, 2 January - 20 December 69 A.D.
Suetonius wrote of Vitellius' physical description, "He was in fact abnormally tall, with a usually flushed from hard drinking, a huge belly, and one thigh crippled from being struck once time by a four-horse chariot, when he was in attendance on Gaius as he was driving..."
SH75001. Silver , 107 (S), 72, 34, 71, 17, 2200, F, dark cabinet , 2.557 g, maximum 18.1 mm, 180o, Rome mint, Apr - 20 Dec 69 A.D.; A , laureate right; , seated right on throne, veiled and draped, in right hand, in left hand; ; $240.00 (€213.60)
, 18 January 350 - 10 August 353 A.D.
On 28 September 351, at the Battle of Mursa Major, defeated the usurper . The battle was one of the bloodiest in Roman military history. During the fighting Marcellinus, a general of was killed, but himself survived.
RL77938. heavy maiorina, Amiens 23 (S), II 13, 125 (8 spec.), 18817, 69, aEF, edge cracks, small areas of , , poorly struck, 4.031 g, maximum 23.1 mm, 45o, (Amiens, France) mint, Spring 351 - 18 Aug 353 A.D.; D N MAGNENTIVS , bare-headed, draped, and right, A behind; AVG ET CAE (victories of our lords, Emperor and ), two Victories standing , together holding containing in four lines, ( ) above, AMB and crescent in ; from the Butte College Foundation, ex , ex Frank S. Robinson; ; $180.00 (€160.20)
, , Hiketas II, 287 - 278 B.C.
Hicetas was the tyrant of for about nine years. The only recorded events during his rule are his over Phintias, tyrant of , and his defeat to the Carthaginians at the river Terias. He was expelled from by Thynion shortly before Pyrrhus arrived in .
GB66247. Bronze , II p. 313, 168 R1; 796; 803 ff., 1449 (S), aEF, 8.179 g, maximum 23.0 mm, 135o, mint, 287 - 278 B.C.; ∆IOΣ EΛΛANIOY, laureate of young Zeus Hellanios right; ΣYPAKOΣIΩN, standing left on thunderbolt, wings open, A over left; $95.00 (€84.55)
, Summer 276 - September 282 A.D.; AEQVITI Series I of Rome, R I E
Rome mint series I - click "AEQVITI" to read the article, "Coins of with Coded Markings of Embedded in the mint mark." The first letter "R" indicates the Rome mint. The letter "I" in the middle of the mint mark is the fifth letter of the . The last letter "E" indicates this coin was struck by the fifth (mint workshop). The letters of the word are coded in the of coins from all the of the mint, with the specific letters of the assigned to each in order corresponding with their numbers.
RB66288. , , 2, 170, VF, 3.896 g, maximum 21.5 mm, 0o, 5th , Rome mint, 282 A.D.; PROBVS , and right; MILIT (the loyalty of the soldiers), standing left, flanked by a in each hand, RIE in ; full circles strike, light corrosion; $32.00 (€28.48)
Lokri Opuntii, Lokris, , 360 - 340 B.C.
Lokrian (the Lesser) was a Greek mythological hero, son of Oileus, the of . Locrians are mentioned by Homer in the Iliad as following , the son of Oïleus, to the Trojan War in forty ships, and as inhabiting the towns of Kynos, Opus, Calliarus, Besa, Scarphe, Augeiae, Tarphe, and Thronium. Lokrian was called the "lesser" or "Lokrian" , to distinguish him from the Great, son of Telamon. He is also mentioned in the Odyssey and Virgil's Aeneid.
SH84346. Silver , 58, 491, 992 var. (no ), -, -, -, aVF/F, classical , high relief die, , light marks, light , 11.715 g, maximum 22.9 mm, 180o, Lokri Opuntii mint, 360 - 340 B.C.; of Demeter left, wreathed in grain, wearing drop earring; OΠONTIΩ−N, son of Oileus, advancing right in fighting attitude, wearing Corinthian helmet, nude, short sword in right, broken spear on ground in background, palmette above right (control ) inside , eight-rayed (control symbol) lower right; ex Numismatics; $1050.00 (€934.50)
Romano-British Empire, , Mid 286 - Spring or Early Summer 293 A.D.
Pax, regarded by the ancients as a goddess, was worshiped not only at Rome but also at Athens. Her could not be stained with blood. began the construction of a magnificent temple to her , which finished, in the Via Sacra. The attributes of Peace are the , the olive branch, the , and often the . Sometimes she is represented setting fire to a pile of arms.
RA73231. , , 2, 319 (C); 375; 13644; 215; - (p. ccvii), gVF, much , light marks, tiny encrustation, a little weak in centers, edge split/crack, 4.819 g, maximum 24.3 mm, 180o, Camulodunum (Colchester, England) mint, c. 292 - early 293 A.D.; IMP C CARAVSIVS , and right; (the peace of the Emperor), Pax standing half left, left, raising olive-branch in right hand, long transverse in left hand, across fields at center, C in ; from the Charles Peters Collection, ex-Wayne C. Phillips; $340.00 (€302.60)
, and , October 49 - 15 March 44 B.C.
This coin declares as for the second time, consul for the third time, and . The of refers to the grain producing wealth delivered to Rome by his in . The D (and on similar coins an M) indicates this was struck to be distributed as a donativum (largess) or munus (gift) to his legions. Some may have been distributed at Caesar's quadruple triumph celebrated in 46 B.C., when celebrations included public banquets, plays and gladiatorial games, lasting forty days. Vercingetorix was paraded and executed. Also in 46 B.C., made his nephew his heir. Queen VII of , Caesar's mistress, and Caesarion, his bastard son by her, moved into one of his residences on the . They would remain in Rome as Caesar's guests until his assassination on 15 March 44 B.C.
SH84609. Silver , 467/1a, 1637, 1023, 4a; 57, 21, 1403, gVF, dark , some marks and scratches, slightly off center, 3.283 g, maximum 19.1 mm, 0o, African, (?) mint, 46 B.C.; - COS (counterclockwise from lower right, for the 2nd time, consul for the third time), of right, wreathed with grain; implements of the augurate and pontificate: (ladle), ( ), capis (jug), and (wand), ( ) above, below D (donativum = largess) to right, ( ) below; from the James Collection, purchased in 2004 from Numismatica (9A Via Barberini, Rome); $670.00 (€596.30)
Roman Republic, Anonymous, c. 135 - 100 B.C.
RR72284. Copper , group L1.Qd.1, I Rome 1196, F, 1.878 g, maximum 16.5 mm, 135o, Rome mint, c. 135 - 100 B.C.; of right, wearing scalp headdress, three pellets behind; prow of galley right, three pellets before, below; $95.00 (€84.55)
, 22 May 337 - 3 November 361 A.D.
The can be translated, "Happy Times Restored" but we prefer to loosely translate it to the more current and lyrical expression, "Happy Days are Here Again!"
RL74561. heavy maiorina, 123, II 50, 18136, 46, -, VF, and struck, some , porous, 4.428 g, maximum 23.7 mm, 180o, 4th , (Salonika, ) mint, 348 - 350 A.D.; D N CONSTANTIVS , pearl-diademed, draped, and right, from the front, A behind; FEL TEMP REPARATIO (happy times ), soldier standing left, with right hand spearing horseman whose mount has fallen, on his left arm, on the ground right, A left, TS∆ in ; $80.00 (€71.20)
, 25 September 275 - June 276 A.D.
was the goddess or personification of luck and success. She played an important role in Rome's state religion during the empire and was frequently portrayed on coins. She became a prominent symbol of the wealth and prosperity of the Roman Empire.
RB46802. , 3325, 65, 93, 1487, 1223 - 1233, 1292, gVF, near full , 3.749 g, maximum 23.7 mm, 180o, 1st , ( , France) mint, issue 7, May - Jun 276 A.D.; IMP CL TACITVS AVG, , draped, and right; , standing left, long grounded vertical in right, in left hand, A left, * right; $65.00 (€57.85)
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