China, Southern Song Dynasty, Emperor Gao Zong, 1127 - 1162 A.D.
The reign title Yan was changed in 1131 because of severe fires in the capital city. The character "yan" contains two "fire" elements -- thought to be unlucky in this case.
CH54356. Bronze 2 cash, Yan Tong Bao, seal script; 17.9, 674, 1147, gVF, 6.325 g, maximum 30.9 mm, 1127 - 1131; very common; $21.00 (€18.48)
, October 253 - c. June 260 A.D.
in traditional Latin usage expressed a complex, highly valued Roman virtue; a man or woman with respected his or her responsibilities to the gods, family, other people, and entities (such as the state), and understood his or her place in society with respect to others.
RS64726. , 1684l (Samosata), 285 (Antioch), 152, 9955 (uncertain Syrian mint), VF, 3.930 g, maximum 20.8 mm, 180o, Syrian mint, 256 - 258 A.D.; IMP C VALERIANVS , , draped, and right; , Valerian and standing , sacrificing over between them, each togate and holding short ; $36.00 (€31.68)
, October 253 - c. June 260 A.D.
In 253, Valerian split the Roman Empire in two; took control of the and his father ruled the East, facing the Persians.
RL74574. Silver , 1682e (Samosata), 294 (Antioch), 9996 (uncertain Syrian mint, 255- 256), 280, VF, and struck, porous, 3.181 g, maximum 21.4 mm, 0o, Samosata (Adiyman Province, Turkey) mint, 253 A.D.; IMP C VALERIANVS AVG, , draped and right, from front; , two Victories holding inscribed S C, tree in center behind; $100.00 (€88.00)
, October 253 - c. June 260 A.D.
This imitates the and of . It refers to the joint consulate of Valerian and in 257 A.D.
RS76533. , 277 (S, Antioch), 169, 1598a (Antioch), 70, 9962, gVF, metal for the , slightly off center, edge crack, 3.615 g, maximum 20.4 mm, eastern mint, 257 A.D.; IMP VALERIANVS AVG, and draped right; V P P, Valerian and standing , laureate and togate, holding two shields on the ground between them, two spears upright behind shields; ; $65.00 (€57.20)
, II Gonatas, 277 - 239 B.C., In the Name of Alexander the Great
Most people expect the crests on ancient helmets to strictly run from front to back. Officer's helmets, however, frequently had a crest running from ear to ear, as on the helmet used as a control symbol on the of this coin. The two ear flaps dangle below the and visor of the helmet.
SH75314. Silver , 618 (same die); , Administrative VI.1, die A1; 629; 233; -, -, VF, centered, golden , , light scratches and marks, lamination defect on , 16.793 g, maximum 28.4 mm, 90o, (or Amphipolis?) mint, c. 275 - 270 B.C.; of right, clad in scalp headdress tied at neck; AΛEΞAN∆POY, Zeus Aëtophoros enthroned left, right leg drawn back, feet on footstool, in right hand, long vertical behind in left hand, crested Macedonian officer's helmet facing on left, ΠAP under seat strut, KE in ; ex CNG auction 349, lot 35; $250.00 (€220.00)
Roman Republic, Anonymous, c. 230 B.C.
In 230 B.C., Rome sent envoys to the Illyrian Queen Teuta to obtain her aid in ending attacks and murders of Roman merchants by Illyrian pirates. After the Roman ambassador Coruncanius and the Issaean ambassador Cleemporus offended Queen Teuta, the were murdered at sea by her soldiers. In response, Roman forces occupied the island of Corcyra with the aim of humbling Teuta.
SH77477. (cast) , Libral ; 68; 328; 24/5; 33; pp. 60-61, 1-76 pl. 25, 8-11, gF, nice green , pitting, marks, 58.717 g, maximum 40.2 mm, Rome mint, c. 230 B.C.; horse prancing left, two pellets above and two pellets bellow (mark of value); wheel of six spokes, four pellets (mark of value) between spokes; From the Andrew McCabe Collection; very ; $680.00 (€598.40)
, Triumvir and , 44 - 30 B.C.
The triumvirs referred to in the were L. Mussidius Longus, Q. Oppius, and . In October 42 B.C. the Republican army was defeated by the legions Antony and at . Cassius and committed suicide. Brutus' body was brought to Antonius' camp, where he cast his purple over his dead body and ordered an honorable funeral for his erstwhile comrade. The Republican cause was crushed; Rome rested in the of the .
RR77478. Silver , 496/1, 1168, Gaul 60, 12, 128, 1467, aVF, areas of flat striking, attractive golden over luster, 3.605 g, maximum 18.1 mm, 315o, military mint with Antony in , 42 B.C.; M ANTONI IMP, of Antony right with light beard; , temple within which of Sol set on ; from the Andrew McCabe Collection; ; $560.00 (€492.80)
Roman Republic, Sextus Magnus, 45 - 44 B.C.
This was struck while was free-booting in Spain following the Battle of Munda. was the Pompeians' battle cry at Munda and the refers to his vow to avenge the deaths of his father and elder brother. and Grueber interpret SAL as salutatus. and Buttrey identify it as a for Salpensa, but David Sear points out that such a prominent would be unprecedented on a of the period and seems to be an integral of the .
RR77515. Silver , 4 (6/D); 477/3a; 1042a; 232b, 13, gF, attractive old cabinet tone, banker's marks, light bumps and scratches, 3.331 g, maximum 19.2 mm, 90o, uncertain mint, 45 - 44 B.C.; SEX IMP SAL, of Cnaeus Magnus ( ) right; standing left, branch in right hand, long transverse in left hand, downward on right; From the Andrew McCabe Collection, Numismatics auction 23, lot 372, ex Gemini auction X (13 Jan 2013), lot 261, ex Randy Haviland Collection; very ; $890.00 (€783.20)
, Augusta 194 - 8 April 217 A.D., Hadrianopolis,
refounded a Thracian tribal capital, changed its name to Hadrianopolis, developed it, adorned it with monuments, and made it the capital of the Roman province. The city is Edirne, Turkey today. From ancient times, the around Edirne has been the site of no fewer than 16 major battles or sieges. Military historian John Keegan identifies it as "the most contested spot on the globe" and attributes this to its geographical location. Licinius was defeated there by in 323, and was killed by the Goths during the Battle of Adrianople in 378.
SH65237. Bronze AE 25, p. 157 & pl. XXII, 244 (V137/R244); , Suppl. II, 658; -, -, -, VF, green , 7.837 g, maximum 24.7 mm, 180o, Hadrianopolis (Edirne, Turkey) mint, IOYΛIA ∆O CEBACTH, draped right; A∆PIANOΠOΛEITΩN, galley left with four oarsmen and steersman in stern; very ; $460.00 (€404.80)
, 29 July 238 - 25 February 244 A.D., Hadrianopolis,
The Romans, whose fondness for new gods increased with the influence of their foreign conquests, introduced the worship of with the walls of their city; not, however, without opposition and resistance for a season on the of the senate to the popular thirst after such novelties. Through the influence of P. an was erected to in the Flaminii, and it quickly assumed the form of a temple which, after its Alexandrine prototype, was called the Serapeon. The principal Italian cities, never far behind Rome, soon imitated her example, and it was not long before the worship of was extended from Italy by the different colonies sent from that country into .
RP59690. Bronze AE 28, 3842 - 3843 var. ( ), p. 120, 27 var. (same), -, aVF, 9.782 g, maximum 26.4 mm, 0o, Hadrianopolis (Edirne, Turkey) mint, AVT K M ANT ΓOP∆IANOC AVΓ, laureate, draped and right, from behind; A∆PIANOΠOΛEITΩN, standing half left, raising right hand, long transverse in left hand; variety; $55.00 (€48.40)
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