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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Roman Coins ▸ The TetrarchyView Options:  |  |  | 

Roman Coins of the Tetrarchy

Maximinus II Daia, Late 309 - 30 April 313 A.D.

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"This reverse is modeled after the famous statue of the Spirit of the Roman People in the Roman Forum. It is unclear when this statue was last seen as it is now lost. Although the coins celebrate a wide range of spirits (e.g., Rome, Augustus, the Army, etc.), the basic design comes from the same statue...The act of pouring the libation to the emperor illustrates what the Christians were required to do in order not to be persecuted." -- Roman Bronze Coins From Paganism to Christianity 294-364 A.D. by Victor Failmezger
RT85310. Billon follis, Hunter V 31 (also 3rd officina), RIC VI Cyzicus 55 (S), SRCV IV 14724, Cohen VII 39, Choice gVF, well centered and struck, traces of silvering, spots of light corrosion, some die wear, weight 7.220 g, maximum diameter 25.3 mm, die axis 180o, 3rd officina, Cyzicus (Kapu Dagh, Turkey) mint, 309 - 310 A.D.; obverse GAL VAL MAXIMINVS NOB C, head laureate right; reverse GENIO CAESARIS (to the guardian spirit of the prince), Genius standing slightly left, head left, nude but for chlamys over shoulders and left arm, kalathos on head, pouring libations from patera in right hand, cornucopia in left hand, Γ left, * right, MKV in exergue; scarce; $100.00 (€89.00)


Diocletian, 20 November 284 - 1 May 305 A.D.

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In 293, Diocletian's Palace was built on a small bay on the Dalmatian coast, four miles from Salona, today's Split, Croatia.
RT85313. Billon antoninianus, RIC V, part 2, 306; Cohen VI 33; SRCV IV 12635; Hunter IV 60 var. (1st officina), Choice EF, near full silvering, well centered, weight 4.119 g, maximum diameter 21.6 mm, die axis 180o, 3rd officina, Cyzicus (Kapu Dagh, Turkey) mint, 293 - 294 A.D.; obverse IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse CONCORDIA MILITVM (harmony with the soldiers), Diocletian standing right, receiving Victory on globe from Jupiter standing left, holding long scepter behind in left, Γ in center, XXI• in exergue; $90.00 (€80.10)


Severus II, 25 July 306 - Summer 307 A.D.

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"This reverse is modeled after the famous statue of the Spirit of the Roman People in the Roman Forum. It is unclear when this statue was last seen as it is now lost. Although the coins celebrate a wide range of spirits (e.g., Rome, Augustus, the Army, etc.), the basic design comes from the same statue...The act of pouring the libation to the emperor illustrates what the Christians were required to do in order not to be persecuted." -- Roman Bronze Coins From Paganism to Christianity 294-364 A.D. by Victor Failmezger
RL84779. Billon quarter follis, RIC VI Siscia 170a (R), Cohen VII 32, SRCV IV 14645, Hunter V -, VF, well centered on a tight oval flan, dark toned fields with bare copper high points, weight 1.882 g, maximum diameter 19.6 mm, die axis 0o, Siscia (Sisak, Croatia) mint, as caesar, 1 May 305 - 25 Jul 306 A.D.; obverse FL VAL SEVERVS NOB C, laureate head right; reverse GENIO POPVLI ROMANI (to the guardian spirit of the Roman People), Genius standing left, nude but for cloak over shoulder and kalathos on head, patera in right hand, cornucopia in left hand, SIS in exergue; ex Alex G. Malloy, list XLV, lot 656; rare; $45.00 (€40.05)


Constantius I, May 305 - 25 July 306 A.D.

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The reverse depicts the statue of the Spirit of the Roman People which was in the Roman Forum (it is now lost). The act of pouring the libation to the emperor illustrates what the Christians were required to do in order not to be persecuted.
RL85119. Billon quarter follis, RIC VI Siscia 167, SRCV IV 14192, Cohen VII 101, F, some silvering, centered on a tight flan, weight 1.956 g, maximum diameter 18.4 mm, die axis 0o, Siscia (Sisak, Croatia) mint, 305 - 306 A.D.; obverse IMP C CONSTANTIVS P F AVG, laureate head right; reverse GENIO POPVLI ROMANI (to the guardian spirit of the Roman People), Genius of the Roman people standing facing, nude but for cloak over shoulders and modius on head, patera in right hand, cornucopia in left hand, SIS in exergue; $36.00 (€32.04)


Licinius I, 11 November 308 - 18 September 324 A.D.

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On 7 March 321, Constantine issued an edict proclaiming Dies Solis Invicti (Sunday) as the day of rest; trade was forbidden but agriculture was allowed.
RL84338. Billon centenionalis, RIC VII Aquileia 86 (R1), SRCV IV 15345, Cohen VII 20, Hunter V -, VF, well centered, traces of silvering, flan crack, weight 2.830 g, maximum diameter 19.1 mm, die axis 180o, 1st officina, Aquileia mint, 320 - 321 A.D.; obverse IMP LICINIVS AVG, laureate head right; reverse DOMINI•N•LICINI AVG, VOT / XX in two lines within wreath, wreath tied at the bottom and closed with a jewel at the top, •AQS• in exergue; rare; $50.00 (€44.50)


Licinius I, 11 November 308 - 18 September 324 A.D.

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In 316, Constantine sent his half-brother Julius Constantius to Licinius at Sirmium, with the proposal to accept Bassianus as Caesar and to allow him to rule in Italy. Licinius refused, accused Bassianus of conspiracy and had him executed. Once again the rival emperors were at war. In early in December 316, Licinius elevated his own man, Aurelius Valerius Valens, the dux limitis (duke of the frontier) in Dacia, to the rank of Augustus. A treaty between Constantine and Licinius was concluded at Serdica on 1 March, 317. Whether it was part of that agreement is unknown, but Licinius had Valens executed.
RT84364. Billon follis, RIC VII Siscia 17 (R1), SRCV IV 15212, Cohen VII 66; Hunter IV 73 var. (2nd officina), VF, marks, porosity, weight 3.833 g, maximum diameter 22.4 mm, die axis 0o, 4th officina, Siscia (Sisak, Croatia) mint, 315 - 316 A.D.; obverse IMP LIC LICINIVS P F AVG, laureate head right; reverse IOVI CONSERVATORI (to Jupiter the protector), Jupiter standing left, nude but for cloak over shoulder, Victory on globe in right hand, long scepter in left hand, eagle left with wreath in beak at feet on left, ∆ right, •SIS• in exergue; $50.00 (€44.50)


Maximian, 286 - 305, 306 - 308, and 310 A.D., Roman Provincial Egypt

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In 290, Diocletian and Maximian met in Milan, on the five-year anniversary of their rule, to discuss politics and war. Rome had become only the ceremonial capital of the Empire.
RX84179. Billon tetradrachm, Dattari 5947, Geissen 3313, Milne 4988, Curtis 2099, SNG Cop 1044, SNG Hunt 4932, SNG Milan 2256, BMC Alexandria 2577, Kampmann 120.50, Emmett 4148.6, VF, well centered on a tight slightly ragged flan, reverse a little flat, some spots corrosion, weight 7.323 g, maximum diameter 19.9 mm, die axis 0o, Alexandria mint, 29 Aug 290 - 28 Aug 291 A.D.; obverse MAΞIMIANOC CEB, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse Nike flying left, wreath in right hand, palm over shoulder in left, S over L (year 6) left, star right; $70.00 (€62.30)


Maximian, 286 - 305, 306 - 308, and 310 A.D., Roman Provincial Egypt

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About 287, Diocletian assumed the title Iovius and Maximian assumed the title Herculius. The titles were symbolic of their roles: Diocletian-Jove was dominant, responsible for planning and commanding; Maximian-Hercules had the heroic role of completing assigned tasks. Despite the symbolism, the emperors were not actually worshiped as the gods Jupiter and Hercules in the imperial cult. Instead, they were seen as the gods' instruments, imposing the gods' will on earth.
RX84180. Billon tetradrachm, Dattari 5907; Milne 4980; SNG Cop 1041; BMC Alexandria p. 328, 2547; Kampmann 120.49; Emmett 4130.6; Geissen -; SNG Hunterian -; SNG Milan -, VF, well centered on a tight flan, weight 7.838 g, maximum diameter 19.4 mm, die axis 0o, Alexandria mint, 29 Aug 290 - 28 Aug 291 A.D.; obverse MAΞIMIANOC CEB, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse Herakles standing facing, nude, Nike offering wreath in right hand, grounded club in left hand, Nemean lion's skin draped over left arm, S over L (year 6) lower left, star upper right; $90.00 (€80.10)


Maximian, 286 - 305, 306 - 308, and 310 A.D., Roman Provincial Egypt

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Variations of this type are listed with the longer A K M A OYA... obverse legend, and either without a star, with a star left or with a star upper right on the reverse.
RX84178. Billon tetradrachm, Dattari 5861, Geissen 3279, Milne 4795, SNG Milan 2023, SNG Hunt 4904 var. (no star), BMC Alexandria 2551 var. (star l.), Kampmann 120.8, Emmet 4113, VF, nice portrait, nice surfaces, tight flan, weight 7.262 g, maximum diameter 19.4 mm, die axis 0o, Alexandria mint, 1 Apr 286 - 28 Aug 286; obverse A K M OYA MAΞIMIANOC CEB, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse Eirene standing half left, raising olive branch in right hand, long transverse scepter in left hand, L - A (year 1) across fields, star upper right (on edge of flan); $80.00 (€71.20)


Diocletian, 20 November 284 - 1 May 305 A.D., Roman Provincial Egypt

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Victory or Nike is seen with wings in most statues and paintings, with one of the most famous being the Winged Victory of Samothrace. Most other winged deities in the Greek pantheon had shed their wings by Classical times. Nike is the goddess of strength, speed, and victory. Nike was a very close acquaintance of Athena and is thought to have stood in Athena's outstretched hand in the statue of Athena located in the Parthenon. Victory or Nike is also one of the most commonly portrayed figures on Greek and Roman coins.
RX79881. Billon tetradrachm, Dattari 5715; Milne 4857; SNG Milan 2184; SNG Hunterian 4872; BMC Alexandria p. 325, 2519; Kampmann 119.48; Emmett 4064.4; SNG Cop -; Geissen -, VF, well centered, nice portrait, some die wear and damage, edge crack, some light corrosion, weight 7.641 g, maximum diameter 19.1 mm, die axis 0o, Alexandria mint, 29 Aug 287 - 28 Aug 288 A.D.; obverse A K Γ OYA ∆IOKΛHTIANOC CEB, laureate and cuirassed bust right; reverse Nike advancing right, raising wreath in extended right hand, palm frond in left hand over left shoulder, ∆ over L (year 4) on right; $50.00 (€44.50)











Catalog current as of Monday, June 26, 2017.
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The Tetrarchy