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Commodus, March or April 177 - 31 December 192 A.D., Amphipolis, Macedonia
Amphipolis was on the Via Egnatia, the principal Roman road crossing the southern Balkans. In 50, the apostle Paul visited Amphipolis on his way to Thessaloniki. Many Christian churches were built indicating prosperity, but the region grew increasingly dangerous. In the 6th century, the population had declined considerably and the old perimeter was no longer defensible against Slavic invasions. The lower city was plundered for materials to fortify the Acropolis. In the 7th century, a new wall was built, right through the bath and basilica, dividing the Acropolis. The remaining artisans moved to houses and workshops built in the unused cisterns of the upper city. In the 8th century, the last inhabitants probably abandoned the city and moved to nearby Chrysopolis (formerly Eion, once the port of Amphipolis). RP83483. Bronze AE 24, RPC online IV 7653 (5 spec.), SNG Cop 109, SNG Evelpidis 1186, Varbanov III 3244 (R4) var. (obv. leg.), BMC Macedonia p. 57, 116 var. (same), aVF, well centered, bumps, areas of light corrosion, flan flaw (pit) obverse center, weight 8.624 g, maximum diameter 24.2 mm, die axis 180o, Amphipolis mint, c. 188 - 190 A.D.; obverse AVTOK M AVP KOMM ANTΩNEINON, laureate head right; reverse AMΦIΠOΛEITWN, Tyche seated left on high-backed throne, wearing crown of city walls, right leg drawn back, patera in extended right hand, left elbow on back of throne; $100.00 (85.00)
Commodus, March or April 177 - 31 December 192 A.D., Roman Provincial Egypt
In 189 A.D., plague (possibly smallpox) killed as many as 2,000 people per day in Rome. Farmers were unable to harvest their crops and food shortages brought riots in the city. Part of Rome burned in 190. Commodus ordered the city to be rebuilt under the name Colonia Commodiana. RX79588. Billontetradrachm, Milne 2686 ff.; Curtis 852; Geissen 2252; Dattari 3889; SNG Cop 582; BMC Alexandria p. 175, 1404; Kampmann-Ganschow 41.124; Emmett 2558, F, dark patina, weight 10.856 g, maximum diameter 23.7 mm, die axis 0o, Alexandria mint, 29 Aug 189 - 28 Aug 190; obverse M A KOM ANTW CEB EYCEB, laureate head right; reversebust of Selene left, large crescent on left, L Λ (year 30) on right; $45.00 (38.25)
Commodus, March or April 177 - 31 December 192 A.D.
In Roman religion, every man has a genius, a presiding spirit. In De Die Natali, Censorinus says, from the moment we are born, we live under the guard and tutelage of Genius. Cities, organizations, and peoples also had a genius. On coins, we find inscriptions to the Genius of the Roman people, of the Senate, of the Emperor, etc. RS85032. Silver denarius, RIC III 167, BMCRE IV 245, RSC II 532, Szaivert MIR 18 743-4/23/30, Hunter II 34, SRCV II 5680, gF, nice portrait, toned, light marks and scratches, tight flan, edge cracks, weight 2.509 g, maximum diameter 17.7 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, Dec 187 - Dec 188 A.D.; obverse M COMMANT PFEL AVGBRIT, laureate head right; reverseP M TR P XIII IMP VIIICOS V P P (high priest, holder of Tribunitian power 13 years, imperator the 8th time, consul the 5th time, father of the country), Genius standing half left, head left, nude, patera in right hand, grain ears downward in left hand; $70.00 (59.50)
Tiberius, 19 August 14 - 16 March 37 A.D., Tribute Penny of Matthew 22:20-21
Jesus, referring to a "penny" asked, "Whose is this image and superscription?" When told it was Caesar, He said, ''Render therefore unto Caesar the things which are Caesar's and unto God the things that are God's" (Matthew 22:20-21). Since Tiberius was Caesar at the time, this denariustype is attributed by scholars as the "penny" referred to in the Bible. SH82707. Silver denarius, Giard Lyon, group 4, 150; RIC I 30 (C); BMCRE I 48; RSC II 16a; SRCV I 1763, aVF/F, excellent portrait, toned, obverse a little off center cutting off right side of legend, punches, bumps and scratches, weight 3.731 g, maximum diameter 17.5 mm, die axis 90o, Lugdunum (Lyon, France) mint, c. 18 - 35 A.D.; obverseTI CAESARDIVI AVG FAVGVSTVS, laureate head right; reversePONTIF MAXIM (high priest), Pax (or Livia as Pax) seated right on chair with decorated legs, a single line below, long scepter vertical behind in right hand, branch in left hand, feet on footstool; $400.00 (340.00)
Tiberius, 19 August 14 - 16 March 37 A.D., Tribute Penny of Matthew 22:20-21
Jesus, referring to a "penny" asked, "Whose is this image and superscription?" When told it was Caesar, He said, ''Render therefore unto Caesar the things which are Caesar's and unto God the things that are God's" (Matthew 22:20-21). Since Tiberius was Caesar at the time, this denariustype is attributed by scholars as the "penny" referred to in the Bible. SH82708. Silver denarius, Giard Lyon, group 4, 150; RIC I 30 (C); BMCRE I 48; RSC II 16a; SRCV I 1763, VF, bold high relief portrait, toned, a little off center, die wear, scratches, weight 3.679 g, maximum diameter 17.9 mm, die axis 270o, Lugdunum (Lyon, France) mint, c. 18 - 35 A.D.; obverseTI CAESARDIVI AVG FAVGVSTVS, laureate head right; reversePONTIF MAXIM (high priest), Pax (or Livia as Pax) seated right on chair with decorated legs, a single line below, long scepter vertical behind in her right hand, branch in left hand, feet on footstool; $490.00 (416.50)
16 Roman Empire VRBS ROMA and CONSTANTINOPOLIS Bronze Commemoratives, c. 330 - 340 A.D.
LT87176. Bronze Lot, 16 Roma and ConstantinopolisCommemoratives struck by Constantine the Great and his sons, 16.8mm - 18.5mm, all VF or better, many choice, c. 330 - 340 A.D.; various mints, the actual coins in the photograph; $350.00 (297.50)
Terina, Bruttium, Italy, c. 420 - 400 B.C.
Terina was on top of a hill called Piano di Tirenathe on the northshore of the Gulf of Saint Euphemia, about 20 km (12 mi) from Lamezia Terme in Calabria. The hill is surrounded by two rivers merging, Savuto and Grande, and it perfectly matches the description provided by the Greek historian Strabo in his major work Geographica, which was first published around 20 A.D. The site of the city was allegedly found in 1922 by the archaeologist Paolo Orsi near the modern village of Sant'Eufemia Vetere, but a systematic archaeological investigation was only started in 1997 and it is only based on coins found there. Coins, inscriptions and other artifacts retrieved from the site can be seen in the Museo Archeologico Lametino in Lamezia Terme. GI85333. Silver triobol, HN Italy 2624, F, toned, tight flan, etched surfaces, weight 1.127 g, maximum diameter 11.4 mm, die axis 180o, Terina mint, 420 - 400 B.C.; obversehead of Nymph Terina right, Π(?) behind neck; reverse winged Nike seated left on cippus, wearing long chiton and peplos, scepter(?) in right hand, left hand resting on cippus, TEPIN upper left, Π(?) lower right; $100.00 (85.00)
Faustina Junior, Augusta 146 - Winter 175/176 A.D., Wife of Marcus Aurelius
In Roman religion, Concordia was the goddess of agreement, understanding, and marital harmony. The cult of Concordia Augusta ("Majestic Harmony") was of special importance to the imperial household. She is usually depicted wearing a long cloak and holding a patera (sacrificial bowl), a cornucopia (symbol of prosperity), or a caduceus (symbol of peace). RB26685. Orichalcumsestertius, RIC III AP1368, BMCRE IV AP2198, Hunter II 50, Cohen III 22, SRCV II 4710, VF, weight 19.689 g, maximum diameter 31.5 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, struck under Antoninus Pius, 157 - 161 A.D.; obverse FAVSTINA AVGVSTA, draped bust right, hair wavy and drawn back into coil at back; reverseAVGVSTI PII FIL (daughter of the pius emperor), Concordia standing left, patera in extended right, cornucopia in left hand, S - C across field below center; $200.00 (170.00)
Romano-British Empire, Carausius, Mid 286 - Spring or Early Summer 293 A.D.
Allectus' oppressive rule followed by Christian persecutions by Diocletian caused early British Christians to remember Carausius as something close to a martyr. Carausius may actually be the Welsh saint Caron. According to Geoffrey of Monmouth (translated from Welsh), "there was a young man of the name of Caron, of a British family, but of low degree, who... went to Rome, and solicited the Senate to grant him permission and aid to protect the sea coasts of Britain... [He] proposed to the Britons that they should make him king... Allectus with three legions... overpowered him..." 'A Topographical Dictionary of Wales' describes the origin of Tregaron's name as follows: "It is said to derive its name from being the burial-place of Caron, a Welsh king, who, according to tradition, from a low situation in life, raised himself, by his bravery and generous deportment, to the sovereignty, which he held for seven years; after his death, he was canonized, and became the tutelar saint of the church." A stone slab bearing the Chi Rho symbol and the Latin inscription "CARAVSIVS HIC IACIT IN HOC CONGERIES LAPIDVM" ("Carausius lies here in this heap of stones") was found in 1856 at Penmachno, an early Christian settlement in North Wales. RA90364. Billonantoninianus, RIC V-2 303, Webb Carausius 358, Hunter IV -, SRCV IV -, VF, heavy flan, weight 5.176 g, maximum diameter 26.6 mm, die axis 180o, Camulodunum (Colchester, England) mint, c. 288 - 290/291; obverse IMP CARAVSIVS P F AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassedbust right, middle reign portrait type; reversePAX AVG (the peace of the Emperor), Pax standing left, olive branch in right hand, long scepter vertical behind in left, C in exergue; $70.00 (59.50)
Gallic Empire, Postumus, Summer 260 - Spring 269 A.D.
The Rhine and the Danube formed most of the northern inland frontier of the Roman Empire. RA72656. Billonantoninianus, Cunetio 2371, RSC IV 355b, Schulzki AGK 88c, RIC V-2 87, SRCV III 10991, Elmer 123, Hunter IV - (p. lxxxviii), gVF, reverse scratches, weight 3.812 g, maximum diameter 24.5 mm, die axis 180o, Colonia Agrippinensis (Cologne, Germany) mint, 1st emission, 2nd phase, 260 - 261 A.D.; obverse IMP C POSTVMVS P F AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassedbust right; reverseSALVS PROVINCIARVM (health of the provinces), river-god Rhenus (Rhine) reclining left, horned, nude to the waist, himation around hips and legs, resting right forearm on prow of a boat, reed cradled in left hand and arm, left elbow resting on urn behind; $120.00 (102.00)
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