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Byzantine Empire, Manuel II Palaeologus, 25 September 1373 - 1423 A.D.

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Manuel's half stavrata with this reverse legend (which translates: "Manuel who is faithful to Christ the Lord") comprise the "Pistos" (Faithful) series. The "Pistos" series, numbers about half the quantity of half stavrata of the "Imperial" series, with the normal basileus legend (which translates: "King Manuel Palaeologus"). In A Private Collection of Palaeologan Coins, Simon Bendall asserts, "Evidence suggests there were two mints in Constantinople -- the imperial mint producing coinage for the emperor's needs and a public mint where the members of the public could bring in bullion or plate to be turned into money. The "Pistos" coins were probably the production of this public mint at Constantinople."
SH87497. Silver half stavraton (Pistos series), quarter hyperpyron, sigla 68; DOC V 1468 (same dies); Bendall PCPC 343.1; Bendall LPC p. 160, 2; Grierson 1518; Sommer 88.3; SBCV 2552, VF, crowded squared slightly ragged flan, bumps and scratches, some light corrosion, weight 3.369 g, maximum diameter 22.6 mm, die axis 0o, Public Mint, Constantinople mint, c. 1405 - 1415; obverse bust of Christ facing, cross nimbus, tunic and himation, right raised in benediction, Gospels in left, IC - XC (Greek abbreviation: Jesus Christ) divided across field, no sigla, double border with pellets between; reverse + MANVHΛ E XPICTO TO ΘEO ΠICT (Manuel who is faithful to Christ the Lord), bust of John VII facing, bearded, nimbate, crown with pendilia, pellet in both left and right fields (sigla); from the Robert Wachter Collection, this is the first ever Pistos series (Public Mint) half stavraton handled by Forum; rare; $400.00 (€340.00)

Byzantine Empire, Manuel II Palaeologus, 25 September 1373 - 1423 A.D.

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After his older brother Andronikos IV tried to usurp their father's throne, Manuel II was made co-emperor and heir. In 1376 - 1379 and again in 1390 Andronikos IV and then his son John VII seized rule. Manuel defeated his nephew and restored his father's throne. He was then sent as a hostage to the court of the Ottoman Sultan Bayezid I, where he was forced to participate in the Ottoman campaign that reduced Philadelphia, the last Byzantine enclave in Anatolia. After a five year Ottoman siege, in 1399 Manuel left for the European courts to seek aid. Relations between John VII and Manuel had improved and John VII was left as regent. The siege was lifted after the Mongols defeated the Ottomans at the Battle of Ankara. Taking advantage of the Ottoman civil war that followed and rival princes seeking friendship, John VII secured the return some lost territory including the city of Thessalonica. When Manuel returned home in 1403, his nephew retired to govern Thessalonica. Manuel was friendly with Mehmed I but after Mehmed died in 1421, the Ottomans assault began anew. Manuel relinquished most duties to his son and heir John VIII, and left again to seek aid. Unsuccessful, the Byzantines were forced to pay tribute to the sultan. Manuel II retired as a monk in 1423 and died on 21 July 1425.
BZ87498. Silver half stavraton (Basileus series), quarter hyperpyron, sigla 51; Bendall PCPC 334.26; DOC V 1453; Grierson 1517; Sommer 88.2; SBCV 2551, VF, toned, well centered and struck on the usual crowded flan, die wear, some light scratches, edge clip, weight 2.873 g, maximum diameter 18.9 mm, die axis 0o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 1403 - 1415; obverse bust of Christ facing, cross nimbus with pellets in arms, tunic and himation, right raised in benediction, Gospels in left, IC - XC (Greek abbreviation: Jesus Christ) over C - Φ (sigla) divided across field, double border with pellets between; reverse + MANOVHΛ BACIΛEVC O ΠAΛEOΛOΓO (King Manuel Palaeologus), bust of John VII facing, bearded, nimbate, crown with pendilia, Φ left and C right (sigla); from the Robert Wachter Collection; scarce; $310.00 (€263.50)

Eusebeia (Caesarea), Cappadocia, Time of Archelaus, King of Cappadocia, c. 36 B.C. - 17 A.D.

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Kayseri, Turkey was originally named Mazaca. It was renamed Eusebia by Ariarathes V Eusebes, King of Cappadocia, 163 - 130 B.C. The last king of Cappadocia, King Archelaus, renamed it "Caesarea in Cappadocia" to honor Caesar Augustus upon his death in 14 A.D. Muslim Arabs slightly modified the name into Kaisariyah, which became Kayseri when the Seljuk Turks took control, c. 1080 A.D.
GB67798. Bronze AE 20, SNGvA 6334, SGCV II 5703, SNG Cop 166 corr. (laureate head/fillets vice lion skin on club), BMC Galatia -, SNG Fitzwilliam -, F, weight 6.498 g, maximum diameter 20.0 mm, die axis 0o, Cappadocia, Eusebeia-Caesarea (Kayseri, Turkey) mint, c. 36 B.C. - 17 A.D.; obverse bare-headed bust of Herakles right, lion skin draped over shoulders; reverse EVΣE BEIAΣ, lion skin draped on club, monogram below; rare; $40.00 (€34.00)

Nero, 13 October 54 - 9 June 68 A.D.

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Roma was a female deity who personified the city of Rome and more broadly, the Roman state. The earliest certain cult to dea Roma was established at Smyrna in 195 B.C., probably to mark the successful alliance against Antiochus III. In 30/29 B.C., the Koinon of Asia and Bithynia requested permission to honor Augustus as a living god. "Republican" Rome despised the worship of a living man, but an outright refusal might offend their loyal allies. A cautious formula was drawn up, non-Romans could only establish a cult for divus Augustus jointly with dea Roma. In the city of Rome itself, the earliest known state cult to dea Roma was combined with Venus at the Hadrianic Temple of Venus and Roma. This was the largest temple in the city, probably dedicated to inaugurate the reformed festival of Parilia, which was known thereafter as the Romaea after the Eastern festival in Roma's honor. The temple contained the seated, Hellenised image of dea Roma with a Palladium in her right hand to symbolize Rome's eternity.
SH82657. Orichalcum sestertius, RIC I 330, Cohen I 271, BnF I 417, Mac Dowall WCN 163, Hunter I 100, SRCV I -, BMCRE I –, gVF, excellent portrait, fine style, dark green and brown patina, some corrosion, gently smoothed, weight 24.425 g, maximum diameter 34.3 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, c. 66 A.D.; obverse IMP NERO CLAVD CAESAR AVG GER P M TR P P P, laureate head left with light beard; reverse Roma seated left on cuirass, one round and one oblong shield behind, wearing crested helmet, right foot drawn back and resting on helmet, Victory offering wreath in Roma's extended right hand, her left hand rests on parazonium, ROMA in exergue, S - C (senatus consulto) at sides; Numismatica Ars Classica, auction 94 (6 October 2016), lot 127; ex Classical Numismatic Group 783132 ($1750); $1260.00 (€1071.00)

Ionia, Persian Satraps, c. 394 - 334 B.C.

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A. Johnston in "The Earliest Preserved Greek Map: A New Ionian Coin Type," in Journal of Hellenic Studies (1967) identified this reverse type as a relief map of the hinterland of Ephesos and presented aerial photographs of likely matching terrain.
GB85954. Bronze unit, Johnston Map 1 - 4; BMC Ionia p. 324, 8; Klein 366; Babelon Trait II p. 132, 79bis, pl. 89, 13, VF, dark patina, scratches, earthen deposits; c/m: VF, weight 2.594 g, maximum diameter 13.9 mm, Ephesos(?) mint, uncertain satrap, c. 350 - 334 B.C.; obverse Persian king in kneeling-running stance right, spear in right hand, bow in left hand, quiver over shoulder, BA behind; c/m: star with eight-point rays around a central pellet within incuse round punch; reverse irregular raised patterns within incuse square, believe to be a relief map of hinterland of Ephesos; rare; $180.00 (€153.00)

Macedonian Kingdom, Philip III - Lysimachos, 323 - 280 B.C., In the Name of Alexander the Great

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GS87444. Silver drachm, Price 2702, Müller Alexander 347, SNG Munchen 645, SNG Cop -, gVF, toned, light earthen deposits, obverse very slightly off center, bumps and marks, die wear, small lamination defect on reverse, weight 4.262 g, maximum diameter 17.7 mm, die axis 180o, uncertain western Anatolia mint, 323 - 280 B.C.; obverse head of Herakles right, clad in Nemean Lion scalp headdress, forepaws tied at neck; reverse Zeus Aetophoros seated left on backless throne, nude to the waist, himation around hips and legs, eagle in right hand, long scepter vertical behind in left hand, right leg drawn back, feet on footstool, facing lion's head (control) left, NI (control) beneath seat above strut, AΛEΞAN∆POY downward on right; ex Agora Auctions, auction 74 (5 Jun 2018), lot 12; extremely rare, this is the first example handled by Forum, this coin is the only specimen of the type on Coin Archives, and there are only two specimens on Pella; $135.00 (€114.75)

Augustus, 16 January 27 B.C. - 19 August 14 A.D., Apamea, Phrygia

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Apamea is mentioned in the Talmud (Ber. 62a, Niddah, 30b and Yeb. 115b). Christianity was very likely established early in the city. Saint Paul probably visited the place when he went throughout Phrygia.
GB87135. Bronze AE 20, RPC I 3127 (7 spec.); SNGvA 3486; Imhoof-Blumer KM p. 209, 13a; Waddington 5700, VF, dark patina, some corrosion, light earthen deposits, obverse a little off center, weight 7.090 g, maximum diameter 20.0 mm, die axis 0o, Phrygia, Apameia (Dinar, Turkey) mint, magistrates Dionysios Apolloniou & Meliton, 5 B.C.; obverse ΣEBAΣTOΣ, laureate head right, aphlaston to right; reverse ∆IONYΣIOΣ AΠOΛΛΩNIOY MEΛITΩN AΠAMEΩN, facing cult statue of Artemis (with arm supports), meander pattern below; $95.00 (€80.75)

Orthos (Orthe), Thessaly, Greece, Mid-4th Century B.C.

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Most reference refer to this city as Orthe, probably in error. Little is known of Orthos except that it was located north of the modern Greek village of Kedros.
GB87129. Bronze dichalkon, BCD Thessaly II 497 (same rev. die); Traité IV 596 var. (same); HGC 4 699 (R1); Rogers 423 - 425 var. (different ethnic arrangements), aVF, well centered centered, dark patina, light marks and scratches, some light corrosion, die break reverse center, tiny edge split, weight 3.700 g, maximum diameter 16.4 mm, die axis 0o, Orthos (near Kedros, Greece) mint, mid-4th century B.C.; obverse head of Athena right, wearing crested Attic helmet with raised earflap and ornamented with serpent and tendril; reverse upright trident, OPΘI arranged clockwise in two lines flanking trident, all within olive wreath; ex BCD with his round tag noting, "Ex Thessaly (via HK), April 2002, $125.-"; rare; $135.00 (€114.75)

Tiberius(?), 19 August 14 - 16 March 37 A.D.(?), Amasia, Galatian-Pontus

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RPC attributes this type to "uncertain emperor - perhaps Caligula?" Dalaison attributes it as "Tibère(?)"

RPC I lists Amasea under Galatia noting, "it seems to have have been included with the Province of Galatia from 2 BC...together with the rest of Galatian Pontus."
RP87131. Bronze AE 21, Dalaison 3 (D1/R3), SNG Leypold 1 (same dies), RPC I 3571, pl. 143 (same dies), SNG Fitzwilliam 4031, Rec Gén 6, SNG Cop -, SNGvA -, BMC Pontus -, F, black patina, some earthen deposits, scratches, porosity, light corrosion, weight 9.894 g, maximum diameter 21.3 mm, die axis 0o, Amaseia (Amasya, Turkey) mint, obverse ΣEBAΣTOY, laureate head (Tiberius or Caligula?) right; reverse AMAΣEΩN EPI BAΣIΛA, head of Tyche right, veiled, wearing mural crown; extremely rare; $140.00 (€119.00)

The Magnetes, Thessaly, Greece, c. 140 - 130 B.C.

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The Magnetes were an ancient Greek tribe living in Thessalian Magnesia who took part in the Trojan War. They later also contributed to the Greek colonization by founding two prosperous cities in Western Anatolia, Magnesia on the Maeander and Magnesia ad Sipylum.
GB87118. Bronze tetrachalkon, BCD Thessaly II 420.5, Rogers Thessaly 346a corr. (numbering error, dolphin not mentioned), SNG Cop 160 var. (controls), HGC 4 65 (S) var. (same), VF, dark patina, centered on a tight flan, some light corrosion, weight 8.060 g, maximum diameter 20.1 mm, die axis 0o, Magnetes' mint, 140 - 130 B.C.; obverse laureate bearded head of Zeus left; reverse MAΓNHTON, centaur Cheiron standing right, right hand extended, branch in left hand over shoulder, chlamys on shoulder flying behind, dolphin (control) below, palm frond (control) before him; ex BCD with his ticket noting, "C.C. Thess. et. lot, July 93, SFr. 100.-"; scarce; $110.00 (€93.50)


Catalog current as of Tuesday, December 18, 2018.
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