Athens, , , , c. 86 - 84 B.C., Issued by
After 1 March 86 B.C., was the master of Athens. He recovered from the Pontic Mithradates, who had taken it by force. This issue was struck for , either at Athens or outside Athens during the siege, to pay his legions and expenses during the war against Mithradates. The silver was collected from Greeks who supported the Romans against Mithradates and requisitioned from the sacred temple treasuries at Epidaurus, Olympia and . The ancients admired these Roman-Athenian coins and called them "flats of Lucullan." The MARKOY may refer to the brother of the Roman general and politician Lucullus.SH70948. Silver , cf. 1293; pl. 78, 11; 1653; V, pp. 28-31 and pl. 9, 10; pl. 120, 366, gVF, attractive , well struck, nicely , centered on a crowded slightly irregular shape , 16.581 g, maximum 29.5 mm, 0o, Athens mint, c. 86 - 84 B.C.; helmeted of Parthenos right, triple-crested helmet decorated with a right above the raised earpiece, and protomes of horses above visor; owl standing right on on its side right, facing, MARKOY left, TAMIOY right, A on , all within olive wreath; ex John Jencek; ; $2500.00 (€2200.00)
, and , October 49 - 15 March 44 B.C.
The on the probably indicates the beginning of a new age. claimed descent from the goddess . The small at the base of Venus' is symbolic of her divinity.
SH76401. Silver , 480/5b, 1071, 41, I Rome 4165, Sear Imperators 106a, 1412, aVF, nice portrait, light marks and scratches, die wear, small edge chip, 3.076 g, maximum 17.9 mm, 45o, Rome mint, moneyer P Sevullius , Jan - Feb 44 B.C.; IMP, wreathed of right, with eight rays behind; P SEPVLLIVS , standing left, in her left hand, long with a at base behind in her left hand; from the Jeff Michniak Collection; $1900.00 (€1672.00)
, and , Assassinated 15 March 44 B.C.
This coin was struck about a month after was assassinated on March 15 (the Ides of March) by a group of senators, among them Gaius Cassius Longinus, Junius , and Caesar's Massilian naval commander, Decimus . In April, about the time this coin was struck, returned from Apollonia in Dalmatia to Rome to take up Caesar's inheritance, against advice from (his mother and Caesar's niece) and consular stepfather Antony.RR75296. Silver , 480/19, 1069, 8, 112, 1422, aF, portrait nice for the grade, , marks and bumps, 2.949 g, maximum 19.7 mm, 0o, Rome mint, , Apr 44 B.C.; ( father of the country), wreathed and veiled of right, behind, below chin ( of Caesar's position as ); C COSSVTIVS / MARID-IANVS (moneyer's name) arranged in form of , A - A - A - F•F (Auro, Argento, Aere, Flando, Feriundo) in the angles; a example of this sold in June 2014 for $67,500 plus auction fees!; ; $800.00 (€704.00)
and , Second Triumvirate, 36 B.C., , Gaul
was originally founded as the Roman city , a name invoking prosperity and the blessing of the gods. The city became increasingly referred to as by the end of the 1st century A.D. The etymology of is a latinization of the Gaulish place name Lugodunon. While dunon means , the source of Lug is uncertain. The most commonly offered meaning is the god named Lug. During the Middle Ages, was transformed to by natural sound change.RR70870. Bronze , 515, 7, 689, F, 16.797 g, maximum 29.9 mm, 0o, ( , France) mint, 36 B.C.; IMP DIVI , two heads back to back: laureate of to left and of to right; between them branch with its tip bent to right over Octavian's ; Prow of galley to right, ornamented with an eye and ; superimposed on globe and above deck, below; ; $680.00 (€598.40)
, Triumvir and , 42 - 31 B.C., Akko-Ptolemais,
In 38 B.C. (or 37 B.C.), , Gaius Octavianus and signed the Treaty of Tarentum, extending the Second Triumvirate until 33 B.C.RP72123. Bronze AE 26, 4740; Monnayage 19; pl. 7, 118; 73; 993; -, aF, rough, earthen encrustations, 10.071 g, maximum 25.6 mm, 0o, Akko-Ptolemais, mint, 39 - 38 B.C.; of Antony right, within laurel wreath; standing left on prow of galley, right, and rudder in right hand, and in left, L IA / KAI AΣY (year 11 of Caesarian Era) upper left, ΠTOΛE/MAEΩN / IEPAΣ in three horizontal lines on right; ; $500.00 (€440.00)
Pompeians in , Q. Caecilius Metellus Pius and P. Licinius Crassus Junianus, 47 - Early 46 B.C.
Jupiter Terminalis on the is copied from the coinage of . The grain, and advertise the properity of . The curule chair commemorates the consulship of with Pompey in 52 B.C. Both and his legate P. Licinius Crassus Junianus fled by sea after the defeat at Thapsus but, trapped by the fleet of Publius Sittius, they committed suicide. After he pierced his body with his sword, some of his men unaware of his wound, asked about him, replied with his last words, which translate, "The general is doing well."RR71921. Silver , 460/2, 1048, 4, 49, 40, 1376, aF, , , banker's mark, 3.311 g, maximum 17.6 mm, 270o, African ( ?) mint, 47 - early 46 B.C.; METEL IMP, of Jupiter right, hair tied with band, hair and beard in ringlets, ’s left over below, METEL before, IMP behind; CRASS IVN , curule chair, balanced on above, stalk of grain lower left, dragon or lower right; from the Andrew McCabe Collection, ex Numismatics E-Sale 11, lot 180; very ; $460.00 (€404.80)
, Triumvir, Consul, and , Autumn 31 - Summer 30 B.C.
This celebrates Octavian's , defeating and at .
SH76225. Silver , 254b, 64, 36, Sear Imperators 407, 603, I Rome 4339, 1552, VF, , broad oval , punch, , marks, scratches - yet, attractive, 3.523 g, maximum 22.9 mm, Italian (Rome?) mint, Autumn 31 - Summer 30 B.C.; left, no , linear ; standing left on globe, extending wreath in right hand, frond over shoulder in left hand, - DIVI•F divided across , linear ; $450.00 (€396.00)
Roman Republic, Second Triumvirate, and , Spring - Early Summer 41 B.C.
AVG in the , abbreviates Antony's official position as (not , a title which did not yet exist). The was an official and priest, whose main role was to interpret the will of the gods by studying the flight of birds: whether they are flying in groups or alone, what noises they make as they fly, direction of flight and what kind of birds they are. This was known as "taking the auspices." The ceremony and function of the was central to any major undertaking in Roman society, public or private, including matters of war, commerce, and religion. The Roman historian Livy stresses the importance of the augurs: "Who does not know that this city was founded only after taking the auspices; that everything in war and in peace, at home and abroad, was done only after taking the auspices?"
Octavian's "equivalent" position as , a priest, is abbreviated in the .
The moneyer M. Barbatius was a friend of . In 41 B.C. he was a quaestor pro praetore to Antony in the East.RR73605. Silver , and 8, 103, 1181, 517/2, 1504, F, , , grainy surfaces, 3.156 g, maximum 19.1 mm, 0o, military mint moving with Antony, (?) mint, spring - early summer 41 B.C.; M ANT M BARBAT Q P (MP and AV ), of Antony right; IMP , of right; ; $400.00 (€352.00)
, Triumvir and , 44 - 30 B.C., LEG III
This legion was probably Caesar's old III Gallica, which fought for Antony. Another possibility is III , which was perhaps taken over from . The III Augusta was probably an legion.RS73643. Silver , 544/15, 1217, II East 193, 28, aVF, 3.378 g, maximum 17.9 mm, ,180o, (?) mint, fall 32 - spring 31 B.C.; ANT•AVG / III VIR•R•P•C, galley right with rowers, mast with banners at prow, of dots; LEG - III, ( ) between two legionary standards, of dots; $350.00 (€308.00)
Roman Republic, Q. Sicinius and C. Coponius, c. 49 B.C.
In Roman Coins and Their Values, Millennium Edition, Volume One, David Sear notes, "Sicinius now strikes as a moneyer in exile in the East, having fled Italy with Pompey following Caesar's invasion. The Coponius commanded the Pompeian fleet."RR74520. Silver , 1, 939, 444/1a, 413, Nice VF, beautiful , attractive , 3.965 g, maximum 17.7 mm, 180o, Pompeian traveling mint, c. 49 B.C.; Q·SICINIVS III·VIR, diademed of right, below; C·COPONIVS ·PR·S·C, Nemean lion's skin draped over club, arrow left, bow right; $350.00 (€308.00)
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