Pontic Kingdom, Mithradates VI, c. 120 - 63 B.C.,
Mithradates VI "the Great" expanded his Pontic Kingdom through conquest, which inevitably brought him into conflict with . He regarded himself as the champion of the Greeks against , however, after three years of war, he was defeated by . The design of this coin is taken from a coin of , bodyguard of Alexander the Great, and of , 323 - 281 B.C. The coin depicted Alexander the Great on the . The features of the portrait on this are those of Mithradates VI.
SH85133. Gold , De p. 141 (D1/R1), 1090 ( ), VF, die wear, 8.395 g, maximum 19.2 mm, 0o, Inferior, Tomis (Constanta, Romania) mint, First Mithradatic War, 88 - 86 B.C.; diademed of Alexander the Great (with the features of Mithradates VI), wearing the horn of ; BAΣIΛEΩΣ ΛYΣIMAXOY, enthroned left, wearing crested helmet, in right hand, resting left arm on round behind, and V above knee, TO on throne, trident in ; ex CNG e-auction 92 (23 Jun 2004), lot 27; $1200.00 (€1068.00)
, of , 359 - 336 B.C.
expanded the size and influence of the but is perhaps best known as the father of Alexander the Great. He personally selected the design of his coins.
SH85135. Gold , pl. 75, 63 (D31/R52), 251 (also same dies), 523, aEF, , sculptural high relief die, some mint luster, very light marks, 8.572 g, maximum 18.6 mm, 315o, Amphipolis mint, 340/336 - 328 B.C.; laureate of right; ΦIΛIΠΠOY, charioteer driving a racing right, wearing a , in right hand, reins in his left hand, ivy leaf right below horses; $4500.00 (€4005.00)
Seleukid Kingdom, Seleucus I Nikator, 312 - 280 B.C.
Seleukos (Seleucus) founded the Seleukid Empire and the Seleukid dynasty which ruled until Pompey made it a Roman province in 63 B.C. Seleukos was never one of Alexander the Great's principal generals but he commanded the royal bodyguard during the Indian campaign. In the division of the empire after Alexander's death Seleukos did not receive a satrapy. Instead, he served under the regent Perdikkas until the latter's murder in 321 or 320. Seleukos was then appointed of . Five years later Monophthalmus (the One-eyed) forced him to flee, but he returned with support from Ptolemy. He later added and Media to his territory and defeated both and . He was succeeded by his son Antiochus I.
SH85058. Silver , I 82.5b, 3747, 734, gVF, high relief, attractive , some die wear, bumps and marks, 17.129 g, maximum 27.2 mm, 135o, Babylon I mint, 311 - 300 B.C.; of Herakles right, wearing scalp headdress; Zeus on throne, right leg drawn back, in right, long in left hand, MI under throne, in in left , AΛEΞAN∆POY (Alexander) downward on right, BAΣIΛEΩΣ ( ) below; ex & Mosch auction 245, lot 1213; $750.00 (€667.50)
, The Great, 336 - 323 B.C.
On either 10 or 11 June 323 BC, Alexander died in the palace of Nebuchadnezzar II, in Babylon, at age 32. This coin was struck around the time of Alexanders' death, in the city where he died, Babylon.
After Mazaeus died in 328 B.C., Alexander appointed Stamenes as of Babylon. Little is known about him, other than he probably died of natural causes around 323 B.C. when of replaced him. Perdiccas suspected of colluding in the theft of Alexander's corpse and, in 321 B.C., sent Dokimos to replace him. was defeated and died from battle wounds.
SH85059. Silver , 3673, 672, 4467, EF, , and struck, , high relief, , some bumps and marks, 17.214 g, maximum 26.7 mm, 90o, Babylon mint, struck by Stamenes or , c. 323 B.C.; of Herakles right, clad in scalp headdress tied at neck; Zeus enthroned left, right leg forward (archaic lifetime ), feet on footstool, in extended right hand, long vertical behind in left hand, tiny M lower left, ΦIΛH below strut, AΛEΞAN∆POY (Alexander) downward behind, BAΣIΛEΩΣ below; ex & Mosch auction 244, lot 176; $900.00 (€801.00)
, the Great, 336 - 323 B.C.
Lifetime or very early issue.
GS85061. Silver , 3321, 1363, 3405 - 3426, VF, and struck, attractive , , scratches on , 17.038 g, maximum 27.0 mm, 45o, , Arados mint, struck under Menes or Laomedon, c. 324 - 320 B.C.; of Herakles right, clad in scalp headdress tied at neck; Zeus enthroned left, in extended right hand, long vertical behind in left hand, right leg forward (archaic lifetime ), ΣΩ left, A/P under throne, AΛEΞAN∆POY downward behind, BAΣIΛEΩΣ ; ex & Mosch auction 245, lot 1203; $550.00 (€489.50)
, Philip III and Alexander IV, c. 323 - 317 B.C., In the Name of Alexander
Struck after Alexander's death, under either Perdikkas or Antipater, regents during the joint reign of Alexander's mentally disabled half-brother, Philip III, and Alexander's infant son, Alexander IV. Philip was the bastard son of and a dancer, Philinna of . Alexander the Great's mother, , allegedly poisoned her stepson Philip III as a child, leaving him mentally disabled, eliminating him as a rival to Alexander. Neither Philip III nor Alexander IV was capable of actual rule. Both were selected only to serve as pawns. The regents held power, while Philip III was actually imprisoned. In 317, had Philip murdered to ensure the succession of her grandson. But Alexander IV would never rule. In 311 B.C., he and his mother Roxana were executed by the regent Kassander.
SH85062. Silver , 113, 224, issue H3, 682, 275, 503, 986, VF, and struck, , light marks and scratches, 17.205 g, maximum 26.1 mm, 0o, , Amphipolis mint, c. 322 - 320 A.D.; of Herakles right, clad in scalp headdress tied at neck; BAΣIΛEΩΣ AΛEΞAN∆POY, Zeus enthroned left, throne without back, right leg forward (archaic lifetime ), in extended right hand, long vertical behind in left hand, Macedonian helmet left; ex & Mosch auction 245, lot 1209; $675.00 (€600.75)
, The Great, 336 - 323 B.C.
Lifetime or very early issue struck under Menes or Laomedon.
SH85064. Silver , 3332, 1370, series 11, 802, 735, 2162, 675, 2991, 579, VF, attractive , bold strike with high relief dies, light , bumps, and marks, 17.179 g, maximum 28.9 mm, 80o, , Arados mint, c. 324 - 320 B.C.; of Herakles right, clad in scalp headdress tied at neck; Zeus enthroned left, right leg forward (archaic lifetime ), in extended right hand, long vertical behind in left hand, long lotus tipped vertical behind in left, left, A over P under throne, AΛEΞAN∆POY downward behind, BAΣIΛEΩΣ ; ex & Mosch auction 245, of lot 1906; $575.00 (€511.75)
, Antigonos I Monophthalmos, of , 320 - 306 B.C., In the Name and Types of Alexander
Antigonos I Monophthalmos ("the One-eyed") was a nobleman and (general and governor) under Alexander the Great. Upon Alexander's death in 323 B.C., he established himself as one of the successors and declared himself in 306 B.C. The most powerful satraps of the empire, Cassander, Seleucus, Ptolemy, and , answered by also proclaiming themselves kings. found himself at war with all four, largely because his territory shared borders with all of them. He died in battle at Ipsus in 301 B.C. Antigonus' kingdom was divided up, with Seleucus I Nicator gaining the most. His son, Demetrius I Poliorcetes, took Macedon, which the family held, off and on, until it was conquered by in 168 B.C.
GS85065. Silver , 1792, 1606, 918, VF, , porous, 4.093 g, maximum 17.4 mm, 0o, Kolophon (near Degirmendere Fev, Turkey) mint, 318 - 310 B.C.; of Herakles right, clad in scalp headdress tied at neck; AΛEΞAN∆POY, Zeus seated left, bare to the waist, around hips and legs, in extended right hand, long vertical behind in left hand, right leg drawn back, feet on footstool, ΣΩ (Ω on its side), ΠPA under throne; ex & Mosch auction 245, of lot 1906; $175.00 (€155.75)
Kingdom of , , 305 - 281 B.C.
, one of Alexander the Great's personal bodyguards, was appointed (general) in and the Chersonesos after Alexander's death. He became one of the (successors of Alexander) who were initially generals and governors, but who continuously allied and warred with each other and eventually divided the empire. In 309, he founded his capital in a commanding situation on the neck connecting the Chersonesos with the mainland. In 306, he followed the example of in taking the title of , ruling , and . In 281, he was killed in battle against Seleucus, another successor of Alexander.
GS85123. Silver , 127, 20, L28, VF, , light , scratches on , 4.014 g, maximum 18.2 mm, 0o, , Kolophon (near Degirmendere Fev, Turkey) mint, c. 299 - 296 B.C.; of Herakles right clad in scalp headdress; BAΣIΛEΩΣ ΛYΣIMAXOY, Zeus Aėtophoros seated left on throne without back, nude to the waist, around hips and legs, extended in right hand, long vertical behind in left hand, forepart of left over crescent on left, pentagram under throne; ex CNG auction 395, lot 52; ex W. H. Guertin Collection ; $120.00 (€106.80)
Kingdom of , , 305 - 281 B.C.
, a bodyguard for Alexander the Great, was made a (general) after Alexander's death. He became one of the (successors) of Alexander who divided the empire and continually allied and warred with each other. In 305, he took the title of ( ), ruling , and . He was killed in battle against Seleucus.
BB75473. Bronze AE 19, 13, 1164, , 5.555 g, maximum 19.4 mm, 45o, male right, wearing Phrygian helmet; BAΣIΛEΩΣ ΛYΣIMAXOY, of captured arms, arranged to resemble Parthenos standing left, with helmet, , and spear; $.99 (€.88)
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