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The Milesian Greek colony of Dioscurias was named for the Dioscuri, the twins of myth, Castor and Pollux. Commerce between Greece and the indigenous tribes was bustling in the city, wares were imported from many parts of Greece, and local salt and Caucasian timber, linen, and hemp were exported. It was also a center of slave trade. The multitude of languages spoken in its bazaars was remarkable. Under Augustus, the city assumed the name of Sebastopolis, but its prosperity was in the past. The Black Sea had continuously encroached upon the city and in the 1st century Pliny the Elder described it as nearly deserted. The towers and walls of Sebastopolis are still underwater today. In 542, the Romans evacuated the remaining residents and demolished its citadel to prevent it from being captured by the Sassanids. In 565, Justinian I restored the fort and Sebastopolis remained a Byzantine stronghold until it was sacked by the Arab conqueror Marwan II in 736. GB87157. Bronze AE 16, SNG BM Black Sea 1021, SNG Cop 102, SNG Stancomb 638, Lindgren II 5, SGCV 3629, HGC 7 205, aEF, dark patina, tight flan, weight 4.108 g, maximum diameter 16.2 mm, die axis 0o, Dioscourias (Sokhumi, Abkhazia, Georgia) mint, c. 105 - 90 B.C.; obverse two piloi (caps of the Dioscuri), surmounted by stars; reverse ∆IOΣ/KOY-PIA/∆OΣ in three lines divided by thyrsos in center; $100.00 SALE PRICE $90.00
Istros, Thrace, c. 280 - 255 B.C.
The obversetype has been variously interpreted as representing the Dioscuri, the rising and setting sun, and the two branches of the river Danube. - Greek Coins and Their Values by David SearGS86905. Silver drachm, Dima subgroup VI, 1, pl. XIX, 5 (same obv. die); SNG BM 256; AMNG I/I 425 var. (l. head inverted); SNG Stancomb 148 var. (same); SNG Cop -; BMC -, VF, obverse die wear, bumps and marks, edge crack, weight 5.744 g, maximum diameter 17.5 mm, die axis 90o, Istros (near Istria, Romania) mint, c. 280 - 256/255 B.C.; obverse two facing male heads, right head inverted; reverse IΣTPIH, sea-eagle grasping a dolphin with talons, ΦY (control) below; $250.00 SALE PRICE $225.00
Istros, Thrace, c. 280 - 255 B.C.
The obversetype has been variously interpreted as representing the Dioscuri, the rising and setting sun, and the two branches of the river Danube. - Greek Coins and Their Values by David Sear.GS86906. Silver drachm, Dima subgroup VI, 1, pl. XIX, 2 (same obv. die); AMNG I/I 425; SNG Stancomb 148; SNG BM 256 var. (right head inverted); SNG Cop -; BMC Thrace -, VF, toned, flan flaws, flan cracks, weight 4.652 g, maximum diameter 17.7 mm, die axis 90o, Istros (near Istria, Romania) mint, c. 280 - 256/255 B.C.; obverse two facing male heads, left head inverted; reverse IΣTPIH, sea-eagle grasping a dolphin with talons, ΦY (control) below dolphin; $300.00 SALE PRICE $270.00
Celts, Hercuniates, Middle Danube, Imitative Philip II of Macedonia, "Kapostal" Type, c. 2nd Century B.C.
The Hercuniates were a minor Celtic tribe located, by the middle of the first century B.C., in a narrow territory on the western side and close to the Danube a little west of modern Budapest. Their neighbors to the north were the Illyrian Azari and Dacian Carpi, to the east the Eravisci, to the south Illyrian tribes, and to the west a pocket of the Boii alongside the Taurisci. Pliny and Ptolemy refer to the Hercuniates as a civitas peregrina, a wandering tribe that had travelled to Pannonia from foreign parts, most probably following the Danube from the west, skirting the vast Hercynia silva, the forest from which they seem to have gained their name. Three Hercuniates' oppida sites have been identified, all in the Lake Balaton region. They issued their own coins by the second century B.C., but little else is known of them. They were subdued by Rome sometime between 20 B.C. and 40 A.D. Perhaps they peacefully allied with Rome but the events were not recorded.CE79708. Billontetradrachm, Göbl OTA 488/7, Lanz 780; imitative of Philip II of Macedonia, "Kapostal" type, aVF, corrosion, irregular flan, edge/reverse chip, weight 7.688 g, maximum diameter 23.9 mm, die axis 0o, 2nd Century B.C.; obverse devolved laureate and bearded head of Zeus right, crescent of dots before face; reverse devolved rider left on horseback; $50.00 SALE PRICE $45.00
Antoninus Pius, August 138 - 7 March 161 A.D. Pautalia, Thrace
The Three Graces (Charities), named Euphrosyne (Joy), Aglaia (Splendor) and Thalia (Good Cheer), were the attendants of Venus (Aphrodite). They are shown on Roman provincial coins as a statuary group, sometimes nude or partially nude, and sometimes holding apples. In Pautalia, they were tutelary goddesses of the local mineral springs. On this coin, the outer Graces hold a long thin object, probably a snake, indicating the healing properties of the springs.RP79716. Bronze AE 20, RPC Online IV temp 8758 (1 spec.), RuzickaPautalia 20 (same coin), Imhoof-Blumer Nymphen 498 (same), Varbanov II 4400 (R5), SNG Cop -, BMC Thrace -, Fair, rough (usual for this type), weight 5.611 g, maximum diameter 19.8 mm, die axis 225o, Pautalia (Kyustendil, Bulgaria) mint, Aug 138 - 7 Mar 161 A.D.; obverse AY KAI ANTΩNEINOC, laureate head right; reverse ΠAYTAΛIΩTΩN, the Three Graces (Charites), each with a kalathos on her head and draped in a chiton, outer ones each holding a long thin object (snake or staff?), middle one holding uncertain object; ex FORVM (2006); rare; $40.00 SALE PRICE $36.00
Severus Alexander, 13 March 222 - March 235 A.D., Tomis, Moesia Inferior
The ancients did not agree on the attributes of Serapis. A passage in Tacitus affirms that many recognized in this god, Aesculapius, imputing healing to his intervention; some thought him identical with Osiris, the oldest deity of the Egyptians; others regarded him as Jupiter, possessing universal power; but by most he was believed to be the same as Pluto, the "gloomy" Dis Pater of the infernal regions. On this coin, Pluto's influence is evident with the fearsome Kerberos at Serapis' feet.RP79702. Bronze tetrassaria, Varbanov I 5428 (R4), AMNG I/II 3146, Moushmov 2152, SNG Cop -, SNG Stancomb -, SNG München -, VF, green patina, light corrosion, weight 11.037 g, maximum diameter 26.6 mm, die axis 0o, Tomis (Constanta, Romania) mint, 222 - 235 A.D.; obverse AVT K M AVP CEV AΛEZAN∆POC, laureate head right; reverse MHTPO ΠONTOY TO, MEΩC in ex, Hades-Serapis seated left, scepter in left, right extended over three-headed dog Kerberos at feet, ∆ (mark of value) upper left; $70.00 SALE PRICE $63.00
Kallatis, Thrace, 3rd - 2nd Century B.C.
Kallatis, on the Black Sea, is today Mangalia, the oldest town in Romania. In Greek Callatis means "the beautiful."GB79703. Bronze AE 26, AMNG I/I 227 ff. var. (different magistrates), SNG Stancomb 69 ff. var. (same), SNG BM 214 var. (same), F, bumps and cuts, minor edge flaw, weight 9.687 g, maximum diameter 25.9 mm, die axis 0o, Kallatis (Mangalia, Romania) mint, c. 200 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Apollo right; reverse KAΛΛA−TIANΩN, tripod, stalk of grain left field, ∆HΛO (magistrate) in exergue; none with this magistrate on Coin Archives; rare magistrate; $60.00 SALE PRICE $54.00
Ainos, Thrace, c. 117 - 138 A.D.
This extremely raretype is unpublished in references and missing from major collections. The only other example we know is the referenced example sold in Nomos obolos 7. Nomos dated the type c. 280 - 200 B.C. AMNG and RPC Online IV list a similar type with both Hermes and the goat right. RPC dates that type to the 2nd Century A.D. We believe the Hermes portrait is Augusticized and has some resemblance to Hadrian. We tentatively date the type to Hadrian's reign, c. 117 - 138 A.D.GB86124. Bronze AE 18, Nomos obolos 7 (9 Jul 2017), lot 28 (same dies); cf. AMNG 403, pl. V.26 (rev.) (Hermes and goat right, etc.); RPC Online IV temp. 4495 (=AMNG 403), F/aF, well centered, bumps and marks, corrosion, porosity, centration dimple on reverse, weight 4.132 g, maximum diameter 17.8 mm, die axis 180o, Ainos (Enez, Turkey) mint, c. 117 - 138 A.D.; obversehead of Hermes left, caduceus before, no centration dimple; reverse AI-NIΩN, goat standing left, centration dimple; unpublished in references, missing from major collections, extremely rare - 2nd known specimen; $200.00 SALE PRICE $180.00
Kingdom of Thrace, Lysimachos, 305 - 281 B.C.
This is an Alexandrine typedrachm, meaning it has the types of Alexander's drachms, Herakles and Zeus Aëtophoros. Thompson notes, "Teos, like Colophon, was a royal mint [for Lysimachos] for only a short time. Its scanty output of drachms falls in the period before Lysimachus began to issue money with his own types."GS86508. Silver drachm, Price L38 corr. (control positions), Thompson 130 corr. (control positions), Müller 34 ff. var. (monogram), Müller Alexander -, SNG Cop -, gVF, toned, centered on a tight flan, light marks, weight 4.258 g, maximum diameter 18.2 mm, die axis 0o, Ionia, Teos (near Sigacik, Turkey) mint, lifetime issue, c. 301/299 - 297 B.C.; obversehead of Herakles right, clad in Nemean lion scalp headdress; reverse Zeus Aëtophoros seated left, right leg drawn back, nude to the waist, himation around hips and legs, eagle in extended right hand, long scepter vertical behind in left hand, griffin seated left above monogram (controls) in lower left field, ΛYΣIMAXOY (Lysimachos) downward on right, BAΣIΛEΩΣ (king) in exergue; from the David Cannon Collection, ex Beast Coins; very rare; $385.00 SALE PRICE $347.00
Kingdom of Thrace, Rhoemetalces III, c. 38 - 46 A.D., CaligulaReverse
Rhoemetalces III was the son of the King Rhescuporis II. He ruled the Odrysian kingdom of Thrace with his cousin-wife Pythodoris II as clients under the Romans from 38 to 46 A.D. They succeeded Pythodoris’ mother Tryphaena and her brother Rhoemetalces II. Rhoemetalces III was murdered in 46, by insurgents or on the orders of his wife. The subsequent fate of Pythodoris II is unknown and it seems they didn't have any children. Soon after his death, Thrace was incorporated into the Roman Empire as a province. RP86500. Bronze AE 26, RPC I 1724; Youroukova 210; BMC Thrace p. 210, 2; SNG Cop -, aVF, centered, green patina, porous, weight 13.803 g, maximum diameter 25.7 mm, die axis 180o, uncertain Thracian mint, 38 - 41 B.C.; obverse BAΣIΛEYΣ POIMHTAΛKAΣ, diademed and draped bust of Rhoemetalkes right; reverse ΓAIΩ KAIΣAPI ΣEBAΣTΩ, laureate head of Caligula left; very rare; $250.00 SALE PRICE $225.00
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