Roman Republic, Sextus Magnus, 45 - 44 B.C.
This was struck while was free-booting in Spain following the Battle of Munda. was the Pompeians' battle cry at Munda and the refers to his vow to avenge the deaths of his father and elder brother. and Grueber interpret SAL as salutatus. and Buttrey identify it as a for Salpensa, but David Sear points out that such a prominent would be unprecedented on a of the period and seems to be an integral of the .
RR77515. Silver , 4 (6/D); 477/3a; 1042a; 232b, 13, gF, attractive old cabinet tone, banker's marks, light bumps and scratches, 3.331 g, maximum 19.2 mm, 90o, uncertain mint, 45 - 44 B.C.; SEX IMP SAL, of Cnaeus Magnus ( ) right; standing left, branch in right hand, long transverse in left hand, downward on right; From the Andrew McCabe Collection, Numismatics auction 23, lot 372, ex Gemini auction X (13 Jan 2013), lot 261, ex Randy Haviland Collection; very ; $720.00 (€640.80)
and Divus , , 36 B.C., , Gaul
was originally founded as the Roman city , a name invoking prosperity and the blessing of the gods. The city became increasingly referred to as by the end of the 1st century A.D. The etymology of is a latinization of the Gaulish place name Lugodunon. While dunon means , the source of Lug is uncertain. The most commonly offered meaning is the god named Lug. During the Middle Ages, was transformed to by natural sound change.RR70870. Bronze , 515, 7, 689, F, 16.797 g, maximum 29.9 mm, 0o, ( , France) mint, 36 B.C.; IMP DIVI , two heads back to back: laureate of Divus to left and of to right; between them branch with its tip bent to right over Octavian's ; Prow of galley to right, ornamented with an eye and ; superimposed on globe and above deck, below; ; $610.00 (€542.90)
, Triumvir and , 44 - 30 B.C., LEG II
This may have been II , disbanded by . The well-known II Augusta, which took in the conquest of Britain and was later stationed in South Wales, was one of Octavian's legions, and so not likely to be the Second Legion referred to on this coin. Other Second Legions (Adiutrix, , Parthica and Traiana) were raised much later in imperial times.SH76924. Silver , 544/14, 1216, II East 190, 27, 349, gVF, well struck, , , marks and scratches, 3.521 g, maximum 17.5 mm, 180o, (?) mint, 32 - 31 B.C.; ANT•AVG / III VIR•R•P•C, galley right with rowers, mast with banners at prow; LEG - II, ( ) between two legionary standards; ex Inferior Numismatics; $550.00 (€489.50)
, Triumvir and , 44 - 30 B.C.,
This may have been a legion raised by Antony and disbanded by . The XI , an old legion of Caesar's, fought for (and won the title Actiaca at the battle of ).
SL79267. Silver , 544/25, 1229, II East 203, 39, NGC F, strike 3/5, surface 2/5, banker's marks (2400602-008), , 3.48 g, maximum 15.4 mm, 180o, (?) mint, 32 - 31 B.C.; ANT•AVG / III VIR•R•P•C, galley right with rowers, mast with banners at prow; LEG - XI, ( ) between two legionary standards; NGC certified (slabbed); $500.00 (€445.00)
, Triumvir and , 42 - 31 B.C., Akko-Ptolemais,
In 38 B.C. (or 37 B.C.), , Gaius Octavianus and signed the Treaty of Tarentum, extending the until 33 B.C.RP72123. Bronze AE 26, 4740; Monnayage 19; pl. 7, 118; 73; 993; -, aF, rough, earthen encrustations, 10.071 g, maximum 25.6 mm, 0o, Akko-Ptolemais, mint, 39 - 38 B.C.; of Antony right, within laurel wreath; standing left on prow of galley, right, and rudder in right hand, and in left, L IA / KAI AΣY (year 11 of Caesarian Era) upper left, ΠTOΛE/MAEΩN / IEPAΣ in three horizontal lines on right; ; $450.00 (€400.50)
, Triumvir and , 44 - 30 B.C., LEG XII
This old Caesarean legion was known at different times as , Antiquae, Paterna and finally XII Fulminata ('the thunderers'). Its veterans settled (among other places) in Patras in . After fighting without great distinction in the First Jewish Revolt, the legion was transferred to Melitene in , where it remained for several hundred years.RR76782. Silver , 544/20, 1224, II East 198, 34, VF, , contact marks, , 3.561 g, maximum 19.3 mm, (?) mint, 32 - 31 B.C.; ANT•AVG / III VIR•R•P•C, galley right with rowers, mast with banners at prow; LEG - XII, ( ) between two legionary standards; $450.00 (€400.50)
, Triumvir and , 44 - 30 B.C.
The triumvirs referred to in the were L. Mussidius Longus, Q. Oppius, and . In October 42 B.C. the Republican army was defeated by the legions Antony and at . Cassius and committed suicide. Brutus' body was brought to Antonius' camp, where he cast his purple over his dead body and ordered an honorable funeral for his erstwhile comrade. The Republican cause was crushed; Rome rested in the of the .
RR77478. Silver , 496/1, 1168, Gaul 60, 12, 128, 1467, aVF, areas of flat striking, attractive golden over luster, 3.605 g, maximum 18.1 mm, 315o, military mint with Antony in , 42 B.C.; M ANTONI IMP, of Antony right with light beard; , temple within which of Sol set on ; from the Andrew McCabe Collection; ; $450.00 (€400.50)
, and , October 49 - 15 March 44 B.C.
This was the first coin issued in Caesar's name. It was minted after his invasion of Italy and crossing of the Rubicon on 10 January 49 B.C. until his defeat of Pompey at . The symbolism on the appears to be the triumph of over evil. The refers to Caesar's office of .
RR77562. Silver , 49, 1399, 1006, 443/1, F, off center, 3.371 g, maximum 18.0 mm, 45o, military mint, traveling with , 49 B.C.; walking right trampling on snake or ( war trumpet), below; implements of the pontificate: (cup) or (ladle), ( ), (sacrificial axe), and (priest's hat); $450.00 (€400.50)
, Triumvir and , 44 - 30 B.C.
In 38 B.C. , Gaius Octavianus and signed the Treaty of Tarentum, extending the until 33 BC.
SH79737. Silver , 1474, 533/2, 267, 1199, 13, II East 141, gF, , marks and scratches, banker's marks, weak legends, 3.741 g, maximum 18.9 mm, 0o, Athens mint, summer 38 B.C.; M ANTONINVS M F M N IMP , standing right, as priest, holding ; ET , of Sol right; $400.00 (€356.00)
, Triumvir and , 44 - 30 B.C.,
Struck by Antony and at while preparing for the struggle with . Twenty-three different legions are named on coins of this issue. This may have been the famous V Alaudae ('the larks'), a Caesarean legion which remained loyal to Antony but was later retained by . There are other possibilities, however: V Macedonica, a Caesarean legion about which little is known; V Urbana, disbanded after (and therefore quite likely an Antonian legion); and V Gallica, a Caesarean legion that was probably the one that under Lollius lost its to German raiders in Gaul in 17 B.C.SH77472. Silver , 544/18, 1221, II East 196, 32, 354, VF, , minor flaw on , light scratches, 3.401 g, maximum 17.0 mm, mint, 32 - 31 B.C.; ANT AVG III. VIR. R. P. C., galley right with rowers, mast with banners at prow; LEG - V, legionary between two standards; $375.00 (€333.75)
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