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Ancient Greek Coins from Thrace and Moesia

Kingdom of Thrace, Rhoemetalces III, c. 38 - 46 A.D., Caligula Reverse

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Rhoemetalces III was the son of the King Rhescuporis II. He ruled the Odrysian kingdom of Thrace with his cousin-wife Pythodoris II as clients under the Romans from 38 to 46 A.D. They succeeded Pythodoris’ mother Tryphaena and her brother Rhoemetalces II. Rhoemetalces III was murdered in 46, by insurgents or on the orders of his wife. The subsequent fate of Pythodoris II is unknown and it seems they didn't have any children. Soon after his death, Thrace was incorporated into the Roman Empire as a province.
RP86500. Bronze AE 26, RPC I 1724; Youroukova 210; BMC Thrace p. 210, 2; SNG Cop -, aVF, centered, green patina, porous, weight 13.803 g, maximum diameter 25.7 mm, die axis 180o, uncertain Thracian mint, 38 - 41 B.C.; obverse BAΣIΛEYΣ POIMHTAΛKAΣ, diademed and draped bust of Rhoemetalkes right; reverse ΓAIΩ KAIΣAPI ΣEBAΣTΩ, laureate head of Caligula left; very rare; $250.00 (€212.50)


Cherronesos, Thrace, c. 400 - 338 B.C.

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Cherronesos is Greek for 'peninsula' and several cities used the name. The city in Thracian Chersonesos (the Gallipoli peninsula) that struck these coins is uncertain. The coins may have been struck at Cardia by the peninsula as a league, or perhaps they were struck by lost city on the peninsula named Cherronesos. Cherronesos was controlled by Athens from 560 B.C. to 338 B.C., aside from a brief period during this time when it was controlled by Persia. It was taken by Philip II of Macedonia in 338 B.C., Pergamon in 189 B.C., and Rome in 133 B.C. It was later ruled by the Byzantine Empire and then by the Ottoman Turks.
GS86501. Silver hemidrachm, SNG Berry 502, BMC Thrace -, McClean -, Dewing -, SNG Cop -, SNG Lockett -, SNG Milan -, SNG Dreer -, SNG von Post -, Choice gVF, well centered and struck, light deposits, areas of slight porosity, weight 2.377 g, maximum diameter 12.6 mm, die axis 0o, Cherronesos mint, c. 400 - 338 B.C.; obverse lion forepart right, head turned back left; reverse quadripartite incuse with alternating shallow and deeper sunken quarters, crested Corinthian helmet in one sunken quarter, pellet in the opposite sunken quarter; $200.00 (€170.00)


Macrinus, 11 April 217 - 8 June 218 A.D., Nikopolis ad Istrum, Moesia Inferior

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The reverse legend identifies the Consular Legate (Governor) Statius Longinus.
RP85598. Bronze AE 25, H-H-J Nikopolis 8.23.1.6 (R5), Varbanov I 3486 (R3), AMNG I/I 1721 var. (cuirassed), Moushmov 1249; BMC Thrace -, SNG Cop -, VF, nice style, green patina, some light corrosion, edge crack, weight 8.601 g, maximum diameter 25.1 mm, die axis 180o, Nicopolis ad Istrum (Nikyup, Bulgaria) mint, consular legate Statius Longinus, 217 - 218 A.D.; obverse AVT K M OΠEΛ CEV - MAKPINOC, laureate head right; reverse VΠ CTA ΛONΓINOV NIKOΠOΛITΩN Π,POC ICT (ending in exergue), Zeus seated left, nude to the waist, himation around hips and legs, right foot drawn back, patera in extended right hand, long scepter vertical in left hand; ex Forum (2009); $165.00 (€140.25)


Diadumenian, Mid May - 8 June 218 A.D., Nikopolis ad Istrum, Moesia Inferior

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Nicopolis ad Istrum was founded by Trajan around 101-106, at the junction of the Iatrus (Yantra) and the Rositsa rivers, in memory of his victory over the Dacians. Its ruins are located at the village of Nikyup, 20 km north of Veliko Tarnovo in northern Bulgaria. The town peaked during the reigns of Trajan, Hadrian, the Antonines and the Severan dynasty. In 447, the Nicopolis was destroyed by Attila's Huns. In the 6th century, it was rebuilt as a powerful fortress enclosing little more than military buildings and churches, following a very common trend for the cities of that century in the Danube area. It was finally destroyed by the Avar invasions at the end of the 6th century.
RP84848. Bronze AE 28, H-H-J Nikopolis 8.25.3.1 (R3, same dies); SNG Cop 280; AMNG I/1 1833; Moushmov 1360; Varbanov I 3775 (R3); BMC Thrace -, Choice VF, dark sea-green patina, well centered, some legend slightly weak, edge cracks, centration dimples, weight 13.059 g, maximum diameter 27.8 mm, die axis 180o, Nicopolis ad Istrum (Nikyup, Bulgaria) mint, consular legate Statius Longinus, 217 - 218; obverse K M OΠEΛ ANTΩN ∆IA∆OVMENIANOC, bare-headed, laureate, and draped bust right; reverse VΠ CTATIOV ΛONΓINOV NIKOΠOΛITΩN, Hera standing left, phiale in right hand, long scepter vertical behind in left, ΠR-OC divided low across field, ICTPO in exergue; $120.00 (€102.00)


Eastern Celts, Danube Region, 2nd Century B.C., Imitative of Philip II of Macedonia

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CE84815. Silver tetradrachm, Eselohr Type; Lanz 443, Göbl OTA 156/2, Castelin 1276, Pink 156, Dembski 1098, CCCBM -, VF, centered on a tight flan, light bumps and marks, areas of light corrosion, earthen deposits, weight 13.435 g, maximum diameter 19.0 mm, die axis 0o, mint in Banat or southern Serbia, 2nd century B.C.; obverse laureate, bearded head of Zeus right; reverse stylized naked youth (resembles a bird?) on the back of a horse pacing left, pellet wreath behind rider, another pellet wreath before horse, branch below horse's belly; very rare; $180.00 (€153.00)


Eastern Celts, Danube Region, 2nd Century B.C., Imitative of Philip II of Macedonia

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CE84816. Silver tetradrachm, Eselohr Type; Lanz 441, Göbl OTA 156/2, Castelin 1276, Pink 156, Dembski 1098, CCCBM -, VF, tight flan, light bumps and marks, earthen deposits, weight 13.366 g, maximum diameter 18.8 mm, die axis 45o, mint in Banat or southern Serbia, 2nd century B.C.; obverse laureate, bearded head of Zeus right; reverse stylized naked youth (resembles a bird?) on the back of a horse pacing left, pellet wreath behind rider, another pellet wreath before horse, branch below horse's belly; very rare; $180.00 (€153.00)


Danubian Celts or Geto-Dacians, 3rd - 2nd Century B.C., Imitative of Philip III of Macedonia

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BB85075. Silver tetradrachm, cf. CCCBM I 193, Forrer Keltische 336, De la Tour 9640, Lanz 904, F, rough, pitted, weight 15.853 g, maximum diameter 24.3 mm, die axis 270o, tribal mint, 3rd - 2nd century B.C.; obverse head of Herakles right, clad in Nemean Lion scalp headdress tied at neck; reverse ΦIΛIΠΠOY, Zeus Aëtophoros enthroned left, right leg drawn back, eagle in right hand, long scepter vertical behind in left hand; $60.00 (€51.00)


Maroneia, Thrace, c. 398 - 385 B.C.

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Maroneia was on the Aegean coast about midway between the mouths of the Hebrus and the Nestus rivers. The city was named after Maron, sometimes identified as a son of Dionysos, who in the Odyssey gives Odysseus the wine with which he intoxicates Polyphemos. Maroneia was famous for its wine, which was esteemed everywhere and was said to possess the odor of nectar.
GB85193. Silver triobol, Schönert-Geiss Maroneia 236 ff.; SNG Cop 616; SNG Delepierre 797; BMC Thrace p. 234, 30a, gF/VF, tight flan, edge cracks, weight 2.624 g, maximum diameter 14.6 mm, die axis 90o, Maroneia (Maroneia-Sapes, Greece) mint, c. 398 - 385 B.C.; obverse forepart of prancing horse left, dotted body truncation, A-N flanking at neck, Θ below; reverse bunch of grapes on a vine, M - A flanking low across the field, all in a dotted linear square border within a square incuse; $200.00 (€170.00)


Elagabalus, 16 May 218 - 11 March 222 A.D., Philippopolis, Thrace

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Nomos described this coin as, "An extraordinary piece, especially with remains of its original silver plating. Some marks from cleaning, otherwise, about extremely fine."
SH85458. Silvered medallion, okatassarion or quinarius; SNG Cop 784; Varbanov III 1721 (R8); Mionnet I, p. 419, 358 (R6); Mouchmov 5428 (all same dies), aEF, cleaning marks, areas of light corrosion, weight 38.718 g, maximum diameter 40.8 mm, die axis 15o, Philippopolis mint, 218 - 222 A.D.; obverse AYT K M AYPΛ ANTΩNEINOC CEB, laureate, draped, and cuirassed three-quarter length bust of Elagabalus left; reverse MHTPOΠOΛEΩC ΦIΛIΠΠOΠOΛEΩC NEΩ KOPOY, youthful Herakles standing left, nude but for lion's skin draped around his left forearm, resting his right hand on the handle of a club set on the ground and holding an apple in his left hand; big 40.8mm bronze!, ex Nomos AG, auction 10 (18 May 2015), lot 115 (realized approximately $4686 including buyers fee); extremely rare; $3400.00 (€2890.00)


Gordian III, 29 July 238 - 25 February 244 A.D., Odessos, Moesia Inferior

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As first noticed by von Sallet in the Berlin Catalogue, the obverse die of this coin was also used to strike medallions for Marcianopolis and Tomis (see AMNG Marcianopolis 1098 note).
SH85459. Bronze medallion, hexassarion; Varbanov 4434 (R8, same dies), AMNG I/II 2315 (4 specimens), EF, nice dark green patina, well centered on a broad flan, marks and scratches, weight 25.655 g, maximum diameter 36.8 mm, die axis 180o, Odessos (Varna, Bulgaria) mint, 29 Jul 238 - 25 Feb 244 A.D.; obverse AVT K M ANT ΓOP∆-IANOC AVΓ, radiate, draped, cuirassed bust left, almost half-length, seen from front, raising right hand in greeting, globe in left hand; reverse O∆HC-C-EITON, On the left, Hygeia standing right, holding phiale in her left hand from which she feeds snake held in her right; to right, Asklepios standing left, holding serpent-entwined staff in his right hand; ex Stack's NYINC auction (9 Jan 2015), lot 261; ex Heritage Long Beach Signature Sale (25 Sep 2013), lot 23297; ex Heritage-Gemini VIII (14 Apr 2011), lot 406; $810.00 (€688.50)











Catalog current as of Thursday, December 14, 2017.
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Thrace & Moesia