, I Monophthalmus or II Gonatus, 306 - 270 B.C.
Unpublished in the references and not yet fully attributed, this is only the second specimen of this extremely and important known to . Both specimens were struck with the same die. Gorny & Mosch wrote of their specimen: "Troxell recorded a very issue of Alexandrine tetradrachms in the name of Gonatas (The Peloponnesian Alexanders, 17, 1971, 75-6, note 68), which through hoard evidence was conclusively proven to be struck at circa 272 (see R. W. , Gonatas and the Silver Coinages of Macedon circa 280-270 BC, 26, 1981, pp. 79-123, esp. p. 104). However, this unique has no controls that would explicitly tie it to the mint tetradrachms, and even more perplexing is the of the engraving, which is clearly dissimilar to the tetradrachms as well. One might suppose that it is in fact not a coin of Gonatas at all, but rather a hitherto unknown of his grandfather, Antigonos I Monophthalmos. However, this also does not sit well, again for reasons of , which is inconsistent with the period of Monophthalmos' reign. For the time being, therefore, this coin must remain a numismatic enigma until further evidence can shed additional light on it."
There are two auction records for the Gorny & Mosch specimen: Numismatics auction 7 (22 Mar 2014), lot 454, sold for £ 4,800 plus fees; and Gorny & Mosch auction 203 (5 Mar 2012), lot 150, sold for ? 3,200 plus fees. Our coin sold at Gitbud & Naumann auction 16, (4 May 2014), lot 152, apparently slipping through unnoticed by all but our astute consignor for ? 575 plus fees.SH71048. Silver , unpublished in refs; cf. Numismatics auction 7, lot 454 (same rev die) = Gorny & Mosch auction 203, lot 150, VF, struck a bit flat, 3.845 g, maximum 19.4 mm, 0o, uncertain or mint, 306 - 270 B.C.; Herakles' right, clad in scalp headdress tied at neck; BAΣIΛEΩΣ ANTIΓONOY, Zeus Aetophoros enthroned left, throne with high back, in extended right, long vertical behind in left, right leg drawn back; ex Gitbud & Naumann auction 16, lot 152; extremely , only two know specimens; $2500.00 (€2175.00)
Athens, , , , c. 86 - 84 B.C., Issued by
After 1 March 86 B.C., was the master of Athens. He recovered from the Pontic Mithradates, who had taken it by force. This issue was struck for , either at Athens or outside Athens during the siege, to pay his legions and expenses during the war against Mithradates. The silver was collected from Greeks who supported the Romans against Mithradates and requisitioned from the sacred temple treasuries at Epidaurus, Olympia and . The ancients admired these Roman-Athenian coins and called them "flats of Lucullan." The MARKOY may refer to the brother of the Roman general and politician Lucullus.SH70948. Silver , cf. 1293; pl. 78, 11; 1653; V, pp. 28-31 and pl. 9, 10; pl. 120, 366, gVF, attractive , well struck, nicely , centered on a crowded slightly irregular shape , 16.581 g, maximum 29.5 mm, 0o, Athens mint, c. 86 - 84 B.C.; helmeted of Parthenos right, triple-crested helmet decorated with a right above the raised earpiece, and protomes of horses above visor; owl standing right on on its side right, facing, MARKOY left, TAMIOY right, A on , all within olive wreath; ex John Jencek; ; $2500.00 (€2175.00)
Lyttus, , c. 450 - 320 B.C.
References do not describe the , but it is also present on the plate.SH65976. Silver , p. 231, 19 and pl.XXI, 13; p. 55, 7; 494, aVF, slightly grainy, , 5.352 g, maximum 19.9 mm, 0o, Lyttus mint, c. 380 - 320 B.C.; ΛY−TΣ (clockwise starting above, ΛY ), flying left; ΛYTTION, ’s right in beaded square , all within square; ; $680.00 (€591.60)
Athens, , Old , c. 449 - 413 B.C.
The old-style of Athens is famous for its almond shaped eye, archaic smile and charming owl . Around 480 B.C. a wreath of olive leaves and a decorative scroll were added to Athena's helmet. On the a crescent moon was added.
During the period 449 - 413 B.C. huge quantities of tetradrachms were minted to finance grandiose building projects such as the Parthenon and to cover the costs of the Peloponnesian War.GS73681. Silver , 31 ff., 8, 2526, F, centered, rough, test cuts, 16.302 g, maximum 26.1 mm, 45o, Athens mint, c. 449 - 413 B.C.; of right, almond shaped eye, crested helmet with olive leaves and floral scroll, wire necklace, round earring, hair in parallel curves; AΘE right, owl standing right, facing, erect in posture, olive sprig and crescent left, all within square; $600.00 (€522.00)
and , 24 January 41 - 48 A.D., Knossos,
was Claudius' 3rd wife and mother of and . They were married when she was 14. In 48 A.D., while was away in , even though she was married to the emperor, married her lover, Gaius Silius. Silius was executed and driven to suicide.SH67600. Bronze AE 20, 1001 (rev ending ) or 1002, 214 ( ) or 212, -, -, aVF, edge chipped, 4.045 g, maximum 19.9 mm, 180o, , Knossos mint, 41 A.D.; TI CLAVDIVS AVG , of left; [CAPITONE CYTHERONTE ] or [CYTHERO CAPITONE] (end of off ), draped of right; extremely ; $560.00 (€487.20)
Thebes, Boiotia, , 405 - 395 B.C.
The largest city in , leader of the Boeotian confederacy, and rival of Athens, Thebes sided with during Xerxes' invasion in 480 B.C. Thebes ended Sparta's power of at the Battle of Leuctra in 371. The Sacred Band of Thebes famously fell to at Chaeronea in 338. After a revolt in 335, Alexander the Great destroyed the city, except, according to tradition, the house of the poet .GS74435. Silver tetartemorion, 466; p. 77, 87; 294; 35; 37, VF, , 0.163 g, maximum 6.4 mm, Thebes mint, 405 - 395 B.C.; Boiotian ; bunch of grapes on stem, Θ−E flanking above; ex ; $450.00 (€391.50)
Leukas, Akarnania, , c. 350 - 320 B.C.
There should be Λ behind the goddesses but it is missing on this coin. Perhaps it was, in error, not on the die, or perhaps it was unstruck because the letter on the die was filled with dirt. Although we have seen coins of this struck from nearly a dozen different dies, we have not found a die match to determine why the Λ is missing.SH63533. Silver , II 413, 84 (same die); p. 129, 51 ff.; 221 var (types right); -, VF, , 8.163 g, maximum 22.4 mm, 180o, Leukas mint, c. 350 - 320 B.C.; flying left, Λ below; of (or Aphrodite) left in Corinthian helmet over leather cap, Λ (unstruck) and behind; $435.00 (€378.45)
Phaistos, , c. 3rd Century B.C.
In Greek mythology, (or Talon) was a giant winged man of bronze who protected Europa in from pirates and invaders. He circled the island's shores three times daily. The author of Bibliotheke thought ’ bronze nature might indicate he was a survivor from Hesiod's mythical Age of Bronze. The satirist Lucian took this absurd notion that men of Hesiod's Age of Bronze were actually made of bronze and, for humorous effect, extended it to men of the Age of Gold.GB73363. Bronze AE 17, 74; 520; p. 64, 27-28, F, struck with worn dies, 3.702 g, maximum 17.3 mm, 270o, Phaistos mint, c. 3rd century B.C.; , nude, advancing right, hurling stone in his right hand, holding another in his left; hound on the scent to right, ΦAIC/TIΩN in two lines, starting above, ending in ; ; $360.00 (€313.20)
, , , 400 - 380 B.C.
During religious games, the young men of participated in bull jumping and bull wrestling. In bull wrestling, participants would jump from a horse, naked save a and cap, to bring a bull down to the ground. The shows a wrestler bringing down a bull and the shows the horse running free after the leap was made. The game may have originated in and then travelled to , where it is known the people of learned the sport.SH71321. Silver , 372.10 (same dies), 1108 (same die); 108 ff. var ( arrangement); pl. III, 18 var (same), VF, scratches and marks, 5.521 g, maximum 21.8 mm, 0o, mint, 400 - 380 B.C.; Thessalos left restraining bull leaping left using band around bull's forehead held in both , he is naked but for over shoulders, with cord around his neck flying above; bridled horse galloping right, rein trailing, no ground line, ΛAP above, I horizontal below horse's , IAΣ below, all within square; arrangement; $350.00 (€304.50)
Lokri Opuntii, Lokris, , 340 - 333 B.C.
(the Lesser) was a Greek mythological hero, son of Oileus, the of . He was the leader of the Lokrian contingent during the Trojan War. He was called the "lesser" or "Locrian" , to distinguish him from the Great, son of Telamon. He is a significant figure in Homer's Iliad and is also mentioned in the Odyssey and Virgil's Aeneid.GS73966. Silver , 99; 50; 1700; 1958; 1339; -, VF, 2.762 g, maximum 17.0 mm, 0o, Lokri Opuntii mint, 340 - 333 B.C.; of Demeter right, wreathed in grain, wearing drop pendant earring and pearl necklace; OΠONTIΩN, son of Oileus, advancing right in fighting attitude, nude but for crested Corinthian helmet, short sword in right, in left ornamented inside with coiled snake (control symbol); (control symbol) below; $330.00 (€287.10)
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