Kingdom of , , 305 - 281 B.C., Struck in the Name of Alexander the Great
Colophon struck this commemorative in the name of Alexander the Great under the rule of . The city also issued the same with the same in the name of (examples are listed in Forum's catalog). Colophon was about 15 miles (24 km) northwest of .
GS71735. Silver , 1842, 358, 909, 539, -, VF, , porous, 4.067 g, maximum 18.0 mm, 0o, , Kolophon (near Degirmendere Fev, Turkey) mint, c. 301 - 297 B.C.; of Herakles right, clad in scalp headdress tied at neck; AΛEΞAN∆POY, Zeus seated left on throne without back, nude to the waist, around hips and legs, in extended right hand, long vertical behind in left hand, right leg drawn back, feet on footstool, lion-forepart over crescent horns left in left , pentagram under throne; $115.00 (€102.35)
, , c. 2nd Century B.C.
, was located to the northwest of the modern city of Bergama, Turkey, 16 miles (26 km) from the Aegean Sea on a promontory on the side of the Caicus (Bakircay) River. It was the capital of the Kingdom of under the Attalid dynasty, 281-133 B.C. is cited in the book of Revelation as one of the seven churches of .
GB71675. Bronze AE 18, 1885 ff.; 2429; 396; p. 131, 179 var. ( ), 1374 var. (same), VF, green , 7.193 g, maximum 18.8 mm, 0o, (Bergama, Turkey) mint, c. 2nd century B.C.; helmeted of right; AΘHNAΣ NIKHΦOPOY, of captured arms, ΘΛ inner left, lower right; $120.00 (€106.80)
, 28 September 365 - 27 May 366 A.D.
According to Zosimus, Julian gave an imperial robe, informing him of his intent to make him his successor. But Julian did not tell anyone of this intent and was acclaimed emperor. gave the robe. He told of Julian's intention but asked the new Emperor to allow him to retire to private life. accepted and and his family retired to Mazaca.
SH71595. Bronze , II 2081, 17a, 8, 19883, VF, nice portrait, 2.913 g, maximum 18.1 mm, 180o, 3rd , Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 28 Sep 365 - Apr 366 A.D.; D N PROCO-PIVS , pearl-diademed, draped, and left; REPARATIO FEL TEMP (happy times ), standing facing, right, in right hand, resting left hand on grounded , object on ground to left, above right, Γ ; ; $180.00 (€160.20)
Elaea, , c. 340 - 300 B.C.
Aristophanes in Plutus makes a humorous comment on victorious athletes who are crowned with made of wild olive instead of gold: "Why, Zeus is , and I will clearly prove it to you. In the Olympic games, which he founded, and to which he convokes the whole of every four years, why does he only crown the victorious athletes with wild olive? If he were rich he would give them gold."
GB71614. Bronze AE 18, p. 125, 6; 171 var. (plain helmet); 1606 var. (same and in ); cf. 4204 (AE10), gVF, green , light corrosion, 5.498 g, maximum 18.2 mm, 90o, Elaea mint, c. 340 - 300 B.C.; of left in crested Corinthian helmet ornamented with a snake, wearing necklace and cruciform earring; grain kernel, flanked by E - Λ, all within olive ; $120.00 (€106.80)
, Early September 282 - c. July or August 283 A.D.
An interesting inscribed "The Peace of the Army" and displaying the goddess Pax holding a military . The message was perhaps analogous to the renaming of the U.S. Department of War to the Department of Defense in 1949.
RB71580. , 56; , p. 26; 75 var. (no drapery); 14 var. (slight drapery); 12175 var. ( ), aEF, near full , excellent centering and strike, unusual , a few small encrustations, very light corrosion, 3.312 g, maximum 23.0 mm, 0o, 1st , Ticinum (Pavia, Italy) mint, Oct - Dec 282; IMP CARVS , , draped, and right; PAX EXERCITI, Pax standing slightly left, left, raising olive branch in right hand, vertical behind in left hand, PXXI in ; variant; $200.00 (€178.00)
Kyme, Aiolis, c. 165 - 85 B.C.
Kyme was conquered by Croesus, of , and ruled successively by the Persians, Macedonians, Seleucids, and Pergamenes. Attalus III, the last of , bequeathed to Rome in 133 B.C. Shortly afterward, it was made of the Roman province of . was under rule until the early 15th century, when the Ottoman Turks occupied the .
GB71582. Bronze AE 18, 108; 1642; 507; p. 113, 87; 336; 4193, VF, nice and , 3.400 g, maximum 17.8 mm, 0o, Kyme mint, c. 165 - 85 B.C.; draped of right, bow and quiver over shoulder; (one-handled vase) between two laurel branches, KY above, I−Ω/I−Λ/O−Σ (Zoilos, magistrate) in three lines across inner flanking vase; $95.00 (€84.55)
, First Half 283 - Spring 285 A.D.
When this coin was struck in 282, was the Prince of Youth, full of promise. Later he would be remembered as one of the worst . This infamy is, however, likely fiction, supported by himself. For example, the (unreliable) Augusta has marrying nine wives, while neglecting to mention his only real wife, , by whom he had a son, Nigrinianus. After his death, Carinus' memory was officially condemned in the Roman proceeding known as . His name, along with that of his wife, was erased from inscriptions.
RS71588. , IV 390 (LV 4227); , 2, 182; 97; 71; , p. 28; 12302, EF, most remains, and struck, nice portrait, some , 4.627 g, maximum 23.0 mm, 0o, 4th , Ticinum (Pavia, Italy) mint, 2nd issue as , 282 - 283 A.D.; CARINVS , , draped and right; , standing left, globe in extended right hand, spear vertical behind in left hand, bound captive seated left at feet on left, QXXI in ; $200.00 (€178.00)
Amisos, Pontos, 85 - 65 B.C.
Amisos was settled c. 760 - 750 B.C. by people from Miletus, who established a flourishing trade relationship with the ancient peoples of Anatolia. Amisos came under the rule of the Persian Empire, Alexander the Great's Macedonian Empire, and then the Kingdom of . The Romans took control in 47 B.C. and Amisos remained within the after the fall of Rome. In 1200, the city was captured by the Seljuks, to be later taken over by the Ilhanlilar. Amisos today is Samsun, a city of about half a million people on the coast of Turkey.
GB76964. Bronze AE 27, Black Sea 1145; 132; 55; 675; p. 15, 22; Rec Gen 15; 37 (S), F, areas of light corrosion and encrustation, 20.183 g, maximum 27.4 mm, Amisos (Samsun, Turkey) mint, 85 - 65 B.C.; laureate of Zeus right; standing left on thunderbolt, turned right, wings open, ΩΣ left, AMIΣOY below; ; $135.00 (€120.15)
, 19 August 14 - 16 March 37 A.D., of Matthew 22:20-21
Jesus, referring to a "penny" asked, "Whose is this image and superscription?" When told it was , He said, ''Render therefore unto the things which are Caesar's and unto God the things that are God's" (Matthew 22:20-21). Since was at the time, this is attributed by scholars as the "penny" referred to in the Bible.
RS84458. Silver , , group 2, 146; 28 (S); 44; 16b; 1763, aVF, , marks and scratches, corrosion, off center, 3.635 g, maximum 18.1 mm, 90o, ( , France) mint, early ornate , 15 - 18 A.D.; , laureate right; , Pax (or Livia as Pax) seated right on chair with ornately decorated legs set on base, long vertical behind in her right, branch in left, no footstool; ; $310.00 (€275.90)
, 24 June 79 - 13 September 81 A.D., Berytos,
Named for the daughter of , Iulia Augusta was founded in 14 B.C. with veterans of the 5th and 8th legions. Herod the Great, Herod I, and Herod II built sumptuous monuments and sponsored gladiatorial combats at Berytos. After the siege of Jerusalem, gave gladiatorial games at Berytos, in which the combatants were Jews.
RP78052. Bronze AE 25, 2045; 513; p. 63, 80; 2257, F, legends partially unstruck, , 13.319 g, maximum 25.1 mm, Berytos (Beirut, Lebanon) mint, IMP T , left; COL IVL AVG, priest with yoke of two oxen right, plowing the pomerium (sacred boundary), founding the new colony; from the Butte College Foundation, ex ; $80.00 (€71.20)
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