Coins and Antiquities Consignment Shop
  Welcome Guest. Please login or register. All items are guaranteed authentic for eternity! Please call us if you have questions 252-646-1958. Thanks for your business! Welcome Guest. Please login or register. All items are guaranteed authentic for eternity! All blue text is linked. Click for a definition or other information. Thanks for your business!

Catalog Main Menu
Fine Coins Showcase

Recent Price Reductions

Aug 13, 2015
Judean & Biblical Coins
Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Roman Coins ▸ The ImperatorsView Options:  |  |  | 

Coins of the Roman Imperators

Athens, Attica, Greece, New Style Tetradrachm, c. 86 - 84 B.C., Issued by Sulla

Click for a larger photo
After 1 March 86 B.C., Sulla was the master of Athens. He recovered from the Pontic king Mithradates, who had taken it by force. This issue was struck for Sulla, either at Athens or outside Athens during the siege, to pay his legions and expenses during the war against Mithradates. The silver was collected from Greeks who supported the Romans against Mithradates and requisitioned from the sacred temple treasuries at Epidaurus, Olympia and Delphi. The ancients admired these Roman-Athenian coins and called them "flats of Lucullan." The MARKOY monogram may refer to Marcus the brother of the Roman general and politician Lucullus.
SH70948. Silver tetradrachm, cf. Thompson Athens 1293; Svoronos Athens pl. 78, 11; Dewing 1653; Boehringer AMUGS V, pp. 28-31 and pl. 9, 10; Kraay-Hirmer pl. 120, 366, gVF, attractive style, well struck, nicely toned, centered on a crowded slightly irregular shape flan, weight 16.581 g, maximum diameter 29.5 mm, die axis 0o, Athens mint, c. 86 - 84 B.C.; obverse helmeted head of Athena Parthenos right, triple-crested helmet decorated with a griffin right above the raised earpiece, and protomes of horses above visor; reverse owl standing right on amphora on its side right, head facing, MARKOY monogram left, TAMIOY monogram right, A on amphora, all within olive wreath; ex John Jencek; rare; $2500.00 (2175.00)


Octavian and Divus Julius Caesar, Second Triumvirate, 36 B.C., Lugdunum, Gaul

Click for a larger photo
Lyon was originally founded as the Roman city Colonia Copia Felix Munatia, a name invoking prosperity and the blessing of the gods. The city became increasingly referred to as Lugdunum by the end of the 1st century A.D. The etymology of Lugdunum is a latinization of the Gaulish place name Lugodunon. While dunon means hill fort, the source of Lug is uncertain. The most commonly offered meaning is the Celtic god named Lug. During the Middle Ages, Lugdunum was transformed to Lyon by natural sound change.
RR70870. Bronze dupondius, RPC I 515, Giard Lyon 7, SNG Cop 689, F, weight 16.797 g, maximum diameter 29.9 mm, die axis 0o, Lugdunum (Lyon, France) mint, 36 B.C.; obverse IMP CAESAR DIVI F DIVI IVLI, two heads back to back: laureate head of Divus Julius Caesar to left and bare head of Octavian to right; between them palm branch with its tip bent to right over Octavian's head; reverse Prow of galley to right, ornamented with an eye and dolphin; star superimposed on globe and meta above deck, COPIA below; rare; $680.00 (591.60)


Mark Antony, Triumvir and Imperator, 44 - 30 B.C., LEG V

Click for a larger photo
Struck by Antony and Cleopatra at Patrae while preparing for the struggle with Octavian. Twenty-three different legions are named on coins of this issue. This may have been the famous V Alaudae ('the larks'), a Caesarean legion which remained loyal to Antony but was later retained by Augustus. There are other possibilities, however: V Macedonica, a Caesarean legion about which little is known; V Urbana, disbanded after Actium (and therefore quite likely an Antonian legion); and V Gallica, a Caesarean legion that was probably the one that under Lollius lost its eagle to German raiders in Gaul in 17 B.C.
SH75375. Silver denarius, Crawford 544/18, Sydenham 1221, BMCRR II East 196, RSC I 32, Sear CRI 354, gVF, toned, banker's mark, tight flan, weight 3.485 g, maximum diameter 18.6 mm, die axis 180o, Patrae mint, 32 - 31 B.C.; obverse ANT AVG III. VIR. R. P. C., galley right with rowers, mast with banners at prow; reverse LEG - V, legionary aquila between two standards; $550.00 (478.50)


Mark Antony, Triumvir and Imperator, 42 - 31 B.C., Akko-Ptolemais, Phoenicia

Click for a larger photo
In 38 B.C. (or 37 B.C.), Mark Antony, Gaius Julius Caesar Octavianus and Marcus Lepidus signed the Treaty of Tarentum, extending the Second Triumvirate until 33 B.C.
RP72123. Bronze AE 26, RPC I 4740; Seyrig Monnayage 19; Sofaer pl. 7, 118; Kadman 73; Rouvier 993; Rosenberger -, aF, rough, earthen encrustations, weight 10.071 g, maximum diameter 25.6 mm, die axis 0o, Akko-Ptolemais, Phoenicia mint, 39 - 38 B.C.; obverse bare head of Antony right, within laurel wreath; reverse Tyche standing left on prow of galley, head right, apluster and rudder in right hand, cornucopia and palm in left, L IA / KAI AΣY (year 11 of Caesarian Era) upper left, ΠTOΛE/MAEΩN / IEPAΣ in three horizontal lines on right; rare; $500.00 (435.00)


Pompeians in North Africa, Q. Caecilius Metellus Pius Scipio and P. Licinius Crassus Junianus, 47 - early 46 B.C.

Click for a larger photo
Jupiter Terminalis on the obverse is copied from the coinage of Pompey the Great. The grain, scales and cornucopia advertise the properity of Africa. The curule chair commemorates the consulship of Scipio with Pompey in 52 B.C. Both Scipio and his legate P. Licinius Crassus Junianus fled by sea after the defeat at Thapsus but, trapped by the fleet of Publius Sittius, they committed suicide. After he pierced his body with his sword, some of his men unaware of his wound, asked about him, Scipio replied with his last words, which translate, "The general is doing well."
RR71921. Silver denarius, Crawford 460/2, Sydenham 1048, BMCRR Africa 4, RSC I Caecilia 49, Sear CRI 40, SRCV I 1376, aF, toned, tight flan, banker's mark, weight 3.311 g, maximum diameter 17.6 mm, die axis 270o, African (Utica?) mint, 47 - early 46 B.C.; obverse METEL PIVS SCIP IMP, bust of Jupiter right, hair tied with band, hair and beard in ringlets, eagles head left over scepter below, METEL PIVS before, SCIP IMP behind; reverse CRASS IVN LEG PRO PR, curule chair, scales balanced on cornucopia above, stalk of grain lower left, dragon head or carnyx lower right; from the Andrew McCabe Collection, ex Roma Numismatics E-Sale 11, lot 180; very rare; $460.00 (400.20)


Roman Republic, Second Triumvirate, Mark Antony and Octavian, Spring - Early Summer 41 B.C.

Click for a larger photo
AVG in the obverse legend, abbreviates Antony's official position as Augur (not Augustus, a title which did not yet exist). The augur was an official and priest, whose main role was to interpret the will of the gods by studying the flight of birds: whether they are flying in groups or alone, what noises they make as they fly, direction of flight and what kind of birds they are. This was known as "taking the auspices." The ceremony and function of the augur was central to any major undertaking in Roman society, public or private, including matters of war, commerce, and religion. The Roman historian Livy stresses the importance of the augurs: "Who does not know that this city was founded only after taking the auspices; that everything in war and in peace, at home and abroad, was done only after taking the auspices?"

Octavian's "equivalent" position as Pontifex, a priest, is abbreviated PONT in the reverse legend.

The moneyer M. Barbatius was a friend of Julius Caesar. In 41 B.C. he was a quaestor pro praetore to Antony in the East.
RR73605. Silver denarius, RSC I Mark Antony and Augustus 8, BMCRR 103, Sydenham 1181, Crawford 517/2, SRCV I 1504, F, well centered, toned, grainy surfaces, weight 3.156 g, maximum diameter 19.1 mm, die axis 0o, military mint moving with Antony, Ephesus(?) mint, spring - early summer 41 B.C.; obverse M ANT IMP AVG III VIR R P C M BARBAT Q P (MP and AV ligate), bare head of Antony right; reverse CAESAR IMP PONT III VIR R P C, bare head of Octavian right; scarce; $400.00 (348.00)


Mark Antony, Triumvir and Imperator, 44 - 30 B.C., LEG III

Click for a larger photo
This legion was probably Caesar's old III Gallica, which fought for Antony. Another possibility is III Cyrenaica, which was perhaps taken over from Lepidus. The III Augusta was probably an Octavian legion.
RS73643. Silver denarius, Crawford 544/15, Sydenham 1217, BMCRR II East 193, RSC I 28, aVF, weight 3.378 g, maximum diameter 17.9 mm, die axis ,180o, Patrae(?) mint, fall 32 - spring 31 B.C.; obverse ANTAVG / III VIRRPC, galley right with rowers, mast with banners at prow, border of dots; reverse LEG - III, aquila (legionary eagle) between two legionary standards, border of dots; $350.00 (304.50)


Roman Cilicia (Ninica-Claudiopolis?), Octavian/Augustus, c. 30 - 29 B.C.

Click for a larger photo
This type was previously attributed to Macedonia and the portrait as Brutus or Caesar. RPC I, supported by find data, attributes it to Cilicia, probably Cilicia Pedias, and identifies the portrait as Octavian/Augustus, and likely immediately post-Actian. Seyrig proposed the coins were struck for Octavian/Augustus for the founding of Colonia Iulia Felix Augusta Ninica, and the epithet could be apply to both Octavian and the colony. VE and TER abbreviate the names of the two duumviri (municipal officers) of the colony.
RP74281. Bronze provincial as, RPC I 4082, aVF, countermark: Fair, weight 11.247 g, maximum diameter 23.9 mm, die axis 0o, Ninica-Claudiopolis(?) mint, c. 30 - 29 B.C.; obverse PRINCEPS FELIX, bare head of Octavian right; countermark: type obscure in oval punch; reverse VE TER COLONIA IVLIA II VIR, Athena standing left, helmeted and draped; very rare; $350.00 (304.50)


Mark Antony, Triumvir and Imperator, 44 - 30 B.C., LEG XIII

Click for a larger photo
The XIII Gemina probably fought for Octavian, and so is not likely to be the Thirteenth Legion referred to on this coin.
SH75371. Silver denarius, Crawford 544/20, Sydenham 1224, BMCRR II East 198, RSC 34, F, dark toning, bankers' marks, some scratches and marks under tone, traces of deposits, shallow edge test, reverse a little off center, weight 3.305 g, maximum diameter 17.8 mm, die axis 180o, Patrae(?) mint, 32 - 31 B.C.; obverse ANTAVG / IIIVIRRPC, galley right with rowers, mast with banners at prow, border of dots; reverse LEG - XIII, aquila (legionary eagle) between two legionary standards, border of dots; ex CNG e-auction 353, lot 419; $250.00 (217.50)


Mark Antony, Triumvir and Imperator, 44 - 30 B.C.

Click for a larger photo
 
RR75378. Silver denarius, cf. Crawford 544/14, Sydenham 1216, BMCRR II East 190, RSC I 27 ff., VF, nice galley, rough, reverse off center, weight 3.311 g, maximum diameter 17.9 mm, Patrae(?) mint, 32 - 31 B.C.; obverse ANTAVG / III VIRRPC, galley right with rowers, mast with banners at prow, border of dots; reverse LEG - [...], aquila (legionary eagle) between two legionary standards, border of dots; $250.00 (217.50)










REFERENCES

Banti, A. & L. Simonetti. Corpus Nummorum Romanorum. (Florence, 1972-1979).
Cohen, H. Description historique des monnaies frappes sous l'Empire Romain, Vol. 1: Pompey to Domitian. (Paris, 1880).
Crawford, M. Roman Republican Coinage. (Cambridge, 1974).
Grueber, H.A. Coins of the Roman Republic in The British Museum. (London, 1910).
Rutter, N.K. ed. Historia Numorum. Italy. (London, 2001).
Seaby, H.A., D. Sear, & R. Loosley. Roman Silver Coins, Volume I, The Republic to Augustus. (London, 1989).
Sear, D. R. The History and Coinage of the Roman Imperators 49 - 27 BC. (London, 1998).
Sear, D. R. Roman Coins and Their Values, Volume One, The Republic and the Twelve Caesars 280 BC - AD 86. (London, 2000).
Sydenham, E. The Coinage of the Roman Republic. (London, 1952).

Catalog current as of Sunday, August 30, 2015.
Page created in 1.077 seconds
The Imperators