many Greek cities had names beginning MY, and this has been attributed to many of them. Mygissos is most likely correct because nearby Nisyros issued coins with a very similar with NI above the .GB67788. Bronze , 335 (MY...), 1022 (Myus), 2114 (Myus), 3115 (Myus), 235 ( ?), 847 ( ), F, 1.655 g, maximum 11.1 mm, 0o, Mygissos mint, c. 350 - 300 B.C.; laureate of Poseidon right; right, MY above, trident right below; very ; $90.00 (€80.10)
Ptolemaic Kingdom, Ptolemy III , 246 - 222 BC
According to Ptolemaic bronze expert Daniel Wolf, "These coins are attributed by to Ake-Ptolemaïs (Acre), but modern finds indicate they are most likely from the near (modern) Bodrum in Turkey." Bodrum was called Halicarnassus, in ancient times and was famous for housing the Mausoleum of , one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World.GP84507. Bronze , 793 (Ptolemy II, Ake-Ptolemais), 80 (Ptolemy III), -, -, -, -, -, -, F, green , earthen deposits, edge cracks, minor edge chipping, , , 3.405 g, maximum 17.4 mm, 0o, (Halicarnassus?) mint, 246 - 222 B.C.; diademed of Zeus right; BAΣIΛEΩΣ ΠTOΛEMAIOY, standing half left atop , left, wings closed, tripod in left ; from the Dr. Sam Mansourati Collection; $90.00 (€80.10)
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