, , Italy, c. 275 - 250 B.C.
In angst at not seducing with her voice, the siren , threw herself into the sea and died. Her body washed up on the near . There she was not envisioned as one of the insidious monsters of Homer, but rather like a dead hero, she was enshrined and deified and her name was given to an early settlement on the site. held funerary torch-races to commemorate and her nearby tomb and sanctuary were among the local places of interest. The river god was her father.
GS84679. Silver nomos, 440; 381; 100, 63; 483; 586; -, VF, , , on a , porous, 7.114 g, maximum 18.8 mm, 45o, mint, c. 275 - 250 B.C.; of siren left, wearing , triple-pendant earring, and necklace, EY behind neck; the river-god in the form of a , walking left, turned facing, flying left above, placing on river-god's , ΛOY below, NEOΠOΛITHΣ in ; $580.00 (€516.20)
Kings of Bosporos, Cotys I with and , 45 - 69 A.D.
According to Pliny the Elder, was a beautiful and reputable woman. Many ancient historians, however, accuse of poisoning and described her as ruthless, ambitious, violent, and domineering.
RP84697. Bronze 12 nummi, 1924, 325 326, 6, 3, -, 152, 344 and pl. 13, aF, porous, 5.527 g, maximum 22.2 mm, 0o, Nikomedia(?) mint, c. 50 - 54 A.D.; TI KΛAV∆IOY - KAICAPOC, laureate of right, IB (mark of value) below; IOYΛIAN AΓPIΠΠINAN KAICAPOC, of left, hair falling down back of neck in a plait, BAK before; ; $120.00 (€106.80)
Ptolemaic Kingdom, VII Thea , 51 - 30 B.C.
VII originally shared power with her father Ptolemy XII and later with her brother-husbands Ptolemy XIII and Ptolemy XIV. Her relationship with led to sole rule. After Caesar's assassination, she aligned with . Her reign marks the end of the Hellenistic Era and the beginning of the Roman Era. She was the last Pharaoh of Ancient .
GI85343. Bronze , 1872; 184; 422; p. 123, 5; 383; 949, aF, bumps, scratches, corrosion, , 8.383 g, maximum 21.2 mm, 0o, mint, 51 - 30 B.C.; diademed and draped of right, characteristic melon coif; KΛEOΠATPAΣ BACIΛICCHC, standing left on thunderbolt, wings closed, left, left, M (40 drachms = ) right; $250.00 (€222.50)
Ptolemaic Kingdom, VII Thea , 51 - 30 B.C., Paphos,
In 48 B.C., gave to .
GP85350. Bronze , 1875; 3903; 268b (Ptolemaeus of ); 169; 526; p. 120, 52; -; -; -, VF, , some corrosion, edge crack, 7.729 g, maximum 26.4 mm, 45o, Paphos mint, c. 47 - 30 B.C.; horned of Zeus-Ammon right; BAΣIΛEΩΣ ΠTOΛEMAIOY, standing left on thunderbolt, left, wings closed, frond transverse on far side, KYΠP ( ) right; ; $100.00 (€89.00)
, Philip III and Alexander IV, 323 - 315 B.C., Types of
coin types remained prominent in the northern regions of the long after his death. This coin was struck at under Antipater or after Alexander's death when the kingdom was nominally ruled by Alexander's mentally disabled half-brother Philip III Arrhidaeus, son of and Philinna, and Alexander IV, the great conqueror's young son. The two were made joint kings by Alexander's generals who only used them as pawns. Philip III was imprisoned upon his return to , and in 317 B.C. he was executed under orders from . Alexander IV and his mother Roxana were executed by the boy's regent, Kassander, in 311 B.C.
SH84818. Gold 1/4 , CNG auction 88 (14 Sep 2011), lot 149 (same dies, gVF, $5,055 plus fees); 131 var. (club left); 237 var. (same), aEF, light marks, 2.124 g, maximum 11.4 mm, 180o, mint, c. 323 - 317 B.C.; of Herakles right, wearing scalp headdress knotted at neck; bow with string downward above club right, bee right above bow, ΦIΛIΠΠOY over A below club; extremely variant; $1750.00 (€1557.50)
Ptolemaic Kingdom, VII Thea , 51 - 30 B.C., Paphos,
This is the smallest issued by the Ptolemaic Kingdom, and among the last coins struck. It has been re-attributed to VII by Matt . Three examples of this tiny coinage were found at the House of Dionysos, the Ptolemaic bronze coin mint discussed in . One was found in room , along with sixty-two quarter obols. A second was found in Well 11, along with fifteen more quarter obols. The third was a single find, near a late Roman coin. The Romans last issued this under , when it was marked with an E for five drachmai.
GP85369. Bronze 1/8 , 1246 (Ptolemy V), 170, -, -, -, -, -, -, -, -, F, dark green , earthen deposits, light scratches, 0.946 g, maximum 10.7 mm, Paphos mint, 51 - 30 B.C.; winged (thunderbolt); ΠTOΛEMAIOY BAΣIΛEΩΣ, standing left, left, wings closed; ; $150.00 (€133.50)
Mesembria, , c. 275 - 225 B.C., Civic Issue in the Types and Name of Alexander the Great
Mesembria, Nesebar Bulgaria today, was a Doric settlement on a Black Sea island just off mainland . Today it is a seaside resort and a man-made isthmus connects it to the coast. The city struck Alexandrine tetradrachms possibly as early as 275 B.C. It is likely Mesembria issued the very last Alexandrine tetradrachms, possibly even under Roman rule, as late as 65 B.C.
SH85286. Silver , p. 84 and pl. VII, 41 (O7/R18); 992; 436, gVF, attractive , light marks and scratches, 17.000 g, maximum 31.6 mm, 180o, Mesambria (Nesebar, Bulgaria) mint, c. 275 - 225 B.C.; of Herakles right, wearing Nemean lion-scalp headdress; AΛEΞAN∆POY BAΣIΛEΩΣ, Zeus seated left, right leg drawn back, in extended right hand, long vertical behind in left hand, Corinthian helmet right over ΠA in inner left under arm; ex FORVM (2013); $700.00 (€623.00)
Ptolemaic Kingdom, Ptolemy X II, c. 116 - 80 B.C., Ancient Counterfeit
This is an unusual ancient counterfeit with a Cypriot portrait of Zeus . The central "dimples" on this counterfeit were actually cut into the dies and struck into the . On the official coins the "dimple" resulted from a production process and was not a feature of the dies. This is the third specimen of this counterfeit known to .
GP84120. Bronze AE 21, cf. 1698 (official mint), VF, dark green , highlighting earthen deposits, pre-strike casting sprue remaining, struck imitations of , 5.201 g, maximum 20.6 mm, 0o, unofficial Cypriot mint, c. 116 - 80 B.C.; diademed of Zeus right, central "dimple"; ΠTOΛEMAIOY BAΣIΛEΩΣ, two eagles standing left on thunderbolts, side by side, heads left, wings closed, left, central "dimple"; $130.00 (€115.70)
Ptolemaic Kingdom, Ptolemy IX II (Lathyros), 2nd Reign, 88 - 80 B.C.
Ptolemy IX Lathyros was of three times with intervening periods ruled by his brother, Ptolemy X Alexander. His first reign ended when his mother and co-regent III claimed that he tried to kill her and replaced him with Alexander, her favorite son. Ptolemy IX, replaced the gold sarcophagus of Alexander the Great with a one and melted the original to strike . The citizens of were outraged and he was killed soon after.
GP84839. Bronze AE 34, 1696 (only 1 specimen), -, -, -, -, -, -, -, F, dark green , porous, a little off center, with pre-strike casting sprues, 16.863 g, maximum 33.7 mm, 0o, Cypriot mint, c. 87 B.C.; diademed and horned of Zeus-Ammon right; ΠTOΛEMAIOY BAΣIΛEΩΣ, two eagles standing left on thunderbolt, with diadem and straps (control symbol) left; extremely ; $200.00 (€178.00)
Ptolemaic Kingdom, Ptolemy III , 246 - 222 B.C.
Ptolemy III promoted the translation of Jewish scriptures into Greek as the Septuagint. Due to a falling out at the Seleucid court, his eldest sister Berenice Phernophorus was murdered along with her infant son. In response, he invaded , occupied Antioch, and even reached Babylon. This war, the Third Syrian War, is cryptically alluded to in Daniel XI 7-9.
GP85319. Bronze , 964; 71; 171; 155; 30; p. 55, 87 ff.; 7814, VF, , attractive surfaces, , 72.761 g, maximum 43.7 mm, 0o, mint, 246 - 222 B.C.; horned of Zeus right, wearing ; ΠTOΛEMAIOY BAΣIΛEΩΣ, standing left on thunderbolt, wings closed, filleted left, chi-rho between eagle's legs; a massive Ptolemaic bronze!; $900.00 (€801.00)
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