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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Roman Coins ▸ Recovery of the EmpireView Options:  |  |  | 

Roman Coins of the Recovery of the Empire

Probus, Summer 276 - September 282 A.D.

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In 278, Probus defeated the Alamanni, expelled the Franks from Gaul, and reorganized the Roman defenses on the Rhine. He adopted the titles of Gothicus Maximus and Germanicus Maximus and resettled the Germanic tribes in the devastated provinces of the Empire.
BB85089. Billon antoninianus, RIC V, part 2, 733; Cohen VI 507; Hunter IV 262 var. (also 1st officina, bust draped and cuirassed); SRCV III -, F, well centered and struck, dark green patina, a little rough, weight 3.367 g, maximum diameter 21.4 mm, die axis 0o, 1st officina, Siscia (Sisak, Croatia) mint, 278 A.D.; obverse IMP C PROBVS P F AVG, radiate and cuirassed bust right; reverse RESTITVT ORBIS (to the restorer of the world), woman (Orbis?) standing right, presenting wreath with right hand to emperor standing left, emperor holding globe in right hand, long scepter vertical in left hand, star low center, XXIP in exergue; $14.00 (12.46)


Tacitus, 25 September 275 - June 276 A.D.

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Mars holds both the implements of war and the olive branch of peace. "Peace through strength" is an ancient phrase and concept implying that strength of arms is a necessary component of peace. The phrase has famously been used by many leaders from Roman Emperor Hadrian in the first century A.D., to Ronald Reagan in the 1980s.
RA84987. Billon antoninianus, MER-RIC 3408 (96 spec.), RIC V 145, BnF XII 1681, La Venra 1565 - 1604, Gloucester 727, Maravielle 785, Hamburger Kunsthalle 1573, Choice VF, silvering, well centered, some light corrosion, weight 4.335 g, maximum diameter 22.3 mm, die axis 180o, 2nd officina, Ticinum (Pavia, Italy) mint, issue 2, early ? June 276; obverse IMP C M CL TACITVS AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse MARTI PACIF (to Mars the peacemaker), Mars advancing left, wearing crested helmet and military dress, olive branch raised in right hand, transverse spear and oval shield in left hand, S in exergue; $140.00 (124.60)


Magnia Urbica, Augusta Mid 283 - Mid 285 A.D.

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It was Sulla who in a dream first saw Venus as Venus Victrix (victorious Venus), with the weapons of Mars. He made her to his personal patroness. Pompey was inaugurating the cult of Venus Victrix in Rome. In the night before the battle of Pharsalus 48 B.C. Pompey was dreaming of Venus Victrix - seemingly a lucky sign -, whereas Caesar was sacrificing to Venus Genetrix, but issued as watchword 'Venus Victrix', and defeated Pompey!
RA85025. Billon antoninianus, Hunter IV, p. 216, 2; RIC V, part 2, 343 (S); Cohen VI 17; SRCV III 12424, VF, full circles centering, traces of silvering, corrosion, weight 3.845 g, maximum diameter 22.6 mm, die axis 180o, 6th officina, Rome mint, 284 - 285 A.D.; obverse MAGN VRBICA AVG, diademed and draped bust right, crescent behind shoulders, hair brushed in straight lines, plait carried up the back to top of head and running under stephane; reverse VENVS VICTRIX (victorious Venus), Venus standing left, helmet in right hand, long scepter vertical behind in left hand, grounded shield at feet on left, KAς in exergue; scarce; $270.00 (240.30)


Palmyrene Empire, Aurelian and Vabalathus, 270 - 275 A.D.

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Vabalathus, son of the Palmyran king Odenathus and Zenobia, was declared Augustus but Aurelian defeated his forces. He and Zenobia were then taken to Rome where they lived in great comfort. The abbreviated titles of Vabalathus most likely were, Vir Clarissimus Romanorum (or Rex) Imperator Dux Romanorum. The portraits of Vabalathus are interesting because they display both the Roman laurel and the Hellenistic royal diadem.
RA85168. Billon antoninianus, MER-RIC 3103, BnF XII 1241, Gbl MIR 353a2, Hunter IV 5, RIC V 381, Cohen VI 1, SRCV III 11718, Choice gVF, excellent centering, traces of silvering, obverse center slightly weak, weight 3.855 g, maximum diameter 20.0 mm, die axis 180o, 2nd officina, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, Nov 270 - Mar 272 A.D.; obverse IMP C AVRELIANVS AVG, radiate and cuirassed bust of Aurelian right, from the front, B below; reverse VABALATHVS V C R IM D R, laureate, diademed, draped and cuirassed bust of Vabalathus right, from behind; $140.00 (124.60)


Claudius II Gothicus, September 268 - August or September 270 A.D.

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Diana is depicted here in the same pose as The Diana of Versailles, a slightly over life-size Roman marble statue from the 1st or 2nd century A.D., copying a lost Greek bronze original attributed to Leochares, c. 325 B.C. The sculpture may have come from a sanctuary at Nemi or possibly from Hadrian's Villa in Tivoli. In 1556, it was given by Pope Paul IV to Henry II of France, a subtle allusion to the king's mistress, Diane de Poitiers. It is now in the Muse du Louvre, Paris.
RA85169. Billon antoninianus, MER-RIC 1031, RIC V 205, Huvelin 1990 16, Amasya 2311, Cohen VI 67, SRCV III 11327, Hunter VI - (p. lxxxii), Choice VF, coppery surfaces, traces of silvering, weight 3.598 g, maximum diameter 20.0 mm, die axis 180o, 8th officina, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, issue 1, c. September 268 end 269; obverse IMP C CLAVDIVS AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse DIANAE VICTR, Diana standing slightly right, head right, drawing arrow with right hand from quiver on right shoulder, bow in left hand, small stag right at feet on right with head turned back looking at goddess, H in exergue; scarce; $140.00 (124.60)


Claudius II Gothicus, September 268 - August or September 270 A.D.

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Juno was the chief female divinity in the Roman pantheon. She was the wife of Jupiter and a member of the Capitoline Triad. She had many different aspects, such as Juno Moneta, Juno Sospita, and Juno Lucina, but here she is depicted as Juno Regina, "Juno the Queen." Juno is usually shown holding a patera, scepter or a statuette of Athena, and is often accompanied by a peacock.
RA85170. Billon antoninianus, MER-RIC 1020, RIC V 212, Hunter IV 76, Huvelin 1990 7, Amasya 2318, Colonne 481, Komin 1275, SRCV III 11343, Cohen VI 134, Choice VF, well centered and struck, attractive style, coppery surfaces with traces of silvering, weight 3.449 g, maximum diameter 22.0 mm, die axis 180o, 2nd officina, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 1st issue, c. end 268 end 269; obverse IMP C CLAVDIVS AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse IVNO REGINA, Juno standing facing, head left, patera in right hand, long scepter vertical in left hand, peacock left at feet on left with head turned back looking at the goddess, B in exergue; $90.00 (80.10)


Claudius II Gothicus, September 268 - August or September 270 A.D.

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The ruins of Antioch on the Orontes lie near the modern city of Antakya, Turkey. Founded near the end of the 4th century B.C. by Seleucus I Nicator, one of Alexander the Great's generals, Antioch's geographic, military and economic location, particularly the spice trade, the Silk Road, the Persian Royal Road, benefited its occupants, and eventually it rivaled Alexandria as the chief city of the Near East and as the main center of Hellenistic Judaism at the end of the Second Temple period. Antioch is called "the cradle of Christianity," for the pivotal early role it played in the emergence of the faith. It was one of the four cities of the Syrian tetrapolis. Its residents are known as Antiochenes. Once a great metropolis of half a million people, it declined to insignificance during the Middle Ages because of warfare, repeated earthquakes and a change in trade routes following the Mongol conquests, which then no longer passed through Antioch from the far east.6th Century Antioch
RA85172. Billon antoninianus, MER-RIC 1028, Hunter IV 75, Huvelin 1990 14, Amasya 2312, Komin 1274, Trsors de Syrie 1965 5, Bastien-Huvelin, 6, RIC V 207, SRCV III 11333, VF, excellent centering and strike, obverse a little rough, very nice reverse, coppery surfaces, traces of silvering, weight 3.421 g, maximum diameter 19.6 mm, die axis 0o, 7th officina, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, issue 1, c. end 268 end 269; obverse IMP C CLAVDIVS AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse FIDES AVG, Mercury standing slightly left, nude but for petasos, boots and cloak on arm, purse in right hand, caduceus in left hand, Z in exergue; $50.00 (44.50)


Palmyrene Empire, Aurelian and Vabalathus, 270 - 275 A.D.

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Vabalathus, son of the Palmyran king Odenathus and Zenobia, was declared Augustus but Aurelian defeated his forces. He and Zenobia were then taken to Rome where they lived in great comfort. The abbreviated titles of Vabalathus most likely were, Vir Clarissimus Romanorum (or Rex) Imperator Dux Romanorum. The portraits of Vabalathus are interesting because they display both the Roman laurel and the Hellenistic royal diadem.
RA85174. Billon antoninianus, MER-RIC 3105, BnF XII 1244, Gbl MIR 353a3, RIC V 381, Cohen VI 1, SRCV III 11718, Choice gVF, well centered and struck, coppery surfaces, slightest porosity, weight 3.146 g, maximum diameter 21.2 mm, die axis 180o, 3rd officina, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, Nov 270 - Mar 272 A.D.; obverse IMP C AVRELIANVS AVG, radiate and cuirassed bust of Aurelian right, from the front, Γ below; reverse VABALATHVS V C R IM D R, laureate, diademed, draped and cuirassed bust of Vabalathus right, from behind; $160.00 (142.40)


Palmyrene Empire, Aurelian and Vabalathus, 270 - 275 A.D.

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Vabalathus, son of the Palmyran king Odenathus and Zenobia, was declared Augustus but Aurelian defeated his forces. He and Zenobia were then taken to Rome where they lived in great comfort. The abbreviated titles of Vabalathus most likely were, Vir Clarissimus Romanorum (or Rex) Imperator Dux Romanorum. The portraits of Vabalathus are interesting because they display both the Roman laurel and the Hellenistic royal diadem.
RA85176. Billon antoninianus, MER-RIC 3107, RIC V 381, BnF XII 1248, Hunter IV 7, Gbl MIR 353a5, Cohen VI 1, SRCV III 11718, gVF, coppery surfaces with traces of silvering, some porosity, weight 3.262 g, maximum diameter 20.3 mm, die axis 315o, 5th officina, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, Nov 270 - Mar 272 A.D.; obverse IMP C AVRELIANVS AVG, radiate and cuirassed bust of Aurelian right, from the front, E below; reverse VABALATHVS V C R IM D R, laureate, diademed, draped and cuirassed bust of Vabalathus right, from behind; $180.00 (160.20)


Palmyrene Empire, Aurelian and Vabalathus, 270 - 275 A.D.

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Vabalathus, son of the Palmyran king Odenathus and Zenobia, was declared Augustus but Aurelian defeated his forces. He and Zenobia were then taken to Rome where they lived in great comfort. The abbreviated titles of Vabalathus most likely were, Vir Clarissimus Romanorum (or Rex) Imperator Dux Romanorum. The portraits of Vabalathus are interesting because they display both the Roman laurel and the Hellenistic royal diadem.
RA85177. Billon antoninianus, MER-RIC 3106, BnF XII 1246, Gbl MIR 353a4, RIC V 381, Cohen VI 1, SRCV III 11718, Hunter IV -, Choice EF, bold full circles strike, weight 3.563 g, maximum diameter 21.8 mm, die axis 180o, 4th officina, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, Nov 270 - Mar 272 A.D.; obverse IMP C AVRELIANVS AVG, radiate and cuirassed bust of Aurelian right, from the front, ∆ below; reverse VABALATHVS V C R IM D R, laureate, diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust of Vabalathus right, from behind; $190.00 (169.10)











Catalog current as of Saturday, July 22, 2017.
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Recovery of the Empire