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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Roman Coins ▸ Constantinian EraView Options:  |  |  | 

Roman coins of the Constantinian Era

Constantine the Great, Early 307 - 22 May 337 A.D.

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Sol Invictus ("Unconquered Sun") was the sun god of the later Roman Empire and a patron of soldiers. In 274 the Roman emperor Aurelian made it an official cult alongside the traditional Roman cults. The god was favored by emperors after Aurelian and appeared on their coins until Constantine. The last inscription referring to Sol Invictus dates to 387 and there were enough devotees in the 5th century that Augustine found it necessary to preach against them. The date 25 December was selected for Christmas to replace the popular Roman festival Dies Natalis Solis Invicti, the "Birthday of the Unconquered Sun."
RL86760. Billon follis, RIC VI Treveri 890, Cohen VII 511, SRCV IV16125, Hunter V 45 var. (obv. leg., misdescribed), Choice aEF, excellent centering, brown surfaces, traces of silvering, small closed flan crack, weight 3.649 g, maximum diameter 23.5 mm, die axis 180o, Treveri (Trier, Germany) mint, 310 - 313 A.D.; obverse IMP CONSTANTINVS AVG, laureate and cuirassed bust right, from the front; reverse SOLI INVICTO COMITI, radiate and draped bust of Sol, from behind; from the Davis Collection (purchased privately from CNG (866261, $245, Aug 2010); $280.00 (238.00)


Constantine the Great, Early 307 - 22 May 337 A.D.

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The Romans built temples and struck many coin types for valor, hope, health, fidelity, harmony, honor, peace, victory, and security, and rendered peculiar devotion to the fickle divinity of fortune; yet to the preeminent virtue Sapientia (wisdom), no altar was raised, no acknowledgment of tutelary influence offered, until the time of Licinius and Constantine. Wisdom, the sovereign mistress of human existence and advancement, in the all the mintage of Rome, was recognize only by this tiny issue of the joint emperors.
SH87288. Bronze quarter follis, RIC VII Rome 16 (R3); SRCV IV 16164, Cohen VII 485, gVF, well centered, nice portrait, some reverse legend weak, edge cracks, some minor porosity, weight 0.875 g, maximum diameter 14.2 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 313 A.D.; obverse IMP CONSTANTINVS P F AVG, bare head right; reverse SAPIENTIA PRINCIPIS (wisdom of the prince), owl atop an altar, spear resting diagonal across the front of the altar, round shield lower left, helmet lower right, R[...] (officina obscure) in exergue; very rare; $240.00 (204.00)


Constantius II, 22 May 337 - 3 November 361 A.D., Issued by Vetranio

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In 312 A.D., Constantine dreamed he saw a Christogram in the sky and heard the words IN HOC SIGNO VICTOR ERIS, meaning in Latin "In this sign, you will be the victor." He ordered the sign of Christ on his legions standards and shields. He won a great victory and later became the first Christian Roman Emperor.
RL90728. Billon maiorina, RIC VIII Siscia 284 (S), LRBC II 1171, Voetter 48, SRCV V 18903, Cohen VII 3, gVF, oval flan, encrustation, flan split, weight 5.040 g, maximum diameter 23.2 mm, die axis 0o, 3rd officina, Siscia (Sisak, Croatia) mint, issued by Vetranio, 1 Mar - 25 Dec 350 A.D.; obverse D N CONSTANTIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right, A behind, star in front; reverse CONCORDIA MILITVM (harmony with the soldiers), Constantius standing half-left, in military dress, labarum (Chi-Rho standard) in each hand, A left, star above, ΓSIS in exergue; scarce; $180.00 (153.00)


Constantine the Great, 319-320 A.D.

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The reverse legend abbreviates, Victoriae Laetae Principium Perpertua, which translates, "Joyous victory to the eternal Prince." VOT P R on the shield abbreviates, Vota Populi Romani, which translates, "Vows (prayers) of the Roman people."
RL86822. Billon centenionalis, unpublished; RIC VII does not list any Constantine I issues for the short LAET reverse legend, Choice F, well centered, attractive desert patina, weight 2.601 g, maximum diameter 19.6 mm, die axis 180o, 1st officina, Arelatum (Arles, France) mint, 319 - 320 A.D.; obverse CONSTAN-TINVS AVG, laureate head right; reverse VICTORIAE LAET PRINC PERP (joyous eternal victories of the prince), two Victories standing facing each other, together holding shield with inscribed VOT / P R in two lines, shield resting on altar (ornamented with rhombus pellet in center?), PARL in exergue; from the Beast Coins VLPP Collection, ex Keith Metzer Collection (2006), the only specimen known to Forum; extremely rare; $180.00 (153.00)


Magnentius, 18 January 350 - 10 August 353 A.D.

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Strabo wrote, "The Romans possess Lugdunum, founded below a ridge at the confluence of the Arar and the Rhone. It is the most populous of all the other cities except Narbo; for it is a center of commerce, and the Roman emperors strike their silver and gold coinage there." (4.3.2). Dates of operation: 15 B.C. - c. 90 A.D., 195 - 196, and c. 254 - 423. Mintmarks: LG, LVG
RT85637. Billon heavy maiorina, RIC VIII Lyons 126, LRBC II 221, Bastien Lyon 174, SRCV V 18820, Hunter V 43 var. (pellet above SV), EF, dark toned silvered surfaces, well centered on a tight flan, die wear, tiny edge chip, slightest porosity, weight 5.201 g, maximum diameter 22.5 mm, die axis 0o, 1st officina, Lugdunum (Lyon, France) mint, 18 Jan 350 - 351 A.D.; obverse D N MAGNENTIVS P F AVG, bare-headed, draped, and cuirassed bust right, A behind; reverse VICTORIAE DD NN AVG ET CAE (victories of our lords, Emperor and Caesar), two Victories holding wreath containing VOT V MVLT X, SV below, RPLG in exergue; $160.00 (136.00)


City of Constantinople Commemorative, 330 - 331 A.D.

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On 11 May 330, Constantine I refounded Byzantium, renamed it Constantinopolis after himself, and moved the capital of the Roman Empire from Rome to his new city. The new capital was Christian, old gods and traditions were either replaced or assimilated into a framework of Christian symbolism. Constantine built the new Church of the Holy Apostles on the site of a temple to Aphrodite. Generations later there was the story that a divine vision led Constantine to this spot. The capital would often be compared to the 'old' Rome as Nova Roma Constantinopolitana, the "New Rome of Constantinople." Special commemorative coins were issued with types for both Rome and Constantinople to advertise the importance of the new capital.
RL82770. Billon reduced centenionalis, Hunter V 3 (also 2nd officina), RIC VII Trier 543, LRBC I 66, SRCV IV 16445, Cohen VII 21, EF, sharp detail, slightly off center on a tight flan, clashed reverse die, weight 2.398 g, maximum diameter 16.4 mm, die axis 180o, 2nd officina, Treveri (Trier, Germany) mint, 330 - 331 A.D.; obverse CONSTANTINOPOLIS, laureate and helmeted bust of Constantinopolis left, wearing imperial cloak, scepter over left shoulder; reverse Victory standing left, right foot on prow, scepter in right hand, resting left hand on grounded shield, TRS in exergue; $160.00 (136.00)


Crispus, Caesar, 1 March 317 - 326 A.D.

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On 7 March 321, Constantine issued an edict proclaiming Dies Solis Invicti (Sunday) as the day of rest; trade was forbidden but agriculture was allowed.
RL77188. Billon centenionalis, RIC VII Lyons 133, Hunter V 25, SRCV IV 16734, Bastien XIII 102, Cohen VII 6, Choice EF, dark toning on silvering, weight 3.120 g, maximum diameter 18.7 mm, die axis 0o, 1st officina, Lugdunum (Lyon, France) mint, 321 A.D.; obverse CRISPVS NOB CAES, laureate and cuirassed bust right; reverse BEATA TRANQVILLITAS (blessed tranquility), altar inscribed VO/TIS / XX in three lines, surmounted by globe, three stars above, C left, R right, PLG crescent in exergue; $125.00 (106.25)


Constantine II, 22 May 337 - March or April 340 A.D.

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In 331 A.D., Constantine I vigorously promoted Christianity, confiscating the property and valuables of a number of pagan temples throughout the Empire.
RL79178. Billon reduced centenionalis, RIC VII Trier 527, LRBC I 56, SRCV V 17313, Cohen VIII 122, Choice EF, excellent centering and strike, nice dark green patina, slight die wear, areas of light porosity, weight 2.245 g, maximum diameter 17.3 mm, die axis 195o, 2nd officina, Treveri (Trier, Germany) mint, as caesar, 330 - 331 A.D.; obverse CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C, laureate and cuirassed bust right; reverse GLORIA EXERCITVS (glory of the army), two soldiers standing facing, heads turned inward confronted, two standards in center between them, each holds a spear in outer hand and rests inner hand on grounded shield, TRS in exergue; $125.00 (106.25)


Constantine the Great, Early 307 - 22 May 337 A.D.

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About 327 A.D., Helena, mother of Constantine, returned from her pilgrimage to the Holy Land and also founded Stavrovouni Monastery on Cyprus.
RL86834. Billon centenionalis, RIC VII Arles 310 (R2), LRBC I 320, SRCV IV 16246, Cohen VII 454, Hunter V 126 var. (laureate), Choice EF, well centered and struck, excellent portrait, glossy dark patina, traces of silvering, a few bumps and marks, weight 3.443 g, maximum diameter 19.7 mm, die axis 0o, 1st officina, Arelatum (Arles, France) mint, 327 - 328 A.D.; obverse CONSTANTINVS AVG, pearl-diademed head right; reverse PROVIDENTIAE AVGG (to the foresight of the two emperors), campgate with two turrets, no doors, star above, S - F flanking across field, ARLP in exergue; ex Vauction sale 242 (25 Feb 2010), lot 91; ex Beast Coins, the Zachary "Beast" Beasley Collection of Camp Gates; scarce; $125.00 (106.25)


Constantine II, 22 May 337 - March or April 340 A.D.

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Constantine II was about eight years old when this coin was minted. Here he is draped and cuirassed as a powerful child Caesar with the world in his hands!
SH63721. Billon centenionalis, RIC VII Trier 382 (R3) corr. (no cuirass), SRCV V 17155, Cohen VII 23, gVF, well centered on a tight flan, nice green patina, weight 2.868 g, maximum diameter 18.0 mm, die axis 180o, 2nd officina, Treveri (Trier, Germany) mint, 322 - 323 A.D.; obverse CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust left, Victory on globe offering wreath in right hand, mappa in left, head of Medusa on cuirass; reverse BEATA TRANQVILLITAS (blessed tranquility), altar inscribed VO/TIS / XX, surmounted by globe, three stars above, STR in exergue; rare; $120.00 (102.00)











Catalog current as of Friday, July 20, 2018.
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Constantinian Era