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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Roman Coins ▸ Crisis and DeclineView Options:  |  |  | 

Roman Coins of the 3rd Century Crisis and Decline of the Roman Empire

Valerian I, October 253 - c. June 260 A.D.

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Victory or Nike is seen with wings in most statues and paintings, with one of the most famous being the Winged Victory of Samothrace. Most other winged deities in the Greek pantheon had shed their wings by Classical times. Nike is the goddess of strength, speed, and victory. Nike was a very close acquaintance of Athena and is thought to have stood in Athena's outstretched hand in the statue of Athena located in the Parthenon. Victory or Nike is also one of the most commonly portrayed figures on Greek and Roman coins.
RS64702. Silver antoninianus, Göbl MIR 31d; RIC V, part 1, 125; RSC IV 230, Hunter IV 14, SRCV III 9985, VF, weak centers, weight 3.053 g, maximum diameter 22.2 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 1st emission, 253 - 254 A.D.; obverse IMP C P LIC VALERIANVS AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse VICTORIA AVGG (victory of the two emperors), Victory standing left, wreath extended in right hand, palm frond in left hand; $40.00 (€35.60)


Valerian I, October 253 - c. June 260 A.D.

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Victoria or Nike, the Winged Goddess of Victory, personifies victory. She was described variously in different myths as the daughter of the Titan Pallas and the goddess Styx, and the sister of Kratos (Strength), Bia (Force), and Zelus (Zeal). Nike and her siblings were close companions of Zeus. According to classical (later) myth, Styx brought them to Zeus when the god was assembling allies for the Titan War. Nike assumed the role of the divine charioteer, a role in which she often is portrayed in Classical Greek art. Nike flew around battlefields rewarding the victors with glory and fame, symbolized by a wreath of laurel leaves.
RS64703. Billon antoninianus, Göbl MIR 31d; RIC V, part 1, 125; RSC IV 230, Hunter IV 14, SRCV III 9985, VF, toned, portrait a little weak, reverse just slightly off center, weight 3.599 g, maximum diameter 22.1 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 1st emission, 253 - 254 A.D.; obverse IMP C P LIC VALERIANVS AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse VICTORIA AVGG (victory of the two emperors), Victory standing left, raising wreath in extended right hand, palm frond in left hand; $35.00 (€31.15)


Valerian I, October 253 - c. June 260 A.D.

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In 256 A.D., the cities in the Roman Empire begin to build walls as the defense of the frontiers collapsed. The Goths invaded Asia Minor, Dacia was lost, and they appeared at the walls of Thessalonica. The Franks crossed the Rhine. The Alamanni penetrated to Milan. In Africa, the Berbers massacred Roman colonists. King Shapur I invaded Mesopotamia and Syria and plundered Antioch, Zeugma, and Dura-Europos.
RS90039. Billon antoninianus, Göbl MIR 1687e (Samosata), SRCV III 9995, RIC V 293 (Antioch), RSC IV 276 (Antioch), Hunter IV 76, VF, well centered, toned, porous, weight 3.566 g, maximum diameter 19.7 mm, die axis 0o, uncertain Syria mint, 255 - 258 A.D.; obverse IMP C P LIC VALERIANVS P F AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse VIRTVS AVGG (valor of the two emperors), Valerian and Gallienus standing confronted; Valerian on left, scepter in right hand, globe in left hand; Gallienus on right offering Victory to Valerian, transverse spear in left hand; $38.00 (€33.82)


Valerian I, October 253 - c. June 260 A.D.

Click for a larger photo
Victoria or Nike, the Winged Goddess of Victory, personifies victory. She was described variously in different myths as the daughter of the Titan Pallas and the goddess Styx, and the sister of Kratos (Strength), Bia (Force), and Zelus (Zeal). Nike and her siblings were close companions of Zeus. According to classical (later) myth, Styx brought them to Zeus when the god was assembling allies for the Titan War. Nike assumed the role of the divine charioteer, a role in which she often is portrayed in Classical Greek art. Nike flew around battlefields rewarding the victors with glory and fame, symbolized by a wreath of laurel leaves.
RS90050. Billon antoninianus, Göbl MIR 77c, RIC V 127 (S), RSC III 221, SRCV III 9984, Hunter IV - (p. xxiv), F, toned, die wear, slightly tight flan cutting off some tops of legends, weight 2.936 g, maximum diameter 19.7 mm, die axis 225o, Rome mint, 255 - 256 A.D.; obverse IMP C P LIC VALERIANVS P F AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse VICTORIA AVGG (victory of the two emperors), Victory standing half left, resting right hand on grounded shield, palm frond in left hand; scarce; $30.00 (€26.70)


Valerian I, October 253 - c. June 260 A.D.

Click for a larger photo
Victoria or Nike, the Winged Goddess of Victory, personifies victory. She was described variously in different myths as the daughter of the Titan Pallas and the goddess Styx, and the sister of Kratos (Strength), Bia (Force), and Zelus (Zeal). Nike and her siblings were close companions of Zeus. According to classical (later) myth, Styx brought them to Zeus when the god was assembling allies for the Titan War. Nike assumed the role of the divine charioteer, a role in which she often is portrayed in Classical Greek art. Nike flew around battlefields rewarding the victors with glory and fame, symbolized by a wreath of laurel leaves.
RS90061. Billon antoninianus, Göbl MIR 30d; RIC V, part 1, 125; RSC IV 230, Hunter IV 14, SRCV III 9985, VF, nice portrait, well centered, toned, porosity, small rough area on the reverse, weight 3.042 g, maximum diameter 21.7 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 1st emission, 253 - 254 A.D.; obverse IMP C P LIC VALERIANVS AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse VICTORIA AVGG (victory of the two emperors), Victory standing left, wreath extended in right hand, palm frond in left hand; $45.00 (€40.05)


Valerian I, October 253 - c. June 260 A.D.

Click for a larger photo
In 256 A.D., the cities in the Roman Empire begin to build walls as the defense of the frontiers collapsed. The Goths invaded Asia Minor, Dacia was lost, and they appeared at the walls of Thessalonica. The Franks crossed the Rhine. The Alamanni penetrated to Milan. In Africa, the Berbers massacred Roman colonists. King Shapur I invaded Mesopotamia and Syria and plundered Antioch, Zeugma, and Dura-Europos.
RS90063. Billon antoninianus, Göbl MIR 1687e (Samosata), SRCV III 9995, RIC V 293 (Antioch), RSC IV 276 (Antioch), Hunter IV 76, F, toned, porous, large flan crack, weight 2.137 g, maximum diameter 22.3 mm, die axis 180o, uncertain Syria mint, 255 - 258 A.D.; obverse IMP C P LIC VALERIANVS P F AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse VIRTVS AVGG (valor of the two emperors), Valerian and Gallienus standing confronted; Valerian on left, scepter in right hand, globe in left hand; Gallienus on right offering Victory to Valerian, transverse spear in left hand; $25.00 (€22.25)


Valerian I, October 253 - c. June 260 A.D.

Click for a larger photo
Victoria or Nike, the Winged Goddess of Victory, personifies victory. She was described variously in different myths as the daughter of the Titan Pallas and the goddess Styx, and the sister of Kratos (Strength), Bia (Force), and Zelus (Zeal). Nike and her siblings were close companions of Zeus. According to classical (later) myth, Styx brought them to Zeus when the god was assembling allies for the Titan War. Nike assumed the role of the divine charioteer, a role in which she often is portrayed in Classical Greek art. Nike flew around battlefields rewarding the victors with glory and fame, symbolized by a wreath of laurel leaves.
RS64735. Billon antoninianus, Göbl MIR 77c, RIC V 127 (S), RSC III 221, SRCV III 9984, Hunter IV - (p. xxiv), VF, light rose toning, light marks, porous, weight 2.948 g, maximum diameter 21.4 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 255 - 256 A.D.; obverse IMP C P LIC VALERIANVS P F AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse VICTORIA AVGG (victory of the two emperors), Victory standing half left, resting right hand on grounded shield, palm frond in left hand; scarce; $35.00 (€31.15)


Valerian I, October 253 - c. June 260 A.D.

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Virtus was a specific virtue in ancient Rome. It carried connotations of valor, manliness, excellence, courage, character, and worth, perceived as masculine strengths (from Latin vir, "man"). It was thus a frequently stated virtue of Roman emperors and was personified as the deity Virtus.
RS64699. Billon antoninianus, Göbl MIR 1566a (Antioch), RSC IV 241 (Viminacium), Hunter IV 66 (eastern), RIC V 225 (S, Rome), SRCV III -, gF, well centered, light toning, light marks, weight 3.417 g, maximum diameter 22.3 mm, die axis 0o, Viminacium (Stari Kostolac, Serbia) mint, 254 A.D.; obverse IMP C P LIC VALERIANVS P F AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse VICTORIAE AVGG (victory of the two emperors), Virtus standing half right, wearing military garb, spear in right hand, resting left hand on grounded shield at side; scarce; $40.00 (€35.60)


Valerian I, October 253 - c. June 260 A.D.

Click for a larger photo
Virtus was a specific virtue in ancient Rome. It carried connotations of valor, manliness, excellence, courage, character, and worth, perceived as masculine strengths (from Latin vir, "man"). It was thus a frequently stated virtue of Roman emperors and was personified as the deity Virtus.
RS64738. Billon antoninianus, Göbl MIR 1566a (Antioch), RSC IV 241 (Viminacium), Hunter IV 66 (eastern), RIC V 225 (S, Rome), SRCV III -, F, porous spots of corrosion, weight 3.544 g, maximum diameter 20.8 mm, die axis 0o, Viminacium (Stari Kostolac, Serbia) mint, 254 A.D.; obverse IMP C P LIC VALERIANVS P F AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse VICTORIAE AVGG (victory of the two emperors), Virtus standing half right, wearing military garb, spear in right hand, resting left hand on grounded shield at side; scarce; $30.00 (€26.70)


Valerian I, October 253 - c. June 260 A.D.

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Names stemming from Nike (the Greek name for Victory) include among others: Nikolaos, Nicholas, Nicola, Nick, Nicolai, Niccolň, Nikolai, Nicolae, Nils, Klaas, Nicole, Ike, Niki, Nikita, Nikitas, Nika, Nieke, Naike, Niketas, Nikki, Nico, and Veronica.
RS90064. Silver antoninianus, Göbl MIR 30d; RIC V, part 1, 125; RSC IV 230, Hunter IV 14, SRCV III 9985, VF, well centered, lightly toned, weight 3.100 g, maximum diameter 21.5 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 1st emission, 253 - 254 A.D.; obverse IMP C P LIC VALERIANVS AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse VICTORIA AVGG (victory of the two emperors), Victory standing left, wreath extended in right hand, palm frond in left hand; $29.00 (€25.81)











Catalog current as of Sunday, March 26, 2017.
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Crisis and Decline