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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Roman Coins ▸ The TetrarchyView Options:  |  |  | 

Roman Coins of the Tetrarchy

Licinius I, 11 November 308 - 18 September 324 A.D.

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On 7 March 321, Constantine issued an edict proclaiming Dies Solis Invicti (Sunday) as the day of rest; trade was forbidden but agriculture was allowed.
RL84338. Billon centenionalis, RIC VII Aquileia 86 (R1), SRCV IV 15345, Cohen VII 20, Hunter V -, VF, well centered, traces of silvering, flan crack, weight 2.830 g, maximum diameter 19.1 mm, die axis 180o, 1st officina, Aquileia mint, 320 - 321 A.D.; obverse IMP LICINIVS AVG, laureate head right; reverse DOMINI•N•LICINI AVG, VOT / XX in two lines within wreath, wreath tied at the bottom and closed with a jewel at the top, •AQS• in exergue; rare; $50.00 (€44.50)


Licinius I, 11 November 308 - 18 September 324 A.D.

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In 316, Constantine sent his half-brother Julius Constantius to Licinius at Sirmium, with the proposal to accept Bassianus as Caesar and to allow him to rule in Italy. Licinius refused, accused Bassianus of conspiracy and had him executed. Once again the rival emperors were at war. In early in December 316, Licinius elevated his own man, Aurelius Valerius Valens, the dux limitis (duke of the frontier) in Dacia, to the rank of Augustus. A treaty between Constantine and Licinius was concluded at Serdica on 1 March, 317. Whether it was part of that agreement is unknown, but Licinius had Valens executed.
RT84364. Billon follis, RIC VII Siscia 17 (R1), SRCV IV 15212, Cohen VII 66; Hunter IV 73 var. (2nd officina), VF, marks, porosity, weight 3.833 g, maximum diameter 22.4 mm, die axis 0o, 4th officina, Siscia (Sisak, Croatia) mint, 315 - 316 A.D.; obverse IMP LIC LICINIVS P F AVG, laureate head right; reverse IOVI CONSERVATORI (to Jupiter the protector), Jupiter standing left, nude but for cloak over shoulder, Victory on globe in right hand, long scepter in left hand, eagle left with wreath in beak at feet on left, ∆ right, •SIS• in exergue; $50.00 (€44.50)


Licinius Junior, Caesar, 1 March 317 - 18 September 324 A.D.

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The mintmark is almost entirely off the flan. Arles is the most likely mint but we are not entirely certain.
RL74031. Bronze centenionalis, cf. RIC VII Arles 221 (R3), SRCV IV 15431, Cohen VII 10, Hunter V -, aVF, well centered, green patina, scratches and marks, tight flan cutting off most of the mintmark, weight 2.518 g, maximum diameter 20.1 mm, die axis 0o, Arelatum(?) mint, 320 - 321 A.D.; obverse LICINIVS NOB CAES, laureate head right; reverse CAESARVM NOSTRORVM (our prince), legend around VO/TIS / V in three lines, uncertain mintmark (Q A?) in exergue below a horizontal line; very rare; $50.00 (€44.50)


Maximian, 286 - 305, 306 - 308, and 310 A.D., Roman Provincial Egypt

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In 290, Diocletian and Maximian met in Milan, on the five-year anniversary of their rule, to discuss politics and war. Rome had become only the ceremonial capital of the Empire.
RX84179. Billon tetradrachm, Dattari 5947, Geissen 3313, Milne 4988, Curtis 2099, SNG Cop 1044, SNG Hunt 4932, SNG Milan 2256, BMC Alexandria 2577, Kampmann 120.50, Emmett 4148.6, VF, well centered on a tight slightly ragged flan, reverse a little flat, some spots corrosion, weight 7.323 g, maximum diameter 19.9 mm, die axis 0o, Alexandria mint, 29 Aug 290 - 28 Aug 291 A.D.; obverse MAΞIMIANOC CEB, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse Nike flying left, wreath in right hand, palm over shoulder in left, S over L (year 6) left, star right; $70.00 (€62.30)


Maximian, 286 - 305, 306 - 308, and 310 A.D., Roman Provincial Egypt

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About 287, Diocletian assumed the title Iovius and Maximian assumed the title Herculius. The titles were symbolic of their roles: Diocletian-Jove was dominant, responsible for planning and commanding; Maximian-Hercules had the heroic role of completing assigned tasks. Despite the symbolism, the emperors were not actually worshiped as the gods Jupiter and Hercules in the imperial cult. Instead, they were seen as the gods' instruments, imposing the gods' will on earth.
RX84180. Billon tetradrachm, Dattari 5907; Milne 4980; SNG Cop 1041; BMC Alexandria p. 328, 2547; Kampmann 120.49; Emmett 4130.6; Geissen -; SNG Hunterian -; SNG Milan -, VF, well centered on a tight flan, weight 7.838 g, maximum diameter 19.4 mm, die axis 0o, Alexandria mint, 29 Aug 290 - 28 Aug 291 A.D.; obverse MAΞIMIANOC CEB, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse Herakles standing facing, nude, Nike offering wreath in right hand, grounded club in left hand, Nemean lion's skin draped over left arm, S over L (year 6) lower left, star upper right; $90.00 (€80.10)


Maximian, 286 - 305, 306 - 308, and 310 A.D., Roman Provincial Egypt

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Variations of this type are listed with the longer A K M A OYA... obverse legend, and either without a star, with a star left or with a star upper right on the reverse.
RX84178. Billon tetradrachm, Dattari 5861, Geissen 3279, Milne 4795, SNG Milan 2023, SNG Hunt 4904 var. (no star), BMC Alexandria 2551 var. (star l.), Kampmann 120.8, Emmet 4113, VF, nice portrait, nice surfaces, tight flan, weight 7.262 g, maximum diameter 19.4 mm, die axis 0o, Alexandria mint, 1 Apr 286 - 28 Aug 286; obverse A K M OYA MAΞIMIANOC CEB, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse Eirene standing half left, raising olive branch in right hand, long transverse scepter in left hand, L - A (year 1) across fields, star upper right (on edge of flan); $80.00 (€71.20)


Diocletian, 20 November 284 - 1 May 305 A.D., Roman Provincial Egypt

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Victory or Nike is seen with wings in most statues and paintings, with one of the most famous being the Winged Victory of Samothrace. Most other winged deities in the Greek pantheon had shed their wings by Classical times. Nike is the goddess of strength, speed, and victory. Nike was a very close acquaintance of Athena and is thought to have stood in Athena's outstretched hand in the statue of Athena located in the Parthenon. Victory or Nike is also one of the most commonly portrayed figures on Greek and Roman coins.
RX79881. Billon tetradrachm, Dattari 5715; Milne 4857; SNG Milan 2184; SNG Hunterian 4872; BMC Alexandria p. 325, 2519; Kampmann 119.48; Emmett 4064.4; SNG Cop -; Geissen -, VF, well centered, nice portrait, some die wear and damage, edge crack, some light corrosion, weight 7.641 g, maximum diameter 19.1 mm, die axis 0o, Alexandria mint, 29 Aug 287 - 28 Aug 288 A.D.; obverse A K Γ OYA ∆IOKΛHTIANOC CEB, laureate and cuirassed bust right; reverse Nike advancing right, raising wreath in extended right hand, palm frond in left hand over left shoulder, ∆ over L (year 4) on right; $60.00 (€53.40)


Maximian, 286 - 305, 306 - 308, and 310 A.D., Roman Provincial Egypt

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Homonoia was the goddess (or spirit or personification) of harmony, concord, unanimity, and oneness of mind. She is usually depicted either seated or standing with a cornucopia.
RX79598. Billon tetradrachm, Milne 4941; Dattari 5930; Kampmann 120.45; Emmett 4141.5; Geissen -; BMC Alexandria -; SNG Hunterian -; SNG Cop -; SNG Milan -, VF/F, well centered on a tight flan, light corrosion, reverse struck with a damaged die, weight 7.097 g, maximum diameter 18.9 mm, die axis 0o, Alexandria mint, 1 Apr 286 - 28 Aug 286; obverse A K M A OYA MAΞIMIANOC CEB, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse Homonoia standing left, raising right hand, double cornucopia in left hand, star left below arm, L - E (year 5) flanking across field; $50.00 (€44.50)


Galerius, 1 March 305 - 5 May 311 A.D.

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In Roman religion, every man has a genius, a presiding spirit. In De Die Natali, Censorinus says, from the moment we are born, we live under the guard and tutelage of Genius. Cities, organizations, and peoples also had a genius. On coins, we find inscriptions to the Genius of the Army, of the Senate, of the Emperor, etc. The legend GENIO POPVLI ROMANI dedicates this coin to the Genius of the Roman People. Genius' image is of a man with a cloak half covering the shoulders leaving the rest of his body naked, holding a cornucopia in one hand, and a simpulum or a patera in the other.
RT79897. Billon follis, RIC VI Heraclea 20b, SRCV IV 14372, Cohen VII 78, Choice VF, well centered, much silvering, weight 9.238 g, maximum diameter 27.8 mm, die axis 0o, 3rd officina, Heraclea (Marmara Ereglisi, Turkey) mint, 297 - 298 A.D.; obverse GAL VAL MAXIMIANVS NOB CAES, laureate head (larger head) right; reverse GENIO POPVLI ROMANI (to the guardian spirit of the Roman People), Genius standing slightly left, head left, nude but for chlamys over shoulders and left arm, kalathos on head, pouring libations from patera in right hand, cornucopia in left hand, HTΓ in exergue; $80.00 (€71.20)


Galerius, 1 March 305 - 5 May 311 A.D.

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In 297, Galerius defeated the Carpi, Bastarni and Goths on the Lower Danube, but was then defeated by the Sassanid Persians between Carrhae and Callinicum.
RT83819. Copper post-reform radiate, RIC VI Rome 89b (S), Cohen VII 247, SRCV IV 14422, Fair, tight flan, weight 2.890 g, maximum diameter 18.9 mm, die axis 0o, 7th officina, Rome mint, as caesar, 297 - 298 A.D.; obverse MAXIMIANVS NOB C, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, seen from the front; reverse VOT / XX in two lines, Z below, all within laurel wreath; scarce; $20.00 (€17.80)











Catalog current as of Sunday, March 26, 2017.
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The Tetrarchy