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Ancient Greek Coins of All Periods

This shop category includes ancient Greek coins of all periods. To narrow your selection to a particular region, city or period, use the menus at the top of the page or on the left. Please note that all terms and phrases in blue text are links to a definition or more information.


Celtic, Ring Money, c. 800 - 100 B.C.

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Ring money of bronze, of silver, and of gold was used by the Celts in trade from Ireland to the Danube region. The dating of Celtic ring money is uncertain. Some authorities date the use of ring money from 800 to 500 B.C., but it may have been used as late as 100 B.C. Some believe the bronze rings are actually just strap fittings, not a trade currency. Undoubtedly they were used as fittings. Others claim, however, that although the rings vary in weight; they are all multiples of a standard unit, indicating a uniform principle regulated their size - i.e., their use as coinage. Bronze rings have been found in quite large hoards, which also strongly indicates they were used as money.
CE84814. Bronze Ring Money, large plain ring, cf. Victoor I - 1b, Alvarez-Burgos P15, F, rough green patina, weight 17.399 g, maximum diameter 42.7 mm, $45.00 (€40.05)


Geta, 209 - c. 26 December 211 A.D., Nikopolis ad Istrum, Moesia Inferior

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This is the first and only known specimen of a new type combining two dies published in H-H-J Nicopolis. The obverse is a die match to H-H-J Nicopolis 8.22.6.3, struck for Geta. The reverse is a die match to a contemporary type struck for his brother Caracalla, H-H-J Nicopolis 8.18.14.29. It is a new discovery but not completely unexpected because parallel issues for members of the imperial family were normal at Nikopolis.
RP84573. Bronze AE 18, Unpublished, confirmed as a new type by J. Hoeft;, VF, green patina, nice style, part of obverse legend weak, tight flan, scratches, weight 3.149 g, maximum diameter 18.0 mm, die axis 225o, Nicopolis ad Istrum (Nikyup, Bulgaria) mint, Middle May - 8 June 218 A.D.; obverse Λ AVP KΛ - ΓETAC, bare-head, draped, and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse NIKOΠOΛITΩN ΠPOC IC, head of bearded Herakles right, protruding chin; extremely rare; $120.00 (€106.80)


Septimius Severus, 9 April 193 - 4 February 211 A.D., Nikopolis ad Istrum, Moesia Inferior

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Nicopolis ad Istrum was founded by Trajan around 101 - 106, at the junction of the Iatrus (Yantra) and the Rositsa rivers, in memory of his victory over the Dacians. Its ruins are located at the village of Nikyup, 20 km north of Veliko Tarnovo in northern Bulgaria. The town reached its peak during the reigns of Trajan, Hadrian, the Antonines and the Severan dynasty.
BB83890. Bronze assarion, H-H-J Nikopolis 8.14.9.27 (R2), AMNG I/I 1371, Moushmov 920, Varbanov I 2526 (R4) corr. (obv. leg), SNG Cop -, F, green patina in fields with coppery types and legends, rough, tight and slightly ragged flan, weight 1.361 g, maximum diameter 17.5 mm, die axis 0o, Nicopolis ad Istrum (Nikyup, Bulgaria) mint, obverse AV KAI CE - CEVHPOC, laureate head right; reverse NIKOPC IC, head of bearded Herakles right, protruding chin; extremely rare; $120.00 (€106.80)


Septimius Severus, 9 April 193 - 4 February 211 A.D., Nikopolis ad Istrum, Moesia Inferior

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Nicopolis ad Istrum was founded by Trajan around 101 - 106, at the junction of the Iatrus (Yantra) and the Rositsa rivers, in memory of his victory over the Dacians. Its ruins are located at the village of Nikyup, 20 km north of Veliko Tarnovo in northern Bulgaria. The town reached its peak during the reigns of Trajan, Hadrian, the Antonines and the Severan dynasty.
BB83890. Bronze assarion, H-H-J Nikopolis 8.14.9.27 (R2), AMNG I/I 1371, Moushmov 920, Varbanov I 2526 (R4) corr. (obv. leg), SNG Cop -, F, green patina in fields with coppery types and legends, rough, tight and slightly ragged flan, weight 1.361 g, maximum diameter 17.5 mm, die axis 0o, Nicopolis ad Istrum (Nikyup, Bulgaria) mint, obverse AV KAI CE - CEVHPOC, laureate head right; reverse NIKOPhead of bearded Herakles right, protruding chin; extremely rare; $120.00 (€106.80)


Septimius Severus, 9 April 193 - 4 February 211 A.D., Nikopolis ad Istrum, Moesia Inferior

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Nicopolis ad Istrum was founded by Trajan around 101 - 106, at the junction of the Iatrus (Yantra) and the Rositsa rivers, in memory of his victory over the Dacians. Its ruins are located at the village of Nikyup, 20 km north of Veliko Tarnovo in northern Bulgaria. The town reached its peak during the reigns of Trajan, Hadrian, the Antonines and the Severan dynasty.
BB83890. Bronze assarion, H-H-J Nikopolis 8.14.9.27 (R2), AMNG I/I 1371, Moushmov 920, Varbanov I 2526 (R4) corr. (obv. leg), SNG Cop -, F, green patina in fields with coppery types and legends, rough, tight and slightly ragged flan, weight 1.361 g, maximum diameter 17.5 mm, die axis 0o, Nicopolis ad Istrum (Nikyup, Bulgaria) mint, obverse AV KAI CE - CEVHPOC, laureate head right; reverse NIKOPOΛIT-ΩN ΠPOC IC, Nike standing left, leaning with left forearm on a waist-high column, wreath downward in right hand, palm frond in left hand and cradled in left arm; $19.00 (€16.91)


Elagabalus, 16 May 218 - 11 March 222 A.D., Nikopolis ad Istrum, Moesia Inferior

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The reverse legend translates:
YΠ = Consular Legate (Governor)
NOBIOY POYΦOY = Nobius Rufus
NIKOΠOΛITΩN ΠPOC ICTPΩ = (coin) of the citizenry of Nicopolis on the Istrus (Danube)

The governor's full name was Tiberius Flavius Novius Rufus, he is also known from inscriptions.
RP84565. Bronze AE 27, H-H-J Nikopolis 8.26.6.5 (R3), Varbanov I 4058 (R3), AMNG I/I 1901, SNG Cop -, BMC Thrace -, VF, green patina, die break on obverse at beginning of legend, some flatness of strike, weight 12.513 g, maximum diameter 26.6 mm, die axis 0o, Nicopolis ad Istrum (Nikyup, Bulgaria) mint, cos. legate Ti. Flavius Novius Rufus, 218 - 222; obverse AVK M AVP ANTΩNEINOC, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse YΠ NOBIOY POUΦ-OY - NIKOΠOΛITΩN ΠPOC I,CTP-ON (last five leters in divided line across field), Serapis standing facing, kalathos on head, raising right hand, long scepter in left; ex Agora Auctions, sale 53, lot 70; $90.00 (€80.10)


Macrinus, 11 April 217 - 8 June 218 A.D., Nikopolis ad Istrum, Moesia Inferior

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Istros was the ancient Thracian name for the Danube, Europe's second-longest river.
RP77985. Bronze AE 26, H-H-J Nikopolis 8.23.32.7 (R4, same dies), Varbanov I 3467 (R4), BMC Thrace p. 48, 48, AMNG I/I 1761, SNG Cop -, F, well centered, light encrustations, light corrosion, weight 10.298 g, maximum diameter 25.8 mm, die axis 0o, Nicopolis ad Istrum (Nikyup, Bulgaria) mint, 11 Apr 217 - 8 Jun 218; obverse AVTK M OΠEΛΛ CEV MAKPINOC, laureate and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse VΠ CTA ΛONΓINOV NIKOΠOΛITΩN, ΠPOC IC (ending in exergue), youthful river-god Istros reclining left, nude to the waist, himation around hips and legs, right elbow rests on right leg, right hand rest on prow on his far side, left hand rests on toppled vase behind, from which water flows; struck under the consular legate Statius Longinus; from the Butte College Foundation, ex Lindgren; scarce; $30.00 (€26.70)


Septimius Severus, 9 April 193 - 4 February 211 A.D., Nikopolis ad Istrum, Moesia Inferior

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In Greek mythology, Priapus was a minor rustic fertility god, protector of livestock, fruit plants, gardens and male genitalia. Priapus is marked by his oversized, permanent erection, which gave rise to the medical term priapism. He became a popular figure in Roman erotic art and Latin literature, and is the subject of the often humorously obscene collection of verse called the Priapeia.
RP79973. Bronze AE 17, H-H-J Nikopolis 8.14.17.3 (R5), AMNG I/I 1380, Moushmov 987, Varbanov I 2632 (R3), SNG Cop -, gF, well centered, green patina, areas of light corrosion, weight 2.556 g, maximum diameter 17.2 mm, die axis 90o, Nicopolis ad Istrum (Nikyup, Bulgaria) mint, 9 April 193 - 4 February 211 A.D.; obverse AV KAI CEΠ CEVHPOC, laureate head right; reverse NIKOΠOΛI-TΩN ΠPOC IC, Priapus standing half left, nude, with enormous phallus; $180.00 (€160.20)


Otho, 15 January 69 - 17 April 69 A.D., Roman Provincial Egypt

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This variety with a simpulum on the reverse is much rarer than the same type without this control symbol. RPC reports only 5 specimens with the simpulum and 17 specimens without it. This variety is missing from the important collections in Cologne, Paris, and Milan, and we know of only one example offered at auction in the past two decades (CNG 76, 12 Sep 2007, lot 3152, VF, $430 plus fees).
RP84748. Billon tetradrachm, Milne 359; RPC I 5354 (5 spec.); Dattari 327; BMC Alexandria p. 25, 208; Curtis 238; Kampmann 18.6; Emmett 184; Geissen -; SNG BnF -; SNG Milan -, F, toned, light encrustations, tight flan cutting off parts of legends, weight 12.583 g, maximum diameter 24.4 mm, die axis 0o, Alexandria mint, 15 Jan 69 - 17 Apr 69 A.D.; obverse AYTOK MAPK OΘΩNOΣ KAIΣ ΣEB, laureate head right, LA (year 1) lower right; reverse EΛEY-ΘEPIA, Eleutheria (Liberty) standing left, wreath in extended right hand, scepter in left hand, leaning with left elbow on column, simpulum (ladle used for tasting and pouring sacrificial libations) left in lower left field; from the Jyrki Muona Collection; extremely rare; $500.00 (€445.00)


Danubian Celts, Serdi Region, Moesia, 168 - 31 B.C.

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Celtic imitative of a rare Macedonian issue struck under Philip V or Perseus, 187 - 168 B.C. The choice was appropriate for the Serdi Celts as the river Strymon runs through the Serdi region.
CE46709. Bronze AE 18, Malloy Danubian Celts type E5G; imitative of a Macedonian Kingdom (Philip V or Perseus) type, 187 - 168 B.C., SNG Cop 1299, gF, nice green patina, weight 3.606 g, maximum diameter 18.0 mm, die axis 180o, obverse reed-wreathed head of the river god Strymon right; reverse trident head, bar across near base of prongs, no inscription or symbols; rare style variety; $60.00 (€53.40)


Danubian Celts, Serdi Region, Moesia, 168 - 31 B.C.; Overstruck on Pella, Macedonia Bronze

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Celtic imitative of a rare Macedonian issue struck under Philip V or Perseus, 187 - 168 B.C. The choice was appropriate for the Serdi Celts as the river Strymon runs through the Serdi region.
CE46714. Bronze AE 20, Malloy Danubian Celts type C3A; imitative of a Macedonian Kingdom (Philip V or Perseus) type, 187 - 168 B.C., SNG Cop 1299, gF, centered on a tight flan, green patina, patina chips and edge chips, overstruck, weight 6.035 g, maximum diameter 19.6 mm, die axis 0o, obverse reed-wreathed head of the river god Strymon right; remnant of helmeted head of Athena right from undertype; reverse trident head, stylized dolphin ornaments between the prongs, blundered illiterate imitation of an inscription, remnant of ΠEΛΛHΣ legend over grazing cow from undertype; overstruck on a Pella, Macedonia bronze, SNG Cop 266 ff., after 187 B.C.; scarce; $90.00 (€80.10)


Danubian Celts, Serdi Region, Moesia, 168 - 31 B.C.

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Celtic imitative of a rare Macedonian issue struck under Philip V or Perseus, 187 - 168 B.C. The choice was appropriate for the Serdi Celts as the river Strymon runs through the Serdi region.
CE46720. Bronze AE 20, Malloy Danubian Celts type E1A; imitative of a Macedonian Kingdom (Philip V or Perseus) type, 187 - 168 B.C., SNG Cop 1299, F, well centered, green patina, weight 7.131 g, maximum diameter 19.6 mm, die axis 0o, obverse reed-wreathed head of the river god Strymon right; reverse trident head, stylized dolphin ornaments between prongs and flanking shaft, blundered inscription similar to MAKE∆ONΩN; scarce; $60.00 (€53.40)











Catalog current as of Sunday, March 26, 2017.
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Ancient Greek Coins