L AeliusAureliusCommodus was the son of emperor Marcus Aurelius and empress Faustina II. Caesar in 177 A.D., Commodus succeeded his father as Augustus in 180. His rule of twelve years quickly degenerated into debauchery, paranoia and insanity. He actually believed he was Hercules reincarnated and even participated in gladiatorial contests. The empire was directed by his unscrupulous favorites while the emperor amused himself in whatever decadent way he saw fit. His assassination in 192 A.D. was viewed as a blessing by most Romans of the day.
Commodus, March or April 177 - 31 December 192 A.D., Caesarea, Cappadocia
The abbreviated obverse titles KAI CEB VIW, for Kaicari Cebactw Uiwc, corresponds to the Latin "Caesar Augustus Filius" (prince, son of the emperor).
RP63453. Silver tridrachm, RPC Online 7058 (citing only 2 examples); Sydenham Caesarea 363; Metcalf 140; BMC Cappadocia p. 192, 344 (Antioch); SNG Cop -; Prieur -, F, nice portrait, right side of obverselegend weak, weight 10.31 g, maximum diameter 24.4 mm, die axis 180o, Caesarea mint, 175 A.D.; obverse KOMMODW KAI CEB VIW, bare-headed, draped, and cuirassedbust right, from behind; reverseGERMAN CAPMAT (Germanicus Sarmaticus), eagle standing facing on club left, wings open, head and tail right; ex Comptoir Gιnιral Financier mail bid sale 13 (2001), lot 351; extremely rare; $500.00 (385.00)
The brothers Annius Verus and Commodus, sons of Marcus Aurelius and Faustina the Younger, were made caesars in 166 A.D. Annius Verus died at age 7 of natural causes in Rome on 10 September 169. His younger brother Commodus became his father?s heir and later successor to his father?s throne. The portraits are obviousl y unrealistic - the caesars were small boys when the coin was struck.
SH60168. Bronze AE 18, RPC Online 5035; BMC Cilicia p. 191, 166; SNG BnF 1456; cf. SNG Levante 1018 (no star); SNG Cop -, VF, weight 5.400 g, maximum diameter 17.8 mm, die axis 225o, Tarsos mint, 166 - 170 A.D.; obverse KOPOI CEBACTOY, confronted draped busts Annius Verus (on left) and Commodus, star over crossed club and caduceus between them; reverse TAP-COU, MHTROPin ex, decastyle temple, KOINOC KILIKIAC in architrave, eagle in pediment; rare; $495.00 (381.15)
Commodus, March or April 177 - 31 Dec 192 A.D., Philippopolis, Thrace
A Neolithic settlement dating around 4000 B.C. establishes Plovdiv, Bulgaria among the world's oldest cities. It was a walled Thracian city called Eumolpias when it was conquered by Philip II of Macedon, the father of Alexander the Great. He renamed it Philippopolis. When it regained independence, the new Thracian name was Pulpudeva. In Latin it was sometimes called Trimontium (City of Three Hills). An important crossroads in the Roman Empire, it became the capital of Roman Thracia.
RP65210. Bronze AE 21, RPC online 7613, Varbanov 1115, Mouchmov 246; BMC Thrace 22, gVF, weight 4.955 g, maximum diameter 21.4 mm, die axis 180o, Philippopolis mint, obverseAUT KAI L AU-RH KOMODOC, laureate head right; reverseFILIPP-OPO-LEITWN, kantharos; ex Helios Numismatik auction 7 (12 Dec 2011), lot 541; scarce; $190.00 (146.30)
RS56223. Silver denarius, RIC III 168 var (bust); RSC II 542 var (same), VF, weight 2.783 g, maximum diameter 17.8 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 188 - 189 A.D.; obverse M COMMANT PFEL AVGBRIT, laureate, draped, and cuirassedbust right, from behind; reverseP M TR P XIII IMP VIIICOS V P P, Libertas standing facing, head left, pileus in right, rod in left; very rare; $160.00 (123.20)
Marcus Aurelius, 7 March 161 - 17 March 180 A.D., commemorative struck by his son Commodus
BMCRE p. 62 notes that the "spear head" variety listed by Cohen is probably an from an altered die. We have, however, found coins from more than one reverse die with this object. It is not clear to us why Cohen identified this indistinct object as a spear head.
RS56878. Silver denarius, RSC II 82; RIC IIICommodus 271; BMCRE 24 var, note. p. 692, gF, scrape on ear, weight 2.700 g, maximum diameter 17.5 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, posthumous, c. 180 A.D.; obverse DIVVS M ANTONINVS PIVS, bare head right; reverseCONSECRATIO, eagle standing left on thunderbolt, head right, wings open, spear head(?) in beak; $150.00 (115.50)
Would make a nice gift for a Medical professional!Salus was the Roman goddess of health. She was Hygiea to the Greeks, who believed her to be the daughter of Aesculapius and of Minerva
RB21586. Orichalcumsestertius, RIC III 345, VF, weight 20.110 g, maximum diameter 29.8 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 182 A.D.; obverse M COMMODVS ANTONINVS AVG, laureate head right; reverse [SALVS AVG TR P VII IMP V] COS III S C, Salus (goddess of health) standing left, feedings snake raising from altar; $145.00 (111.65)
RB34794. Copper as, Cohen 975, BMCRE p. 775 footnote citing Cohen, RIC III -, aVF, weight 8.602 g, maximum diameter 25.3 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 181 A.D.; obverse M COMMODVS ANTONINVS AVG, laureate head right; reverseVOTADEC ANN SVSC TR P VI IMP IIII COS III P P S C, Commodus, togate, sacrificing left from patera above altar; rare; $145.00 (111.65)
Commodus, March or April 177 - 31 December 192 A.D., Odessos, Moesia Inferior
RP48782. Bronze AE 21, AMNG I/II 2256, VF, weight 4.624 g, maximum diameter 21.3 mm, die axis 180o, Odessos mint, obverseAUT K M AUR ANT KOMODOC, laureate head right; reverseODHCCEITWN, Apollo seated left, branch in right, resting left on lyre which sits on stele behind; beautiful dark jade patina; $125.00 (96.25)
In the year this coin was minted Commodus renamed the city of Rome, Colonia Lucia Annia Commodiana.
RS56230. Silver denarius, RSC II 24, RIC III 218, gF, weight 2.934 g, maximum diameter 17.2 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 190 - 191 A.D.; obverse M COMMANT PFEL AVGBRIT P P, laureate head right; reverse APOL PAL P M TR P XVI COS VI, Apollo standing left, laureate and wearing long robe, plectrum in right, lyre resting on a column in left; scarce; $125.00 (96.25)
This coin refers to Commodus' belief that he was Hercules reincarnated. According to the historian Herodian, "he issued orders that he was to be called not Commodus, son of Marcus, but Hercules, son of Jupiter. Abandoning the Roman and imperial mode of dress, he donned the lion-skin, and carried the club of Hercules..."
RS56856. Silver denarius, SRCV II 5644, RSC II 190, RIC III 251, gF, weight 2.218 g, maximum diameter 16.8 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, late 191 - 31 Dec 192 A.D.; obverse L AEL AVREL COMM AVG P FEL, Commodus wearing lion skin in imitation of Hercules and Alexander the Great; reverseHERCVL ROMAN AVGV in three lines divided by club; scarce; $125.00 (96.25)