Roman Republic, Sextus Magnus, 45 - 44 B.C.
This was struck while was free-booting in Spain following the Battle of Munda. was the Pompeians' battle cry at Munda and the refers to his vow to avenge the deaths of his father and elder brother. and Grueber interpret SAL as salutatus. and Buttrey identify it as a for Salpensa, but David Sear points out that such a prominent would be unprecedented on a of the period and seems to be an integral of the .RR77515. Silver , 4 (6/D); 477/3a; 1042a; 232b, 13, gF, attractive old cabinet tone, banker's marks, light bumps and scratches, 3.331 g, maximum 19.2 mm, 90o, uncertain mint, 45 - 44 B.C.; SEX IMP SAL, of Cnaeus Magnus ( ) right; standing left, branch in right hand, long transverse in left hand, downward on right; From the Andrew McCabe Collection, Numismatics auction 23, lot 372, ex Gemini auction X (13 Jan 2013), lot 261, ex Randy Haviland Collection; very ; $720.00 (€640.80)
and Divus , , 36 B.C., , Gaul
was originally founded as the Roman city , a name invoking prosperity and the blessing of the gods. The city became increasingly referred to as by the end of the 1st century A.D. The etymology of is a latinization of the Gaulish place name Lugodunon. While dunon means , the source of Lug is uncertain. The most commonly offered meaning is the god named Lug. During the Middle Ages, was transformed to by natural sound change.RR70870. Bronze , 515, 7, 689, F, 16.797 g, maximum 29.9 mm, 0o, ( , France) mint, 36 B.C.; IMP DIVI , two heads back to back: laureate of Divus to left and of to right; between them branch with its tip bent to right over Octavian's ; Prow of galley to right, ornamented with an eye and ; superimposed on globe and above deck, below; ; $600.00 (€534.00)
, Triumvir and , 44 - 30 B.C.,
This may have been a legion raised by Antony and disbanded by . The XI , an old legion of Caesar's, fought for (and won the title Actiaca at the battle of ).SL79267. Silver , 544/25, 1229, II East 203, 39, NGC F, strike 3/5, surface 2/5, banker's marks (2400602-008), , 3.48 g, maximum 15.4 mm, 180o, (?) mint, 32 - 31 B.C.; ANT•AVG / III VIR•R•P•C, galley right with rowers, mast with banners at prow; LEG - XI, ( ) between two legionary standards; NGC certified (slabbed); $500.00 (€445.00)
Roman Republic, , and , Spring - Early Summer 41 B.C.
AVG in the , abbreviates Antony's official position as (not , a title which did not yet exist). The was an official and priest, whose main role was to interpret the will of the gods by studying the flight of birds: whether they are flying in groups or alone, what noises they make as they fly, direction of flight and what kind of birds they are. This was known as "taking the auspices." The ceremony and function of the was central to any major undertaking in Roman society, public or private, including matters of war, commerce, and religion. The Roman historian Livy stresses the importance of the augurs: "Who does not know that this city was founded only after taking the auspices; that everything in war and in peace, at home and abroad, was done only after taking the auspices?"
Octavian's "equivalent" position as , a priest, is abbreviated in the .
The moneyer M. Barbatius was a friend of . In 41 B.C. he was a pro praetore to Antony in the East.
RR83583. Silver , and 8, 103, 1181, 517/2, 1504, VF, portrait details, parts of legends weak, porous, light marks and corrosion, , 3.30 g, maximum 20.7 mm, 0o, military mint moving with Antony, (?) mint, spring - early summer 41 B.C.; M ANT M BARBAT Q P (MP and AV ), of Antony right; IMP , of right; ; $500.00 (€445.00)
, Triumvir and , 42 - 31 B.C., Akko-Ptolemais,
In 38 B.C. (or 37 B.C.), , Gaius Octavianus and signed the Treaty of Tarentum, extending the until 33 B.C.RP72123. Bronze AE 26, 4740; Monnayage 19; pl. 7, 118; 73; 993; -, aF, rough, earthen encrustations, 10.071 g, maximum 25.6 mm, 0o, Akko-Ptolemais, mint, 39 - 38 B.C.; of Antony right, within laurel ; standing left on prow of galley, right, and rudder in right hand, and in left, L IA / KAI AΣY (year 11 of Caesarian Era) upper left, ΠTOΛE/MAEΩN / IEPAΣ in three horizontal lines on right; ; $450.00 (€400.50)
, Triumvir and , 44 - 30 B.C., LEG XII
This old Caesarean legion was known at different times as , Antiquae, Paterna and finally XII Fulminata ('the thunderers'). Its veterans settled (among other places) in Patras in . After fighting without great distinction in the First Jewish Revolt, the legion was transferred to Melitene in , where it remained for several hundred years.RR76782. Silver , 544/20, 1224, II East 198, 34, VF, , contact marks, , 3.561 g, maximum 19.3 mm, (?) mint, 32 - 31 B.C.; ANT•AVG / III VIR•R•P•C, galley right with rowers, mast with banners at prow; LEG - XII, ( ) between two legionary standards; $400.00 (€356.00)
, Triumvir and , 44 - 30 B.C.,
This may have been the famous V Alaudae ('the larks'), a Caesarean legion which remained loyal to Antony but was later retained by . There are other possibilities, however: V Macedonica, a Caesarean legion about which little is known; V Urbana, disbanded after (and therefore quite likely an Antonian legion); and V Gallica, a Caesarean legion that was probably the one that under Lollius lost its to German raiders in Gaul in 17 B.C.RS79795. Silver , 544/18, 1221, II East 196, 32, 354, VF, slightly off center, banker's mark on , 3.714 g, maximum 17.7 mm, 180o, mint, 32 - 31 B.C.; ANT AVG III. VIR. R. P. C., galley right with rowers, mast with banners at prow; LEG - V, legionary between two standards; $400.00 (€356.00)
, Triumvir and , 44 - 30 B.C.
In 38 B.C. , Gaius Octavianus and signed the Treaty of Tarentum, extending the until 33 BC.SH79737. Silver , 1474, 533/2, 267, 1199, 13, II East 141, gF, , marks and scratches, banker's marks, weak legends, 3.741 g, maximum 18.9 mm, 0o, Athens mint, summer 38 B.C.; M ANTONINVS M F M N IMP , standing right, as priest, holding ; ET , of Sol right; $360.00 (€320.40)
Roman Republic, , Triumvir & , and Ti. Sempronius Gracchus, Consul Desig., 40 B.C.
Though Gracchus' coin inscriptions indicate he was designate, nothing else is known of his life. The , , plow and surveyor's rod allude to Octavian's resettlement of some 40,000 retiring veterans after the Battle of . This may have been struck to fund the resettlement.RR79809. Silver , 525/2, 1127, I Rome 4314, 326, 523 , F, , holed and filled, scratches and marks, 3.700 g, maximum 19.1 mm, 315o, Rome mint, 40 B.C.; DIVI ·F (son of the divine Julius), of right, wearing slight beard; TI·SEMPRON (above), GRACCHVS (below), Q DESIG (upward on left), (upward on right), legionary and , plow and decempeda (surveyor's rod), ( ) in lower inner ; very ; $350.00 (€311.50)
, March or April 177 - 31 December 192 A.D., ,
This copies a issued for . The statue of is often described as crowning , but it seems clear on most specimens that both and are just raising their right in a salute. RPC identifies the figure behind as Populi Romani(?), undoubtedly because the figure wears only a around his hips and legs. On the coin issued by , wears a .
RP83547. Bronze AE 26, IV 4259 (4 spec., same dies as L 1958-3-4-92); .2 p. 103, 18, pl. XX, 17 ( only); -; -; -, VF, green , a little off center, marks and scratches, corrosion, 10.650 g, maximum 26.0 mm, 180o, mint, 177 - 192 A.D.; M COMMO AV BR, laureate of right; COL IVLIA AVG PHILIP, a statue of , on left, standing left in military dress and statue of Divi (or Populi Romani?) standing left behind him a around hips and legs, both raising right hand in salute, both on base inscribed DIVS (sic) / AVG in two lines; ex Gitbud & Naumann auction 36, lot 338; very ; $300.00 (€267.00)
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