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Home>Catalog>RomanCoins>RomanRepublic>150-100B.C. PAGE 1/4123»»»

Roman Republic 150 - 100 B.C.


Roman Republic, C. Cassius, 126 B.C.
Click for a larger photo In 126 B.C., Seleucus V Philometor succeeded his father Demetrius II as king of the Seleucid Empire. Due to his youth, his stepmother Cleopatra Thea acted as regent. Tyre successfully revolted from the Seleucid Empire.
SH64091. Silver denarius, Crawford 266/1, Sydenham 502, RSC I Cassia 1, SRCV I 142, VF, rose toning, weight 3.902 g, maximum diameter 19.3 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 126 B.C.; obverse helmeted head of Roma right; X over urn behind; reverse Libertas in quadriga right; pileus in right, scepter and reins in left, C. CASSI below, ROMA in exergue; ex CNG auction 273, part of lot 620; scarce; $300.00 (€225.00)

Geto-Dacian, Roman Republic Imitative, c. 125 - 40 B.C.
Click for a larger photo The style is close to that of Rome, but not quite right, and the inscription in the exergue does not match an official Roman type.
CE69906. Silver denarius, Davis Website -; for prototype cf. Roman Republic, T. Quinctius Flamininus, Rome mint, c. 126 B.C., SRCV I 143, RSC I Quinctia 2, Crawford 267/1, gF, well centered on broad flan, uneven toning with dark areas, weight 3.734 g, maximum diameter 20.8 mm, die axis 0o, tribal mint, c. 125 - 40 B.C.; obverse helmeted head of Roma right, apex behind, X below chin; reverse Dioscuri on horseback right, round Macedonian shield and inverted crescent below, IOMΛ in exergue; appearance would almost certainly improve with cleaning; $180.00 (€135.00)

Roman Macedonia, "Thasian" Type, c. 148 - 80 B.C.
Click for a larger photo This Dionysos / Herakles type was first struck by Thasos itself on the island and in its continental territories in the South of the Balkans, c. 168 - 148 B.C. After Rome took control of the area, "Thasian" types were struck by Roman authorities, c. 148 - 80 B.C., mainly in Macedonia but also, perhaps, by mobile military mints on campaigns. Imitatives were also struck by at least several tribal groups (mainly Celtic or mixed enclaves) from as early as 120 - 100 B.C. to about 20 - 10 B.C.
SH70437. Silver tetradrachm, Prokopov Thasos, group V, monogram 2, 72 (OE6 / R63); SNG Cop 1040 ff., VF, spotty toning, light scratches, weight 16.820 g, maximum diameter 35.1 mm, die axis 0o, Roman provincial or military mint, c. 148 - 80 B.C.; obverse head of Dionysos right, wearing taenia and wreathed in ivy and grapes; reverse HPAKΛEOYΣ ΣΩTHPOΣ ΘAΣIΩN, Herakles standing half left, nude but for Nemean lion's skin on left arm, resting right hand on grounded club before him, left on hip, M monogram inner left; $180.00 (€135.00)

Roman Republic, Cn. Cornelius Blasio Cn.f., 112 - 111 B.C.
Click for a larger photo Crawford notes this type was issued with 12 different symbol pairs (e.g., the wreath and Y are always paired), each used for one month of the year.

In 112 B.C. Numidian king Jugurtha declared war on Rome, and in the following year he allegedly bribed the Consul sent against him - igniting a huge scandal.
RR66888. Silver denarius, Crawford 296/1e, BMCRR Italy 629, Sydenham 561b, RSC I Cornelia 19, SRCV I 173, VF, flat strike, banker, weight 3.670 g, maximum diameter 18.4 mm, die axis 225o, Rome mint, 112 - 111 B.C.; obverse CN BLASIO CN F (upwards on right), helmeted head of Mars right, X above, wreath (control symbol) behind; reverse Jupiter standing facing, long scepter in right, thunderbolt in left, flanked by Juno on left, and Minerva on right, Minerva crowning Jupiter with wreath, Y (control letter) between Jupiter and Minerva, ROMA in ex; scarce; $170.00 (€127.50)

Roman Republic, M. Herennius, 108 - 107 B.C.
Click for a larger photo The Cantanaean brothers, Amphinomus and Anapias, saved their parents after an eruption of Mt. Etna, carrying them on their shoulders to safety. This moneyer had some connection to Sicily.
RR66895. Silver denarius, RSC I Herennia 1, Sydenham 567, Crawford 308/1a, BMCRE 1231 var (•A), SRCV I 185, VF, weight 3.742 g, maximum diameter 18.0 mm, die axis 45o, Rome mint, 108 - 107 B.C.; obverse diademed head of Pietas right, PIETAS (TA ligate) behind, A (control letter) below chin; reverse Amphinomus running right bearing his father on his shoulders, M HERENNI (HE ligate) left; $160.00 (€120.00)

Roman Republic, L. Antestius Gragulus, 136 B.C.
Click for a larger photo In 136 B.C., Confucianism was adopted as the state religion in China by the emperor Wu Di.
RR69080. Bronze quadrans, Crawford 238/3e, Sydenham 452d, SRCV I 1142, VF, weight 3.873 g, maximum diameter 17.8 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 136 B.C.; obverse head of Hercules right, in Nemean Lion's scalp headdress, three pellets behind; reverse prow of galley right, L·ANTES (NTE ligate) above, three pellets before, ROMA below; from the Andrew McCabe Collection, ex NAC 61 (Oct 2011), lot 979, ex CNG sale 45 (1998), lot 1536; very rare; $155.00 (€116.25)

Roman Republic, Ti. Minucius c.f. Augurinus, 134 B.C.
Click for a larger photo Saturn was an ancient Roman god of fertility, especially of agriculture and usually carries a sickle as his symbol. Saturday is named for Saturn. Romans celebrated the Feast of Saturnalia at the Winter Solstice. Homes were decorated with greenery. Friends visited and exchanged gifts. Slaves and masters ate at the same table. War and executions were postponed. Aspects of Saturnalia survive today in Christmas celebrations and carnival festivals around the world.
RR69081. Bronze semis, Crawford 243/2, Sydenham 495 (R4), SRCV I 870, F, some corrosion, weight 7.740 g, maximum diameter 22.1 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 134 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Saturn right, S (mark of value) behind; reverse galley prow right, lituus over TI·AVGVR above, S (mark of value) on right, ROMA below; from the Andrew McCabe Collection .; rare; $155.00 (€116.25)

Roman Republic, M. Acilius M.f., 130 B.C.
Click for a larger photo Only one example in Paris, none in the British Museum, none on Coin Archives.
RR69099. Bronze triens, Crawford 255/3, Sydenham 512a, BMCRR - (p. 170 existence of triens noted), SRCV I 1017, F, corrosion, weight 5.145 g, maximum diameter 19.7 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 130 B.C.; obverse helmeted head of Minerva right, four pellets (mark of value) behind; reverse prow of galley right, M.ACILI (MA ligate) above, four pellets (mark of value) before, ROMA below; from the Andrew McCabe Collection; extremely rare; $155.00 (€116.25)

Dyrrhachion, Illyria, Greece, Roman Protectorate, 229 - 30 B.C.
Click for a larger photo After the decisive defeat of the Illyrians to Rome in 229 B.C., the new Roman rulers renamed the city. The original name, Epidamnos, was similar to the Latin word damnum, meaning "loss" or "harm." Dyrrhachion is Greek for "bad spine" or "difficult ridge," probably referring to imposing cliffs near the city.
GS68005. Silver drachm, Ceka 282; Maier 367; SNG Cop 491; SNG München 429; SNG Leipzig 668; BMC Thessaly p. 73, 119 - 120, VF, weight 3.386 g, maximum diameter 19.3 mm, die axis 90o, Dyrrhachium mint, Euktemon and Phaniskos, 229 - 100 B.C.; obverse KTHTOΣ, cow standing right, looking back at her suckling calf, head of Isis above, grain above cluster of grapes right; reverse ∆YP − ΦA−NIΣ−KOY, double linear bordered square divided into two compartments with a stellate pattern in each; scarce; $140.00 (€105.00)

Roman Republic, C. Minucius Augurinus, 135 B.C.
Click for a larger photo In 135 B.C., the First Servile War began. After the Second Punic war, an over-abundance of slaves caused them to be ill-fed by their masters, and they soon began to provide for themselves by robbery. Several decades of increasing tension finally broke out into war. The rebel leader was Eunus, a slave whose master had hired him out as a magician for parties. Eunus would humorously tell his audiences that he was a prophet, that someday he would be king, the classes would be reversed, and aristocrats would killed or enslaved - except for those that tipped him for the show. During the revolt he did spare the lives of at least some aristocrats who had tipped him. The war lasted until 132 B.C. Eunus was captured, but he died before he could be punished. This was the first of three slave revolts against the Roman Republic; the last and the most famous was led by Spartacus.
RR69085. Bronze quadrans, Crawford 243/4, Sydenham 495b, BMCRR Rome 956, SRCV I 1148, VF, small flan, weight 4.810 g, maximum diameter 19.5 mm, die axis 90o, Rome mint, 135 B.C.; obverse head of Hercules right, in Nemean Lion's scalp headdress, three pellets behind; reverse prow of galley right, C•AVG above, three pellets before, ROMA below; scarce; $135.00 (€101.25)



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REFERENCES

Banti, A. and L. Simonetti. Corpus Nummorum Romanorum. (Firenze, 1972-1979).
Cohen, H. Description historique des monnaies frappées sous l’Empire Romain. (Paris, 1880).
Crawford, M. Roman Republican Coinage. (Cambridge, 1974).
Grueber, H.A. Coins of the Roman Republic in The British Museum. (London, 1910).
Rutter, N.K. ed. Historia Numorum. Italy. (London, 2001).
Seaby, Sear, and Loosley. Roman Silver Coins, Volume I, The Republic to Augustus. (London, 1989).
Sear, D. R. Roman Coins and Their Values, Volume One, The Republic and the Twelve Caesars 280 BC - AD 86. (London, 2000).
Sydenham, E. The Coinage of the Roman Republic. (London, 1952).

Catalog current as of Thursday, July 24, 2014.
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Roman Republic Coins of 150-100 B.C.