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Greek Imperial (Roman Provincial) Coins

Judean Kingdom, Alexander Jannaeus (Yehonatan), 103 - 76 B.C.

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The prutah was equal in value to 1/2 a Roman quadrans. -- Talmud Jerus., Kedushin 58d, written c. 200 A.D.
JD74825. Bronze prutah, Hendin 1145, Choice aVF, attractive highlighting patina, obverse a little off center, edge crack, remnant of a pre-strike casting sprue, weight 1.343 g, maximum diameter 14.2 mm, die axis 180o, Jerusalem mint, 103 - 76 B.C.; obverse Hebrew inscription: Yehonatan the High Priest and the Council of the Jews, within wreath; reverse double cornucopia adorned with ribbons, pomegranate between horns; $70.00 (€59.50)

Pergamon, Mysia, c. 104 - 98 B.C.

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The cista mystica was a basket used for housing sacred snakes in connection with the initiation ceremony into the cult of Bacchus (Dionysus). In the Dionysian mysteries a snake, representing the god and possibly symbolic of his phallus, was carried in a cista mystica on a bed of vine leaves. The cista in the mysteries of Isis may also have held a serpent, perhaps associated with the missing phallus of Osiris.

The thyrsus is the staff carried by Bacchus and his associates; topped by a pine cone or a bunch of ivy leaves and wreathed with tendrils of vine or ivy.
GS86489. Silver cistophoric tetradrachm, Kleiner Pergamum 12; Pinder 95; SNG Cop 420; BMC Mysia p. 124, 106; SNGvA -; SNG BnF -, VF, attractive toning, light marks, weight 12.591 g, maximum diameter 30.7 mm, die axis 0o, Pergamon (Bergama, Turkey) mint, c. 104 - 98 B.C.; obverse Cista mystica with half-open lid, from which a snake emerges, all within wreath of ivy with berries; reverse bow-case ornamented with an apluster, strung bow emerging upper left, flanked on each side by a snake with head erect, ∆I above between heads of snakes, straps from case draped over snakes below, Pergamon monogram to left, snake entwined thyrsos to right; $240.00 (€204.00)

Kingdom of Thrace, Rhoemetalces III, c. 38 - 46 A.D., Caligula Reverse

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Rhoemetalces III was the son of the King Rhescuporis II. He ruled the Odrysian kingdom of Thrace with his cousin-wife Pythodoris II as clients under the Romans from 38 to 46 A.D. They succeeded Pythodoris’ mother Tryphaena and her brother Rhoemetalces II. Rhoemetalces III was murdered in 46, by insurgents or on the orders of his wife. The subsequent fate of Pythodoris II is unknown and it seems they didn't have any children. Soon after his death, Thrace was incorporated into the Roman Empire as a province.
RP86500. Bronze AE 26, RPC I 1724; Youroukova 210; BMC Thrace p. 210, 2; SNG Cop -, aVF, centered, green patina, porous, weight 13.803 g, maximum diameter 25.7 mm, die axis 180o, uncertain Thracian mint, 38 - 41 B.C.; obverse BAΣIΛEYΣ POIMHTAΛKAΣ, diademed and draped bust of Rhoemetalkes right; reverse ΓAIΩ KAIΣAPI ΣEBAΣTΩ, laureate head of Caligula left; very rare; $250.00 (€212.50)

Tripolis, Lydia, 14 - 37 A.D.

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Tripolis on the Meander (called at other times Neapolis, Apollonia, and Antoninopolis) was an ancient city on the borders of Phrygia, Caria and Lydia, on the northern bank of the upper course of the Maeander, and on the road leading from Sardes by Philadelphia to Laodicea ad Lycum. It was 20 km to the northwest of Hierapolis. Ruins are near Yenicekent, Denizli Province, Turkey. The ruins, mostly from the Roman and Byzantine periods, include a theater, baths, city walls, and a necropolis. An ancient church, dating back 1,500 years, was unearthed in 2013.
RP86475. Bronze AE 15, RPC I 3053 var. (obv. legend on right), SNG Cop 741 var. (same), SNG München 810 var. (same), SNGvA -; SNG Tübingen -; BMC Lydia -, Lindgren -, VF, nice blue green patina, tight flan, small spots of light corrosion, weight 3.454 g, maximum diameter 15.4 mm, die axis 180o, Lydia, Tripolis (near Yenicekent, Turkey) mint, magistrate Hieratikos, 14 - 37 A.D.; obverse ΣEBAΣTH downward on left, bust of Livia left; reverse club, IEPATIKO/Σ in two lines downward on left, TPIΠOΛEI/TΩN in two lines upward on right; all examples in references have the obverse legend on the right behind Livia but we know of several other examples with the legend on the left; very rare; $130.00 (€110.50)

Sardes, Lydia, c. 133 B.C. - 14 A.D.

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Sardis was the capital of the ancient kingdom of Lydia, one of the important cities of the Persian Empire, the seat of a proconsul under the Roman Empire, and the metropolis of the province Lydia in later Roman and Byzantine times. Its importance was due first to its military strength, secondly to its situation on an important highway leading from the interior to the Aegean coast, and thirdly to its commanding the wide and fertile plain of the Hermus. As one of the Seven churches of Asia, it was addressed by John, the author of the Book of Revelation in the Holy Bible, in terms which seem to imply that its population was notoriously soft and fainthearted. Remains including the bath-gymnasium complex, synagogue and Byzantine shops are open to visitors year-round.
GB86476. Bronze AE 20, SNGvA 3129; SNG Mün 463; SNG Tüb 3784; SNG Righetti 1079; Weber 6901; SNG Cop 463 var. (control); BMC Lydia p. 242, 49 ff. var. (control), VF, well centered on a tight flan, weight 8.099 g, maximum diameter 20.1 mm, die axis 0o, Sardes (Sart, Turkey) mint, c. 133 B.C. - 14 A.D.; obverse turreted and veiled bust of Tyche right; reverse Zeus Lydios, wearing himation and chiton, standing left, eagle in extended right hand, scepter in left hand, monogram (control) lower left, ΣAP∆IANΩN downward on right; $120.00 (€102.00)

Vespasian, 1 July 69 - 24 June 79 A.D.

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Legio X Fretensis was garrisoned in Jerusalem. The LEGIO X FRETENSIS acquired its nick name, Fretensis, from the famous naval battle of 36 B.C. where the Tenth Legion under the command of Marcus Agrippa destroyed the forces of Sextus Pompey off the coast of Sicily. The nick name is taken from "Fretum Siculum," which loosely translates to the Straits of Sicily, near where the naval battle occurred. The galley and the dolphin in some of the countermarks of this legion refer to its Naval victories.
CM86442. Copper as, RIC II, part 1, 730; BMCRE II 703; BnF III 721; Cohen I 452; SRCV I 2361; c/m: Howgego 735ii (Ascalon, c. 85/6 A.D.), Rosenberger I, p. 41, 55, coin: Fair, countermark: VF, weight 8.453 g, maximum diameter 25.9 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 74 A.D.; obverse IMP CAESAR VESP AVG COS V CENS, laureate head right, countermark: X in a square punch (Legio X Fretensis); reverse Spes (hope) standing left, flower in right hand, raising skirt with left hand, S - C (senatus consulto) flanking at sides; ex Incitatus Coins (2011); $160.00 (€136.00)

Elaea, Aeolis, 138 - 192 A.D.

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The head on this type has traditionally been identified as Lucius Verus; however, Lucius Verus was 30 years old when he was made caesar and he was made augustus simultaneously. The legend and young portrait suggest it might be someone else. RPC identifies the identity of the head as uncertain and lists Lucius Verus, Lucius Aelius and Commodus as possibilities.
GB86137. Orichalcum AE 15, RPC IV temp 216; SNG Cop 197; SNGvA 1612; SNG Mun 427; SNG Delepierre 9; SNG Leypold I 513; BMC Troas p. 130, 46; Lindgren III 330; McClean III 7943, VF, centered on a tight flan, porous, weight 2.708 g, maximum diameter 14.5 mm, die axis 0o, Aeolis, Elaea mint, 138 - 192 A.D.; obverse Λ OVKIOC - KAICAP, head of youthful Caesar (Lucius Verus, Annius Verus or Commodus) right; reverse EΛAI-TΩN, kalathos containing poppy in center and four stalks of grain; $70.00 (€59.50)

Judaea, Antonius Felix, Roman Procurator Under Claudius and Nero, 52 - 60 A.D.

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Minted by Antonius Felix, Roman Procurator of Judaea, 52 - 60 A.D., in the names of Nero and Britannicus Caesars, the stepson and son respectively of the emperor Claudius.
JD86229. Bronze prutah, Hendin 1348, Meshorer TJC 340, SGICV 5626, RPC I 4971, gF, dark patina, tight flan, corrosion, rough, weight 2.801 g, maximum diameter 16.5 mm, die axis 315o, Jerusalem mint, 54 A.D.; obverse NEPW KΛAV KAICAP (Nero Claudius Caesar), two oblong shields and two spears crossed; reverse BPIT (Britannicus), six-branched palm bearing two bunches of dates, L - I∆ / K-AI (year 14 of Caesar) flanking trunk; ex Colosseum Coin Exchange; $26.00 (€22.10)

Julia Domna, Augusta 194 - 8 April 217 A.D., Cyzicus, Mysia

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This is the finest of only two specimens of this type known to Forum, the other example in SNG Von Aulock. Although we can't quite agree, NAC graded it extremely fine.
RP86162. Bronze AE 26, SNGvA suppl. 7377, SNG BnF -, SNG Cop -, SNG Tübingen -, SNG Hunterian -, SNG Righetti -, SNG Leypold -, BMC Mysia -, McClean -, Mionnet -, gVF, nice dark green patina, marks, small patina chips, reverse slightly off center, weight 10.976 g, maximum diameter 26.1 mm, die axis 180o, Cyzicus (Kapu Dagh, Turkey) mint, 194 - 217 A.D.; obverse IOYΛIA CEBACTH, draped bust right; reverse KYZIKHNΩN NEOKOPΩN, man sitting right on rocks under a tree, milking goat standing right, goat's head turned back looking left; ex Numismatica Ars Classica auction 100 (29 May 2017), lot 1212; ex Gorny & Mosch sale 237 (7 Mar 2016), 1656; ex Gitbud & Naumann auction 34 (2 Aug 2015), lot 581; extremely rare; $1500.00 (€1275.00)

Antioch, Seleukis and Pieria, Syria, 13 - 14 A.D., The "Star of Bethlehem Coin"

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Michael Molnar, an astronomer, believes this coin depicts Jupiter's occultation of Aries in 6 B.C., the most probable "Star of Bethlehem."
RY86401. Bronze trichalkon, McAlee 99; RPC I 4269; SNG Cop 98; BMC Galatia p. 159, 65, F, tight flan, deposits, corrosion, weight 6.754 g, maximum diameter 18.3 mm, die axis 0o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, Legatus Augusti Pro Praetore Silanus, 13 - 14 A.D.; obverse laureate head of Zeus right; reverse EΠI ΣIΛANOY ANTIOCEΩN, ram running right, looking back, star above, ∆M (year 44 Actian Era) below; $120.00 (€102.00)

Catalog current as of Thursday, December 14, 2017.
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Greek Imperial Coins