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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Roman Coins ▸ Constantinian EraView Options:  |  |  | 

Roman coins of the Constantinian Era.

Constantius II, 22 May 337 - 3 November 361 A.D.

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This is the first example of this reverse type for Constantius II from any mint handled by Forum. RIC lists it as scarce. We believe it is rare.
RL77934. Billon reduced centenionalis, RIC VIII 63 (S), LRBC I 1061, SRCV V 18013, Cohen VIII 196, aVF, green patina, coppery high points, tight flan, weight 1.400 g, maximum diameter 15.1 mm, die axis 0o, Constantinopolis (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, c. 342 A.D.; obverse D N CONSTANTIVS P F AVG, rosette-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse VICT AVG (victory of the Emperor), Victory walking left, wreath in extended right hand, palm frond in left hand, CONS[...] in exergue; from the Butte College Foundation, ex Lindgren; rare type; $50.00 (€44.50)


Constantius II, 22 May 337 - 3 November 361 A.D.

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In 359, King Shapur II the Great of the Persian Empire invaded southern Armenia. The Romans implemented a scorched earth policy and placed strong guards at the Euphrates crossings. He besieged the Roman fortress of Amida (modern Diyarbakir). After seventy-three days the city was conquered and the population was massacred. That winter Shapur halted his campaign due to heavy casualties. In 360, Shapur II continued his campaign against the Roman fortresses; capturing Singara, Bezabde and Nisibis.
RL77935. Bronze reduced maiorina, RIC VIII Antioch 193 (S), LRBC II 2638, Voetter 33, SRCV V 18321, Cohen VIII 188, VF, nice green patina, tight slightly ragged flan, weight 2.628 g, maximum diameter 14.7 mm, die axis 180o, 6th officina, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, c. 358 - 3 Nov 361 A.D.; obverse D N CONSTANTIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse SPES REIPVBLICE (the hope of the Republic), emperor standing left, wearing helmet and military dress, globe in right hand, spear in left hand, ANS in exergue; from the Butte College Foundation, ex-Lindgren; scarce; $35.00 (€31.15)


Julian II "the Apostate," February 360 - 26 June 363 A.D.

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VOT X MVLT XX abbreviates Votis Decennalibus Multis Vicennalibus. Earlier in the empire, this inscription would have meant that Julian had completed his vows (prayers) to thank the gods on the tenth anniversary of his rule, and made more vows to the gods that they might help him achieve his twentieth anniversary. Julian ruled less than three and a half years. By Julian's time, votive inscriptions had come to express hopes rather than reality.
RL77939. Bronze centenionalis, RIC VIII Cyzicus 130 (S), LRBC II 2512, SRCV V 19180, Cohen VIII 151, Hunter V -, F, green patina with red earthen highlighting, centered on tight flan, scratches, weight 3.074 g, maximum diameter 19.5 mm, die axis 0o, 1st officina, Cyzicus (Kapu Dagh, Turkey) mint, 362 - 363 A.D.; obverse D N FL CL IVLIANVS P F AVG, helmeted and cuirassed bust left holding spear and shield; reverse VOT / X / MVLT / XX in four lines within wreath, tied at the bottom, closed with a jewel at the top, CVZA in exergue; from the Butte College Foundation, ex-Lindgren; scarce; $45.00 (€40.05)


Constantius Gallus, Caesar, 28 September 351 - Winter 354 A.D.

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Constantius II, unlike his father, allowed Christians to persecute pagans and Jews. Christian clergy inspired angry crowds, which attacked and destroyed synagogues and temples. On 7 May 351, a Jewish revolt broke out in Palestine. The rebels destroyed the Roman garrison in a surprise night attack and acquired the garrison's weapons. The rebels destroyed Diopolis and Tiberias and killed the people of different ethnicities, including Greeks and Samaritans. In 352, Constantius Gallus sent his general (magister equitum) Ursicinus to put down the revolt. Diocesarea, the epicenter of the revolt, was razed to the ground. Ursicinus ordered the execution of thousands of Jews, even children. After the revolt, a permanent garrison was stationed in Galilee.
BB79486. Bronze reduced maiorina, RIC VIII Cyzicus 106 (S), SRCV V 19020, Cohen VIII 12, LRBC II -, Voetter -, F, nice green patina, edge cracks, light marks, weight 1.580 g, maximum diameter 18.2 mm, die axis 180o, 3rd officina, Cyzicus (Kapu Dagh, Turkey) mint, 28 Sep 351 - winter 354 A.D.; obverse D N FL CL CONSTANTIVS NOB CAES, bare-headed, draped, and cuirassed bust right, E behind; reverse FEL TEMP REPARATIO (happy times restored), helmeted soldier with shield on his left arm advancing left, spearing a fallen horseman wearing a pointed cap, SMKΓ in exergue; scarce; $14.00 (€12.46)


Decentius, Caesar, July or August 350 - 18 August 353 A.D.

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Bastien recorded only a single specimen, RIC VIII notes another in the British Museum. We know of a few more examples.
RL79993. Billon maiorina, RIC VIII Trier 313 (R), Bastien MM 65 (1 spec.), LRBC II 59, SRCV V 18886, Cohen VIII 37, Hunter V 7, gVF, nice portrait, dark green patina with reddish earthen highlighting, tight flan, light marks, weight 3.828 g, maximum diameter 21.2 mm, die axis 0o, 1st officina, Treveri (Trier, Germany) mint, Jan 351 - Aug 352 A.D.; obverse D N DECENTIVS FORT CAES, bare-headed, draped, and cuirassed bust right, seen from front, A behind; reverse VICTORIAE DD NN AVG ET CAES (victories of our lords, Emperor and Caesar), two Victories standing confronted, holding between them a wreath inscribed VOT X MVLT X in four lines within, TRP in exergue; ex-Sayles & Lavender (2010); very rare; $140.00 (€124.60)


Constantius Gallus, Caesar, 28 September 351 - Winter 354 A.D.

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On 7 May 351, after Constantius Gallus arrived at Antiocha, a Jewish revolt broke out in Palestine. In 352, Gallus sent his general (magister equitum) Ursicinus to put down the revolt. The rebels destroyed Diopolis and Tiberias. Diocesarea was razed to the ground. Ursicinus gave the order to kill thousands of Jews, even children. After the revolt, a permanent garrison was stationed in Galilee.
RL83823. Bronze reduced maiorina, RIC VIII Constantinople 124, LRBC II 2047, SRCV V 19018, Cohen VIII 12, Voetter -, VF, well centered, green patina with coppery high points, edge split, weight 2.459 g, maximum diameter 17.9 mm, die axis 180o, 2nd officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 353 - winter 354 A.D.; obverse D N FL CL CONSTANTIVS NOB CAES, bare-headed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse FEL TEMP REPARATIO (happy times restored), soldier advancing left, wearing helmet, military garb and shield on left arm, with right hand spearing fallen bare-headed horseman, horseman lying over his fallen horse and extending arm toward soldier, shield on ground at feet, X • left, CONSB in exergue; scarce; $40.00 (€35.60)


Julian II "the Apostate," February 360 - 26 June 363 A.D.

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On 25 August 357, Julian defeated the Alemanni at Strasbourg (Argentoratum). He drove the barbarians back behind the Rhine.
BB83866. Bronze reduced maiorina, RIC VIII Cyzicus 116 (S), LRBC II 2503, SRCV V 19076, Cohen VIII 16, Hunter V -, Fair, porous, large flan split, weight 2.089 g, maximum diameter 17.5 mm, die axis 180o, 4th officina, Cyzicus (Kapu Dagh, Turkey) mint, as caesar, 6 Nov 355 - Feb 360 A.D.; obverse D N FL CL IVLIANVS NOB CS, bare-headed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse FEL TEMP REPARATIO (happy times restored), soldier standing left, wearing helmet, military garb and shield on left arm, spearing a fallen horseman wearing a pointed cap, horseman laying across his fallen horse and raising arm, •M• in left field, SMK∆ in exergue; very scarce; $12.00 (€10.68)


Decentius, Caesar, July or August 350 - 18 August 353 A.D.

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Bastien recorded only a single specimen, RIC VIII notes another in the British Museum. We know of a few more examples.
RL84202. Billon maiorina, RIC VIII Trier 316 (R), Bastien MM 71, LRBC II 61, SRCV V 18887, Cohen VIII 37, Hunter V -, VF, nice portrait, nice green patina with some small chips, tight flan, uneven strike with upper reverse a little weak, light marks, earthen deposits, weight 3.378 g, maximum diameter 20.8 mm, die axis 180o, 2nd officina, Treveri (Trier, Germany) mint, Jan 351 - Aug 352 A.D.; obverse D N DECENTIVS FORT CAES, bare-headed, draped, and cuirassed bust right, seen from front, A behind; reverse VICTORIAE DD NN AVG ET CAES (victories of our lords, Emperor and Caesar), two Victories standing confronted, holding between them a wreath inscribed VOT X MVLT X in four lines within, Christogram (Chi-Rho monogram of Christ) above, TRS in exergue; very rare; $140.00 (€124.60)


Constantius Gallus, Caesar, 28 September 351 - Winter 354 A.D.

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On 15 March 351 Constantius II elevated his 25-year-old cousin Constantius Gallus to Caesar at Sirmium in Pannonia. He arranged a marriage with his sister Constantia and put him in charge of the Eastern Roman Empire. Constantius II marched West with a large army (60,000 men) to fight against Magnus Magnentius.
RL84357. Billon maiorina, RIC VIII Aquileia 200 (S), LRBC II 931, Voetter 4, SRCV V 19013, Cohen VIII 14, VF, nice dark green patina, well centered, flan crack, light marks and corrosion, weight 2.528 g, maximum diameter 20.7 mm, die axis 0o, Aquileia mint, Sept 352 - winter 354 A.D.; obverse D N CONSTANTIVS IVN NOB C, bare-headed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse FEL TEMP REPARATIO (happy times restored), soldier standing left, wearing helmet, military garb and shield on left arm, spearing fallen horseman, horseman extends arm toward soldier, shield at feet, AQS exergue; $50.00 (€44.50)


Magnentius, 18 January 350 - 10 August 353 A.D.

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On 3 June 350, Iulius Nepotianus proclaimed himself emperor and entered Rome with a group of gladiators. On 30 June, Marcellinus, a trusted general of Magnentius, defeated and killed Nepotian. Nepotian's head was put on a lance and paraded around Rome.
RL84368. Billon heavy maiorina, Hunter V 51 (also 2nd officina), RIC VIII Arles 150, LRBC II 421, SRCV V 18800, Cohen VIII 20, VF, rough surfaces from light corrosion, tight flan, weight 5.061 g, maximum diameter 22.9 mm, die axis 0o, 2nd officina, Arletum (Arles, France) mint, 19 Jan 350 - 18 Aug 351 A.D.; obverse D N MAGNENTIVS P F AVG, bare-headed, draped, and cuirassed bust right, A behind; reverse GLORIA ROMANORVM (glory of the Romans), Magnentius on horse galloping right, wearing military dress, not holding shield, spearing a barbarian on right before horse who is kneeling left with outstretched hands, shield and broken spear on the ground below horse, star upper right, SAR in exergue; $95.00 (€84.55)











Catalog current as of Wednesday, February 22, 2017.
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Constantinian Era