Antioch, Roman Provincial , Autumn 48 - Autumn 47 B.C.,
From , The Coins of Roman Antioch, p. 74, note 25: "The coins of this year (Pompeian Era 19 = 48/7 BC) and of Year 3 of the Caesarean Era are frequently seen with a on the , which was previously described as "head of r." in an oval. As discussed in the text, it now seems likely that the portrays , and was used to mark coins circulating in the Syro-Phoenician territories, which were given to her by ."
RP84649. Bronze , 43; 4216; p. 155, 35; 384; 1366; -; : p. 74, note 25, F, : aVF, 11.895 g, maximum 22.7 mm, 0o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, Autumn 48 - Autumn 47 B.C.; laureate of Zeus right; : of right in an oval; ANTIOXEΩN THΣ MHTPOΠOΛΩΣ, Zeus Nicephorus enthroned left, chest bare, around hips and legs, offering in his extended right hand, long vertical in left hand, (thunderbolt) above, (control symbol) inner left, IΘ (Pompeian Era year 19) below, all within laurel ; $225.00 (€200.25)
Pontic Kingdom, Mithradates VI the Great, c. 120 - 63 B.C., Anonymous Coinage
Mithradates VI (the Great) was of in northern Anatolia from about 119 to 63 B.C. He was of both Greek and Persian origin, claiming descent from both Alexander the Great and Darius I of . Mithradates is remembered as one of Rome's most formidable and successful enemies, who engaged three of the most prominent generals of the late Roman Republic in the so-called Mithridatic Wars: , Lucullus, and . After Mithradates VI was at last defeated by Pompey and in danger of capture by Rome, he attempted suicide. The poison failed because he had taken daily doses to build immunity. He then made his bodyguard and friend, Bituitus, kill him by the sword.
GB84575. Bronze AE 26, cf. 310 (S), 649, 973, 232 (all SNG refs. with same countermarks, none with this ), gF, dark , thick heavy as usual for the , bumps and marks, light corrosion, 19.920 g, maximum 25.6 mm, uncertain (Amisos?) mint, c. 130 - 100 B.C.; male left in a satrapal leather cap; countermarks: helmet in round punch, in round punch, (thunderbolt) in a rectangular punch; of eight rays, bow facing inward, between rays; ; $110.00 (€97.90)
Judean Kingdom, John Hyrcanus I (Yehohanan), 134 - 104 B.C.
This is easily recognized because the differs from all others and even appears to be a different .
JD84805. Bronze , 1135, D, aF, off center, earthen deposits, 1.881 g, maximum 14.7 mm, 45o, Jerusalem mint, 134 - 104 B.C.; with wedge script: Yehonanan the High Priest and the Council of the Jews, surrounded by ; double adorned with ribbons, pomegranate between horns; $20.00 (€17.80)
Ptolemaic Kingdom, Kyrene, c. 322 - 313 B.C.
Silphium grew only in Kyrenaica and most coins of the region, including this one, depict it. The stalk was eaten as a vegetable. Parts of the were used to treat all kinds of maladies including cough, sore throat, fever, indigestion, pain, and warts. The fruit was considered both an aphrodisiac and a contraceptive, and was worth its in . Unfortunately, we will never know if its medicinal properties were real or imagined because the became extinct in the first century A.D. It's said that ate the last .GB84582. Bronze AE 14, 9, 84, 199, 6342, F, 3.923 g, maximum 14.3 mm, 270o, Kyrene mint, governor Ophellas, c. 322 - 313 B.C.; of Karneios right, [AN∆P]; silphium , K-Y flanking across ; ; $125.00 (€111.25)
Kings of , Deiotaros, c. 64 - 40 B.C.
Deiotarus was chief of the Tolistobogii tribe in western and became of . He was a faithful ally of Rome against of , for which he was rewarded by Pompey. pardoned him for siding with Pompey in the civil war but he was deprived of some of his dominions. After Caesar's death, , for a large payment, publicly announced that, in accordance with instructions left by , Deiotarus was to resume possession of all the territory of which he had been deprived. When civil war broke out again, Deiotarus supported the anti-Caesarian party of and Cassius, but after the Battle of in 42 B.C., he went over to the triumvirs. He retained his kingdom until his death at a very advanced age.GB84653. Bronze AE 18, K1; p. 536, 2; 6099; 775 (R1); -; -, gVF, glossy dark green , slightest , 5.923 g, maximum 17.7 mm, 45o, Pessinus (Ballihisar, Turkey) mint, c. 63 - 58 B.C.; laureate of Zeus right; standing left on (thunderbolt), right, wings slightly open, (∆HIOTAP) left; ; $200.00 (€178.00)
Seleukid Kingdom, Antiochus VI Dionysus, 144 - c. 142 B.C.
After his father was deposed by Demetrius II, the general Diodotus Tryphon nominated Antiochus VI as . He gained the allegiance of most of the Seleucid domain, including , but was actually only a puppet of the general. He died after "ruling" for two years. He was likely assassinated under orders from Tryphon, who then made himself .GY79685. Bronze AE 22, II 2006b, 1771, 1009, 248 ff. var. (control), 304 var. (same), 143 (C-S), VF, nice portrait, green , slightly off center, well-centered , 8.067 g, maximum 22.0 mm, 45o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, c. mid-143 - 142 B.C.; of Antiochos VI right, wearing ivy ; BAΣIΛEΩΣ ANTIOXOY, EΠIΦANOYΣ ∆IONYΣOY , walking left, holding torch in trunk, ΣTA above right, frond (control symbol) right; ; $185.00 (€164.65)
Indo-Greek Kingdom, Menander, c. 155 - 130 B.C.
Menander ruled eastern Baktria, including modern . He expanded his influence into India where he is mentioned in several sources such as Milindanpanha and Mahavamsa, and in an on a reliquary. Tradition maintains he was a and powerful and converted to Buddhism. This is evidenced by his later coin legends which translate to "follower of the Dharma". WA79754. Silver , 822, 215o, 293, 13Q, 98, 191, 7600, VF, , , porous, minor edge cracks, 2.383 g, maximum 16.7 mm, 0o, Paropamisadai or Gandhara, uncertain mint, c. 155 - 130 B.C.; BAΣIΛEΩΣ ΣΩTHPOΣ MENAN∆POY, diademed and draped of right; : maharaja tratasa Menadrasa (of Great Menander the Savior), standing left, wearing crested helmet, on left arm, brandishing thunderbolt in right hand, left; $80.00 (€71.20)
Indo-Greek Kingdom, Menander I , c. 155 - 130 B.C.
Menander is the most important Greek who ruled in India and the only Greek mentioned in Indian literature. Tradition maintains he was a and powerful , who converted to Buddhism. This is further evidenced by his later coin legends which translate, "follower of the Dharma."WA79645. Silver , 879, 218c, 124, 16I, 193, -, gVF, attractive , , off center, light marks, 2.451 g, maximum 17.6 mm, 0o, Paropamisadai or Gandhara, uncertain mint, c. 155 - 130 B.C.; BAΣIΛEΩΣ ΣΩTHPOΣ MENAN∆POY, draped right, wearing diadem and crested helmet ornamented with bull's horn and ear; : Menadrasa (of Great Menander the Savior), Alkidemos standing left, brandishing thunderbolt in right hand, on left arm, right; $160.00 (€142.40)
Seleukid Kingdom, Alexander I Balas, 152 - 145 B.C.
Alexander Balas, of humble origin, claimed to be Antiochus IV's son and heir to the Seleukid throne. Rome and accepted his claims. He married Thea, daughter of Ptolemy of . With his father-in-law's , he defeated Demetrius and became the Seleukid . After he abandoned himself to debauchery, his father-in-law shifted his support to Demetrius II, the son of Demetrius . Balas was defeated and fled to where he was murdered.
GS84619. Silver , II 1781.3a, 118, 875a, EF, excellent Hellenistic , lightly , slightly off center, some die wear, light marks, light deposits on , 16.950 g, maximum 28.9 mm, 45o, Antioch on the (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 152 - 146 B.C.; diademed right, ; BAΣIΛEΩΣ AΛEΞAN∆POY ΘEOΠATOPOΣ EYEPΓETOY, Zeus enthroned left, chest bare, around hips and legs and over left shoulder, offering him in his right hand, in his left hand, (control symbol) outer left, ΓΞP ( year 163) and (control symbol) in ; ex CNG e-auction 386 (9 Nov 2016), lot 328; $540.00 (€480.60)
Indo-Scythians, Kushanas Yuezhi in Hindu Kush and Gandhara, c. 55 - 45 B.C., Imitative of Hermaios
Hermaios, the last Indo-Greek , ruled in the Hindu-Kush region, from in Arachosia (Kandahar, Afganistan), c. 105 - 90 B.C. His prosperous rule ended when the Scythian Kushanas Yuezhi invaded from neighboring . With his defeat, the isolated of Greek domination in the east, which had lasted three centuries since the invasion of Alexander the Great, came to an end. The new rulers widely copied Hermaios coinage for many decades, in an increasingly debased and barbarized form.BB75430. Silver , 39aD.2/2q, series 19, III 420i, 307 (R1), aF, , , marks, corrosion, 1.647 g, maximum 15.9 mm, 0o, eastern Gandhara, uncertain mint, c. 55 - 45 B.C.; BAΣIΛEΩΣ ΣΩTHPOΣ (clockwise above), EPMAIOY (counterclockwise below), diademed and draped of Hermaios right, flowing diadem ties, dotted hair; : Maharaajasa Heramayasa (of Great Hermaios the Savior), Zeus enthroned half left, chest bare, around hips and legs and over left shoulder, legs apart, right hand raised in , in left hand, left, Greek N(?) over letter To(?) right of throne; ; $21.00 (€18.69)
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