the Arab, February 244 - End of September 249 A.D., , Superior
was a Roman Colony founded by in 239 A.D. The usual is P.M.S. COL. VIM., abbreviating Moesiae Superioris . The usual is a female personification of standing between a and a bull. The bull and the were of the Legions VII and IV, which were quartered in the province.
SL84535. Bronze AE 28, 24 (R2); 130; I/I 96; p. 16, 17; 3874; Mousmov 36, F12 (4988740), maximum 28 mm, 225o, (Stari Kostolac, Serbia) mint, autumn 243 - autumn 244 A.D.; IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS , laureate, draped, and right; ( Moesiae Superioris ), standing facing, left, extending over bull on left standing right and on right standing left, AN V (year 5 of the colonial era) in ; from the Dr. Sam Mansourati Collection; $80.00 (€71.20)
Kingdom of , Massinissa 203 - 148 B.C., or Micipsa 148 - 118 B.C.
was an Ancient Berber kingdom in what is now Algeria and a smaller of Tunisia, in . It was bordered by the kingdoms of (modern-day Morocco) to the , the Roman province of (modern-day Tunisia) to the east, the Mediterranean Sea to the , and the Sahara Desert to the south. The long-lived Masinissa ruled c. 203 -148 B.C. He was succeeded by his son Micipsa. When Micipsa died in 118, he was succeeded by his two sons Hiempsal I and Adherbal, and by his illegitimate grandson, . had Hiempsal killed, which led to war with Adherbal. Rome declared war after killed some Roman businessmen aiding Adherbal. surrendered and received a highly favorable peace treaty, which raised suspicions of bribery. The Roman commander was summoned to Rome to corruption charges. was also forced to come to Rome to testify, where he was completely discredited. War broke out again and several legions were dispatched to . The war dragged out into a seemingly endless campaign. Frustrated at the apparent lack of action, Gaius returned to Rome to seek election as Consul. was elected, and then returned to take control of the war. He sent his Cornelius to neighboring to eliminate their support for . With the of I of , captured . In 104 B.C., after being paraded through the streets of Rome in Marius' Triumph, was executed.
SL84534. Bronze AE 27, MAA 18a; III 50; III p. 18, 32; 505 ff.; 6597, NGC F, strike 4/5, surface 3/5 (3854272-006), 16.02 g, maximum 27 mm, 0o, Cirta (Constantine, Algeria) mint, 203 - 118 B.C.; laureate of left, pointed beard, dot ; horse galloping left, pellet below, linear ; from the Dr. Sam Mansourati Collection; $120.00 (€106.80)
Parthian Kingdom, Vologases I, 51 - 78 A.D.
"We cannot tell whether the use of 'lord' rather than 'king' implies a subordinate status; probably the rulers themselves were uncertain of the exact implications and it would be unwise to try to read too much into it." -- , NC 1989, p. 163.
GS65700. Silver , pl. 42, 1; 426; 379; LNV 3 143; -, VF, , , porous, 1.248 g, maximum 11.6 mm, 180o, uncertain mint, 51 - 78 A.D.; bare-headed left, medium length beard, wavy hair, wearing diadem with loop at the top and two ends, two-line neck torque has no ends, of dots; archer (Arsakes I) seated right on throne holding bow, left foot drawn back, somewhat blundered Greek reading, with emendations: OΛIΓACOO[Y] TO[Y] KYPIY (Vologases the lord); $90.00 (€80.10)
Seleukid Kingdom, Seleukos I Nikator, 312 - 281 B.C., In the Name of Alexander the Great
Seleukos (Seleucus) founded the Seleukid Empire and the Seleukid dynasty which ruled until Pompey made it a Roman province in 63 B.C. Seleukos was never one of Alexander the Great's principal generals but he commanded the royal bodyguard during the Indian campaign. In the division of the empire after Alexander's death Seleukos did not receive a satrapy. Instead, he served under the regent Perdikkas until the latter's murder in 321 or 320. Seleukos was then appointed of . Five years later Monophthalmus (the One-eyed) forced him to flee, but he returned with support from Ptolemy. He later added and Media to his territory and defeated both and . He was succeeded by his son Antiochus I.
SL84532. Silver , I 94(6)b, 3359, 1511, 10g, NGC F, Strike 5/5, Surface 3/5 (4164845-004), 16.87 g, maximum 27.7 mm, 255o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 311 - 300 B.C.; of Herakles right, wearing scalp headdress; AΛEΞAN∆POY BAΣIΛEΩΣ, Zeus seated left on throne, right leg drawn back, in extended right hand, long vertical behind in left hand, and A (control ) left, M (control symbol) under throne; NGC certified (slabbed), from the Dr. Sam Mansourati Collection; $350.00 (€311.50)
, , 87 - 88 A.D.
is mentioned by the prophets Isaiah (e.g. Isaiah 23:2,4,12), Jeremiah (Jeremiah 25:22, 27:3, 47:4), Ezekiel (Ezekiel 27:8, 28:21, 32:30) and Joel (Joel 3:4). Jesus visited (Matthew 15:21, Mark 3:8, Mark 7:24, Luke 6:17). Paul sailed for Rome from (Acts 27:3,4).
RP84503. Bronze AE 16, 2056, 183 - 188, 1357, 137, VF, dark , , , 2.633 g, maximum 15.9 mm, 0o, (Saida, Lebanon) mint, reign of , 87 - 88 A.D.; draped of right, wearing veil and turreted crown, right; war galley left, HqP (year 198) / ZI∆ONOΣ / ΘEAΣ (Holy ) in three lines above, AΣ below; from the Dr. Sam Mansourati Collection; $100.00 (€89.00)
, 16 January 27 B.C. - 19 August 14 A.D., ,
Cordova, a city in Andalusia was the first colony planted by the Romans in Spain. Its original name was . When it was made a Roman colony it was renamed , to the veterans and worthy men who settled it, to whom was due, as to Fathers (Patribus). This may have been struck for Augustus' visit to the city in 15 - 14 B.C.
RP84536. Bronze , 3359, 131, 1393, -, gVF, dark green , buff earthen deposits, light marks, edge cracks off center, 1.879 g, maximum 14.0 mm, 180o, (Cordoba, Spain) mint, 20 - 2 B.C., probably 15 - 14 B.C.; PER CAE AVG, left; COLO , priest's sacrificial implements: ( ) above ( ), capis (jug), and (wand); $100.00 (€89.00)
Armenian Kingdom, Tigranes II the Great, 95 - 56 B.C.
Tigranes was called "Tigranes the Great" by Plutarch. The "King of Kings" never appeared in public without having four kings attending him. At its height, Tigranes' empire extended from the Pontic Alps to and from the Caspian to the Mediterranean. In 83 B.C., the Syrians offered him the crown and after conquering and , he effectively ended the Seleucid Empire. His southern reached as far as Akko-Ptolemais. The first Armenian ruler to issue coins, he adopted the Seleucid tradition and struck coins at Antioch and during his occupation of from 83 to 69 B.C. In 66 B.C., Pompey advanced into with Tigranes' own son as an ally. Tigranes, now almost 75 years old, surrendered. Pompey treated him generously and returned of his kingdom in return for 6,000 talents of silver. His unfaithful son was sent back to Rome as a prisoner. Tigranes continued to rule as an ally of Rome until his death in 55 B.C.
GB84505. Bronze , 81, 93, AC 49, 85, F, with strong effects, earthen deposits, scratches, a bit rough, 7.123 g, maximum 21.9 mm, 0o, Tigranocerta (near Diyarbakir, Turkey) mint, c. 80 - 68 B.C.; right wearing Armenian , five-pointed ornamented with between two eagles, top extends outside of dot ; BAΣIΛEΩΣ − BAΣIΛEIΩN / TIΓPANOY, seated right on , turreted, holding frond in right hand, TP to the left of frond and above her arm, A below frond, half-length figure of river-god swimming right at her feet below; from the Dr. Sam Mansourati Collection; ; $110.00 (€97.90)
Kingdom of Commagene, Iotape, 38 - 72 A.D.
Iotape was the daughter of Antiochus III and Iotapa, the and queen of Commagene. Her parents were full-blooded siblings and direct descendants of the Seleucid kings. Iotapa and her brother Antiochus IV were very young when their father died in 17 A.D. agreed with the citizens of Commagene to make their Kingdom a of the Roman province of . From 17 until 38, Iotapa and her brother were raised in Rome, members of the remarkable court of . was a niece of and the youngest daughter of . She was very influential and supervised her of various princes and princesses, assisting in the political preservation of the Empire’s borders, and the affairs of client states. In 38, returned Antiochus IV and Iotape to the throne of Commagene. In addition, enlarged their territory with a of bordering on the seacoast and gave them one million gold pieces, the total amount of revenue collected from Commagene during the twenty years that it had been under . The reason for his extraordinary generosity is unknown. Perhaps it was just a stroke of Caligula's well-attested eccentricity. Iotapa and Antiochus IV married and had three children. Iotapa died before Commagene was annexed by in 72. When she died, Antiochus IV founded a town called Iotapa in her (modern Aytap, Turkey).
GB84499. Bronze AE 26, 1887 (same ); 3858; p. 109, 4; AC -; VII 5; : 403 (after 69 A.D.), VF, straight edge , 15.289 g, maximum 25.8 mm, 0o, Samosata (site now flooded by the Atatürk Dam) mint, 66 - 72 B.C.; BAΣIΛIΣΣA IΩTAΠH ΦIΛA∆EΛΦOΣ (of Queen Iotape ), diademed and draped of Iotape to right, : crossed cornucopias; KOMMAΓ−HNΩN, scorpion and all within laurel ; from the Dr. Sam Mansourati Collection; ; $150.00 (€133.50)
Ptolemaic Kingdom, Ptolemy III , 246 - 222 BC
According to Ptolemaic bronze expert Daniel Wolf, "These coins are attributed by to Ake-Ptolemaïs (Acre), but modern finds indicate they are most likely from the near (modern) Bodrum in Turkey." Bodrum was called Halicarnassus, in ancient times and was famous for housing the Mausoleum of , one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World.
GP84507. Bronze , 793 (Ptolemy II, Ake-Ptolemais), 80 (Ptolemy III), -, -, -, -, -, -, F, green , earthen deposits, edge cracks, minor edge chipping, , , 3.405 g, maximum 17.4 mm, 0o, (Halicarnassus?) mint, 246 - 222 BC; diademed of Zeus right; BAΣIΛEΩΣ ΠTOΛEMAIOY, standing half left atop , left, wings closed, tripod in left ; from the Dr. Sam Mansourati Collection; $90.00 (€80.10)
Nacrasa, , c. 138 - 161 A.D.
The site of the ancient city of Nakrasa, has been identified on a overseeing the Bakirchay Valley about two miles southeast of Kirkagach, Turkey. Nakrasa was on a major road and was an important fortress for the Kingdom of .
RP84510. Bronze AE 16, RPC III 1812; 295; p. 166, 7; 335; 3033 var. (magistrate); Imhoof-Blumer Lydien -, aVF/F, , green , light corrosion, 2.749 g, maximum 15.9 mm, 0o, Nakrasa (near Kirkagach, Turkey) mint, Junianus , c. 98 - 150 A.D.; EΠI CTPA MAP IOVNIANOV, bearded of Herakles right; NAKPACITΩN, snake coiled around , left; from the Dr. Sam Mansourati Collection; ; $100.00 (€89.00)
Page created in 2.948 seconds