Roman Republic, L. Memmius Galeria, 106 B.C.
(or Ianus) was the god of gates, doors, doorways, beginnings and endings. He is most often depicted as having two faces or heads, facing in opposite directions. is believed to be one of the few major deities in Roman mythology that does not have a Greek origin or counterpart.RR77516. Bronze as,
Roman Republic, L. Furius Philus, c. 189 - 180 B.C.
In 188 B.C., through the Treaty of , the Seleucid , Antiochus III, surrendered all his Greek and Anatolian possessions as far east as the Mountains. Rome had become master of the eastern Mediterranean. Continuing quarrels among the Greek cities and leagues increases the conviction in Rome that there will be no peace in until Rome takes full control.RR65633. Bronze as,
Roman Republic, Anonymous, c. 135 - 100 B.C.
Roman Republic, C. Minucius Augurinus, c. 135 B.C.
In 135 B.C., the First Servile War began. After the Second Punic war, an over-abundance of slaves caused them to be ill-fed by their masters, and they soon began to provide for themselves by robbery. Several decades of increasing tension finally broke out into war. The rebel leader was Eunus, a slave whose master had hired him out as a magician for parties. Eunus would humorously tell his audiences that he was a prophet, that someday he would be , the classes would be reversed, and aristocrats would killed or enslaved - except for those that tipped him for the show. During the revolt he did spare the lives of at least some aristocrats who had tipped him. The war lasted until 132 B.C. Eunus was captured, but he died before he could be punished. This was the first of three slave revolts against the Roman Republic; the last and the most famous was led by Spartacus.RR66996. Bronze
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