, I Monophthalmus or II Gonatus, 306 - 270 B.C.
Unpublished in the references and not yet fully attributed, this is only the second specimen of this extremely and important known to . Both specimens were struck with the same die. & Mosch wrote of their specimen: "Troxell recorded a very issue of Alexandrine tetradrachms in the name of Gonatas (The Peloponnesian Alexanders, 17, 1971, 75-6, note 68), which through hoard evidence was conclusively proven to be struck at circa 272 (see R. W. , Gonatas and the Silver Coinages of Macedon circa 280-270 BC, 26, 1981, pp. 79-123, esp. p. 104). However, this unique has no controls that would explicitly tie it to the mint tetradrachms, and even more perplexing is the of the engraving, which is clearly dissimilar to the tetradrachms as well. One might suppose that it is in fact not a coin of Gonatas at all, but rather a hitherto unknown of his grandfather, Antigonos I Monophthalmos. However, this also does not sit well, again for reasons of , which is inconsistent with the period of Monophthalmos' reign. For the time being, therefore, this coin must remain a numismatic enigma until further evidence can shed additional light on it."
There are two auction records for the & Mosch specimen: Numismatics auction 7 (22 Mar 2014), lot 454, sold for £ 4,800 plus fees; and & Mosch auction 203 (5 Mar 2012), lot 150, sold for € 3,200 plus fees. Our coin sold at Gitbud & Naumann auction 16, (4 May 2014), lot 152, apparently slipping through unnoticed by all but our astute consignor for € 575 plus fees.SH71048. Silver , unpublished in refs; cf. Numismatics auction 7, lot 454 (same rev die) = & Mosch auction 203, lot 150, VF, struck a bit flat, 3.845 g, maximum 19.4 mm, 0o, uncertain or mint, 306 - 270 B.C.; of Herakles right, clad in scalp headdress tied at neck; BAΣIΛEΩΣ ANTIΓONOY, Zeus Aetophoros enthroned left, throne with high back, in extended right hand, long vertical behind in left hand, right leg drawn back; ex Gitbud & Naumann auction 16, lot 152; extremely , only two know specimens; $1950.00 (€1735.50)
Athens, , Old , c. 454 - 404 B.C.
The old-style of Athens is famous for its almond shaped eye, archaic smile, and charming owl . Around 480 B.C. a of olive leaves and a decorative scroll were added to Athena's helmet. On the , a crescent moon was added.
During the period 449 - 413 B.C. huge quantities of tetradrachms were minted to finance grandiose building projects such as the Parthenon and to cover the costs of the Peloponnesian War.
GS85068. Silver , 31, 49, 8, 1611, 519, 1597, 1611, 2526, VF, attractive archaic , well struck, , some marks and bumps, small edge cracks, 17.101 g, maximum 23.8 mm, 270o, Athens mint, c. 454 - 404 B.C.; of right, almond shaped eye, crested helmet with olive leaves and floral scroll, wire necklace, round earring, hair in parallel curves; AΘE right, owl standing right, facing, erect in posture, olive sprig and crescent left, all within square; ex & Mosch auction 245, of lot 1906; $900.00 (€801.00)
Athens, , III , 353 - c. 340 B.C.
The Pi III introduced the true floral ornament. The lower tendrils have moved outward from the central tendril, and originate from and perpendicular to the curved horizontal line forming the upper tendrils; they parallel the central tendril for most of their length before flaring outward. The central tendril can be exceptionally long, extending down to ’s ear. Pi III may or may not have a pellet above the earring on the , and have one or two columns of pellets (feathers) to the right of the owl's beak on the . All are struck on folded flans, often elongated oval shaped flans nicknamed "logs."
SH85069. Silver , p. 244, fig. 8; p. 126, 3; 63; 96; 1479; pl. 20: 2, VF, and struck on thick oval "log" , attractive , light bumps and marks, 17.091 g, maximum 25.0 mm, 270o, Athens mint, 353 - c. 340 B.C.; of right with eye seen in true profile, wearing crested helmet ornamented with three olive leaves and floral scroll; owl standing right, facing, to right AΘE in large lettering, to left olive sprig and crescent; ex & Mosch auction 245, of lot 1906; $550.00 (€489.50)
Athens, , , c. 140 - 175 A.D.
Minos demanded that, every ninth year, Athens send seven boys and seven girls to to be devoured by the , a half-man, half-bull monster that lived in the Labyrinth. , son of Aigeus, the of Athens, volunteered to take the place of one of the youths and slay the monster to stop this horror. Upon his arrival to , , Minos' daughter, fell in love with him and gave him a ball of to him find his way out of the Labyrinth. promised that if he escaped he would take her with him. Using the string to mark his path, he made his way to the heart of the Labyrinth, slew the , followed the string out, and then rescued the Athenian boys and girls. told to leave and Phaedra behind on the beach. Distressed by his broken heart, forgot to put up the white sails that were to signal his success. Upon seeing black sails, his father committed suicide, throwing himself off a cliff into the sea, causing this body of water to be named the Aegean.GB77873. Bronze , p. 105, 764; 341; , pl. 96, 1; 276, aF, corrosion, 7.132 g, maximum 23.7 mm, 180o, Athens mint, pseudo-autonomous under , c. 140 - 175 A.D.; helmeted of right, wearing crested Corinthian helmet; AΘHNAIΩN, right, preparing to slay the , nude, planting knee on the back of , raising club in his right hand, a horn of the in his left hand, the falling right on left knee; from the Butte College Foundation, ex (Antioch Associates); very ; $450.00 (€400.50)
Phalanna, , 360 - 340 B.C.
Coins of Phalanna (a few miles northwest of on the left bank of the Peneius) are . There was also a Phalanna on , colonized by Thessalians from Phalanna in .GS84798. Silver , I 1250 (same dies); 569; 199; p. 41, 1; 1; 165 (R1), VF/F, classical , , porous, a little rough, 5.314 g, maximum 19.1 mm, 180o, Phalanna mint, 360 - 340 B.C.; youthful male with short, curly hair right; FAΛ-ANN-A-IΩN, bridled horse prancing right without a rider; ex BCD with his round tag noting, "T/ne ex Thess., Oct. 86, £250.-"; $440.00 (€391.60)
, , , c. 405 - 370 B.C.
The of most of the coins of depicted the nymph of the local spring, , for whom the town was named. The was probably inspired by the famous coins of Kimon depicting the Syracusan nymph Arethusa. The usually depicted a horse in various poses. The horse was an appropriate symbol of , a land of plains, which was well known for its horses. On other coins, there is a male figure, probably the eponymous hero of the Thessalians, Thessalos.GS79835. Silver , 89.1 (same dies), I 1148, 215 var. (facing slightly right), VF, , of corrosion, double struck, , 5.835 g, maximum 19.7 mm, 270o, mint, c. 405 - 370 B.C.; of nymph facing slightly left, wearing , earring, and wire necklace; horse grazing right, legs straight, ΛAPIΣ above; ex Coins; $360.00 (€320.40)
Thebes, Boiotia, , 405 - 395 B.C.
The largest city in , leader of the Boeotian confederacy, and rival of Athens, Thebes sided with during Xerxes' invasion in 480 B.C. Thebes ended Sparta's power at the Battle of Leuctra in 371. The Sacred Band of Thebes famously fell to at Chaeronea in 338. After a revolt in 335, Alexander the Great destroyed the city, except, according to tradition, the house of the poet .GS74435. Silver tetartemorion, 466; p. 77, 87; 294; 35; 37, VF, , 0.163 g, maximum 6.4 mm, Thebes mint, 405 - 395 B.C.; Boiotian ox-hide ; bunch of grapes on stem, Θ−E flanking above; ex ; $320.00 (€284.80)
, , , c. 365 - 356 B.C.
The of most of the coins of depicted the nymph of the local spring, , for whom the town was named. The was probably inspired by the famous coins of Kimon depicting the Syracusan nymph Arethusa. The usually depicted a horse in various poses. The horse was an appropriate symbol of , a land of plains, which was well known for its horses. On other coins, there is a male figure, probably the eponymous hero of the Thessalians, Thessalos.GS73417. Silver , p. 30, 61 var. (horse right); 288 var. ( inverted); 452 var. (S, same); I -, aVF, scratches, light etching, encrustations, 5.862 g, maximum 19.8 mm, 0o, mint, c. 365 - 356 B.C.; of nymph facing slightly left, wearing , pendant earring, and wire necklace; ΛAPIΣ/AIΩN, horse crouching left preparing to over, below; ex ; $300.00 (€267.00)
Athens, , , III or IV , 353 - 340 B.C.
The name refers to the floral helmet ornament on the which resembles the Greek letter pi (P) bisected by a long central tendril. On this coin, the Pi-like floral ornament is off the .GS84493. Silver , cf. p. 244, fig. 8; p. 127, 4; 63; 96; pl. V, 4; 2547, VF, , typical but full of owl on , off center but of on , bumps, marks and scratches, 17.157 g, maximum 23.7 mm, 270o, Athens mint, 353 - 340 B.C.; of right with eye seen in true profile, wearing crested helmet ornamented with three olive leaves and floral scroll; owl standing right, facing, to right AΘE in large lettering, to left olive sprig and crescent; from the Dr. Sam Mansourati Collection; $300.00 (€267.00)
, , , c. 356 - 342 B.C.
The of most of the coins of depicted the nymph of the local spring, , for whom the town was named. The was probably inspired by the famous coins of Kimon depicting the Syracusan nymph Arethusa. The usually depicted a horse in various poses. The horse was an appropriate symbol of , a land of plains, which was well known for its horses. On other coins, there is a male figure, probably the eponymous hero of the Thessalians, Thessalos.GS73406. Silver , pl. III, 27 (same dies); I 1158; 316; 121; 454, VF, on a , etched surfaces, scratch on cheek, 5.920 g, maximum 19.2 mm, 135o, mint, c. 356 - 342 B.C.; of the nymph facing slightly left, wearing , pendant earring, and simple necklace; horse crouching right, left foreleg bent and raised, preparing to onto the ground, ΛAPIΣ/AIΩN in two lines starting above, ending in ; ex with his tag noting, "Thz. G/ni ex Thess., Apr. 94, SFr. 100.-"; $270.00 (€240.30)
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