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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Roman Coins ▸ The Tetrarchy ▸ Maximinus IIView Options:  |  |  | 

Maximinus II Daia, late 309 - 30 April 313 A.D.

Maximinus II was made Caesar in the Tetrarchy in 305 A.D. In 311, Maximinus took advantage of the death of Galerius to invade and annex the latter's territory. In 313 A.D., he invaded Licinius' territory, and although he seized many cities his army was utterly destroyed in a battle on the 30th of April. He disguised himself as a slave and fled, falling ill and dying in the city of Tarsus.


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Jupiter or Jove, Zeus to the Greeks, was the king of the gods and god of the sky and thunder, and of laws and social order. As the patron deity of ancient Rome, he was the chief god of the Capitoline Triad, with his sister and wife Juno. The father of Mars, he is, therefore, the grandfather of Romulus and Remus, the legendary founders of Rome.
BB77666. Billon follis, RIC VI Thessalonica 50a, SRCV IV 14866, Cohen VI 113, F, well centered, reverse center weakly struck, encrustations, weight 4.578 g, maximum diameter 24.9 mm, die axis 0o, 5th officina, Thessalonica (Salonika, Greece) mint, 312 A.D.; obverse MAXIMINVS P F AVG, laureate head right; reverse IOVI CONSERVATORI (to Jupiter the protector), Jupiter standing half left, nude but for paludamentum over shoulders and left arm, globe in right hand, long scepter vertical in left hand, wreath left, E right, •SM•TE• in exergue; $24.00 (€21.36)
 


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In Roman religion, every man has a genius, a presiding spirit. In De Die Natali, Censorinus says, from the moment we are born, we live under the guard and tutelage of Genius. Cities, organizations, and peoples also had a genius. On coins, we find inscriptions to the Genius of the Roman people, of the Senate, of the Emperor, etc. The legend GENIO EXERCITVS dedicates this coin to the Genius of the Roman army. Genius' image is of a man with a cloak half covering the shoulders leaving the rest of his body naked, holding a cornucopia in one hand, and a simpulum or a patera in the other.
RT79892. Billon follis, RIC VI Antiochia 147c corr. (crescent not noted), SRCV IV 14845, Cohen VII 47, VF, well centered and struck, near black patina, porosity, light marks and scratches, weight 6.955 g, maximum diameter 21.7 mm, die axis 0o, 4th officina, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 310 - 311 A.D.; obverse IMP C GAL VAL MAXIMINVS P F AVG, laureate head right; reverse GENIO EXERCITVS (to the guardian spirt of the army), Genius standing left, modius on head, nude but for chlamys over shoulders and left arm, pouring from patera with right hand, cornucopia in left hand, altar at feet left, crescent upper left with horns upward, ∆ right, ANT in exergue; $60.00 (€53.40)
 


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Although the officina number looks a bit like Θ, Heraclea only had four officinae at the time of this issue.
RT84376. Billon follis, RIC VI Heraclea 66, Cohen VII 114, SRCV IV 14867, Choice VF, well centered and struck, some silvering, weight 4.900 g, maximum diameter 23.7 mm, die axis 0o, 2nd officina, Heraclea (Marmara Ereglisi, Turkey) mint, 312 A.D.; obverse IMP C GAL VAL MAXIMINVS P F INV AVG, laureate head right; reverse IOVI CONSERVATORI (to Jupiter the protector), Jupiter standing slightly left, head left, nude but for chlamys over shoulders, globe in extended right hand, long scepter in left hand, wreath lower left, HTB in exergue; $135.00 (€120.15)
 


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In 311, after the death of Galerius in late April or May, representatives from Nicomedia presented themselves before Maximinus, bringing images of their gods and requested that Christians not be allowed to live in their city. Late in 311, an embassy from Antioch, led by their curator Theotecnus, also requested permission to banish Christians from their city and its territory. Other cities followed with the same request. Maximinus support for Antioch's requests is advertised by this coin type. Fearing his co-emperors, however, Maximinus changed his mind. His edict in May 313 restored privileges and property to Christians. Later in 313, Licinius captured Antioch and executed Theotecnus.
RY77124. Billon quarter follis, McAlee 170(c), Van Heesch 3(a), Vagi 2954, SRCV IV 14927, Choice VF, black desert patina with red earthen highlighting, weight 1.508 g, maximum diameter 15.6 mm, die axis 0o, 3rd officina, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, c. 312 A.D.; obverse GENIO ANTIOCHENI, Tyche of Antioch seated facing on rocks, turreted and veiled, stalks of grain in right; upper body of river-god Orontes below, standing facing in waist deep water, arms outstretched; reverse APOLLONI SANCTO, Apollo standing facing, head left, pouring libations from patera in right hand, kithara in left hand, Γ right, SMA in exergue; $160.00 (€142.40)
 


Maximinus II Daia, Late 309 - 30 April 313 A.D., Antioch, Syria, Civic Christian Persecution Issue

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In 311, after the death of Galerius in late April or May, representatives from Nicomedia presented themselves before Maximinus, bringing images of their gods and requested that Christians not be allowed to live in their city. Late in 311, an embassy from Antioch, led by their curator Theotecnus, also requested permission to banish Christians from their city and its territory. Other cities followed with the same request. Maximinus support for Antioch's requests is advertised by this coin type. Fearing his co-emperors, however, Maximinus changed his mind. His edict in May 313 restored privileges and property to Christians. Later in 313, Licinius captured Antioch and executed Theotecnus.
RP70750. Billon quarter follis, McAlee 171(d), Van Heesch 2, Vagi 2955, SRCV IV 14932, aVF, green patina with red earthen highlighting, tight flan, weight 0.706 g, maximum diameter 14.3 mm, die axis 0o, 4th officina, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 312 - May 313 A.D.; obverse IOVI CONS-ERVATORI, Jupiter seated left, globe in right, long scepter vertical behind in left; reverse VICTORIA AVGG (victory of the two emperors), Victory left, wreath in extended right, palm frond in left, ∆ in right field, ANT in exergue; from the Butte College Foundation, ex Lindgren; scarce; $50.00 (€44.50)
 


Maximinus II Daia, Late 309 - 30 April 313 A.D., Antioch, Syria, Civic Christian Persecution Issue

Click for a larger photo
In 311, after the death of Galerius in late April or May, representatives from Nicomedia presented themselves before Maximinus, bringing images of their gods and requested that Christians not be allowed to live in their city. Late in 311, an embassy from Antioch, led by their curator Theotecnus, also requested permission to banish Christians from their city and its territory. Other cities followed with the same request. Maximinus support for Antioch's requests is advertised by this coin type. Fearing his co-emperors, however, Maximinus changed his mind. His edict in May 313 restored privileges and property to Christians. Later in 313, Licinius captured Antioch and executed Theotecnus.
RP70753. Billon quarter follis, McAlee 171(h), Van Heesch 2, Vagi 2955, SRCV IV 14932, aVF, weight 0.925 g, maximum diameter 14.8 mm, die axis 180o, 8th officina, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 312 - May 313 A.D.; obverse IOVI CONS-ERVATORI, Jupiter seated left, globe in right, long scepter vertical behind in left; reverse VICTORIA AVGG (victory of the two emperors), Victory left, wreath in extended right, palm frond in left, H in right field, ANT in exergue; from the Butte College Foundation, ex Lindgren; scarce; $45.00 (€40.05)
 










OBVERSE LEGENDS

GALVALMAXIMINVSNOBC
GALVALMAXIMINVSNOBCAES
IMPCGALERVALMAXIMINVSPFAVG
IMPMAXIMINVSAVG
IMPMAXIMINVSPFAVG
MAXIMINVSAVGVSTVS
MAXIMINVSFILAVGG
MAXIMINVSNOBC
MAXIMINVSNOBCAES
MAXIMINVSNOBCAESAR


REFERENCES

Calicó, E. Xavier. The Roman Avrei, Vol. II: From Didius Julianus to Constantius I, 193 AD - 335 AD. (Barcelona, 2003).
Cohen, H. Description historique des monnaies frappées sous l'Empire Romain, Vol. 7: Carausius to Constantine & sons. (Paris, 1888).
Depeyrot, G. Les monnaies d'or de Diocletien à Constantin I (284-337). (Wetteren, 1995).
King, C.E. & Sear, D.R. Roman Silver Coins, Volume V, Carausius to Romulus Augustus. (London, 1987).
McAlee, R. The Coins of Roman Antioch. (Lancaster, PA, 2007).
Paolucci, R. & A. Zub. La monetazione di Aquileia Romana. (Padova, 2000).
Robinson, A. Roman Imperial Coins in the Hunter Coin Cabinet, University of Glasgow, Vol. V. Diocletian (Reform) to Zeno. (Oxford, 1982).
Sear, D.R. Roman Coins and Their Values, Vol. IV: The Tetrarchies and the Rise of the House of Constantine...Diocletian To Constantine I, AD 284 - 337. (London, 211).
Sutherland, R.A.C. & C.H.V. Carson. The Roman Imperial Coinage, Vol VI, From Diocletian's reform to the death of Maximinus. (London, 1967).
Vagi, D. Coinage and History of the Roman Empire. (Sidney, 1999).
Van Heesch, J. "The last civic coinages and the religious policy of Maximinus Daza (AD 312)" in NC 1993. pp. 65 - 75, pl 11.

Catalog current as of Monday, March 27, 2017.
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Roman Coins of Maximinus II