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Pisidia

Pisidia included the mountainous country between Phrygia and the north of Pamphylia and north-east of Lycia. Uncivilized in early times, only Selge struck money before the time of Alexander the Great. Alexander the Great conquered Sagalassos on his way to Persia, but Termessos defied him. After Alexander died, the region was ruled by Antigonus Monophthalmus, and possibly Lysimachus of Thrace, after which Seleucus I took control. The Selucids founded colonies at strategically important places and the local people were Hellenised, but the area was contested by the Attalids of Pergamon and invading Galatian Celts. Through the Treaty of Apamea, Pisidia officially passed to the Attalids in 188 BC. Attalos III, the last king of Pergamon, bequeathed his kingdom to Rome in 133 B.C. Rome gave Pisidia to the Kingdom of Cappadocia, but the Pisidians allied with pirate-dominated Cilicia and Pamphylia. Roman rule was restored in 102 B.C. In 39 B.C. Mark Antony bestowed Pisidia upon Amyntas, king of Galatia, who held it until his death in 25 B.C. Pisidia was then made part of the new province of Galatia. In 6 B.C., Augustus founded a line of colonies, Antiocheia, Olbasa, Cremna, and Comama.


Komama, Pisidia, 1st Century B.C.

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It appears almost all known examples of this rare type were found in a single hoard.
SH64061. Bronze AE 15, Von Aulock Komama 4; SNG BnF 1439, Choice EF, weight 3.169 g, maximum diameter 14.7 mm, die axis 0o, Komama mint, 1st century B.C.; obverse laureate head of Zeus right; reverse lion left, KO in exergue; nice green patina; rare; $200.00 (€174.00)


Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum Turkey 6: Burdur Museum, Vol. 1: Pisidia, Part 1: Adada-Prostanna

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BK65507. Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum Turkey 6: Burdur Museum, Vol. 1: Pisidia, Part 1: Adada - Prostanna, by Huseyin Koker, 2011, 93 pages, 42 plate, NEW; $110.00 (€95.70)


Pisidian Tribes (Pisidic, Galatian, or Celtic?), Imitative of Selge, Pisidia, c. 350 - 190 B.C.

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This coin is a barbaric tribal imitative of a similar type struck by Selge. Selge was a fortress-like Greek colony on the southern slope of Mount Taurus in Pisidia, a wild frontier inhabited by warlike tribes, pirates, and bandits. Herodotus called the indigenous Pisidic people "Lakuna" but this was just one of many Pisidic tribes. The Hellenistic kings were never able to govern these indigenous people or the invading Galatian and Celtic new arrivals. In 39 B.C. Marc Antony entrusted Pisidia to the Galatian client king Amyntas and charged him with putting down the bandit Homonadesians, who threatened the roads connecting Pisidia to Pamphylia. After Amyntas was killed in the struggle in 25 B.C., Rome made Pisidia part of the new province of Galatia. The Homonadesians were finally wiped out in 3 B.C.
GS73027. Silver obol, cf. Traité II 1586, pl. CXLIV, 15 (similarly crude, Athena head left); for Selge prototype see: SNG BnF 1930; SNG Cop 246; BMC Pisidia p. 259, 23, gVF, toned, weight 0.732 g, maximum diameter 9.3 mm, die axis 180o, Pisidian tribal mint, c. 350 - 190 B.C.; obverse crude facing Gorgon with short radiating hair, pellet eyes, thin nose, high cheeks, and closed mouth; reverse crude head of Athena right in a crested helmet, astragalos behind; very rare; $100.00 (€87.00)


Selge, Pisidia, c. 350 - 300 B.C.

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Selge, Pisidia on the southern slope of Mount Taurus where the river Eurymedon (Köprüçay) forces its way through the mountains, was once the most powerful and populous city of Pisidia. Protected by precipices, torrents, and an army of 20,000 regarded as worthy kinsmen of the Spartans, Selge was never subject to a foreign power until Rome. In the 5th century A.D. Zosimus calls it a little town, but it was still strong enough to repel a body of Goths.
GS68737. Silver obol, SNGvA 5266 ff.; SNG BnF 1930; SNG Kayhan 1061; BMC Lycia p. 257, 7; cf. SNG Cop 246 ff. (no tongue); SGCV II 5478, VF, toned, edge chip, weight 0.768 g, maximum diameter 10.4 mm, die axis 45o, Selge mint, c. 350 - 300 B.C.; obverse Gorgoneion head facing with protruding tongue; reverse helmeted head of Athena right, astragalos behind; $95.00 (€82.65)


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A temple of Mên has been excavated at Antioch, Pisidia. Luna, the Greek moon-goddess, was female, which seems natural because the female menstrual cycle follows the lunar month. But Mên was a male moon-god, probably originally of the indigenous non-Greek Karian people. By Roman times, Mên was worshiped across Anatolia and in Attica. He was associated with fertility, healing, and punishment. Mên is usually depicted with a crescent moon behind his shoulders, wearing a Phrygian cap, and holding a lance or sword in one hand and a pine-cone or patera in the other. His other attributes include the bucranium and cock.
RP69829. Bronze AE 17, cf. SNG Cop 43 (slightly different reverse legend), Krzyzanowska -, BMC Pisidia -, SNG BnF -, SNGvA -, SNG PfPS -, F, weight 6.169 g, maximum diameter 17.4 mm, die axis 225o, Antiocheia mint, as caesar, 196 - 28 Jan 198 A.D.; obverse IMP C MA-R AVR ANT, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse ANTIOC-H - MENTIS COIC, Mên standing facing in long robes and Phrygian cap, head right, crescent moon behind shoulders, left foot on bucranium, spear vertical in right hand, Nike (holding trophy?) in extended left, cock left at feet behind; from the Butte College Foundation, ex Lindgren; very rare; $75.00 (€65.25)


Termessos Minor, Pisidia, 1st Century B.C.

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Hermes was the messenger of the gods and the god of commerce and thieves. He was the son of Zeus and the nymph Maia. His symbols include the caduceus and winged sandals.
GB53296. Bronze AE 12, BMC Pisidia p. 276, 1, Fine, green patina, weight 0.957 g, maximum diameter 12.5 mm, die axis 0o, Termessos Major mint, c. 238 - 268 A.D.; obverse bust of Hermes right, wearing petasos; caduceus behind; reverse TEPMHΣ−ΣEΩN, Eagle standing right on caduceus; rare; $70.00 (€60.90)


Antiocheia, Pisidia, 2nd Century A.D.

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Paul of Tarsus gave his first sermon to the Gentiles (Acts 13:13?52) at Antiochia in Pisidia, and visited the city once on each of his missionary journeys, helping to make Antioch a center of early Christianity in Anatolia. Antioch in Pisidia is also known as Antiochia Caesareia and Antiochia in Phrygia.
RP54612. Bronze AE 15, BMC Lycia etc. p. 176, 2 var; SNG BnF1070 var; SNGvA 8559 var; SNG Cop 19 var (legend variations and none with simpulum), VF, weight 1.858 g, maximum diameter 14.5 mm, die axis 180o, Antioch in Pisidia (Yalvac, Turkey) mint, 2nd century A.D.; obverse ANTIOCH, draped bust of Hermes right, caduceus at shoulder; reverse COLONIAE, garlanded lit altar, simpulum below; scarce variant; $70.00 (€60.90)


Septimius Severus, 9 April 193 - 4 February 211 A.D., Antiocheia, Pisidia

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A temple of Mên has been excavated at Antioch, Pisidia. Luna, the Greek moon-goddess, was female, which seems natural because the female menstrual cycle follows the lunar month. But Mên was a male moon-god, probably originally of the indigenous non-Greek Karian people. By Roman times, Mên was worshiped across Anatolia and in Attica. He was associated with fertility, healing, and punishment. Mên is usually depicted with a crescent moon behind his shoulders, wearing a Phrygian cap, and holding a lance or sword in one hand and a pine-cone or patera in the other. His other attributes include the bucranium and cock.
RP69828. Bronze AE 21, Krzyzanowska III/4 (unlisted die combination); , SNG BnF 1118 (same obverse die); SNG PfPs 31, SNGvA 4927, Lindgren-Kovacs 1205, gF, weight 4.357 g, maximum diameter 20.8 mm, die axis 180o, Antiocheia mint, 9 Apr 193 - 4 Feb 211 A.D.; obverse IMP SEP SEV PERT AVG, laureate head left; reverse ANTIOCH COLONIAE, Mên standing facing, head right, wearing Phrygian cap, left foot on bucranium. long scepter vertical in right, Nike in left, rooster left at feet behind; from the Butte College Foundation, ex Lindgren; $65.00 (€56.55)


Antoninus Pius, August 138 - 7 March 161 A.D., Selge, Pisidia

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Selge, Pisidia on the southern slope of Mount Taurus where the river Eurymedon (Köprüçay) forces its way through the mountains, was once the most powerful and populous city of Pisidia. Protected by precipices, torrents, and an army of 20,000 regarded as worthy kinsmen of the Spartans, Selge was never subject to a foreign power until Rome. In the 5th century A.D. Zosimus calls it a little town, but it was still strong enough to repel a body of Goths.
RP72170. Bronze AE 14, SNG Cop 276, SNG BnF 2025, SNG Pfälzer 428, SNGvA -, BMC Lycia -, F, weight 1.685 g, maximum diameter 13.6 mm, die axis 225o, Selge mint, obverse KAIΣAP ANΩNEINOΣ, laureate head right; reverse club, CE upward on left, triskeles right; $55.00 (€47.85)


Selge, Pisidia, c. 2nd - 1st Century B.C.

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Selge, Pisidia on the southern slope of Mount Taurus where the river Eurymedon (Köprüçay) forces its way through the mountains, was once the most powerful and populous city of Pisidia. Protected by precipices, torrents, and an army of 20,000 regarded as worthy kinsmen of the Spartans, Selge was never subject to a foreign power until Rome. In the 5th century A.D. Zosimus calls it a little town, but it was still strong enough to repel a body of Goths.
GB62865. Bronze AE 13, SNG BnF 1965, BMC Pisidia p. 261, 43; SNG Cop -, aVF, off center, weight 2.888 g, maximum diameter 13.2 mm, die axis 180o, Selge mint, c. 2nd - 1st century B.C.; obverse bearded head of Herakles facing slightly right, wreathed in styrax, Nemean Lion skin tied around neck, club in right over shoulder; reverse ΣE−Λ/K, stag laying right, head left; $40.00 (€34.80)







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REFERENCES

Babelon, E. La collection Waddington au cabinet des médailles. RN. (1897-1898).
Babelon, J. Catalogue de la collection de Luynes: monnaies greques. (Paris, 1924-1936).
Burnett, A., M. Amandry, et al. Roman Provincial Coinage. (London, 1992 - ).
Cohen, E. Dated Coins of Antiquity: A comprehensive catalogue of the coins and how their numbers came about. (Lancaster, PA, 2011).
Forrer, L. Descriptive Catalogue of the Collection of Greek Coins formed by Sir Hermann Weber, Vol. III, Part 2. (London, 1929).
Hill, G.F. A Catalogue of Greek Coins in the British Museum, Lycia, Pamphylia, and Pisidia. (London, 1897).
Klein, D. Sammlung von griechischen Kleinsilbermünzen und Bronzen. Nomismata 3. (Milano, 1999).
Kryzanowska, A. Monnaies Coloniales de Antioche de Pisidie. (Warsaw, 1970).
Lindgren, H. Lindgren III: Ancient Greek Bronze Coins. (Quarryville, 1993).
Lindgren, H. & F. Kovacs. Ancient Bronze Coins of Asia Minor and the Levant. (San Mateo, 1985).
RPC Online - http://rpc.ashmus.ox.ac.uk/coins/
Sear, D. Greek Coins and Their Values, Vol. 2: Asia and Africa. (London, 1979).
Sear, D. Greek Imperial Coins and Their Values. (London, 1982).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Denmark, The Royal Collection of Coins and Medals, Danish National Museum, Vol. 6: Phrygia to Cilicia. (West Milford, NJ, 1982).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Deutschland: Pfälzer Privatsammlungen. Part 5: Pisidien und Lykaonien. (Munich, 1999).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Deutschland, Sammlung Hans Von Aulock. Vol. 3: Pisidia, Lycaonia, Cilicia... (Berlin, 1964).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, France, Cabinet des Médailles, Bibliothéque Nationale. Vol. 3: Pamphylia, Pisidia, Lycaonia, Galatia. (Paris, 1994).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Turkey 1: The Muharrem Kayhan Collection. (Istanbul, 2002).
von Aulock, H. “Kleinasiatische Münzstätten, VI: Die römische Kolonie Komama in Pisidien” in JNG XX (1970).
von Aulock, H. Münzen und Städte Pisidiens. (Tübingen, 1977).

Catalog current as of Sunday, July 05, 2015.
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Pisidia Coins