Struck during the lifetime of Alexander the Great.
SH77066. Gold , 172, 105, aEF, mint luster, , high relief, strike, 8.580 g, maximum 18.4 mm, 270o, Amphipolis mint, c. 327 - 325 B.C.; of right wearing earring, necklace, and crested Corinthian helmet decorated with a coiled snake; AΛEΞAN∆POY, standing left, wreath in right hand, stylus in left hand, trident-head downward (control symbol) in left ; $5500.00 (€4840.00)
Kingdom of , , 305 - 281 B.C.
GS74866. Silver , 178, 365, -, aVF, rough, bumps and scratches, some corrosion, defect on top near edge, 15.601 g, maximum 28.5 mm, 0o, Herakleia Pontika (Karadeniz Ereğli, Turkey) mint, c. 288 - 281 BC; diademed of the deified Alexander right, with horn of ; seated left, in her right hand crowning king's name with wreath, left arm resting on grounded round behind, transverse spear against far side, HP on throne, club left in ; $450.00 (€396.00)
Mesembria, , c. 125 - 65 B.C., Civic Issue in the Types and Name of Alexander the Great
Mesembria, Nesebar Bulgaria today, was a Doric settlement on a Black Sea island just off mainland . Today it is a seaside resort and a man-made isthmus connects it to the coast. The city struck Alexandrine tetradrachms possibly as early as 275 B.C. It is likely Mesembria issued the very last Alexandrine tetradrachms, possibly even under Roman rule, as late as 65 B.C.GS74508. Silver , 1128; 487, gVF, double struck, die damage, edge crack, 33.92 g, maximum 16.348 mm, 0o, Mesambria (Nesebar, Bulgaria) mint, c. 125 - 65 B.C.; of right, wearing Nemean lion-scalp headdress; Zeus seated left, right leg drawn back, in extended right, long vertical behind in left, ∆IO horizontal under arm in inner left , AΛEΞAN∆POY downward on left, BAΣIΛEΩΣ downward on right, MEΣAM below; ex Pecunem Gitbud & Naumann auction 27 (4 Jan 2015), lot 110; $250.00 (€220.00)
The B A on the abbreviates BAΣIΛEΩΣ AΛEΞAN∆POY, Alexander. It may actually refer to Alexander IV, Alexander the Great's son with the Bactrian princess Roxana. After Alexander's death, the Macedonian generals made his infant son and his mentally handicapped brother, Philip III, joint kings. They were both only pawns. The generals divided the empire among themselves. Philip III was imprisoned upon his return to , and executed in 317 B.C. Alexander IV and his mother Roxana were executed in 311 B.C.GB74822. Bronze AE Unit, 782, 376, 1026, II 2146, -, -, F, green , porous, corrosion, 5.494 g, maximum 17.0 mm, 90o, , Amphipolis(?) mint, c. 325 - 310 B.C.; of right, clad in scalp headdress tied at neck; quiver right atop within bow with string downward, above B A, club left over thunderbolt below; $38.00 (€33.44)
Ptolemaic Kingdom, Ptolemy II , 285 - 246 B.C.,
became of Alexander the Great's empire when he defeated . After the succession struggles between Alexander's generals, was ruled by the Ptolemies of .GP90086. Bronze , 363; p. 14, 7; VI 229, 8; 107; 69, 55; 12; -; -, F, green with earthen encrustation, 10.040 g, maximum 20.5 mm, 0o, Salamis(?) mint, c. 285 - 274 B.C.; of Alexander the Great right, wearing scalp headdress; ΠTOΛEMAIOY BAΣIΛEΩΣ, standing left on thunderbolt, left, wings closed, EY over XAP left; ex Rusty Romans; $85.00 (€74.80)
Ptolemaic Kingdom, Ptolemy II (Physcon), Second Reign, 145 - 116 B.C.
and attributed this to Ptolemy II. Foucher, and Wolf attribute it to Ptolemy V - Ptolemy VI. attributes it to Ptolemy X.
GP72057. Bronze , 1495 (169 - 116 B.C.); 344; Series 6C, 13 (Ptolemy V-VI); -; -; -; -; -, VF, nice , 8.663 g, maximum 21.6 mm, 315o, mint, 145 - 116 B.C.; of deified Alexander the Great right, wearing elephant-skin head-dress; BAΣIΛEΩΣ ΠTOΛEMAIOY, standing left on thunderbolt, wings open, left; $65.00 (€57.20)
, Ptolemy I, as in , 323 - 305 B.C.
Ptolemy Lagides was a Macedonian general who, after Alexander's death, became the of under the nominal kings Philip III Arrhidaeus and the infant Alexander IV. By custom, kings in asserted their right to the throne by burying their predecessor. Probably because he wanted to preempt Perdiccas, the imperial regent, from staking his claim in this way, Ptolemy took stole the body of Alexander. Ptolemy then openly joined the coalition against Perdiccas. Thus began the long series of wars between the , Alexander's successors. In 305, Ptolemy took the titles and pharaoh, founding the Ptolemaic Kingdom and Ptolemaic Dynasty.
GP72061. Bronze , 172 (as ); p. 8, 62 (295 - 284, ); 36; 5; 21; -; -, VF, , red and brown , 4.503 g, maximum 18.5 mm, 315o, mint, 310 - 305 B.C.; diademed and horned of deified Alexander the Great right; ΠTOΛEMAIOY (no title, upward on left), standing left on thunderbolt, left, wings open, above helmet on left; ex ; ; $290.00 (€255.20)
Ptolemaic Kingdom, Ptolemy II , 285 - 246 B.C.
Ptolemy II requested copies of Jewish texts for the Library at . There they were translated and transcribed by 70 Jewish scholars, creating the Septuagint, the oldest Greek version of the Hebrew Bible. Many of the oldest Biblical verses among the Dead Sea Scrolls, particularly those in Aramaic, correspond more closely with the Septuagint than with the Hebrew text.
GP72062. Bronze , 416; 159; 35; 60; III p. 365, 26; -; -; -; -, VF, nice green , centered, 4.094 g, maximum 19.5 mm, 0o, mint, post reform, c. 266 - 255 B.C.; of Alexander right, wearing scalp headdress and ; ΠTOΛEMAIOY BAΣIΛEΩΣ, standing left on thunderbolt, left, wings open, no control ; $70.00 (€61.60)
of , Reign of , c. 231 A.D., Portrait of Alexander the Great
According to , pp. 20-21, these OMONOIA (harmony) coins apparently commemorated a settlement between the province of and the free city of , which did not belong to the Macedonian and was usually squabbling with it. thinks that in 231 A.D., when traveled through on his way to , and the settled their differences and urged the emperor to allow the to again issue coins with Beroia's title , which is missing in this issue but reappeared in the next.RP69770. Bronze AE 25, 334, -, -, -, -, F, punch center, 11.013 g, maximum 24.8 mm, 180o, Beroea(?) mint, 231 A.D.; AΛEΞAN∆POY, diademed of Alexander the Great right; MAKE∆ONΩN OMONOIA, seated left, Cabeiros in right, spear vertical behind in left, rear leg of seat shaped like a lion's leg; from the Butte College Foundation, ex ; ; $100.00 (€88.00)
It appears there may be a date below the of - ΣOP (year 176). If it actually is a date and if it is a date, it equates to 137 - 136 B.C. This would be an unlikely spot for a date. Most likely, the "date" is just fur.GS71548. Silver , cf. 4007 - 4011, 6735 - 6737, VF, 0.510 g, maximum 10.0 mm, 135o, uncertain Eastern mint, , c. 323 - 136 B.C.; of right, clad in scalp headdress tied at neck; AΛEΞAN∆POY, Zeus enthroned left, right leg drawn back, in extended right, long vertical behind in left, no symbol; $110.00 (€96.80)
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