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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Byzantine Coins ▸ Justinian Dynasty ▸ Maurice TiberiusView Options:  |  |  | 

Maurice Tiberius, 13 August 582 - 22 November 602 A.D.

Joint rule with Theodosius (his son), 29 March 590 - 22 November 602 A.D.
Maurice Tiberius, a successful general, was selected by Tiberius II Constantine as his successor. Although he achieved a favorable peace in Persia and was able to stem the losses of territory in Italy and Africa, much of the Balkans were lost. Focas, a junior officer, led a military revolt against Maurice and was declared emperor in November 602. Maurice and Theodosius, his son and co-emperor, were captured and murdered.
Map of Europe 600 A.D.


Byzantine Empire, Maurice Tiberius, 13 August 582 - 22 November 602 A.D.

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Tiberius II and Maurice each issued folles of this type. The only difference is Tiberius has a cross on his crown; Maurice has a trefoil ornament.

The obverse legend on this coin is completely blundered illiterate nonsense, as is typical for the type.
BZ71846. Bronze follis, DOC I 155, Wroth BMC 89 (Tiberius II), Ratto 964 (Tiberius), Tolstoi 61, Hahn MIB 95b, SBCV 532, Sommer 7.62.2, Morrisson BnF -, VF, centered, green patina, edge bump, weight 11.940 g, maximum diameter 32.0 mm, die axis 180o, Theoupolis (Antioch) mint, 585 - 586 A.D.; obverse OMITACOM-NANTAPPY (blundered), bust facing, crown with trefoil ornament, consular robes, mappa in right, eagle tipped scepter in left; reverse large M (40 nummi) between A/N/N/O and II/II (regnal year 4), cross above, THEUP' in exergue; $90.00 (€79.20)
 


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In 591, seeing an opportunity to end the prolonged war to the advantage of Constantinople, Maurice assisted Khosrau II regain the Persian throne. He sent a Byzantine army of 35,000 men into Mesopotamia through Syria and another expeditionary force in Armenia advanced through Caucasian Iberia into Media (modern Azerbaijan). The Byzantines defeated a Persian army of about 40,000 men under king Bahram VI at the Battle of Blarathon, in the lowlands near Ganzak (northwestern Iran). Bahram fled to seek refuge with the Turks in Central Asia and settled in Fergana, but was murdered by a hired assassin of Khosrau II. In the summer, Maurice began a series of military expeditions to defend the Balkans from the Avars and Slavs. He stabilized the Danube frontier (Limes Moesiae) from the Delta to the fortress city of Singidunum (Belgrade) and the Byzantines reasserted their authority in the interior.
BZ72002. Bronze follis, DOC I 33a, Ratto 1054, SBCV 494, Sommer 7.21, Wroth BMC -, Morrisson BnF -, Tolstoi -, aVF, nice green patina, some areas of weakness, light corrosion, weight 11.485 g, maximum diameter 32.8 mm, die axis 0o, 1st officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 591 - 592 A.D.; obverse D N mAVRC TIbER PP AV, helmeted and cuirassed bust facing, globus cruciger in right, shield in left; reverse large M (40 nummi) between ANNO and X (regnal year 10), cross above, A (1st officina) below, CON (Constantinople) in exergue; $80.00 (€70.40)
 


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Maurice Tiberius achieved peace with Persia and stemmed losses in Italy and Africa, but lost much of the Balkans. When Focas, a junior officer, revolted Maurice and his son Theodosius were murdered.
SH76243. Gold solidus, DOC I 5b, Wroth BMC 3, Morrisson BnF 7/Cp/AV/3, Tolstoi 10, Ratto 998, Grierson 1958, Hahn MIB 6, Sommer 7.5, SBCV 478, VF, uneven strike with unstruck areas, marks and scratches, weight 4.483 g, maximum diameter 21.9 mm, die axis 210o, 2nd officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 583 - 602 A.D.; obverse D N mAVRC - TIb P P AVC, helmeted and cuirassed bust facing, globus cruciger in right hand, fold of paludamentum over left shoulder, helmet with plum, circlet in front and pendilia; reverse VICTORI-A AVCC B, angel standing facing, staurogram (rho-cross) topped staff in right hand, globus cruciger in left hand, CONOB in exergue; ex Ephesus Numismatics; $350.00 (€308.00)
 


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This is the first example of this type handled by Forum.
SH76244. Gold light weight solidus, 22 siliquae; DOC I 151, Adelson 94, Morrisson BnF - (p. 194), Hahn MIB 13a (Constantinople), Tolstoi 35, SBCV 529, Wroth BMC -, Ratto -, Sommer -, aEF, luster, light marks, some die wear, small ding on reverse, weight 4.012 g, maximum diameter 23.5 mm, die axis 195o, 6th officina, Theoupolis-Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 583 - 22 Nov 602 A.D.; obverse D N MAVRIC - TIb P P AVG, helmeted, draped, and cuirassed bust facing, globus cruciger in right hand, fold of paludamentum over left shoulder, helmet with arc ornament in front and plume; reverse VICTORI-A AVCC Θς, angel standing facing, staff topped with staurogram (rho-cross) in right hand, globus cruciger in left hand, OB+* in exergue; very rare; $700.00 (€616.00)
 


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In 583, Maurice decided to end the annual tribute to the Avars, a mounted people who swept across Russia and threatened the Balkan Peninsula. The result was sixteen years of Avar attacks, raids, sackings, and devastation. In 599, after Maurice refused to pay ransom, the Avars slaughtered 12,000 captured Byzantine soldiers. That summer, the Byzantines defeated the Avars in open battle, pursued the fleeing tribes, and then invaded and devastated the Avar homeland. In 602, after a few more defeats, the Avars agreed to accept Byzantine rule. However, the high cost of the war in blood and treasure had cost Maurice his popularity. He was forced to witness the slaughter of his supporters and his five sons, and then beheaded.
SH76123. Gold solidus, DOC I 5b, Wroth BMC 3, Morrisson BnF 7/Cp/AV/3, Tolstoi 10, Ratto 998, Hahn MIB 6, Sommer 7.5, SBCV 478,, VF, well centered, bumps and marks, die wear, reverse right a little weakly struck, weight 4.478 g, maximum diameter 21.5 mm, die axis 180o, 2nd officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 583 - 602 A.D.; obverse D N mAVRC - TIb P P AVC, helmeted and cuirassed bust facing, globus cruciger in right hand, fold of paludamentum over left shoulder, helmet with plum, circlet in front and pendilia; reverse VICTORI-A AVCC B, angel standing facing, staff topped with staurogram (rho-cross) in right hand, globus cruciger in left hand, CONOB in exergue; $550.00 (€484.00)
 


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SH76236. Gold light weight solidus, 23 siliquae; DOC I 7b, Hahn MIB 11, SBCV 481, Wroth BMC-, Tolstoi -, Ratto -, Morrisson BnF -, Sommer -, VF, centered, uneven strike with weak areas, bumps and marks, overstruck(?), weight 4.183 g, maximum diameter 21.3 mm, die axis 180o, 2nd officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 583 - 25 Nov 602 A.D.; obverse D N mAVRC - TIb P P AVC, helmeted and cuirassed bust facing, helmet with plum and pendilia, globus cruciger in right hand, shield in left, * in right field; reverse VICTORI-A AVGG B, angel standing facing, staurogram (rho-cross) topped staff in right hand, globus cruciger in left hand, star in right field, CONOB in exergue; ex Rudnik Numismatics; rare officina for scarce issue; $380.00 (€334.40)
 


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Tiberius II and Maurice each issued folles of this type. The only difference is Tiberius has a cross on his crown; Maurice has a trefoil ornament.

The obverse legend on this coin is completely blundered illiterate nonsense, as is typical for the type.
BZ72607. Bronze follis, DOC I 155, Wroth BMC 89 (Tiberius II), Ratto 964 (Tiberius), Tolstoi 61, Hahn MIB 95b, SBCV 532, Sommer 7.62.2, Morrisson BnF -, F, over-cleaned, scratched, weight 10.449 g, maximum diameter 29.9 mm, die axis 180o, Theoupolis (Antioch) mint, 585 - 586 A.D.; obverse OΠITIOCTS- ITH... (blundered), bust facing, crown with trefoil ornament, consular robes, mappa in right, eagle tipped scepter in left; reverse large M (40 nummi) between A/N/N/O and II/II (regnal year 4), cross above, THEUP' in ex; ex Forum (2010); $9.50 (€8.36)


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Maurice Tiberius, a successful general, was selected by Tiberius II Constantine as his successor. Although he achieved a favorable peace in Persia and was able to stem the losses of territory in Italy and Africa, much of the Balkans were lost. Focas, a junior officer, led a military revolt against Maurice and was declared emperor in November 602. Maurice and Theodosius, his son and co-emperor, were captured and murdered.
BZ69709. Bronze pentanummium, DOC I 68d, Ratto 1087, Sommer 7.33, Hahn MIB 74c, Berk 407, SRCV 501A, Wroth BMC -, Tolstoi -, VF, nice glossy green patina, ragged flan, earthen encrustation, weight 1.456 g, maximum diameter 15.6 mm, die axis 225o, 4th officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 582 - 602 A.D.; obverse d N mAVRIC PP AV (or similar, obscure, AV ligate), diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse large E (5 nummi), smaller ∆ (4th officina) right; scarce; $50.00 (€44.00)
 


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By 602, Maurice ordered the troops to stay beyond the Danube over winter, but they revolted and marched back to Constantinople under the leadership of Phocas. On 27 November, Maurice was captured trying to escape, he was forced to witness the slaughter of his five sons and all his supporters, and was beheaded. His wife, Constantina and his three daughters were spared, and sent to a monastery. Phocas was proclaimed the emperor.
BZ69192. Bronze decanummium, Anastasi 24c, DOC I 281, Hahn MIBE 140, Wroth BMC 249, Tolstoi 306, Ratto 1169, Sommer 7.100, SBCV 583, F, weight 3.225 g, maximum diameter 15.4 mm, die axis 180o, Syracuse mint, 588 - 602 A.D.; obverse D N mAVRIC - TIb P P AVC (or similar), helmeted, draped, and cuirassed bust facing, helmet with crest and pendilia, globus cruciger in right; reverse large X (10 nummi), SE-CI-LI-A in angles; $95.00 (€83.60)
 


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Maurice Tiberius achieved peace with Persia and stemmed losses in Italy and Africa, but lost much of the Balkans. When Focas, a junior officer, revolted Maurice and his son Theodosius were murdered.
BZ69201. Bronze decanummium, DOC I 64c, Sommer 7.29, Tolstoi 107, Hahn MIB 73A, SBCV 498, Wroth BMC -, Morrisson BnF -, Ratto -, Choice VF, weight 3.103 g, maximum diameter 22.2 mm, die axis 0o, 5th officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, obverse D N TIBER P P AV, crowned, draped and cuirassed bust facing; reverse large I (10 nummi), cross above, star left, E right, CON (Constantinople) in exergue; scarce; $125.00 (€110.00)
 










REFERENCES

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Catalog current as of Monday, February 08, 2016.
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Byzantine Coins of Maurice Tiberius