, 25 January 98 - 8 or 9 August 117 A.D.
In 116, completed his invasion of by capturing the cities of Seleucia, Babylon, Ctesiphon and Susa, marking the high-water mark of the Roman Empire's eastern expansion. removed Osroes I as of , and appointed his son in his place. Romanized his name to Parthicus.
RB90458. , 534v2, 672, 1023, 352, 106, aVF, light and dark green , some corrosion, 25.757 g, maximum 35.2 mm, 225o, Rome mint, 114 - early 116 A.D.; NER TRAIANO AVG GER DAC P P, laureate and draped right; POPVLVSQVE ROMANVS, standing left, in right, in left, flanking across ; ex Heritage Auction 231419, lot 61111; $110.00 (€95.70)
Roman Republic, L. Procilius L.f., c. 80 B.C.
In Roman mythology, was the daughter of Saturn and the wife of Jupiter and she had many attributes. Among these was , who offered protection to women, accompanying them throughout their lives from birth to death. She was often called upon by infertile women to aid in conception. was characterized by her goatskin coat and headdress with the horns of a goat.
SH73137. Silver , 306, 771, 379/1, 1, EF, some die wear, 3.937 g, maximum 19.4 mm, 180o, Italian mint, 80 B.C.; laureate head of Jupiter right, S C ( - authorized by special decree of the Senate) behind; standing right, brandishing spear and holding , snake before her, L.PROCILI. / F behind; $270.00 (€234.90)
, c. 625 - 600 B.C.
Mitchiner notes this , struck at the Lydian-Milesian used in southern , has no particular affinities with the major coin series from Miletos or . Two possible mint cities, to which no other coins of the period have been attributed, are Myous and Lebedus.
SH73584. 1/24th , cf. 292, 167, 51, -, -, VF, struck with worn dies, 0.560 g, maximum 6.3 mm, uncertain southern mint, c. 625 - 600 B.C.; raised irregular square with line and/or pellet decorations and extended corners; irregular square punch with line and/or pellet decorations; very ; $450.00 (€391.50)
Persian Empire, Carian Satrapy, Pixodaros, c. 340 - 335 B.C.
Pixodarus was the youngest of the three sons of , all of whom successively ruled. To secure the friendship of , of , Pixodarus offered his eldest daughter in marriage to his Philip's son Arrhidaeus. Arrhidaeus' ambitious younger brother, Alexander (later Alexander the Great) offered himself instead. Pixodarus eagerly agreed but Philip put an end to the scheme. Pixodarus died, apparently a natural death, before Alexander landed in in 334 B.C. and was succeeded by his Persian son-in-law Orontobates.
SH90963. Silver , 597; 2375; 280; 891; 2913; p. 185, 5 ff.; 6608; 4966, gVF, some nicks or flaws, some pitting, , 7.000 g, maximum 20.1 mm, 0o, Mylasa mint, c. 340 - 335 B.C.; head of facing slightly right; ΠIΞΩ∆APOY, standing right, (double-headed axe) over shoulder in right, lotus-tipped vertical in left; $870.00 (€756.90)
Phaselis, , 213 - 212 B.C., Civic Issue in the Name of Alexander the Great, with Seleukid
Phaselis was under Ptolemaic control from 209 to 197 B.C. Antiochus III took control in 197 and formally took possession of the Egyptian territories in Anatolia through the Peace of in 195. Despite the vicissitudes of the , Phaselis seems to have retained significant autonomy and struck Alexander tetradrachms with remarkable continuity from 218 - 185 B.C. The series ended shortly after the conclusion of the treaty, when Phaselis and the other cities of were handed over to the Kingdom of Rhodes. From 190 to 160 B.C. it remained under Rhodeian hegemony. After 160 B.C. Phaselis was absorbed into the Lycian confederacy under Roman rule. In the 1st century B.C., the city was taken over by the pirate Zekenites for a period until his defeat by the Romans.
SH71158. Silver , 2840, Hoard 495, 315, -, VF, broad , attractive dark worn from high-points, slight double strike, 16.651 g, maximum 32.4 mm, 0o, , Phaselis mint, 213 - 212 B.C.; Herakles' head right, clad in scalp headdress tied at neck; Seleukid : in an oval punch; AΛEΞAN∆POY, Zeus enthroned left, right leg drawn back, extended in right, long vertical behind in left, C (year 6) over Φ left; : Seleukid in rounded rectangular ; ; $360.00 (€313.20)
Persian Empire, Tarkumuwa (Datames), of & , c. 384 - 360 B.C., Tarsus,
Datames' enemies in Artaxerxes' court accused him, perhaps falsely, of intending to revolt against the Great . Secretly warned, he then did, in fact, revolt, c. 370 B.C. The revolt appeared to be leading to a breakup of the entire western half of the empire into autonomous states. His own son's desertion to Artaxerxes was, however, the beginning of the end, which came when Datames was assassinated, c. 362 B.C.
SH70110. Silver , series 1; issue 4; 248; 264; p. 165, 18; -; -, aVF, spotty , faint , 10.220 g, maximum 19.7 mm, 225o, Tarsos mint, female head facing slightly left, wearing earring and necklace; Aramaic : TRDMW (Datames) on left, bearded and helmeted male head (Ares?) right, wearing crested Athenian helmet, O/T right; ex CNG auction 269, lot 146; $350.00 (€304.50)
, 9 April 193 - 4 February 211 A.D., Nicopolis ad Istrum, Inferior
Nicopolis ad Istrum was founded by around 101-106, at the junction of the Iatrus (Yantra) and the Rositsa rivers, in memory of his over the . Its ruins are located at the village of Nikyup, 20 km of Veliko Tarnovo in northern Bulgaria. The town peaked during the reigns of , , the Antonines and the dynasty. In 447, Nicopolis was destroyed by Attila's Huns. In the 6th century, it was rebuilt as a powerful fortress enclosing little more than military buildings and churches, following a very common trend for the cities of that century in the Danube . It was finally destroyed by the Avar invasions at the end of the 6th century.
RP70821. Bronze assarion, 18.104.22.168, 2465, 980, cf. 268 ( left), -, EF, , , nice green , 2.161 g, maximum 17.4 mm, 0o, Nicopolis ad Istrum (Nikyup, Bulgaria) mint, AV Λ CEVHPOC, laureate head right; NIKOΠOΛITΩN ΠPOC, standing right on thunderbolt,head left, wreath in beak; ex Heritage Auctions 231407, lot 64091, ex CNG auction 161 (28 Mar 2007), lot 125 ($206 plus fees); $200.00 (€174.00)
, Augusta 254 - c. September 268 A.D., Kyzikos,
In 74 B.C. Cyzicus, allied with Rome, withstood a siege by of . Rome rewarded this loyalty with territory and with municipal independence which lasted until the reign of . When it was incorporated into the Empire, it was made the capital of , afterward of Hellespontus. Cyzicus was one of the great cities of the ancient world.
RP53294. Bronze AE 23, 143, 287, F, 5.654 g, maximum 24.1 mm, 45o, Cyzicus (Kapu Dagh, Turkey) mint, CAΛΩNEINA CE, draped right, wearing , set on crescent; KYZIKHN KEOKOPΩ, quinquereme with four oarsmen right, blowing horn right; $75.00 (€65.25)
, Augusta 13 March 222 - February or March 235 A.D.
In 228, Shah Ardashir I, four years after establishing the Sassanid Persian Empire, completed his conquest of .
RB63556. , 676, 487, 21, 8228, aVF, 14.940 g, maximum 27.7 mm, 0o, Rome mint, c. 228 A.D.; IVLIA , diademed and draped right; S C, standing front, head left, raising in right, legs crossed, leaning with left arm on column; ex Auctiones eAuction 5, lot 102; nice portrait and ; $115.00 (€100.05)
Argyrus, 12 November 1028 - 11 April 1034
was fanatically devoted to the Virgin. His adoration found expression in the building and restoration of churches dedicated to St. Mary and also explains the Virgin's prominence on his coinage. MΘ is a Greek abbreviation for Mητερα Tου Θεου - Mother of God. ΘCE abbreviates Θεοτοκε - God-bearer, also referring to the Virgin. On one of his types, a silver miliaresion, the reads: Παρθενε σοι πολυαινε ος ηλιτικη παντα κατοπθοι, which means, "He who places his hopes on thee, O Virgin all-glorious, will prosper in all he does."
SH73344. Gold histamenon , , 2, 1d; 43/Cp/AV/01; 1972; 43.2.2; ; 2, aEF, 4.379 g, maximum 24.8 mm, 180o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 12 Nov 1028 - 11 Apr 1034; + REX REGNANTInm (Jesus Christ of Kings), Christ enthroned, wears , , & , raises hand, holds Gospels; ΘCE bOHΘ RWMANW (god-bearer the Romans), MΘ (mother of God) above center, Virgin (on right) wears and , with right hand she crowns Romanus, who is bearded and wears a crown, and , in his right, four pellets in end below ; ; $850.00 (€739.50)
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