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Pisidia

Pisidia included the mountainous country between Phrygia and the north of Pamphylia and north-east of Lycia. Uncivilized in early times, only Selge struck money before the time of Alexander the Great. Alexander the Great conquered Sagalassos on his way to Persia, but Termessos defied him. After Alexander died, the region was ruled by Antigonus Monophthalmus, and possibly Lysimachus of Thrace, after which Seleucus I took control. The Selucids founded colonies at strategically important places and the local people were Hellenised, but the area was contested by the Attalids of Pergamon and invading Galatian Celts. Through the Treaty of Apamea, Pisidia officially passed to the Attalids in 188 BC. Attalos III, the last king of Pergamon, bequeathed his kingdom to Rome in 133 B.C. Rome gave Pisidia to the Kingdom of Cappadocia, but the Pisidians allied with pirate-dominated Cilicia and Pamphylia. Roman rule was restored in 102 B.C. In 39 B.C. Mark Antony bestowed Pisidia upon Amyntas, king of Galatia, who held it until his death in 25 B.C. Pisidia was then made part of the new province of Galatia. In 6 B.C., Augustus founded a line of colonies, Antiocheia, Olbasa, Cremna, and Comama.


Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum Turkey 6: Burdur Museum, Vol. 1: Pisidia, Part 1: Adada-Prostanna

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BK65507. Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum Turkey 6: Burdur Museum, Vol. 1: Pisidia, Part 1: Adada - Prostanna, by Huseyin Koker, 2011, 93 pages, 42 plate, NEW; $110.00 (96.80)


Selge, Pisidia, c. 350 - 300 B.C.

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Selge, Pisidia on the southern slope of Mount Taurus where the river Eurymedon (Kprcay) forces its way through the mountains, was once the most powerful and populous city of Pisidia. Protected by precipices, torrents, and an army of 20,000 regarded as worthy kinsmen of the Spartans, Selge was never subject to a foreign power until Rome. In the 5th century A.D. Zosimus calls it a little town, but it was still strong enough to repel a body of Goths.
GS68737. Silver obol, SNGvA 5266 ff.; SNG BnF 1930; SNG Kayhan 1061; BMC Lycia p. 257, 7; cf. SNG Cop 246 ff. (no tongue); SGCV II 5478, VF, toned, edge chip, weight 0.768 g, maximum diameter 10.4 mm, die axis 45o, Selge mint, c. 350 - 300 B.C.; obverse facing head of Medusa (gorgoneion) with protruding tongue; reverse helmeted head of Athena right, astragalos behind; $95.00 (83.60)


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A temple of Mn has been excavated at Antioch, Pisidia. Luna, the Greek moon-goddess, was female, which seems natural because the female menstrual cycle follows the lunar month. But Mn was a male moon-god, probably originally of the indigenous non-Greek Karian people. By Roman times, Mn was worshiped across Anatolia and in Attica. He was associated with fertility, healing, and punishment. Mn is usually depicted with a crescent moon behind his shoulders, wearing a Phrygian cap, and holding a lance or sword in one hand and a pine-cone or patera in the other. His other attributes include the bucranium and cock.
RP69829. Bronze AE 17, cf. SNG Cop 43 (slightly different reverse legend), Krzyzanowska -, BMC Pisidia -, SNG BnF -, SNGvA -, SNG PfPS -, F, weight 6.169 g, maximum diameter 17.4 mm, die axis 225o, Antiocheia mint, as caesar, 196 - 28 Jan 198 A.D.; obverse IMP C MA-R AVR ANT, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse ANTIOC-H - MENTIS COIC, Mn standing facing in long robes and Phrygian cap, head right, crescent moon behind shoulders, left foot on bucranium, spear vertical in right hand, Nike (holding trophy?) in extended left, cock left at feet behind; from the Butte College Foundation, ex Lindgren; very rare; $75.00 (66.00)


Komama, Pisidia, 1st Century B.C.

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It appears almost all known examples of this rare type were found in a single hoard.
SH64061. Bronze AE 15, Von Aulock Komama 4; SNG BnF 1439, Choice EF, weight 3.169 g, maximum diameter 14.7 mm, die axis 0o, Komama mint, 1st century B.C.; obverse laureate head of Zeus right; reverse lion left, KO in exergue; nice green patina; rare; $65.00 (57.20)


Septimius Severus, 9 April 193 - 4 February 211 A.D., Antiocheia, Pisidia

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A temple of Mn has been excavated at Antioch, Pisidia. Luna, the Greek moon-goddess, was female, which seems natural because the female menstrual cycle follows the lunar month. But Mn was a male moon-god, probably originally of the indigenous non-Greek Karian people. By Roman times, Mn was worshiped across Anatolia and in Attica. He was associated with fertility, healing, and punishment. Mn is usually depicted with a crescent moon behind his shoulders, wearing a Phrygian cap, and holding a lance or sword in one hand and a pine-cone or patera in the other. His other attributes include the bucranium and cock.
RP69828. Bronze AE 21, Krzyzanowska III/4 (unlisted die combination); , SNG BnF 1118 (same obverse die); SNG PfPs 31, SNGvA 4927, Lindgren-Kovacs 1205, gF, weight 4.357 g, maximum diameter 20.8 mm, die axis 180o, Antiocheia mint, 9 Apr 193 - 4 Feb 211 A.D.; obverse IMP SEP SEV PERT AVG, laureate head left; reverse ANTIOCH COLONIAE, Mn standing facing, head right, wearing Phrygian cap, left foot on bucranium. long scepter vertical in right, Nike in left, rooster left at feet behind; from the Butte College Foundation, ex Lindgren; $65.00 (57.20)


Komama, Pisidia, 1st Century B.C.

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It appears almost all known examples of this rare type were found in a single hoard.
GB74642. Bronze AE 15, Von Aulock Komama 4; SNG BnF 1439, aVF, weight 3.629 g, maximum diameter 14.5 mm, die axis 0o, Komama mint, 1st century B.C.; obverse laureate head of Zeus right; reverse lion left, KO in exergue; rare; $60.00 (52.80)


Septimius Severus, 9 April 193 - 4 February 211 A.D., Antiocheia, Pisidia

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Luna, the Greek moon-goddess, was female, which seems natural because the female menstrual cycle follows the lunar month. But Mn was a male moon-god, probably originally of the indigenous non-Greek Karian people. By Roman times Mn was worshiped across Anatolia and in Attica. He was associated with fertility, healing, and punishment. Mn is usually depicted with a crescent moon behind his shoulders, wearing a Phrygian cap, and holding a lance or sword in one hand and a pine-cone or patera in the other. His other attributes include the bucranium and chicken. A temple of Mn has been excavated at Antioch, Pisidia.
RP76500. Bronze AE 22, Krzyzanowska II/1, SNG BnF 1118, SNGvA 4927, SNG Cop -, aVF, green patina, well centered, earthen deposits, cleaning scratches, weight 5.181 g, maximum diameter 22.3 mm, die axis 180o, Antioch in Pisidia (Yalvac, Turkey) mint, c. 193 - 211 A.D.; obverse IMP CAES L SEP SEV, laureate head left; reverse ANTIOCH COLONIA, Mn standing facing, crescent behind shoulders, head right, wearing Phrygian helmet, long scepter vertical in right hand, Nike on globe in left hand, left foot on bucranium, rooster at feet behind on left; ex Tom Vossen; $60.00 (52.80)


Antoninus Pius, August 138 - 7 March 161 A.D., Selge, Pisidia

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Selge, Pisidia on the southern slope of Mount Taurus where the river Eurymedon (Kprcay) forces its way through the mountains, was once the most powerful and populous city of Pisidia. Protected by precipices, torrents, and an army of 20,000 regarded as worthy kinsmen of the Spartans, Selge was never subject to a foreign power until Rome. In the 5th century A.D. Zosimus calls it a little town, but it was still strong enough to repel a body of Goths.
RP72170. Bronze AE 14, SNG Cop 276, SNG BnF 2025, SNG Pflzer 428, SNGvA -, BMC Lycia -, F, weight 1.685 g, maximum diameter 13.6 mm, die axis 225o, Selge mint, obverse KAIΣAP ANΩNEINOΣ, laureate head right; reverse club, CE upward on left, triskeles right; $55.00 (48.40)


Selge, Pisidia, c. 2nd - 1st Century B.C.

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Selge, Pisidia on the southern slope of Mount Taurus where the river Eurymedon (Kprcay) forces its way through the mountains, was once the most powerful and populous city of Pisidia. Protected by precipices, torrents, and an army of 20,000 regarded as worthy kinsmen of the Spartans, Selge was never subject to a foreign power until Rome. In the 5th century A.D. Zosimus calls it a little town, but it was still strong enough to repel a body of Goths.
GB62865. Bronze AE 13, SNG BnF 1965, BMC Pisidia p. 261, 43; SNG Cop -, aVF, off center, weight 2.888 g, maximum diameter 13.2 mm, die axis 180o, Selge mint, c. 2nd - 1st century B.C.; obverse bearded head of Herakles facing slightly right, wreathed in styrax, Nemean Lion skin tied around neck, club in right over shoulder; reverse ΣE−Λ/K, stag laying right, head left; $40.00 (35.20)


Selge, Pisidia, 2nd - 1st Century B.C.

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Selge, Pisidia on the southern slope of Mount Taurus where the river Eurymedon (Kprcay) forces its way through the mountains, was once the most powerful and populous city of Pisidia. Protected by precipices, torrents, and an army of 20,000 regarded as worthy kinsmen of the Spartans, Selge was never subject to a foreign power until Rome. In the 5th century A.D. Zosimus calls it a little town, but it was still strong enough to repel a body of Goths.
GB62868. Bronze AE 17, SNG BnF 183; SNGvA 5291; BMC Pisidia p. 261, 43 (no spear); SNG Cop -, VF, weight 2.936 g, maximum diameter 17.4 mm, die axis 270o, Selge mint, 2nd - 1st century B.C.; obverse older bearded head of Herakles right; reverse unstrung bow above C-E divided by triskeles, thunderbolt below; $40.00 (35.20)










REFERENCES

Babelon, E. La collection Waddington au cabinet des mdailles. RN. (1897-1898).
Babelon, J. Catalogue de la collection de Luynes: monnaies greques. (Paris, 1924-1936).
Burnett, A., M. Amandry, et al. Roman Provincial Coinage. (London, 1992 - ).
Cohen, E. Dated Coins of Antiquity: A comprehensive catalogue of the coins and how their numbers came about. (Lancaster, PA, 2011).
Forrer, L. Descriptive Catalogue of the Collection of Greek Coins formed by Sir Hermann Weber, Vol. III, Part 2. (London, 1929).
Hill, G.F. A Catalogue of Greek Coins in the British Museum, Lycia, Pamphylia, and Pisidia. (London, 1897).
Klein, D. Sammlung von griechischen Kleinsilbermnzen und Bronzen. Nomismata 3. (Milan, 1999).
Kryzanowska, A. Monnaies Coloniales de Antioche de Pisidie. (Warsaw, 1970).
Lindgren, H. Lindgren III: Ancient Greek Bronze Coins. (Quarryville, 1993).
Lindgren, H. & F. Kovacs. Ancient Bronze Coins of Asia Minor and the Levant. (San Mateo, 1985).
RPC Online - http://rpc.ashmus.ox.ac.uk/coins/
Sear, D. Greek Coins and Their Values, Vol. 2: Asia and Africa. (London, 1979).
Sear, D. Greek Imperial Coins and Their Values. (London, 1982).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Denmark, The Royal Collection of Coins and Medals, Danish National Museum, Vol. 6: Phrygia to Cilicia. (West Milford, NJ, 1982).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Deutschland: Pflzer Privatsammlungen. Part 5: Pisidien und Lykaonien. (Munich, 1999).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Deutschland, Sammlung Hans Von Aulock. Vol. 3: Pisidia, Lycaonia, Cilicia... (Berlin, 1964).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, France, Cabinet des Mdailles, Bibliothque Nationale. Vol. 3: Pamphylia, Pisidia, Lycaonia, Galatia. (Paris, 1994).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Turkey 1: The Muharrem Kayhan Collection. (Istanbul, 2002).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Turkey 6: Burdur Museum, Vol. 1: Pisidia, Part 1: Adada - Prostanna. (Istanbul, 2011).
von Aulock, H. "Kleinasiatische Mnzsttten, VI: Die rmische Kolonie Komama in Pisidien" in JNG XX (1970).
von Aulock, H. Mnzen und Stdte Pisidiens. (Tbingen, 1977).

Catalog current as of Friday, February 12, 2016.
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Pisidia Coins