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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Greek Coins ▸ Geographic - All Periods ▸ Anatolia ▸ PisidiaView Options:  |  |  | 

Pisidia

Pisidia included the mountainous country between Phrygia and the north of Pamphylia and north-east of Lycia. Uncivilized in early times, only Selge struck money before the time of Alexander the Great. Alexander the Great conquered Sagalassos on his way to Persia, but Termessos defied him. After Alexander died, the region was ruled by Antigonus Monophthalmus, and possibly Lysimachus of Thrace, after which Seleucus I took control. The Selucids founded colonies at strategically important places and the local people were Hellenised, but the area was contested by the Attalids of Pergamon and invading Galatian Celts. Through the Treaty of Apamea, Pisidia officially passed to the Attalids in 188 BC. Attalos III, the last king of Pergamon, bequeathed his kingdom to Rome in 133 B.C. Rome gave Pisidia to the Kingdom of Cappadocia, but the Pisidians allied with pirate-dominated Cilicia and Pamphylia. Roman rule was restored in 102 B.C. In 39 B.C. Mark Antony bestowed Pisidia upon Amyntas, king of Galatia, who held it until his death in 25 B.C. Pisidia was then made part of the new province of Galatia. In 6 B.C., Augustus founded a line of colonies, Antiocheia, Olbasa, Cremna, and Comama.


Philip II, July or August 247 - Late 249 A.D., Antiocheia, Pisidia

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Pisidia's geographic and strategic position made it difficult to maintain peace. To strengthen control, Rome colonized the area with military veterans, who were attracted to the area by the fertile soil. An important Roman colony, the city was, like Rome, divided into seven quarters called "vici" on seven hills. The formal language was Latin until the end of the 3rd century A.D.
RP78010. Bronze AE 27, Krzyzanowska I/3; SNG BnF 1273; BMC Pisidia p. 197, 119; SNG Cop 79; SNGvA 4974, Choice F, well centered, porous, weight 10.254 g, maximum diameter 26.7 mm, die axis 180o, Antioch in Pisidia (Yalvac, Turkey) mint, Jul/Aug 247 - Late 249 A.D.; obverse IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS P F AVG P M, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse CAES ANTIOCH COL, Pax advancing left, raising olive branch in right hand, scepter in left hand, wearing long chiton, S - R flanking across field; from the Butte College Foundation, ex Lindgren; rare; $120.00 (€106.80)
 


Herennia Etruscilla, Augusta July 249 - April/August 253(?) A.D., Baris, Pisidia

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Baris, Pisidia (modern Isparta, Turkey) was on the Roman road about halfway between Sagalassos and Seleukeia. The town struck bronze provincial and semi-autonomous coinage from Hadrian to Trebonianus Gallus and Volusian. There are several remains of Greek Orthodox churches from the Byzantine and Ottoman periods (14th - 19th century). The Byzantine fortress is mostly in ruins.
RP78011. Bronze AE 24, BMC Lycia p. 208, 7; SNG BnF 1401; vA Pisidiens II 316; Waddington 3648; SNG Cop -; SNGvA -, aF, well centered, corrosion, weight 6.804 g, maximum diameter 24.0 mm, die axis 0o, Baris (Isparta, Turkey) mint, Jul 249 - Apr/Aug 253(?) A.D.; obverse EPENNIA ETPOVCKIΛΛACE, draped bust right, wearing stephane; reverse BAPHNΩN, Tyche standing slightly left, head left, kalathos on head, wearing long chiton and peplos, rudder in right hand, cornucopia in left hand; from the Butte College Foundation, ex Lindgren; very rare; $120.00 (€106.80)
 


Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum Turkey 6: Burdur Museum, Vol. 1: Pisidia, Part 1: Adada-Prostanna

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BK65507. Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum Turkey 6: Burdur Museum, Vol. 1: Pisidia, Part 1: Adada - Prostanna, by Huseyin Koker, 2011, 93 pages, 42 plate, NEW; $95.00 (€84.55)
 


Selge, Pisidia, c. 350 - 300 B.C.

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Selge, Pisidia on the southern slope of Mount Taurus where the river Eurymedon (Köprücay) forces its way through the mountains, was once the most powerful and populous city of Pisidia. Protected by precipices, torrents, and an army of 20,000 regarded as worthy kinsmen of the Spartans, Selge was never subject to a foreign power until Rome. In the 5th century A.D. Zosimus calls it a little town, but it was still strong enough to repel a body of Goths.
GS68737. Silver obol, SNGvA 5266 ff.; SNG BnF 1930; SNG Kayhan 1061; BMC Lycia p. 257, 7; cf. SNG Cop 246 ff. (no tongue); SGCV II 5478, VF, toned, edge chip, weight 0.768 g, maximum diameter 10.4 mm, die axis 45o, Selge mint, c. 350 - 300 B.C.; obverse facing head of Medusa (gorgoneion) with protruding tongue; reverse helmeted head of Athena right, astragalos behind; $85.00 (€75.65)
 


Julia Domna, Augusta 194 - 8 April 217 A.D., Antiocheia, Pisidia

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Paul of Tarsus gave his first sermon to the Gentiles (Acts 13:13-52) at Antiochia in Pisidia, and visited the city once on each of his missionary journeys, helping to make Antioch a center of early Christianity in Anatolia. Antioch in Pisidia is also known as Antiochia Caesareia and Antiochia in Phrygia.
RP78009. Bronze AE 23, Krzyzanowska XIX/-; SNG BnF 1126; BMC Pisidia p. 181, 35 var. (...CAES); SNGvA 4932 var. (...CA); SNG Cop 36 var. (...CAS), Nice F, well centered, some legend letters unstruck or partially struck, weight 4.845 g, maximum diameter 22.8 mm, die axis 0o, Antioch in Pisidia (Yalvac, Turkey) mint, 194 - 8 Apr 217 A.D.; obverse IVLIA AVGVSTA, draped bust right; reverse ANTIOCH GENI COL CAE, Tyche (genius of the colony) standing slightly left, head left, kalathos on head, wearing long chiton and peplos, branch in right hand, cornucopia in left hand; from the Butte College Foundation, ex Lindgren; $70.00 (€62.30)
 


Komama, Pisidia, 1st Century B.C.

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It appears almost all known examples of this rare type were found in a single hoard.
SH64061. Bronze AE 15, Von Aulock Komama 4; SNG BnF 1439, Choice EF, weight 3.169 g, maximum diameter 14.7 mm, die axis 0o, Komama mint, 1st century B.C.; obverse laureate head of Zeus right; reverse lion left, KO in exergue; nice green patina; rare; $55.00 (€48.95)
 


Septimius Severus, 9 April 193 - 4 February 211 A.D., Antiocheia, Pisidia

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A temple of Mên has been excavated at Antioch, Pisidia. Luna, the Greek moon-goddess, was female, which seems natural because the female menstrual cycle follows the lunar month. But Mên was a male moon-god, probably originally of the indigenous non-Greek Karian people. By Roman times, Mên was worshiped across Anatolia and in Attica. He was associated with fertility, healing, and punishment. Mên is usually depicted with a crescent moon behind his shoulders, wearing a Phrygian cap, and holding a lance or sword in one hand and a pine-cone or patera in the other. His other attributes include the bucranium and cock.
RP69828. Bronze AE 21, Krzyzanowska III/4 (unlisted die combination); SNG BnF 1118 (same obverse die); SNG PfPs 31; SNGvA 4927; Lindgren-Kovacs 1205, gF, weight 4.357 g, maximum diameter 20.8 mm, die axis 180o, Antiocheia mint, 9 Apr 193 - 4 Feb 211 A.D.; obverse IMP SEP SEV PERT AVG, laureate head left; reverse ANTIOCH COLONIAE, Mên standing facing, head right, wearing Phrygian cap, left foot on bucranium. long scepter vertical in right, Nike in left, rooster left at feet behind; from the Butte College Foundation, ex Lindgren; $55.00 (€48.95)
 


Selge, Pisidia, 2nd - 1st Century B.C.

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Selge, Pisidia on the southern slope of Mount Taurus where the river Eurymedon (Köprücay) forces its way through the mountains, was once the most powerful and populous city of Pisidia. Protected by precipices, torrents, and an army of 20,000 regarded as worthy kinsmen of the Spartans, Selge was never subject to a foreign power until Rome. In the 5th century A.D. Zosimus calls it a little town, but it was still strong enough to repel a body of Goths.
GB62868. Bronze AE 17, SNG BnF 183; SNGvA 5291; BMC Pisidia p. 261, 43 (no spear); SNG Cop -, VF, weight 2.936 g, maximum diameter 17.4 mm, die axis 270o, Selge mint, 2nd - 1st century B.C.; obverse older bearded head of Herakles right; reverse unstrung bow above C-E divided by triskeles, thunderbolt below; $54.32 (€48.34)


Komama, Pisidia, 1st Century B.C.

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It appears almost all known examples of this rare type were found in a single hoard.
GB74642. Bronze AE 15, Von Aulock Komama 4; SNG BnF 1439, aVF, weight 3.629 g, maximum diameter 14.5 mm, die axis 0o, Komama mint, 1st century B.C.; obverse laureate head of Zeus right; reverse lion left, KO in exergue; rare; $50.00 (€44.50)
 


Septimius Severus, 9 April 193 - 4 February 211 A.D., Antiocheia, Pisidia

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Luna, the Greek moon-goddess, was female, which seems natural because the female menstrual cycle follows the lunar month. But Mên was a male moon-god, probably originally of the indigenous non-Greek Karian people. By Roman times Mên was worshiped across Anatolia and in Attica. He was associated with fertility, healing, and punishment. Mên is usually depicted with a crescent moon behind his shoulders, wearing a Phrygian cap, and holding a lance or sword in one hand and a pine-cone or patera in the other. His other attributes include the bucranium and chicken. A temple of Mên has been excavated at Antioch, Pisidia.
RP76500. Bronze AE 22, Krzyzanowska II/1, SNG BnF 1118, SNGvA 4927, SNG Cop -, aVF, green patina, well centered, earthen deposits, cleaning scratches, weight 5.181 g, maximum diameter 22.3 mm, die axis 180o, Antioch in Pisidia (Yalvac, Turkey) mint, c. 193 - 211 A.D.; obverse IMP CAES L SEP SEV, laureate head left; reverse ANTIOCH COLONIA, Mên standing facing, crescent behind shoulders, head right, wearing Phrygian helmet, long scepter vertical in right hand, Nike on globe in left hand, left foot on bucranium, rooster at feet behind on left; ex Tom Vossen; $50.00 (€44.50)
 










REFERENCES

Babelon, E. La collection Waddington au cabinet des médailles. RN. (1897-1898).
Babelon, J. Catalogue de la collection de Luynes: monnaies greques. (Paris, 1924-1936).
Burnett, A., M. Amandry, et al. Roman Provincial Coinage. (London, 1992 - ).
Cohen, E. Dated Coins of Antiquity: A comprehensive catalogue of the coins and how their numbers came about. (Lancaster, PA, 2011).
Forrer, L. Descriptive Catalogue of the Collection of Greek Coins formed by Sir Hermann Weber, Vol. III, Part 2. (London, 1929).
Hill, G.F. A Catalogue of Greek Coins in the British Museum, Lycia, Pamphylia, and Pisidia. (London, 1897).
Klein, D. Sammlung von griechischen Kleinsilbermünzen und Bronzen. Nomismata 3. (Milan, 1999).
Kryzanowska, A. Monnaies Coloniales de Antioche de Pisidie. (Warsaw, 1970).
Lindgren, H. Lindgren III: Ancient Greek Bronze Coins. (Quarryville, 1993).
Lindgren, H. & F. Kovacs. Ancient Bronze Coins of Asia Minor and the Levant. (San Mateo, 1985).
RPC Online - http://rpc.ashmus.ox.ac.uk/coins/
Sear, D. Greek Coins and Their Values, Vol. 2: Asia and Africa. (London, 1979).
Sear, D. Greek Imperial Coins and Their Values. (London, 1982).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Denmark, The Royal Collection of Coins and Medals, Danish National Museum, Vol. 6: Phrygia to Cilicia. (West Milford, NJ, 1982).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Deutschland: Pfälzer Privatsammlungen. Part 5: Pisidien und Lykaonien. (Munich, 1999).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Deutschland, Sammlung Hans Von Aulock. Vol. 3: Pisidia, Lycaonia, Cilicia... (Berlin, 1964).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, France, Cabinet des Médailles, Bibliothéque Nationale. Vol. 3: Pamphylia, Pisidia, Lycaonia, Galatia. (Paris, 1994).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Turkey 1: The Muharrem Kayhan Collection. (Istanbul, 2002).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Turkey 6: Burdur Museum, Vol. 1: Pisidia, Part 1: Adada - Prostanna. (Istanbul, 2011).
von Aulock, H. "Kleinasiatische Münzstätten, VI: Die römische Kolonie Komama in Pisidien" in JNG XX (1970).
von Aulock, H. Münzen und Städte Pisidiens. (Tübingen, 1977).

Catalog current as of Wednesday, May 25, 2016.
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Pisidia Coins