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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Roman Coins ▸ The Tetrarchy ▸ Constantius IView Options:  |  |  | 

Constantius I, May 305 - 25 July 306 A.D.

Constantius I, a brilliant general, was selected on 1 March 293 by Diocletian and Maximianus to be one of the two Caesars in the First Tetrarchy. Constantius successfully reclaimed the Western provinces from the separatist empire of Carausius and Allectus based in Britain and Gaul. He was Constantine the Great's father. Constantius died of natural causes at York in 306 and his son Constantine succeeded him as Tetrarch.


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The reverse depicts the statue of the Spirit of the Roman People which was in the Roman Forum (it is now lost). The act of pouring the libation to the emperor illustrates what the Christians were required to do in order not to be persecuted.
RL85119. Billon quarter follis, RIC VI Siscia 167, SRCV IV 14192, Cohen VII 101, F, some silvering, centered on a tight flan, weight 1.956 g, maximum diameter 18.4 mm, die axis 0o, Siscia (Sisak, Croatia) mint, 305 - 306 A.D.; obverse IMP C CONSTANTIVS P F AVG, laureate head right; reverse GENIO POPVLI ROMANI (to the guardian spirit of the Roman People), Genius of the Roman people standing facing, nude but for cloak over shoulders and modius on head, patera in right hand, cornucopia in left hand, SIS in exergue; $36.00 (€32.04)
 


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In Roman religion, every man has a genius, a presiding spirit. In De Die Natali, Censorinus says, from the moment we are born, we live under the guard and tutelage of Genius. Cities, organizations, and peoples also had a genius. On coins, we find inscriptions to the Genius of the Roman people, of the Senate, of the Emperor, etc. This coin is dedicated "to the Genius (guardian spirits) of our emperors and caesars."
RT84097. Billon follis, RIC VI Cyzicus 11a, SRCV IV 14032, Cohen VII 58, Choice gVF, well centered, nice portrait, silvering, reverse a little weak, weight 8.907 g, maximum diameter 27.2 mm, die axis 0o, 2nd officina, Cyzicus (Kapu Dagh, Turkey) mint, 297 - 299 A.D.; obverse FL VAL CONSTANTIVS NOB CAES, laureate head right; reverse GENIO AVGG ET CAESARVM NN (to the guardian spirits of our emperors and caesars), Genius standing left, kalathos on head, nude but for paludamentum over shoulders and left arm, patera from which liquid flows in right hand, cornucopia in left hand, KB in exergue; $100.00 (€89.00)
 


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On 20 Nov 303, All the Augusti and the Caesars visited Rome. They were united for the first time to celebrate the 20th anniversary of Diocletian's accession.
RL74572. Bronze post-reform radiate, RIC VI Carthago 35a, SRCV IV 14111, Cohen VII 330, F, weight 2.943 g, maximum diameter 22.5 mm, die axis 0o, Carthage (near Tunis, Tunisia) mint, c. 303 A.D.; obverse FL VAL CONSTANTIVS NOB C, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse VOT / X / FK (Felix Karthago), legend in three lines within laurel wreath; $45.00 (€40.05)
 


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Hercules' 11th labor was to steal three of Hera's immortality-giving golden apples from the Garden of the Hesperides, guarded by Ladon, a never-sleeping, hundred-headed dragon. Hercules asked Atlas to steal the apples, agreeing to hold up the world so Atlas could complete the task. Atlas returned but refused to take back his burden. Hercules, pretending to enjoy the task, convinced Atlas to hold the world while he made a pad of the lion skin. Hercules then ran away and never took back the task.
RB69194. Silvered follis, RIC VI Alexandria 40, SRCV IV 14078, Cohen VII 150, VF, weight 7.382 g, maximum diameter 27.3 mm, die axis 0o, 2nd officina, Alexandria mint, c. 304 - May 305 A.D.; obverse FL VAL CONSTANTIVS NOB CAES, laureate head right; reverse HERCVLI VICTORI, Hercules standing facing, looking left, leaning on club with right, holding apples of Hesperides in left, Nemean lion skin hanging from left elbow, S - P (sacra pecunia?) above arm and B below arm on right, ALE in exergue; $155.00 (€137.95)
 










OBVERSE LEGENDS

CONSTANTIVSAVG
CONSTANTIVSCAES
CONSTANTIVSCAESAR
CONSTANTIVSNC
CONSTANTIVSNOBC
CONSTANTIVSNOBCAES
CONSTANTIVSPFAVG
DNCONSTANTIONOBC
FLVALCONSTANTIVSNOBC
FLVALCONSTANTIVSNOBCAES
IMPCCONSTANTIVSPFAVG
IMPCONSTANTIVSAVG
IMPCCONSTANTIVSPFAVG
IMPMAXENTIVSDIVOCONSTANTIOADFINI
IMPMAXENTIVSDIVOCONSTANTIOCOGN
DIVOCONSTANTIOAVG
DIVOCONSTANTIOPIO
DIVOCONSTANTIOPIOPRINCIP


REFERENCES

Bastien, P. Le monnayage de I'atelier de Lyon, Diocletien et ses coregents avant la reforme monetaire (285 - 294). Numismatique Romaine VII. (Wetteren, 1972).
Bastien, P. Le Monnayage de l'Atelier de Lyon, De la Réforme Monétaire de Dioclétien à la fermeture temporaire de l'Atelier en 316 (294 - 316). Numismatique Romaine XI. (Wetteren, 1980).
Calicó, X. The Roman Avrei, Vol. Two: From Didius Julianus to Constantius I, 193 AD - 335 AD. (Barcelona, 2003).
Cohen, H. Description historique des monnaies frappées sous l'Empire Romain, Vol. 7: Carausius to Constantine & sons. (Paris, 1888).
Depeyrot, G. Les monnaies d'or de Diocletien à Constantin I (284-337). Moneta 1. (Wetteren, 1995).
Gnecchi, F. I Medaglioni Romani. (Milan, 1912).
Jelocnik, A. The Sisak Hoard of Argentei of the Early Tetrarchy. (Ljubljana, 1961).
King, C.E. & D.R. Sear. Roman Silver Coins, Volume V, Carausius to Romulus Augustus. (London, 1987).
Mattingly, H., E.A. Sydenham & P. Webb. The Roman Imperial Coinage, Vol V, Part II, Probus to Amandus. (London, 1933).
Paolucci, R. & A. Zub. La monetazione di Aquileia Romana. (Padova, 2000).
Robinson, A. Roman Imperial Coins in the Hunter Coin Cabinet, University of Glasgow, Vol. IV. Valerian I to Allectus. (Oxford, 1978).
Robinson, A. Roman Imperial Coins in the Hunter Coin Cabinet, University of Glasgow, Vol. V. Diocletian (Reform) to Zeno. (Oxford, 1982).
Sear, D.R. Roman Coins and Their Values, Vol. IV: The Tetrarchies and the Rise of the House of Constantine...Diocletian To Constantine I, AD 284 - 337. (London, 211).
Sutherland, R.A.C. & C.H.V. Carson. The Roman Imperial Coinage, Vol VI, From Diocletian's reform to the death of Maximinus. (London, 1967).

Catalog current as of Monday, June 26, 2017.
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Roman Coins of Constantius I