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Aug 24, 2016
Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Roman Coins ▸ Crisis and Decline ▸ MacrianusView Options:  |  |  | 

Macrianus, fall or winter 260 - early 261 A.D.

Macrianus was the son of one of Valerians generals during his campaigns against the Persians. After Valerian was captured, the general Macrianus and the Praetorian Prefect Ballista rallied the troops and inflicted several defeats upon the Persian armies of Shapur, who retreated across the Euphrates. Inspired by this victory, they decided to march against Emperor Gallienus, while leaving the brother of Macrianus Junior, Quietus, in charge of the Eastern provinces. A large army under command of the general Aureolus met them and they were soundly beaten, both the emperor and his father died in the battle.


Macrinus and Diadumenian, 11 April 217 - 8 June 218 A.D., Marcianopolis, Moesia Inferior

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Renamed by Trajan after his sister, Ulpia Marciana, Marcianopolis was an important strategic center for centuries. The city was repeatedly destroyed by barbarian raids (Goths, Huns, Avars and others) but also was repeatedly rebuilt and prospered. During Valens' conflict with the Goths, Marcianopolis was a temporary capital of the empire and the largest city in Thrace. An Avar raid destroyed the city in 614 or 615.
RP70334. Bronze pentassarion, H-J Marcianopolis 6.24.34.2, AMNG I/I 778, Varbanov I 1290, SNG Cop -, BMC Thrace -, VF, attractive green patina, a few minor scratches, flan crack, centration dimples, weight 10.894 g, maximum diameter 27.4 mm, die axis 0o, Markianopolis (Devnya, Bulgaria) mint, consular legate Pontianus, 217 - 218 A.D.; obverse AYT K OΠEΛ CEYH MAKPEINOC K M OΠEΛ ANTΩNEINOC, laureate head of Macrinus right confronted with bare-head of Diadumenian left; reverse YΠ ΠONTIANOY MAPKIANOΠOΛEITΩN, Macrinus standing left, laureate, wearing military garb, right foot on helmet, Victory on globe offering wreath in his right hand, reversed spear vertical in left hand, two oval shields at feet on left, E in left field; ex CNG e-auction 278, lot 179; $240.00 (213.60)


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The empire is history but Rome is still today, the Eternal City.

Rome's influence on Western Civilization can hardly be overestimated. In sum, Rome has perhaps had greater influence than any other city on earth, making important contributions to politics, literature, culture, the arts, architecture, music, religion, education, fashion, cinema and cuisine.
SH70571. Billon antoninianus, RSC IV 11b, RIC V 11, SRCV III 10807, VF, weight 3.110 g, maximum diameter 21.7 mm, die axis 0o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, obverse IMP C FVL MACRIANVS P F AVG, radiate and cuirassed bust right; reverse ROMAE AETERNAE, Roma, helmeted, seated left on shield, Victory in extended right, spear in left, two pellets in exergue; rare; $320.00 (284.80)


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Spes was the Roman personification of Hope. In art Spes is normally depicted carrying flowers or a cornucopia, but on coins she is almost invariably depicted holding a flower in her extended right hand, while the left is raising a fold of her dress. She was also named "ultima dea" - for Hope is the last resort of men. On this coin Macrianus is identified as the hope of the Roman people.
SH27126. Silvered antoninianus, RSC IV 13, RIC V 13, SRCV III 10811, EF, weight 4.122 g, maximum diameter 21.5 mm, die axis 0o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, obverse IMP C FVL MACRIANVS P F AVG, radiate and cuirassed bust right; reverse SPES PVBLICA, Spes walking left, flower in right, with left raising fold of dress; rare; SOLD










OBVERSE LEGENDS

IMPCFVLMACRIANVSPFAVG


REFERENCES

Banti, A. and L. Simonetti. Corpus Nummorum Romanorum. (Florence, 1972-1979).
Calic, X. The Roman Avrei, Vol. Two: From Didius Julianus to Constantius I, 193 AD - 335 AD. (Barcelona, 2003).
Cohen, H. Description historique des monnaies frappes sous l'Empire Romain, Vol. 6: Macrianus to Diocletian & Maximianus. (Paris, 1886).
Gbl, R. Moneta Imperii Romani, Band 35: Die Mnzprgung des Kaiser Valerianus I / Gallienus / Saloninus / (253/268), Regalianus (260) un Macrianus / Quietus (260/262). (Vienna, 2000).
Mattingly, H., Sydenham and Webb. The Roman Imperial Coinage, Vol V, Part II, Probus to Amandus. (London, 1933).
Robinson, A. Roman Imperial Coins in the Hunter Coin Cabinet, University of Glasgow, Vol. IV. Valerian I to Allectus. (Oxford, 1978).
Seaby, H.A. & D.R. Sear. Roman Silver Coins, Volume IV, Gordian III to Postumus. (London, 1982).
Sear, David R. Roman Coins and Their Values, Volume Three, The Accession of Maximinus I to the Death of Carinus AD 235 - AD 285. (London, 2005).
Vagi, D. Coinage and History of the Roman Empire. (Sidney, 1999).

Catalog current as of Sunday, August 28, 2016.
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Roman Coins of Macrianus