Persian Achaeminid Empire, Carian Satrapy, Pixodaros, c. 340 - 335 B.C.
Pixodarus was the youngest of the three sons of , all of whom successively ruled. To secure the friendship of , of , Pixodarus offered his eldest daughter in marriage to his Philip's son Arrhidaeus. Arrhidaeus' ambitious younger brother, Alexander (later Alexander the Great) offered himself instead. Pixodarus eagerly agreed but Philip put an end to the scheme. Pixodarus died, apparently a natural death, before Alexander landed in in 334 B.C. and was succeeded by his Persian son-in-law Orontobates.SH63582. Silver , 597; 2375; 280; 891; 2913; p. 185, 5 ff.; 6608; 4966, aVF, porous, 6.541 g, maximum 19.5 mm, 0o, Mylasa (Milas, Turkey) mint, c. 340 - 335 B.C.; of facing slightly right; ΠIΞΩ∆APOY, standing right, (double-headed axe) over shoulder in right, lotus-tipped vertical in left; $500.00 (€445.00)
Gaius , ad Maeandrum, , 1 B.C. - 4 A.D.
The bare-headed young portrait is Gaius , not . In this period, would be expected to wear a , as he does on the other coins from this city. The youthful image better fits the younger man, who was both his grandson and adoptive son. Many cities issued coins for Gaius after he was made army commander in the East in 1 B.C. The winged commemorates the peace treaty he made that year with Phraates V. to Antioch on the Meander is likely but not entirely certain.SH77422. Bronze AE 15, S-5478 ( , 1 spec., of , on a prow); Numismatik, auction 6, lot 209, VF, over-cleaned, porous, , 2.129 g, maximum 14.9 mm, Antioch on the Meander mint, 1 B.C. - 21 Feb 4 A.D.; ANTIOXEΩN, (Gaius ?) right with slender neck and curved line; winged in laurel ; extremely , only the 3rd known; $300.00 (€267.00)
Rhodos, Islands off , c. 275 - 250 B.C.
Rhodes was an important slave-trading center, best known for The of Rhodes, one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. The giant statue of was finished in 280 B.C., but destroyed by an earthquake later in that century. It inspired later sculptures including the Statue of Liberty.GS76080. Silver , 195 (8 spec.), 489, -, -, -, -, VF, nice , light , light marks and corrosion, die wear, a little off center, 1.558 g, maximum 13.5 mm, 0o, Rhodos mint, c. 275 - 250 B.C.; of facing slightly to right, hair loose; rose with bud on stem to the right, APIΣTONOMOΣ (magistrate) arching above, galley prow (control symbol) left, P lower left, O inner right, convex ; ; $200.00 (€178.00)
Rhodos, Carian Islands, c. 88 - 84 B.C.
The c. 3 gram on which this coin is struck, used by Rhodes and other Carian cities, is called 'Plinthophoric' for the square around the (plinthos = brick or ingot). The revived a characteristic more typical of the 5th century B.C.GS79646. Silver , Rhodian, Group E, 249; 676; 824; 1461; p. 255, 279; -, VF, , , 2.331 g, maximum 14.3 mm, 0o, Rhodos mint, magistrate , c. 88 - 84 B.C.; of right; rose with bud to right, NIKHΦOPOΣ (magistrate) above, P-O flanking low across , tendril with bud right, hand holding stalk of grain (control symbol) lower left, all within square; $185.00 (€164.65)
Persian Achaeminid Empire, Carian Satrapy, Hekatomnos, c. 392 - 377 B.C.
was a native of Mylasa, which he made his capital and the seat of his government. His coins often depict Zeus Labrandenos from the celebrated temple of that name near Mylasa. The Persian emperor appointed to command naval forces in the war against Evagoras of , but he not only took no in support of the Emperor, but secretly supplied Evagoras with money for mercenaries. The disorganized Persian monarchy took no action against and he continued to rule until his death. He left three sons, , Idrieus and Pixodarus - all of whom - in their turn, succeeded him in the sovereignty.
GS76809. Silver tetartemorion, 2c, 848 ff., 837 ff., 3312 ff., 507, II -, -, gVF, of flat strike on male , , 0.172 g, maximum 5.9 mm, 0o, Mylasa (Milas, Turkey) mint, c. 390 - 380 B.C.; forepart of right, turned back left, tongue protruding; male ( ?) facing slightly left, with long hair, no inscriptions or , all within a round ; $155.00 (€137.95)
Rhodos, Carian Islands, c. 88 - 84 B.C.
Rhodes was an important slave-trading center, best known for The of Rhodes, one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. The giant statue of was finished in 280 B.C., but destroyed by an earthquake later in that century. It inspired later sculptures including the Statue of Liberty.
GS76079. Silver , 39; I 647; p. 257, 299, VF, nice , , light , , 1.232 g, maximum 12.8 mm, 0o, Rhodos mint, c. 88 - 84 B.C.; of facing slightly right; ∆EΞAΓOPAΣ, rose with bud to right, P-O across fields, grapes lower left, all in shallow ; $150.00 (€133.50)
Mygissos, , c. 350 - 300 B.C.
Many Greek cities had names beginning MY, and this has been attributed to many of them. Most references attribute the to Myus. Mygissos is most likely correct because nearby Nisyros issued coins with a very similar with NI above the .GB69183. Bronze , 335 (MY...), 1022 (Myus), 2114 (Myus), 3115 (Myus), 235 ( ?), 847 ( ), VF, pitting, 1.910 g, maximum 11.0 mm, 270o, Mygissos mint, c. 350 - 300 B.C.; laureate of Poseidon right; right, MY above, trident right below; ; $140.00 (€124.60)
Persian Achaeminid Empire, Carian Satrapy, Hecatomnids, c. 392 - 335 B.C.
The Hecatomnid dynasty or Hecatomnids were the rulers of and surrounding areas from about 392 - 334 B.C. They were nominally satraps (governors) under the Persian Achaeminid Empire, but ruled with considerable autonomy, and established a hereditary dynasty. The dynasty was founded by and originally had its seat in Mylasa; moved it to Halicarnassus. Hecatomnus' five children succeeded him in succession. The dynasty engaged in sibling marriage to presumably preserve royal power within the family. The dynasty ended with the conquests of Alexander the Great. Ada adopted him as her son, so that he would succeed to the rule of . The best-known monument of the dynasty is the Mausoleum that Artemisia II built in of her husband and brother .
• , ruled c. 392–377 B.C.
• , son of , ruled c. 377–353 B.C.
• Artemisia II, daughter of , wife of , ruled c. 353–351 B.C.
• Idrieus, son of , ruled c. 351–344 B.C.
• Ada, daughter of , wife of Idrieus, ruled c. 344–340 B.C. and c. 334–326 B.C. (under Alexander the Great)
• Pixodarus, son of , ruled c. 340–335 B.C.GS75847. Silver tetartemorion, cf. CNG e-auction 343, lot 191 for a similar issue but with left on the (otherwise apparently unpublished), aVF, grainy and porous, off center, small edge chip, 0.175 g, maximum 6.3 mm, (Mylasia? or Halicarnassus?) mint, early to mid 4th century B.C.; of Persian Great right; Milesian stellate pattern within square; extremely ; $140.00 (€124.60)
, Uncertain City (probably Mylasa), c. 420 - 390 B.C.
Among the smallest coins ever minted.GA76794. Silver tetartemorion, 940 - 943, I 926, VF, 0.150 g, maximum 5.7 mm, 165o, Carian mint, c. 420 - 390 B.C.; forepart of right, turned back left; bird standing left within square; $130.00 (€115.70)
Mygissos, , c. 350 - 300 B.C.
Many Greek cities had names beginning MY, and this has been attributed to many of them. Mygissos is most likely correct because nearby Nisyros issued coins with a very similar with NI above the .GB67788. Bronze , 335 (MY...), 1022 (Myus), 2114 (Myus), 3115 (Myus), 235 ( ?), 847 ( ), F, 1.655 g, maximum 11.1 mm, 0o, Mygissos mint, c. 350 - 300 B.C.; laureate of Poseidon right; right, MY above, trident right below; very ; $120.00 (€106.80)
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