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Neandreia, Troas, 5th Century B.C.

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Neandreia, Troas was located near the summit of Mount Chigri about 9 km east of Alexandria Troas. In 310 B.C., Antigonus I Monophthalmus founded Antigonia Troas (renamed Alexandria Troas by Lysimachos in 301 B.C.) and moved the citizens of nearby cities, including Neandreia to his new city. In the 1st century A.D., Pliny the Elder listed Neandreia among the settlements in the Troad which no longer existed.
GS84452. Silver obol, SNGvA 7627; SNG München 292; SNG Tübingen 2650; BMC Troas, p. 73, 2; SNG Cop -; Klein -, VF, weight 0.601 g, maximum diameter 7.7 mm, die axis 180o, Neandreia (on Mount Chigri, Turkey) mint, 5th Century B.C.; obverse laureate head of Apollo right; reverse ram standing left, NEA above, reversed N lower left, all within incuse square; rare; $110.00 (€97.90)


Crispus, Caesar, 1 March 317 - 326 A.D.

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On 1 March 317, Constantine the Great and co-emperor Licinius elevated their sons Crispus, Constantine II (still an baby) and Licinius II to Caesars. After this arrangement Constantine ruled the dioceses Pannonia and Macedonia, and established his residence at Sirmium, from where he prepared a campaign against the Goths and Sarmatians.
RL79649. Billon reduced follis, RIC VII Thessalonica 20 (R4), SRCV IV 16702B, Cohen VII 109, F, full circles centering, dark green patina, weak centers, weight 2.822 g, maximum diameter 21.7 mm, die axis 180o, 3rd officina, Thessalonica (Salonika, Greece) mint, 317 - 318 A.D.; obverse CRISPVS NOBILISSIMVS CAES, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse PRINCIPIA IVVENTVTIS (in honor of the Prince of Youth), soldier standing right, spear in right hand, shield on ground in left, •TS•Γ• in exergue; rare; $95.00 (€84.55)


Crispus, Caesar, 1 March 317 - 326 A.D.

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VOT V abbreviates Votis Quinquennalibus, which means Crispus has completed vows (prayers and sacrifices) for five years of rule. In a religious context, votum, plural vota, is a vow or promise made to a deity. The word comes from the past participle of voveo, vovere; as the result of the verbal action, a vow, or promise. It may refer also to the fulfillment of this vow, that is, the thing promised. The votum is thus an aspect of the contractual nature of Roman religion and sacrifice, a bargaining expressed by "do ut des" (I give that you might give).
RL74457. Billon centenionalis, RIC VII Aquileia 69 (R3), Cohen VII 31, SRCV IV 16748, Hunter V 55 var. (no drapery, pellets flanking AQT), VF, well centered, nice portrait, porous, weight 2.721 g, maximum diameter 19.4 mm, die axis 0o, 3rd officina, Aquileia mint, 320 - 321 A.D.; obverse CRISPVS NOB CAES, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse CAESARVM NOSTRORVM (our prince), VOT V in wreath, AQT in exergue; rare; $55.00 (€48.95)


Crispus, Caesar, 1 March 317 - 326 A.D.

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VOT X abbreviates Votis Decennalibus, which means Crispus has completed vows (prayers and sacrifices) for ten years of rule. In a religious context, votum, plural vota, is a vow or promise made to a deity. The word comes from the past participle of voveo, vovere; as the result of the verbal action, a vow, or promise. It may refer also to the fulfillment of this vow, that is, the thing promised. The votum is thus an aspect of the contractual nature of Roman religion and sacrifice, a bargaining expressed by "do ut des" (I give that you might give).
RL76941. Billon centenionalis, RIC VII Siscia 181, SRCV IV 16773, Cohen VII 44, Choice aEF, nice centering, nice green patina, weight 2.983 g, maximum diameter 19.5 mm, die axis 195o, 4th officina, Siscia (Sisak, Croatia) mint, 321 - 324 A.D.; obverse IVL CRISPVS NOB C, laureate head right; reverse CAESARVM NOSTRORVM (our prince), VOT / X in wreath, ∆SIS and sunrise in exergue; $100.00 (€89.00)


Crispus, Caesar, 1 March 317 - 326 A.D.

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On 7 March 321, Constantine issued an edict proclaiming Dies Solis Invicti (Sunday) as the day of rest; trade was forbidden but agriculture was allowed.
RL77188. Billon centenionalis, RIC VII Lyons 133, Hunter V 25, SRCV IV 16734, Bastien XIII 102, Cohen VII 6, Choice EF, dark toning on silvering, weight 3.120 g, maximum diameter 18.7 mm, die axis 0o, 1st officina, Lugdunum (Lyon, France) mint, 321 A.D.; obverse CRISPVS NOB CAES, laureate and cuirassed bust right; reverse BEATA TRANQVILLITAS (blessed tranquility), altar inscribed VO/TIS / XX in three lines, surmounted by globe, three stars above, C left, R right, PLG crescent in exergue; $150.00 (€133.50)


Crispus, Caesar, 1 March 317 - 326 A.D.

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Certificate of Authenticity issued by David R. Sear.

David Sear notes, "a previously unpublished variant of the series listed by Bastien (Le Monnayage de l'Atelier de Lyon) on pages 163 and 164, numbers 155-6 and 159-61 (cf. RIC vii, p. 134, 202-4)...good F, rare and interesting as an unpublished obverse variant."
RL70838. Billon centenionalis, unpublished obverse variant; cf. Bastien Lyon XIII, 155-6 and 159-61; RIC VII Lyons 202 - 204, gF, weight 3.451 g, maximum diameter 18.8 mm, die axis 0o, 1st officina, Lugdunum (Lyon, France) mint, as caesar, 322 - 323 A.D.; obverse IVL CRISPVS NOB C, laureate and cuirassed bust left, spear pointed forward in right, shield in left; reverse BEAT TRAN-Q-LITAS, globe on altar inscribed VOT/IS / XX in three lines, three stars above, PLG in exergue; from the Dr. Sam Mansourati Collection; $135.00 (€120.15)


Faustina Sr., Augusta 25 February 138 - Early 141, Wife of Antoninus Pius

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Ceres a goddess of agriculture, grain crops, fertility and motherly relationships, was listed among the Di Consentes, Rome's equivalent to the Twelve Olympians of Greek mythology. The Romans saw her as the counterpart of the Greek goddess Demeter, whose mythology was reinterpreted for Ceres in Roman art and literature.
SH84236. Silver denarius, RIC III AP360, BMCRE IV AP408, RSC II 78, SRCV II 4582, Choice EF, well centered, mint luster, some reverse die wear, tiny edge cracks, weight 3.086 g, maximum diameter 17.7 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, posthumous, 147 - 161 A.D.; obverse DIVA FAVSTINA, draped bust right, pearls in hair and hair in elaborate bun on top; reverse AVGVSTA, Ceres standing half left, veiled, stalks of grain downward in right hand, long torch vertical behind in left hand; $95.00 (€84.55)


Valerian I, October 253 - c. June 260 A.D.

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Vulcan is the Roman god of fire, including the fire of volcanoes. Vulcan is often depicted with a blacksmith's hammer. The festival of Vulcan, the Vulcanalia was celebrated on 23 August each year, when the summer heat placed crops and granaries at the greatest risk of burning. The Romans identified Vulcan with the Greek smith-god Hephaestus, and he became associated like his Greek counterpart with the constructive use of fire in metalworking.
RA83694. Silver antoninianus, Göbl MIR 884d, RIC V 5, Hunter IV 56, SRCV V 9934, RSC IV 50d var. (no cuirass), gF, uneven strike with worn dies, tight flan, edge cracks, weight 2.457 g, maximum diameter 20.8 mm, die axis 180o, Colonia Agrippina (Cologne) mint, 2nd emission, 258 - 259 A.D.; obverse VALERIANVS P F AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse DEO VOLKANO, Vulcan standing left within hexastyle temple, hammer raised in right hand, tongs downward in left, anvil on ground at feet left; scarce; $40.00 (€35.60)


Valerian I, October 253 - c. June 260 A.D.

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This type imitates the Caius and Lucius Caesar reverse of Augustus. It refers to the joint consulate of Valerian and Gallienus in 257 A.D.
RS76533. Billon antoninianus, RIC V 277 (S, Antioch), RSC IV 169, Göbl MIR 1598a (Antioch), Hunter IV 70, SRCV III 9962, gVF, good metal for the type, slightly off-center, edge crack, weight 3.615 g, maximum diameter 20.4 mm, eastern field mint, 257 A.D.; obverse IMP VALERIANVS AVG, radiate and draped bust right; reverse P M TR P V COS IIII P P, Valerian and Gallienus standing confronted, laureate and togate, holding two shields on the ground between them, two spears upright behind shields; scarce; $50.00 (€44.50)


Valerian I, October 253 - c. June 260 A.D., Anemurium, Cilicia

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Anemurion was in the Roman province of Isauria on Cape Anamur the southernmost point of Asia Minor, only 64 km from Cyprus. Coins from its mint survive from Antiochus IV of Commagene (38-72) to Valerian (253-259). In 260, the Sassanians captured Anemurion, which sent it into decline for decades. It recovered and prospered until the mid-7th century, when it was nearly completely abandoned, probably because the Arab occupation of Cyprus made the coast unsafe. The acropolis occupies the actual cape, protected on three sides by steep cliffs and on the landward side by a wall with towers and zigzag reentrants. The fortifications and buildings are medieval, constructed in part utilizing Hellenistic elements. The lower town extended north of the citadel for at least 1500 meters. Discovered remains include a large theater, a small covered odeon or bouleuterion, three large public baths and one small one, decorated with mosaic floors (some converted to industrial use in late antiquity), four early Christian churches, an exedra possibly of a civil basilica (law court). Outside, there is an extensive necropolis of some 350 sepulchral monuments dating from the 1st to the early 4th century. Some included several rooms, a second story, and even an inner courtyard.
RP78017. Bronze AE 26, SNG Pfalz VI 381 (same obv. die); SNG Levante 519; BMC Lycaonia p. 43, 12; SNG BnF -; SNGvA -; Lindgren III 798 -; SNG Hunterian -, aF, porous, tiny edge cracks, weight 11.706 g, maximum diameter 26.1 mm, die axis 180o, Anemurion (near Anamur, Turkey) mint, autumn 255 - autumn 256 A.D.; obverse AV K Π ΛI - OVAΛEPIANON, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse ANE-MOYPIEWN - ET Γ (year 3), mummiform cult statue of Artemis standing facing, veiled, holding branch in each hand, stag left at feet on left, stag's head turned back right; from the Butte College Foundation, ex Lindgren; very rare; $45.00 (€40.05)




  







Catalog current as of Saturday, March 25, 2017.
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