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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Roman Coins ▸ Crisis and Decline ▸ SaloninaView Options:  |  |  | 

Salonina, Augusta 254 - c. September 268 A.D., Wife of Gallienus

Salonina was the wife of emperor Gallienus. A very beautiful and intelligent woman, she was extremely loyal to her husband. Opinion is divided as to whether she was murdered in the purge of Gallienus family after his murder, or if she survived.

Salonina, August 253 - September 268 A.D., Tyre, Phoenicia

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Astarte, called "Ashtroth" in Scripture, was the favorite goddess of the Sidonians, Tyrians, Philistines, and Syro-Phoenicians generally. She was associated with the Greek Aphrodite and Roman Venus Genetrix, being believed by the ancients to be the goddess of generation, as well as of beauty. Astarte was chiefly worshiped and appears on the coins of Berytus, Bostra, Sidon, and Tyre. Her image is of a young woman, wearing a tall headdress; and clothed in a tunic, high in the neck- sometimes, not reaching lower than the knees, or sometimes with a longer dress, but with one knee exposed, and one foot planted on a galley's prow.
RP84808. Bronze AE 27, Rouvier VII p. 107, 2562; Lindgren II 2400; Mionnet VIII supp. p. 314, 359; BMC Phoenicia -; Baramki AUB -; SNG Hunt -; SNG Cop -; SNG Righetti -, F, red earthen fill, porous, edge bump, weight 15.353 g, maximum diameter 27.2 mm, die axis 0o, Tyre mint, Aug 253 - Sep 268 A.D.; obverse CORNE SALON . . ., diademed and draped bust right; reverse COL TYRO ME TRO, Astarte standing facing, head left, wearing kalathos, right hand on trophy of arms standing on left, transverse scepter in left hand, Nike standing on column on right crowning the goddess, murex shell low inner left; very rare; $85.00 (€72.25)

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Spes was the Roman personification of Hope. In art Spes is normally depicted carrying flowers or a cornucopia, but on coins she is almost invariably depicted holding a flower in her extended right hand, while the left is raising a fold of her dress. She was also named "ultima dea" - for Hope is the last resort of men. On this coin, the Caesar, Saloninus, the designated successor of the emperor, is identified as the hope for the future of the Roman people.
RA85488. Billon antoninianus, Göbl MIR 1707u (Samosata), RIC V 36 (Antioch), RSC IV 95a (Antioch), SRCV III 10775 (uncertain Syrian), Hunter IV - (p. liii), VF/F, well centered, good portrait, toned, porous, reverse rough, weight 3.449 g, maximum diameter 21.2 mm, die axis 180o, uncertain Syrian mint, as caesar, Jan - summer 260 A.D.; obverse SALON VALERIANVS NOB CAES, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse SPES PVBLICA (the hope of the public), Spes on left, raising skirt, presenting flower to prince, star above; $125.00 (€106.25)

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In Roman religion, Concordia was the goddess of agreement, understanding, and marital harmony. The cult of Concordia Augusta ("Majestic Harmony") was of special importance to the imperial household. She is usually depicted wearing a long cloak and holding a patera (sacrificial bowl), a cornucopia (symbol of prosperity), or a caduceus (symbol of peace).
RS65808. Billon antoninianus, Göbl MIR 1691p (Samosata), SRCV III 10630 (uncertain Syrian mint), RIC V 63 (Antioch), RSC IV 31, F, porous, both sides just slightly off-center, weight 4.162 g, maximum diameter 20.0 mm, die axis 180o, Syrian mint, 258 - 260 A.D.; obverse CORN SALONINA AVG, diademed and draped bust right, crescent behind; reverse CONCORDIA AVGG (harmony between the two emperors), emperor and empress standing confronted, clasping hands; $21.00 (€17.85)

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The empire is history but Rome is still today, the Eternal City.

During the Early Middle Ages, the population fell to a mere 20,000, reducing the sprawling city to groups of inhabited buildings interspersed among large areas of ruins and vegetation.
RS65819. Billon antoninianus, Göbl MIR 1605c (7 spec.), RIC V 67; RSC IV 103, SRCV III 10651 var. (star or wreath above, uncertain Syrian mint), Hunter IV 35 ff. var. (same), VF, centered, toned, porous, weight 4.017 g, maximum diameter 21.8 mm, die axis 0o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 255 - 256 A.D.; obverse SALONINA AVG, diademed and draped bust right, crescent behind shoulders; reverse ROMAE AETERNAE (to eternal Rome), emperor on left standing right, receiving Victory from Roma, seated left, spear vertical behind in her left hand, grounded shield behind against her near side; $40.00 (€34.00)

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The animal appears to have the beard of a goat but on some examples branched antlers are clear. It is an odd deer.
RA84359. Billon antoninianus, Göbl MIR 725cc, Hunter IV S21, RSC IV 70, RIC V S16, SRCV III 10643, VF, well centered on a tight flan, porosity, weight 4.111 g, maximum diameter 21.0 mm, die axis 180o, 4th officina, Rome mint, 267 - 268 A.D.; obverse COR SALONINA AVG, draped bust right, wearing stephane, hair in ridges and in plait looped below ear up the back and top of head, thin crescent behind shoulders; reverse IVNONI CONS AVG (to Juno protector of the Empress), hind walking left, ∆ in exergue; $80.00 (€68.00)

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Venus was a major Roman goddess principally associated with love and beauty, the rough equivalent of the Greek goddess Aphrodite.
RA77905. Billon antoninianus, Göbl MIR 1671, RIC V S86, RSC III 113, Hunter IV 33, SRCV III 10654, Choice VF, excellent centering, toned, earthen encrustation, weight 4.282 g, maximum diameter 20.8 mm, die axis 0o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 267 A.D.; obverse SALONINA AVG, draped bust right, wearing stephane, hair in horizontal ridges and in plait looped below ear up the back of head, bust resting on thin crescent; reverse VENVS AVG, Venus standing left, helmet in right hand, transverse spear in left hand, shield at side behind her, PXV (= TR P XV) in exergue; from the Butte College Foundation, ex Lindgren; $40.00 (€34.00)

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Although many coin references classify Fecunditas as a personification of fertility rather than as an actual deity, Fecunditas was recognized as a Roman divinity by Nero, who erected a statue to her. Tacitus notes that upon the birth of Claudia Neronis, the senate decreed the construction of a temple of Fertility to be built at Antium. Fecunditas is always portrayed as a female figure holding a child, or children and often a scepter, cornucopia, palm branch or caduceus. Sometimes the children are depicted standing at her feet. Coins portraying her usually advertise the fertility of the imperial family.
RS65788. Billon antoninianus, Göbl MIR 935t (Mediolanum), RIC V J26 (Rome), RSC IV 44, Hunter III J8 (Rome), SRCV III 10634 var. (Rome, officina ∆), F, well centered, reverse struck with a very worn die, weight 3.011 g, maximum diameter 22.4 mm, die axis 180o, Mediolanum (Milan) or Rome mint, c. 258 - 260 A.D.; obverse SALONINA AVG, draped bust right, wearing stephane, hair in ridges and in plait looped below ear up the back of head, crescent behind shoulders; reverse FECVNDITAS AVG, Fecunditas standing facing, head right, reaching down with right hand to child at her feet, infant in left hand; $25.00 (€21.25)

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Venus (Aphrodite) started the Trojan War with a golden apple. When she failed to receive a wedding invitation, she maliciously deposited a golden apple inscribed "For the fairest" on the banquet table. The goddesses argued who deserved this prize. It was determined the most handsome mortal in the world, a noble Trojan youth named Paris, would decide. Each of the three finalists offered Paris a bribe. Hera promised he would rule the world. Athena said she would make him victorious in battle. Aphrodite guaranteed the love of the most beautiful woman in the world. This was Helen, who was married to the king of Sparta. Paris awarded the golden apple to Aphrodite. Aphrodite enabled Paris to elope with Helen, Helen of Troy. Helen's husband raised a Greek army to retrieve his wife, starting the Trojan War.
RS65792. Silver antoninianus, Göbl MIR 904c, RSC IV 134 (Lyon), Hunter III S19 (Rome), Cunetio 735 (64 spec.), Elmer 98, SRCV III 10662, RIC V -, VF, toned, tight ragged flan, flan cracks, small encrustations, weight 3.028 g, maximum diameter 22.9 mm, die axis 45o, Cologne mint, 257 - 259 A.D.; obverse SALONINA AVG, draped bust right, wearing stephane, hair in ridges and in plait looped below ear up the back of head, crescent behind shoulders; reverse VENVS VICTRIX (victorious Venus), Venus standing right, viewed from behind, nude but for drapery at hips, buttocks exposed, leaning with left elbow on column, apple (or helmet?) in exerguetended right hand, transverse palm on far side in left; not in RIC; $75.00 (€63.75)

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The epithet Genetrix identifies Venus as the goddess of motherhood and domesticity. Venus is shown consulting with Cupid, her partner in her better known role as the goddess of love.
RS65800. Silvered antoninianus, Göbl MIR 245b, Cunetio 993 (91 spec.), RIC V S30 corr. (holds helmet or apple), RSC IV 121a (same), SRCV V 10657 (same), Hunter IV - (p. lxxii), gF, white metal, edge cracks, marks, porous, weight 2.973 g, maximum diameter 22.1 mm, die axis 45o, 6th officina, Rome mint, 257 - 258 A.D.; obverse SALONINA AVG, draped bust right, wearing stephane, hair in horizontal ridges and in plait looped below ear up the back of head, thin crescent behind shoulders; reverse VENVS GENETRIX (Mother Venus), Venus standing left, child in extended right hand, long scepter vertical behind in left hand, a second child at feet on left standing right reaching up to her, VI right; $30.00 (€25.50)

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Felicitas was the goddess or personification of good luck and success. She played an important role in Rome's state religion during the empire and was frequently portrayed on coins. She became a prominent symbol of the wealth and prosperity of the Roman Empire.
RS65803. Silvered antoninianus, Göbl MIR 1302r, RIC V S61 (Milan), RSC IV 51, Hunter III S22 var. (PVBLICA), SRCV III 10635,, F, full circles centering, struck with a worn reverse die, weight 3.786 g, maximum diameter 22.6 mm, die axis 0o, Colonia Agrippinensis (Cologne, Germany) mint, 262 - 263 A.D.; obverse SALONINA AVG, draped bust right, wearing stephane, hair in horizontal ridges and in plait looped below ear up the back of head, crescent behind shoulders; reverse FELICIT PVBL, Felicitas standing slightly left, head left, legs crossed, short caduceus in right hand, leaning with left arm on column; $25.00 (€21.25)




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Catalog current as of Saturday, October 21, 2017.
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Roman Coins of Salonina