, Philip III and Alexander IV, c. 323 - 317 B.C., In the Name of Alexander
Struck after Alexander's death, under either Perdikkas or Antipater, regents during the joint reign of Alexander's mentally disabled half-brother, Philip III, and Alexander's infant son, Alexander IV. Philip was the bastard son of and a dancer, Philinna of . Alexander the Great's mother, , allegedly poisoned her stepson Philip III as a child, leaving him mentally disabled, eliminating him as a rival to Alexander. Neither Philip III nor Alexander IV was capable of actual rule. Both were selected only to serve as pawns. The regents held power, while Philip III was actually imprisoned. In 317, had Philip murdered to ensure the succession of her grandson. But Alexander IV would never rule. In 311 B.C., he and his mother Roxana were executed by the regent Kassander.
SL84530. Silver , 113, 224, issue H3, 682, 275, 503, 986, NGC XF, strike 5/5, surface 2/5, scratches (4163183-004), 17.04 g, maximum 25 mm, 180o, Amphipolis mint, c. 322 - 320 A.D.; of Herakles right, clad in scalp headdress tied at neck; BAΣIΛEΩΣ AΛEΞAN∆POY, Zeus enthroned left, throne without back, right leg forward (archaic lifetime ), in extended right hand, long vertical behind in left hand, Macedonian helmet left; NGC certified (slabbed), from the Dr. Sam Mansourati Collection; $570.00 (€507.30)
, Philip III and Alexander IV, c. 320 - 317 B.C., In the Name of the Great
Struck under , regent of the Macedonian empire, 319 - 317 B.C. was a general under and Alexander the Great. Following the First War of the , he was governor in while Antipater tried to assert his regency over the whole empire. In 319 B.C., Antipater made his successor as regent, passing over his own son, Kassander. A civil war soon broke out between Kassander, supported by and Ptolemy and , allied with Eumenes. In 317 B.C., Kassander drove out of and took control of the mentally disabled Philip III Arrhidaeus and his wife Eurydice. fled to , where he joined Alexander's mother , his widow Roxana, and his infant son Alexander IV. Together and invaded . An army commanded by Philip III immediately defected and Philip and his wife Eurydice were murdered. Soon after, however, the tide turned, Kassander was victorious, was executed, and the boy Alexander IV, and his mother Roxana were captured (both would be killed in 310 B.C. to secure Kassander's rule). surrendered the regency to , but the empire was already forever divided. is last mentioned as being alive in 304 B.C. but may have lived into the early 3rd century B.C.
SL84531. Silver , 124, 560, issue J6, 1564 ff., 93 ff. 285, 510, -, NGC AU, strike 5/5, surface 3/5 (4166072-003), 17.11 g, maximum 25.5 mm, 30o, , Amphipolis mint, c. 318 - 317 B.C.; of Herakles right, clad in scalp headdress tied at neck; AΛEΞAN∆POY, Zeus enthroned left, throne without back, right leg forward (archaic lifetime ), in extended right hand, long vertical behind in left hand, laurel branch left, Πo under throne; NGC certified (slabbed), from the Dr. Sam Mansourati Collection; $900.00 (€801.00)
Seleukid Kingdom, Seleukos I Nikator, 312 - 281 B.C., In the Name of Alexander the Great
Seleukos (Seleucus) founded the Seleukid Empire and the Seleukid dynasty which ruled until Pompey made it a Roman province in 63 B.C. Seleukos was never one of Alexander the Great's principal generals but he commanded the royal bodyguard during the Indian campaign. In the division of the empire after Alexander's death Seleukos did not receive a satrapy. Instead, he served under the regent Perdikkas until the latter's murder in 321 or 320. Seleukos was then appointed of . Five years later Monophthalmus (the One-eyed) forced him to flee, but he returned with support from Ptolemy. He later added and Media to his territory and defeated both and . He was succeeded by his son Antiochus I.
SL84532. Silver , I 94(6)b, 3359, 1511, 10g, NGC F, Strike 5/5, Surface 3/5 (4164845-004), 16.87 g, maximum 27.7 mm, 255o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 311 - 300 B.C.; of Herakles right, wearing scalp headdress; AΛEΞAN∆POY BAΣIΛEΩΣ, Zeus seated left on throne, right leg drawn back, in extended right hand, long vertical behind in left hand, and A (control ) left, M (control symbol) under throne; NGC certified (slabbed), from the Dr. Sam Mansourati Collection; $350.00 (€311.50)
of , c. 244 - 245 A.D., Portrait of Alexander the Great
The two temples and on the indicate "Two Neokorie," advertising the of held the highly prized designation "double temple guardian" of the imperial cult. The first Nekoros was awarded by . The second , indicated by B (the Greek number two) or rarely ∆IC (double in Greek) on coins, was first received under . The title was rescinded but then later by , probably in 231 A.D.RP79978. Bronze AE 28,
very ; $220.00 (€195.80) 833; 3, p. 229, 446; -; -; -; -; -; -, gF, rough, on , 11.370 g, maximum 28.2 mm, 90o, , Beroea(?) mint, c. 244 -245 A.D.; AΛEΞAN∆POY, diademed of Alexander the Great right; two temple fronts, / M-AKE∆-O in two lines above, B NEΩKOPΩN / EOC (Era of year 275) below;
, Philip III Arrhidaeus and Alexander IV - Kassander, c. 323 - 310 B.C.
Struck after Alexander's death during or after the joint reign of Alexander's mentally disabled half-brother, Philip III, and Alexander's infant son with Roxana, Alexander IV. The two were made joint kings by Alexander's generals who only intended to use them as pawns. Philip III was imprisoned upon his return to , and in 317 B.C. he was executed under orders from . was Alexander the Great's mother and Alexander IV's grandmother, but not Philip III's mother. Alexander IV and his mother Roxana were executed by the boy's regent, Kassander, in 311 B.C.GB76283. Bronze AE 20, 2800f, 919, -, -, -, VF, , green , scratches, pitting, 5.631 g, maximum 20.0 mm, 90o, uncertain Western Anatolia mint, c. 323 - 310 B.C., possibly struck by I; of Herakles right, clad in lion-skin headdress; torch and club left, BAΣIΛEΩΣ downward in center, bow inside bow case right, A lower right, uncertain round ; $120.00 (€106.80)
Kaunos, , c. 191 - 166 B.C.
In 189 B.C. the Roman senate put Kaunos under Rhodes. In 167, Kaunos and other cities revolted against Rhodes. As a result, Rome removed Rhodes' authority. In 129, Rome established the Province of , covering a large of western Anatolia. Kaunos was assigned to . When Mithridates invaded in 88 B.C., the Kaunians joined him and killed all the Romans in the city. After the peace of 85 B.C. as of their punishment, Kaunos was again put under Rhodian administration. GI60426. Bronze AE 11, 75; 8100; 184; p. 75, 12, F, rough, both sides slightly off-center, 1.339 g, maximum 10.8 mm, 0o, Kaunos mint, 191 - 166 B.C.; diademed Alexander the Great right; filleted double , overflowing with bunches of grapes, K left, AY ( ) right; ; $5.99 (€5.33)
of , Portrait of Alexander the Great, c. 222 - 244 A.D.
The Macedonian (community) was the political organization governing the autonomous Roman province of and responsible for issuing coinage. Member cities sent representatives to participate in the popular assembly. The held celebrations and games annually at Beroea (modern Verria) in of Alexander and the Roman emperor.RP90940. Bronze AE 24, p. 25, 126 var. (B NE); 13 var. (same); -; -, F, , encrustations, , 7.817 g, maximum 24.1 mm, 180o, , Beroea(?) mint, time of - ; AΛEΞAN∆POY, diademed of Alexander the Great right; MAKE∆ONΩN, Alexander standing facing, right, wearing military attire, resting on spear in right hand, in left hand; ; $70.00 (€62.30)
of , Reign of , 238 - 244 A.D., Portrait of Alexander the Great
For the Alexander commemorative series issued by the of , is by far the best reference listing over 500 different varieties on 100 pages, an absolutely bewildering study. With few plate images and listing many minor variations, it is a challenge to use for anyone who does not speak German. only lists coins of the with of the emperor on the .RP90945. Bronze AE 28, p. 24, 113; 622; 5; 1369; 742 var. (B NE); 1382 var. (...B N), gF, green , , earthen deposits, 12.345 g, maximum 27.6 mm, 225o, , Beroea(?) mint, 238 - 244 A.D.; AΛEΞAN∆POY, diademed of Alexander the Great right; MAKE∆ONΩN B NEΩ, seated left, in right hand presenting , spear in left hand, behind; $70.00 (€62.30)
of , Reign of , c. 231 - 235 A.D., Alexander and Bucephalus
Plutarch tells the story of how, in 344 B.C. Philonicus the Thessalian, a horse dealer, offered a massive wild stallion to Alexander's father, . Since no one could tame the animal, Philip was not interested. Alexander, however, seeing that the horse was afraid of his own shadow, promised to pay for the horse himself should he fail to tame it. He was given a chance and surprised all by subduing it. Alexander spoke soothingly to the horse and turned it towards the sun so that it could no longer see its shadow. Eventually, Bucephalus allowed Alexander to ride him. Embarrassed, Philip commented, "O my son, look thee out a kingdom equal to and worthy of thyself, for is too little for thee." Alexander named the horse Bucephalus because the horse's seemed "as broad as a bull's." Bucephalus died of battle wounds in 326 B.C., in Alexander's last battle. Alexander founded the city of Bucephala (thought to be the modern town of Jhelum, Pakistan) in memory of his wonderful horse.SH90947. Bronze AE 26, 423; p. 23, 104; 1379; 735 var. (no ); cf. 1372 (2 neokorie); -, gVF, pitted, 13.804 g, maximum 26.0 mm, 225o, , Beroea(?) mint, c. 231 - 235 A.D.; AΛEΞAN∆POY, of Alexander the Great right, as Herakles, clad in scalp headdress; MAKE∆ONΩN NEΩ, Alexander riding his horse Bucephalus right, wearing military garb, cloak flying behind, couched spear in right hand, reins in left, below; $135.00 (€120.15)
of , Reign of , c. 238 - 244 A.D., Portrait of Alexander the Great
The Macedonian (community) was the political organization governing the autonomous Roman province of and was responsible for issuing coinage. The individual cities, as members of the , sent representatives to participate in popular assembly several times each year.
The high point of the year was celebrations and matches in of Alexander the Great and the Roman emperor held in Beroea (modern Verria) located about 75 km. of Thessaloniki. This was the provincial center of the emperor cult, with the appropriate temple and privileges, first granted to the by . The title , or "temple guardians" was highly prized and thus advertised on coins. Under , the received a second neokorie, indicated by B (the Greek number two) or rarely DIC (double in Greek). The title was rescinded but later by , probably in 231 A.D.RP76989. Bronze AE 28, 617, 1369 var. (B NEΩ), 984 (same), 8, 1381 var. (B N), -, aVF, , glossy dark green , 12.400 g, maximum 27.9 mm, 225o, , Beroea(?) mint, reign of , 238 - 244 A.D.; AΛEΞAN∆POY, diademed of Alexander the Great right; MAKE∆ONΩN B NE, seated left, holding in right hand, spear in left hand, behind; ; $140.00 (€124.60)
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