the Arab, February 244 - End of September 249 A.D., , Superior
was a Roman Colony founded by in 239 A.D. The usual is P.M.S. COL. VIM., abbreviating Moesiae Superioris . The usual is a female personification of standing between a and a bull. The bull and the were of the Legions VII and IV, which were quartered in the province.
SL84535. Bronze AE 28, 24 (R2); 130; I/I 96; p. 16, 17; 3874; Mousmov 36, F12 (4988740), maximum 28 mm, 225o, (Stari Kostolac, Serbia) mint, autumn 243 - autumn 244 A.D.; IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS , laureate, draped, and right; ( Moesiae Superioris ), standing facing, left, extending over bull on left standing right and on right standing left, AN V (year 5 of the colonial era) in ; from the Dr. Sam Mansourati Collection; $80.00 (71.20)
the Arab, February 244 - End of September 249 A.D.
Eternal peace was just wishful thinking during the reign of (just as it has always been).
SL84533. Silver , 41, 102, 23, 8939 var. (pax standing left), 12 var. ( ), NGC AU, strike 3/5, surface 4/5, 5.03 g, maximum 23 mm, 180o, Rome mint, 244 - 245 A.D.; IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG, , draped, and right, from behind; (eternal peace), Pax advancing left, branch in right hand, transverse in left hand; certified (slabbed) by NGC, from the Dr. Sam Mansourati Collection; $135.00 (120.15)
Alexandreia , , 253 - 268 A.D.
(modern Eski Stambul) is on the Aegean Sea near the northern tip of the coast of Anatolia, a little south of Tenedos (modern Bozcaada). The city was founded by around 310 B.C. with the name Antigoneia and was populated with the inhabitants of Cebren, Colone, Hamaxitus, Neandria, and Scepsis. About 301 B.C., improved the city and re-named it Alexandreia. Among the few structure ruins remaining today are a bath, an odeon, a theater and gymnasium complex and a stadium. The circuit of the old walls can be traced.
RP84513. Bronze AE 21, 117; 63; p. 15, 53 ff. var. (legends); IX 497 var. (same); A490; -, VF, , detail, slightly rough, 4.852 g, maximum 21.3 mm, 0o, (Eski Stambul, Turkey) mint, reign of , 253 - 268 A.D.; AL-EXA TRO, turreted and draped of of right, behind; CO - A-VG - TRO, flying right, bull right its talons; from the Dr. Sam Mansourati Collection; $70.00 (62.30)
, July or August 247 - Late 249 A.D., Cyrrhus, Cyrrhestica,
Cyrrhus was founded by Seleucus Nicator, one of Alexander the Great's generals, shortly after 300 B.C., and named for Cyrrhus in . It was taken by the Armenian Empire in the 1st century B.C., then became Roman when Pompey took in 64 B.C. By the 1st century A.D., it had become a Roman administrative, military, and commercial center on the trade route between Antioch and the Euphrates River crossing at Zeugma and minted its own coinage. It was the base of the Roman legion X Fretensis. The Sassanid Persian Empire took it several times during the 3rd century. In the 6th century, the city was embellished and fortified by Justinian. It was taken by the Muslims in 637, the in the 11th century, and Nur ad-Din Zangi recaptured it in 1150. Muslim travelers of the 13th and 14th century reported it as a large city and largely in ruins. Its ruins are located in northern , near the Turkish , about 70 km northwest of Aleppo and 24 km of Kilis, Turkey.RY84847. Bronze AE 29, 21c; p. 137, 34; 505; 673; 49 ( ); 4143, aVF, porous, a little off center, 15.867 g, maximum 28.8 mm, 0o, Cyrrhus mint, Jul/Aug 247 - Late 249 A.D.; AYTOK K M IOY IYΛ ΦIΛIΠΠOC CEB, laureate, and draped to right, from behind; ∆IOC - KA-TEB-ATOY, KYPHCTΩN, temple Zeus Kataibates, in which statue of the god is seated facing with thunderbolt in right hand, in left hand, at his feet on left, bull leaping right above temple; $110.00 (97.90)
, 29 July 238 - 25 February 244 A.D., Marcianopolis, Inferior
The Three , named Euphrosyne, Aglaia and Thalia, were the attendants of (Aphrodite). They are shown on Roman provincial coins as a statuary group, nude and sometimes holding apples. RP84853. Bronze AE 21, 188.8.131.52 (same dies), 1908, -, -, -, -, -, VF, dark green , porous, , 4.432 g, maximum 21.2 mm, 0o, Marcianopolis (Devnya, Bulgaria) mint, 240/241 A.D.; M ANT ΓOP∆IANOC AVT, laureate, draped, and right from the front; MAPKIANOΠOΛITΩN (the final N in ), The Three standing, nude, the outer two facing, with heads turned outward and holding apples in outer hand, the middle with back facing and with arms around other two; ex CNG e-auction 225, lot 242; ex Mark Collection of the Three ; ex , Sep 1997; ; $135.00 (120.15)
, October 253 - c. June 260 A.D., Alexandreia ,
In Roman mythology, and were the twin sons of the Virgin , fathered by the god of war, . They were abandoned in the as infants. , a shepherd, found the infants being suckled by the she-wolf ( ) at the foot of the Palatine . Their cradle, in which they had been abandoned, was on the overturned under a fig tree. and his wife, Acca Larentia, raised the children. was the first of Rome. RP84560. Bronze AE 23, 187; A442; p. 30, 167 var. (legends); 1296 var. (same); -, gVF, excellent portrait, and struck on a broad , porous, tiny edge cracks, 4.844 g, maximum 23.2 mm, 225o, (Eski Stambul, Turkey) mint, IMP LIC V-ALERIAN, laureate, draped, and bearded right, from behind; COL AV, TRO (TRO in ), she-wolf standing right, turned facing, suckling and ; ex Auction 52, lot 90; $140.00 (124.60)
Kingdom of Edessa, , Abgar X with , 242 - 243 A.D.
Abgar X Frahad bar Manu was raised to the throne when recovered from the Persians. His rule and the Kingdom of Edessa both ended with Gordian's assassination and a Sassanid takeover in 244 A.D. GB84832. Bronze AE 24, p. 115, 148; 97; cf. 225 (draped and ), 2579 (same), VF, porous, minor pitting, some unstruck, a little off center, 7.981 g, maximum 23.5 mm, 0o, , Edessa mint, 242 - 243 A.D.; AYTOK K M ANT ΓOP∆IANOC CEB, laureate of right, slight drapery on left shoulder, lower right; ABΓAPOC BACIΛEYC, draped of Abgar right, bearded, wearing a diademed Parthian-style , behind; $75.00 (66.75)
, 29 July 238 - 25 February 244 A.D., Nicaea,
Nicaea remained an important town throughout the imperial period. Although only 70 km (43 miles) from Constantinople, Nicaea did not lose its importance when Constantinople became the capital of the Eastern Empire. The city suffered from earthquakes in 358, 362 and 368; after the last of which, it was by . During the Middle Ages, it was a long time bulwark of the emperors against the Turks.RP79959. Bronze AE 19, II.3 p 489, 713; 653; -, VF, nice portrait, and struck, attractive sea-green , , scratches, 3.252 g, maximum 19.4 mm, 0o, Nicaea (Iznik, Turkey) mint, 238 - 244 A.D.; M ANT ΓOP∆IANOC AVΓ, laureate, draped, and right, from behind; three legionary standards topped with wreaths, N-IK-AI-E/ΩN in two lines, the first divided by the standards, the last two letters in ; $80.00 (71.20)
, 29 July 238 - 25 February 244 A.D., Edessa,
Edessa, struck coins from 27 B.C. to 268 A.D. Located on the Via , the city prospered in under the Romans but disappeared from history after 500 A.D. In 304 B.C., Seleucus I Nicator commemorated Edessa, by founding a city named Edessa in northern .RP83477. Bronze diassarion, 33 ff., (D12/-); p. 40, 27; 3669 (R4); 169; 1086 (none with this die), F, , green , centration dimple on , large pit on , 10.085 g, maximum 24.7 mm, 0o, Edessa mint, AV K M AN ΓOP∆IANOC, laureate, draped, and right, from behind; E∆ECCAIΩN, seated left on , wearing crested Corinthian helmet, in right hand, in left hand; standing behind , wearing turreted crown, crowning with a in her right hand, in left hand; $60.00 (53.40)
and , 244 - 249 A.D., Marcianopolis, Inferior
The Greeks and Romans did not view snakes as evil creatures but rather as and tools for healing and fertility. , the son of and Koronis, learned the secrets of keeping death at bay after observing one snake bringing another snake healing herbs. Woman seeking fertility, the sick, and the injured slept in his temples in chambers where non-poisonous snakes were left to crawl on the floor and provide healing.RP83492. Bronze pentassarion, 184.108.40.206 (R6), 2083, I/I 1206, 850, -, -, gVF, green , porous, small edge splits, , 12.529 g, maximum 29.4 mm, 180o, Markianopolis (Devnya, Bulgaria) mint, consular legate Prastina Messallinus, 244 - 247; AYT M IOYΛ ΦIΛIΠΠOC AVΓ M WTAK, CEBHPAC / E (ending in two lines in ), busts of on left, facing right, laureate, draped, and , and , on right, facing left, diademed and draped; YΠ ΠPACT MECCAΛΛEINOY MAPKIANOΠOΛEIT,ΩN (final two letters in column in right ), in four coils, erect right, E (mark of value) in left ; $190.00 (169.10)
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