, Bar Kochba Revolt, 132 - 135 A.D.
In 134, the Romans captured Jerusalem. Simon bar Kokhba was killed in 135, at Betar, a fortress where he had taken refuge. Jerusalem, largely destroyed, was renamed . VI Ferrata rebuilt the legionary fortress in the city and constructed a Roman temple at Golgotha. An to was erected on the site of the Temple in Jerusalem. Although, resistance continued in Galilee, the Jewish diaspora began as Emperor barred Jews from Jerusalem and had survivors of the massacre dispersed across the Roman Empire. Many were sold into slavery. The Jews remained scattered without a homeland for close to two millennia.
JD84994. Bronze AE 26, 77; 530; p. 307, 38; 1408a; 259b, F, , small edge crack, porous, 7.954 g, maximum 25.6 mm, 180o, year 2 (133 - 134 A.D.); seven branched tree with two bunches of dates, : "Shimon" flanking trunk; : "Year 2 of the freedom of Israel", five-lobed vine-leaf, hanging from tendril; $250.00 (€222.50)
, 1 July 69 - 24 June 79 A.D., Caesarea,
Kayseri, Turkey was originally named Mazaca. It was renamed Eusebia by Ariarathes V Eusebes, of , 163 - 130 B.C. The last of , Archelaus, renamed it "Caesarea in Cappadocia" to upon his death in 14 A.D. Muslim Arabs slightly modified the name into Kaisariyah, which became Kayseri when the Seljuk Turks took control, c. 1080 A.D.
RP85311. Silver , 1636 (6 spec.); 96; Conspectus p. 94, 7; -; -; -, aF, marks and scratches, 2.536 g, maximum 18.3 mm, 180o, , Caesarea (Kayseri, Turkey) mint, c. 73 - 74 A.D.; AYOKPA OVECΠACIANOC , laureate right; EKTOY (year 6), Mount surmounted by a statue of figure standing facing, , globe in right hand, long vertical in left hand; very ; $95.00 (€84.55)
Achaean League, Pallantion, , Peloponnesos, , c. 88 - 30 B.C.
GS85328. Silver or , p. 86, 4; 124; 1593.2; 6507; 219; 290; 26; 1851; 969 (R1), aVF, 2.085 g, maximum 14.9 mm, 225o, Pallantion (near Tripoli, Arcadia, ) mint, c. 88 - 30 B.C.; laureate of Zeus left; large Achaian League (AX) , Π-A-Λ clockwise from left side, YE and trident upward below, all within laurel ; $140.00 (€124.60)
Ptolemaic Kingdom, VII Thea , 51 - 30 B.C., Paphos,
In 48 B.C., gave to .
GP85350. Bronze , 1875; 3903; 268b (Ptolemaeus of ); 169; 526; p. 120, 52; -; -; -, VF, , some corrosion, edge crack, 7.729 g, maximum 26.4 mm, 45o, Paphos mint, c. 47 - 30 B.C.; horned of Zeus-Ammon right; BAΣIΛEΩΣ ΠTOΛEMAIOY, standing left on thunderbolt, left, wings closed, frond transverse on far side, KYΠP ( ) right; ; $100.00 (€89.00)
, Augusta 128 - c. 136 A.D., Wife of , ,
The primary reference for is: Foss, C. "A neighbor of : the city of and its successors" in Classical Antiquity, vol. 1, no. 2 (Oct. 1982), pp. 178-201, available online: http://www.jstor.org/stable/25010770
Foss wrote that the small city of was first authorized to strike coins under . He believed that issued coinage only very sporadically and the coins were probably struck at the mint of their neighbor .
RP85354. Bronze AE 19, III 2388 (5 spec.); 635; , p. 337, 29 and pl. X, 12 ; p. 181, I, VF, grainy surface, edge split, 4.542 g, maximum 18.9 mm, 190o, struck for at (?) mint, 128 - c. 136 A.D.; CEBACTH CABEINA, draped right, wearing ; TMΩΛITΩN, standing right, nude, bow in right hand, arrow in left hand; very ; $200.00 (€178.00)
Iol-Caesarea, , , c. 25 B.C. - 24 A.D.
Phoenicians from founded Iol as a trading station around 400 B.C. It became a of the kingdom of under , c. 160 - 104 B.C. In 29 B.C., Roman emperor made the Numidian and his wife II (daughter of Marc Antony and of ) and queen of . The capital was established at Iol, which was renamed Caesarea in of the emperor.
GB85358. Bronze 1/4 Unit, MAA 147; III, p. 177, 290 (uncertain mint); 684 var. ( left), F, dark green , , light corrosion, 2.102 g, maximum 15.4 mm, 270o, Iol-Caesarea (Cherchell, Algeria) mint, c. 25 B.C. - 24 A.D.; of left, wearing vulture crown and horned solar-disk headdress; three ears of barley; extremely ; $180.00 (€160.20)
the Arab, February 244 - End of September 249 A.D., Antioch, Seleukis and Pieria,
On 11 February 244, Emperor was murdered by mutinous soldiers in Zaitha ( ). Philip the Arab ( Julius Philippus) declared himself emperor and made a disgraceful peace with the Empire, withdrawing from their territory and giving Shapur 500,000 gold pieces. The Sasanians occupied . Philip was recognized by the Roman Senate as Emperor and he nominated his son Philippus, age 6, as and heir to the throne. He gave his brother Priscus supreme power ( Orientis) in the Eastern provinces; and began construction of the city of Shahba, in the province of his birth.
RY85323. , 321 (1 spec.); 889 (v. ); p. 212, 505, EF, attractive portrait, attractive , parts of legends weak, areas of some , 13.256 g, maximum 27.3 mm, 180o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 1st issue, 244 A.D.; AVTOK K M IOV Λ ΦIΛIΠΠOC CEB, , draped and left, from behind; ∆HMAPX EΞOYCIAC (tribune of the people), standing slightly left on frond, wings open, left, in beak, S C ( ) in ; very ; $350.00 (€311.50)
Judaean Kingdom, Herod II, 55 - 95 A.D., Portrait
A Capta issue minted by a Jewish ! was a devout Jew and a loyal vassal of . It may seem strange he would commemorate the defeat of his people but he believed the Jews could flourish under and sided with during the rebellion. He ruled until at least 95 A.D. but in , not .
JD85345. Bronze half unit, 1308, 2255, 143, F, rough near black mottled , 10.104 g, maximum 23.4 mm, 0o, Caesarea Maritima mint, 77 - 78 A.D.; AYTOKP TITOC - , laureate of right; advancing right, holding in right hand, frond in left over shoulder, ET - HI (year 18) BA / AΓPI-ΠΠA ( ) in two divided lines across lower half of ; ex CNG auction 372, lot 342; $125.00 (€111.25)
Dyrrhachion, , , Roman Protectorate, 229 - 30 B.C.
ës, one of the oldest cities in Albania, was founded as Epidamnos in 627 B.C. by from Corinth and Corcyra. Located around a rocky harbor, surrounded by inland swamps and high cliffs, the city was difficult to attack from land or sea. After its defeat to in 229 B.C., the new rulers renamed the city Dyrrachium. Epidamnos is similar to the Latin damnum, meaning "loss." Dyrrhachion is Greek for "bad spine" or "difficult ridge," likely referring to the nearby cliffs. Dyrrachium prospered under and was made a naval and military base. Pompey made a stand there in 48 B.C. before fleeing south to . made the city a colony for veterans of his legions following the Battle of , proclaiming it a libera (free town).
GS12075. Silver , 374; p. 73, 118; 433; -, VF, slightly off center, tiny edge cracks, 3.369 g, maximum 19.0 mm, 0o, Dyrrhachium ( ës, Albania) mint, 229 - 100 B.C.; ΠEPIΓENHΣ, cow right, turned back toward suckling calf left, of right above, grain over cluster of grapes right; ∆YP − ΦA−NIΣ−KOY, double stellate pattern within double linear square; ; $200.00 (€178.00)
Ptolemaic Kingdom, Ptolemy VI , 180 - 145 B.C., I Thea as Regent
Ptolemy VI became in 180 B.C. at the age of about 6 and ruled jointly with his mother, I, until her death in 176 BC. From 170 to 164 B.C., was ruled by Ptolemy, his sister-queen and his younger brother Ptolemy Physcon. In 170 BC, the Seleukid Antiochus IV invaded and was even crowned in 168, but abandoned his claim on the orders from . In 164 Ptolemy VI was driven out by his brother. He went to and received support from Cato. He was the following year. In 152 BC, he briefly ruled jointly with his son, Ptolemy , but his son probably died that same year. In 145 B.C. he died of battle wounds received against Alexander Balas of . Ptolemy VI ruled uneasily, cruelly suppressing frequent rebellions.GP84840. Bronze tetrobol, 1384 ( ); 287; 202 (176 - 170 B.C.); 80; p. 89, 6; 147; 319, VF, flaws, die wear, , 15.335 g, maximum 27.5 mm, 0o, mint, 180 - 176 B.C.; of ( I as) right, wearing grain ; ΠTOΛEMAIOY BAΣIΛEΩΣ, standing left on thunderbolt, wings open, left, ΠA left; $125.00 (€111.25)
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