Athens, , , , c. 86 - 84 B.C., Issued by
After 1 March 86 B.C., was the master of Athens. He recovered from the Pontic Mithradates, who had taken it by force. This issue was struck for , either at Athens or outside Athens during the siege, to pay his legions and expenses during the war against Mithradates. The silver was collected from Greeks who supported the Romans against Mithradates and requisitioned from the sacred temple treasuries at Epidaurus, Olympia and . The ancients admired these Roman-Athenian coins and called them "flats of Lucullan." The MARKOY may refer to the brother of the Roman general and politician Lucullus.SH70948. Silver , cf. 1293; pl. 78, 11; 1653; V, pp. 28-31 and pl. 9, 10; pl. 120, 366, gVF, attractive , well struck, nicely , centered on a crowded slightly irregular shape , 16.581 g, maximum 29.5 mm, 0o, Athens mint, c. 86 - 84 B.C.; helmeted of Parthenos right, triple-crested helmet decorated with a right above the raised earpiece, and protomes of horses above visor; owl standing right on on its side right, facing, MARKOY left, TAMIOY right, A on , all within olive wreath; ex John Jencek; ; $2500.00 (€2175.00)
and , Second Triumvirate, 36 B.C., , Gaul
was originally founded as the Roman city , a name invoking prosperity and the blessing of the gods. The city became increasingly referred to as by the end of the 1st century A.D. The etymology of is a latinization of the Gaulish place name Lugodunon. While dunon means , the source of Lug is uncertain. The most commonly offered meaning is the god named Lug. During the Middle Ages, was transformed to by natural sound change.RR70870. Bronze , 515, 7, 689, F, 16.797 g, maximum 29.9 mm, 0o, ( , France) mint, 36 B.C.; IMP DIVI , two heads back to back: laureate of to left and of to right; between them branch with its tip bent to right over Octavian's ; Prow of galley to right, ornamented with an eye and ; superimposed on globe and above deck, below; ; $680.00 (€591.60)
, Triumvir and , 42 - 31 B.C., Akko-Ptolemais,
In 38 B.C. (or 37 B.C.), , Gaius Octavianus and signed the Treaty of Tarentum, extending the Second Triumvirate until 33 B.C.RP72123. Bronze AE 26, 4740; Monnayage 19; pl. 7, 118; 73; 993; -, aF, rough, earthen encrustations, 10.071 g, maximum 25.6 mm, 0o, Akko-Ptolemais, mint, 39 - 38 B.C.; of Antony right, within laurel wreath; standing left on prow of galley, right, and rudder in right hand, and in left, L IA / KAI AΣY (year 11 of Caesarian Era) upper left, ΠTOΛE/MAEΩN / IEPAΣ in three horizontal lines on right; ; $500.00 (€435.00)
Pompeians in , Q. Caecilius Metellus Pius and P. Licinius Crassus Junianus, 47 - early 46 B.C.
Jupiter Terminalis on the is copied from the coinage of . The grain, and advertise the properity of . The curule chair commemorates the consulship of with Pompey in 52 B.C. Both and his legate P. Licinius Crassus Junianus fled by sea after the defeat at Thapsus but, trapped by the fleet of Publius Sittius, they committed suicide. After he pierced his body with his sword, some of his men unaware of his wound, asked about him, replied with his last words, which translate, "The general is doing well."RR71921. Silver , 460/2, 1048, 4, 49, 40, 1376, aF, , , banker's mark, 3.311 g, maximum 17.6 mm, 270o, African ( ?) mint, 47 - early 46 B.C.; METEL IMP, of Jupiter right, hair tied with band, hair and beard in ringlets, ’s left over below, METEL before, IMP behind; CRASS IVN , curule chair, balanced on above, stalk of grain lower left, dragon or lower right; from the Andrew McCabe Collection, ex Numismatics E-Sale 11, lot 180; very ; $460.00 (€400.20)
Roman Republic, , and , c. January 49 - August 48 B.C.
This was the first coin issued in Caesar's name. It was minted after his invasion of Italy and crossing of the Rubicon on 10 January 49 B.C. until his defeat of Pompey at . The symbolism on the appears to be the triumph of over evil. The refers to Caesar's office of .SH72184. Silver , 49, 1399, 1006, 443/1, F, rough, 3.119 g, maximum 18.2 mm, 315o, military mint, traveling with , c. Jan 49 - Aug 48 B.C.; below right trampling on snake; emblems of the pontificate - (cup) or (ladle), , axe and (priest's hat); $420.00 (€365.40)
Roman Republic, Second Triumvirate, and , Spring - Early Summer 41 B.C.
AVG in the , abbreviates Antony's official position as (not , a title which did not yet exist). The was an official and priest, whose main role was to interpret the will of the gods by studying the flight of birds: whether they are flying in groups or alone, what noises they make as they fly, direction of flight and what kind of birds they are. This was known as "taking the auspices." The ceremony and function of the was central to any major undertaking in Roman society, public or private, including matters of war, commerce, and religion. The Roman historian Livy stresses the importance of the augurs: "Who does not know that this city was founded only after taking the auspices; that everything in war and in peace, at home and abroad, was done only after taking the auspices?"
Octavian's "equivalent" position as , a priest, is abbreviated in the .
The moneyer M. Barbatius was a friend of . In 41 B.C. he was a quaestor pro praetore to Antony in the East.RR73605. Silver , and 8, 103, 1181, 517/2, 1504, F, , , grainy surfaces, 3.156 g, maximum 19.1 mm, 0o, military mint moving with Antony, (?) mint, spring - early summer 41 B.C.; M ANT M BARBAT Q P (MP and AV ), of Antony right; IMP , of right; ; $400.00 (€348.00)
, Triumvir and , 44 - 30 B.C., LEG III
This legion was probably Caesar's old III Gallica, which fought for Antony. Another possibility is III , which was perhaps taken over from . The III Augusta was probably an legion.RS73643. Silver , 544/15, 1217, II East 193, 28, aVF, 3.378 g, maximum 17.9 mm, ,180o, (?) mint, fall 32 - spring 31 B.C.; ANT•AVG / III VIR•R•P•C, galley right with rowers, mast with banners at prow, of dots; LEG - III, ( ) between two legionary standards, of dots; $350.00 (€304.50)
Roman (Ninica-Claudiopolis?), Octavian/Augustus, c. 30 - 29 B.C.
This was previously attributed to and the portrait as or . , supported by find data, attributes it to , probably Pedias, and identifies the portrait as Octavian/Augustus, and likely immediately post-Actian. proposed the coins were struck for Octavian/Augustus for the founding of Iulia Augusta Ninica, and the epithet could be apply to both and the colony. VE and TER abbreviate the names of the two (municipal officers) of the colony.
RP74281. Bronze provincial as, 4082, aVF, : , 11.247 g, maximum 23.9 mm, 0o, Ninica-Claudiopolis(?) mint, c. 30 - 29 B.C.; PRINCEPS , of right; : obscure in oval punch; VE TER IVLIA , standing left, helmeted and draped; very ; $350.00 (€304.50)
, Triumvir and , 16 January 27 B.C. - 19 August 14 A.D.
The Moneyer, Quintus Salvius Salvidienus Rufus, was of humble origin and owed his elevation to . promised him the consulship and made him governor of . He repaid with base ingratitude, encouraging the troops in his province to desert to Antony. After Antony revealed his treachery to , Salvius was summoned to Rome, where he was condemned to death, and then took his own life.RR72260. Silver , II Gaul 88 (also with MP ), 1541, 514, 1326b, 300, 523/1a, aF, , 3.289 g, maximum 18.1 mm, 45o, moneyer Q. Salvius, early 40 B.C.; , right; Q SALVIVS IMP (MP ), winged thunderbolt; mobile mint traveling with in southern Italy; from the Andrew McCabe Collection; ex Numismatics e-auction 10, lot 596; ; $215.00 (€187.05)
, Athens, Summer 32 B.C.
dates this issue to the summer of 32 B.C., when Antony and stayed in Athens. The of Zeus is in the Ptolemaic and represents , while Dionysos represents Antony. GB69775. Bronze AE 20, 311 (same dies); 144; pl. 25, 36 ff.; p. 86, 604; 1544, F, 6.291 g, maximum 19.8 mm, 0o, Athens mint, summer 32 B.C.; laureate of Zeus; of Dionysos, wearing ivy wreath, A−Θ/E flanking; from the Butte College Foundation, ex ; very ; $200.00 (€174.00)
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