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Pisidia

Pisidia included the mountainous country between Phrygia and the north of Pamphylia and north-east of Lycia. Uncivilized in early times, only Selge struck money before the time of Alexander the Great. Alexander the Great conquered Sagalassos on his way to Persia, but Termessos defied him. After Alexander died, the region was ruled by Antigonus Monophthalmus, and possibly Lysimachus of Thrace, after which Seleucus I took control. The Selucids founded colonies at strategically important places and the local people were Hellenised, but the area was contested by the Attalids of Pergamon and invading Galatian Celts. Through the Treaty of Apamea, Pisidia officially passed to the Attalids in 188 BC. Attalos III, the last king of Pergamon, bequeathed his kingdom to Rome in 133 B.C. Rome gave Pisidia to the Kingdom of Cappadocia, but the Pisidians allied with pirate-dominated Cilicia and Pamphylia. Roman rule was restored in 102 B.C. In 39 B.C. Mark Antony bestowed Pisidia upon Amyntas, king of Galatia, who held it until his death in 25 B.C. Pisidia was then made part of the new province of Galatia. In 6 B.C., Augustus founded a line of colonies, Antiocheia, Olbasa, Cremna, and Comama.


Termessos Major, Pisidia, c. 238 - 268 A.D.

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Alexander the Great likened Termessos, high in the Taurus Mountains, to an eagle's nest after he surrounded it but failed to conquer it in 333 B.C. An ally of Rome, Termessos was granted independent status by the Roman Senate in 71 B.C. Independence was maintained continuously for a long time, the only exception being an alliance with Amyntas king of Galatia (reigned 36-25 BC). This independence is documented also by the coins of Termessos, which bear the title "Autonomous." Termessos was abandoned after its aqueduct was destroyed by an earthquake (date unknown).
RP79911. Bronze AE 28, SNG BnF 2212; SNG Cop 334; SNGvA 5358; SNG BnF 2212; Waddington 4003; BMC Pisidia p. 273, 42; SNG Righetti -; SNG PfPs -, VF, weight 13.336 g, maximum diameter 27.8 mm, die axis 0o, Termessos Major mint, c. 238 - 268 A.D.; obverse TEPMHCCEΩN, laureate and bearded head of Zeus right; reverse TΩN MEIZONΩN, male figure standing left, crowning trophy of arms with right hand, spear in left hand, eagle stand left at feet in center; $170.00 SALE PRICE $153.00
 


Termessos Major, Pisidia, c. 238 - 268 A.D.

Click for a larger photo
Alexander the Great likened Termessos, high in the Taurus Mountains, to an eagle's nest after he surrounded it but failed to conquer it in 333 B.C. An ally of Rome, Termessos was granted independent status by the Roman Senate in 71 B.C. Independence was maintained continuously for a long time, the only exception being an alliance with Amyntas king of Galatia (reigned 36-25 BC). This independence is documented also by the coins of Termessos, which bear the title "Autonomous." Termessos was abandoned after its aqueduct was destroyed by an earthquake (date unknown).
RP79912. Bronze AE 30, SNG Cop 336; SNG BnF 2186; Waddington 2186; BMC Lycia p. 273, 45; SNG Cop -; SNGvA -; SNG PfPs -, SNG Righetti -, VF, well centered, weight 12.842 g, maximum diameter 29.7 mm, die axis 270o, Termessos Major mint, c. 238 - 268 A.D.; obverse TEPMHCCEΩN, laureate and bearded bust of Zeus right, Θ below; reverse AYT-O-N-ONΩN, Genius standing left, branch in right hand, cornucopia in left hand, Θ lower left; rare; $170.00 SALE PRICE $153.00 ON RESERVE


Termessos Major, Pisidia, c. 198 - 217 A.D.

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Alexander the Great likened Termessos, high in the Taurus Mountains, to an eagle's nest after he surrounded it but failed to conquer it in 333 B.C. An ally of Rome, Termessos was granted independent status by the Roman Senate in 71 B.C. Independence was maintained continuously for a long time, the only exception being an alliance with Amyntas king of Galatia (reigned 36-25 BC). This independence is documented also by the coins of Termessos, which bear the title "Autonomous." Termessos was abandoned after its aqueduct was destroyed by an earthquake (date unknown).
RP79913. Bronze AE 26, SNG BnF 2177; SNG Cop 323; SNGvA 5351; SNG PfPs 548; SNG Righetti 1443, Waddington 4012; BMC Pisidia -, VF, nice surfaces, centration dimples, weight 8.984 g, maximum diameter 25.9 mm, die axis 0o, Termessos Major mint, c. 198 - 217 A.D.; obverse T-EPMHC-CEΩN, bare-headed draped bust of Hermes right, kerykeion over far shoulder; reverse TΩN MEIZONΩN, Athena standing left, wearing helmet, long chiton, and peplos, phiale in right hand, spear behind in left hand; $170.00 SALE PRICE $153.00
 


Termessos Major, Pisidia, c. 193 - 268 A.D.

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Alexander the Great likened Termessos, high in the Taurus Mountains, to an eagle's nest after he surrounded it but failed to conquer it in 333 B.C. An ally of Rome, Termessos was granted independent status by the Roman Senate in 71 B.C. Independence was maintained continuously for a long time, the only exception being an alliance with Amyntas king of Galatia (reigned 36-25 BC). This independence is documented also by the coins of Termessos, which bear the title "Autonomous." Termessos was abandoned after its aqueduct was destroyed by an earthquake (date unknown).
RP79914. Bronze AE 30, SNG Cop 332; SNGvA 5355; SNG Righetti 1445; McClean 9036; BMC Pisidia p. 274, 51 var. (rev. leg. end in ex.); SNG BnF 2188 var. (Θ below bust), VF, well centered, attractive style, weight 13.831 g, maximum diameter 30.1 mm, die axis 0o, Termessos Major mint, c. 193 - 268 A.D.; obverse TEPMHCCEΩN, laureate and bearded bust of Zeus right; reverse TΩN MEI−ZONΩN, Tyche standing left, kalathos on head, rudder in left hand, cornucopia in right, being crowned with wreath by Nike standing left behind her, holding palm frond in left hand; $170.00 SALE PRICE $153.00 ON RESERVE


Termessos Major, Pisidia, c. 238 - 268 A.D.

Click for a larger photo
Alexander the Great likened Termessos, high in the Taurus Mountains, to an eagle's nest after he surrounded it but failed to conquer it in 333 B.C. An ally of Rome, Termessos was granted independent status by the Roman Senate in 71 B.C. Independence was maintained continuously for a long time, the only exception being an alliance with Amyntas king of Galatia (reigned 36-25 BC). This independence is documented also by the coins of Termessos, which bear the title "Autonomous." Termessos was abandoned after its aqueduct was destroyed by an earthquake (date unknown).
RP79915. Bronze AE 28, SNG BnF 2199 (same dies), SNG Cop -, SNGvA -, SNG Righetti -, BMC Lycia -, SNG PfPs -, SNG Schweiz II -, VF/F, well centered, reverse a little rough, weight 11.774 g, maximum diameter 28.4 mm, die axis 180o, Termessos Major mint, c. 238 - 268 A.D.; obverse TEPMHCCEΩN, laureate and bearded bust of Zeus right, •Θ• below; reverse AYTONOMΩN, Hermes standing facing, head left, wearing winged boots, caduceus in right hand, trophy of arms in left hand, Θ in right field; extremely rare; $170.00 SALE PRICE $153.00 ON RESERVE


Termessos Major, Pisidia, c. 238 - 268 A.D.

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Hercules' 11th labor was to steal three of Hera's immortality-giving golden apples from the Garden of the Hesperides, guarded by Ladon, a never-sleeping, hundred-headed dragon. Hercules asked Atlas to steal the apples, agreeing to hold up the world so Atlas could complete the task. Atlas returned but refused take back his burden. Hercules, pretending to enjoy the task, convinced Atlas to hold the world while he made a pad of the lion skin. Hercules then ran away and never took back the task.
RP79916. Bronze AE 31, SNG BnF 2192, SNG Cop -, SNGvA -, SNG PfPs -, SNG Righetti -, BMC Lycia -, VF, well centered, some corrosion and pitting, weight 11.699 g, maximum diameter 30.7 mm, die axis 180o, Termessos Major mint, c. 238 - 268 A.D.; obverse TEPMHCCEΩN, laureate and bearded bust of Zeus right, Θ below; reverse TΩN MEIZONΩN, Herakles standing slightly right, head left, nude, club downward in right hand, apples of Hesperides in right hand, Nemean lion skin draped over left arm, Θ upper right; rare; $170.00 SALE PRICE $153.00 ON RESERVE


Termessos Major, Pisidia, c. 238 - 268 A.D.

Click for a larger photo
Alexander the Great likened Termessos, high in the Taurus Mountains, to an eagle's nest after he surrounded it but failed to conquer it in 333 B.C. An ally of Rome, Termessos was granted independent status by the Roman Senate in 71 B.C. Independence was maintained continuously for a long time, the only exception being an alliance with Amyntas king of Galatia (reigned 36-25 BC). This independence is documented also by the coins of Termessos, which bear the title "Autonomous." Termessos was abandoned after its aqueduct was destroyed by an earthquake (date unknown).
RP79917. Bronze AE 30, SNG BnF 2191; SNGvA 5361; BMC Lycia p. 275, 54; SNG Cop -; SNG PfPs -; SNG Righetti -, VF, nice head of Zeus, lower half of reverse rough, weight 12.173 g, maximum diameter 29.5 mm, die axis 200o, Termessos Major mint, c. 238 - 268 A.D.; obverse TEPMHCCEΩN, laureate and bearded bust of Zeus right, Θ below; reverse TΩN MEIZONΩN, Tyche standing left, rudder in right hand, cornucopia in left hand, Θ right; rare; $170.00 SALE PRICE $153.00
 


Termessos Major, Pisidia, c. 138 - 268 A.D.

Click for a larger photo
Alexander the Great likened Termessos, high in the Taurus Mountains, to an eagle's nest after he surrounded it but failed to conquer it in 333 B.C. An ally of Rome, Termessos was granted independent status by the Roman Senate in 71 B.C. Independence was maintained continuously for a long time, the only exception being an alliance with Amyntas king of Galatia (reigned 36-25 BC). This independence is documented also by the coins of Termessos, which bear the title "Autonomous." Termessos was abandoned after its aqueduct was destroyed by an earthquake (date unknown).
GB79918. Bronze AE 20, SNG PfPs 551, SNG BnF -, SNGvA -, SNG Cop -, SNG Righetti -, BMC Lycia -, VF, green patina, weight 8.218 g, maximum diameter 20.4 mm, die axis 0o, Termessos Major mint, c. 138 - 268 A.D.; obverse TEPMHCCΩN, bust of hero Solymos left, bearded, wearing crested helmet and cuirass; reverse TΩN MEI-SONΩN, Hermes standing slightly left, head left, caduceus in right hand, kerykion in left hand; extremely rare; $170.00 SALE PRICE $153.00
 


Septimius Severus, 9 April 193 - 4 February 211 A.D., Antiocheia, Pisidia

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A temple of Mên has been excavated at Antioch, Pisidia. Luna, the Greek moon-goddess, was female, which seems natural because the female menstrual cycle follows the lunar month. But Mên was a male moon-god, probably originally of the indigenous non-Greek Karian people. By Roman times, Mên was worshiped across Anatolia and in Attica. He was associated with fertility, healing, and punishment. Mên is usually depicted with a crescent moon behind his shoulders, wearing a Phrygian cap, and holding a lance or sword in one hand and a pine-cone or patera in the other. His other attributes include the bucranium and cock.
RP79936. Bronze AE 23, Krzyzanowska, group A, XIX/25; SNGvA 4927; Lindgren-Kovacs 1205; BMC Lycia p. 180, 22; SNG Cop -, VF, nice green patina, brassy high points, weight 5.406 g, maximum diameter 22.9 mm, die axis 180o, Antiocheia mint, obverse IMP SEP SEV PERT AVG, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust left; reverse ANTIOCH COLONIAE, Mên standing facing, crescent on shoulders, head right, wearing Phrygian cap, left foot on bucranium, long scepter vertical in right hand, Nike in left hand, rooster left at feet behind; $135.00 SALE PRICE $122.00
 


Philip II, July or August 247 - Late 249 A.D., Antiocheia, Pisidia

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Pisidia's geographic and strategic position made it difficult to maintain peace. To strengthen control, Rome colonized the area with military veterans, who were attracted to the area by the fertile soil. An important Roman colony, the city was, like Rome, divided into seven quarters called "vici" on seven hills. The formal language was Latin until the end of the 3rd century A.D.
RP78010. Bronze AE 27, Krzyzanowska I/3; SNG BnF 1273; BMC Lycia p. 197, 119; SNG Cop 79; SNGvA 4974, Choice F, well centered, porous, weight 10.254 g, maximum diameter 26.7 mm, die axis 180o, Antioch in Pisidia (Yalvac, Turkey) mint, Jul/Aug 247 - Late 249 A.D.; obverse IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS P F AVG P M, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse CAES ANTIOCH COL, Pax advancing left, raising olive branch in right hand, scepter in left hand, wearing long chiton, S - R flanking across field; from the Butte College Foundation, ex Lindgren; rare; $120.00 SALE PRICE $108.00
 










REFERENCES

Babelon, E. La collection Waddington au cabinet des médailles. RN. (1897-1898).
Babelon, J. Catalogue de la collection de Luynes: monnaies greques. (Paris, 1924-1936).
Burnett, A., M. Amandry, et al. Roman Provincial Coinage. (London, 1992 - ).
Cohen, E. Dated Coins of Antiquity: A comprehensive catalogue of the coins and how their numbers came about. (Lancaster, PA, 2011).
Forrer, L. Descriptive Catalogue of the Collection of Greek Coins formed by Sir Hermann Weber, Vol. III, Part 2. (London, 1929).
Hill, G.F. A Catalogue of Greek Coins in the British Museum, Lycia, Pamphylia, and Pisidia. (London, 1897).
Klein, D. Sammlung von griechischen Kleinsilbermünzen und Bronzen. Nomismata 3. (Milan, 1999).
Kryzanowska, A. Monnaies Coloniales de Antioche de Pisidie. (Warsaw, 1970).
Lindgren, H. Lindgren III: Ancient Greek Bronze Coins. (Quarryville, 1993).
Lindgren, H. & F. Kovacs. Ancient Bronze Coins of Asia Minor and the Levant. (San Mateo, 1985).
RPC Online - http://rpc.ashmus.ox.ac.uk/coins/
Sear, D. Greek Coins and Their Values, Vol. 2: Asia and Africa. (London, 1979).
Sear, D. Greek Imperial Coins and Their Values. (London, 1982).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Denmark, The Royal Collection of Coins and Medals, Danish National Museum, Vol. 6: Phrygia to Cilicia. (West Milford, NJ, 1982).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Deutschland: Pfälzer Privatsammlungen. Part 5: Pisidien und Lykaonien. (Munich, 1999).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Deutschland, Sammlung Hans Von Aulock. Vol. 3: Pisidia, Lycaonia, Cilicia... (Berlin, 1964).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, France, Cabinet des Médailles, Bibliothéque Nationale. Vol. 3: Pamphylia, Pisidia, Lycaonia, Galatia. (Paris, 1994).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Turkey 1: The Muharrem Kayhan Collection. (Istanbul, 2002).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Turkey 6: Burdur Museum, Vol. 1: Pisidia, Part 1: Adada - Prostanna. (Istanbul, 2011).
von Aulock, H. "Kleinasiatische Münzstätten, VI: Die römische Kolonie Komama in Pisidien" in JNG XX (1970).
von Aulock, H. Münzen und Städte Pisidiens. (Tübingen, 1977).

Catalog current as of Sunday, July 24, 2016.
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Pisidia Coins