, 7 March 161 - 17 March 180 A.D.
was the god of war and also an agricultural guardian. He was the father of and , the legendary founders of Rome. In early Rome, he was second in importance only to , and the most prominent of the military gods in the religion of the Roman army. Most of his festivals were held in March, the month named for him (Latin ), and in October, which began and ended the season for military campaigning and farming.
RB84425. , 992, 1385, 18 206, 127, 4966, aF, nice portrait, , 28.977 g, maximum 32.6 mm, 180o, Rome mint, 171 A.D.; M ANTONINVS XXV, laureate right; (consul 3 times), advancing right, helmeted, nude but for cloak tied at waist and flying behind, spear in right hand, across left shoulder in left hand, ( ) flanking his knees; $130.00 (€115.70)
, 25 January 98 - 8 or 9 August 117 A.D., ad Belum, Chalcidice,
The ad Belum lie of the modern Syrian village of Al-Iss near Al-Hadir, 25 km southwest of Aleppo on the bank of the Queiq River (the ancient Belus River). was distinguished from its namesake in by its river. The river, but not the city, was named for the Semitic god Bel or Ba?al.
RY84646. Bronze AE 26, 3461 (8 spec.), 4a; 511, 3, -; -, VF, green with red earthen highlighting, on a , some flatness high point, 14.003 g, maximum 25.7 mm, 0o, ad Belum ( , ) mint, 25 Jan 98 - 8/9 Aug 117 A.D.; AYTOKP KAIC NEP TPAIANOC APICT CE ΓEPM ∆AK ΠAPΘ, laureate, draped, and right, from behind; ΦΛ XAΛ/KI∆EWN in two lines, ∆ below, all within laurel of eight bunches of leaves tied at the bottom; ; $335.00 (€298.15)
, March or April 177 - 31 December 192 A.D., ,
It seems the mint allowed for many slight variations in legends and types. This variation is apparently unpublished, except 1073, with an unknown , and 7567 lists an example from the Plovdiv National Museum with an uncertain variation. Perhaps one or both of those coins match this , but photos are not available.RP69759. Bronze assarion, cf. 1073 (R3, no leg. listed), 7567 var. (same, 6 spec., Plovdiv National Museum spec. possible var.), aF, , light corrosion, small encrustation above , 4.348 g, maximum 18.5 mm, 0o, (Plovdiv, Bulgaria) mint, AYT KAI Λ AYPHΛI OYHPOC (or similar), laureate right; ΦIΛIΠΠOΠOΛEITΩN, standing left, in right hand, in left hand, at feet on left; from the Butte College Foundation, ex-Lindgren; ; $28.00 (€24.92)
, March or April 177 - 31 December 192 A.D., Roman Provincial
In 189 A.D., plague (possibly smallpox) killed as many as 2,000 people per day in Rome. Farmers were unable to harvest their crops and food shortages brought riots in the city. of Rome burned in 190. ordered the city to be rebuilt under the name Commodiana.RX79588. , 2686 ff.; 852; 2252; 3889; 582; p. 175, 1404; 41.124; 2558, F, dark , 10.856 g, maximum 23.7 mm, 0o, mint, 29 Aug 189 - 28 Aug 190; M A KOM ANTW CEB EYCEB, laureate right; of left, large crescent on left, L Λ (year 30) on right; $70.00 (€62.30)
, Augusta 146 - Winter 175/176 A.D., Wife of
The origin and purpose of the bronze "limes" is uncertain. They may have been a token currency used only along the borders of the Empire. They may have been illegal counterfeits with a now long gone thin silver wash.BB83740. Bronze , cf. MA739, 2, M706; 50; 5212 (solid silver, official, Rome mint), F, 2.419 g, maximum 17.8 mm, 180o, unofficial mint, , 176 - 180 A.D.; , draped right, hair waved and tied in a at the back; , standing facing, left, drawing out fold of veil from shoulder with right hand, lit torch in left hand; $28.00 (€24.92)
, August 138 - 7 March 161 A.D.
When the young heir suddenly died on 1 January 138 A.D., the aged selected Antoninus, a distinguished senator, as the new heir. Since Antoninus was already 52-year-old, also selected heirs for Antoninus himself: his 17-year-old nephew and the 8-year-old son of the late , .RS84421. Silver , H450, 1061, H1010, H408, -, -, VF, and struck, die wear with strong flow lines, edge cracks, 3.290 g, maximum 19.8 mm, 180o, Rome mint, as , 25 Feb - 10 Jul 138 A.D.; IMP ANTONINVS, right; TRIB POT COS, standing left, veiled and draped, in extended right hand, double in left hand; ; $125.00 (€111.25)
, August 138 - 7 March 161 A.D., , Cyrrhestica,
The modern name Manbij is very similar to the original Aramean name, Mnbg. It was of the kingdom of Bit Adini before it was annexed by the Assyrians in 856 B.C. It fell to Alexander and later prospered under the Seleucids who made it the chief station between Antioch and Seleucia on the . It was refounded as Hieropolis by Eumenes II of in 190 B.C. Crassus sacked the temple on his way to meet the in 53 B.C. In the 3rd century, the city was the capital of Euphratensis province and one of the great cities of . It was, however, in a ruinous state when Julian gathered his troops there before marching to his defeat and death in . Sassanid Emperor Khosrau I held it to ransom after Emperor Justinian I had failed to defend it. The Abbasid caliph Harun al-Rashid it at the end of the 8th century, making it the capital of al-Awasim province. Afterward, the city became a point of contention between the Byzantines, Arabs, and Turks. The captured it from the Seljuks in the 12th century, but Saladin retook it in 1175. Manbij later became the headquarters of Hulagu and his Mongols, who destroyed it. The remains of ancient Manbij are extensive, but almost wholly of late date, as is to be expected in the case of a city which survived into Muslim times. The walls were built by the Arabs, and no ruins of the great temple survive.RY78043. Bronze AE 22, IV 6978 (4 spec.); p. 132, 21 ; 1919; -; -; -, aVF, attractive black with red earthen highlighting, , scratches, light corrosion, 8.775 g, maximum 22.1 mm, 0o, Hierapolis-Bambyce (Membij, ) mint, undated, Aug 138 - 7 Mar 161 A.D.; [AYTO KAI TI AIΛ A∆PI] ANTWNEINOC CEB[...] (or similar - none known with full ), laureate, draped, and left; ΘEAC CYPI/AC IEPOΠO (to the Syrian goddess of ) in two lines, E (control) below, all within laurel , tied at the bottom, closed at the top with a pellet in annulet; from the Butte College Foundation, ex ; extremely ; $90.00 (€80.10)
, 25 January 98 - 8 or 9 August 117 A.D., Antioch, Seleukis and Pieria,
BMC notes for this series the Greek number below S C indicates the mint issue, not the regnal year.RY79855. Bronze AE 26, 3591 (12 spec.); 487(i); p. 184, 281; 189; CRS 206; 202, aVF, green with brassy high points, light corrosion, edge split and smaller edge cracks, 8.685 g, maximum 26.1 mm, 0o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 102 - 116 A.D.; AYTOKP KAIC NEP TPAIANOC CEB ΓEPM ∆AK, laureate right; large S C ( ), Θ (control) below, all within laurel of eight bunches of leaves tied at the bottom and closed with a pellet in annulet at the top; from the Butte College Foundation, ex ; $40.00 (€35.60)
, 11 August 117 - 10 July 138 A.D., Struck at Rome for Use in
The ( ) was an ancient stringed musical instrument resembling the . The was a simpler folk-instrument with two strings and tortoise shell body. The had seven strings and a flat back. A symbol of , credited with inventing it, the Kithara's origins were likely Asiatic. The was primarily used by professional musicians, called kitharodes. In modern Greek, the word has come to mean "guitar."RY76699. as, 546, 684 (S), 1354, 442, -, VF, attractive dark with red earthen highlighting, nice , , 8.031 g, maximum 22.7 mm, 180o, Rome mint, 119 - 10 Jul 138 A.D.; HADRIANVS , laureate and draped right, from behind; , ( ), ( ) flanking across the ; $160.00 (€142.40)
, August 138 - 7 March 161 A.D.
When the young heir suddenly died on 1 January 138 A.D., the aged selected Antoninus, a distinguished senator, as the new heir. Since Antoninus was already 52-year-old, also selected heirs for Antoninus himself: his 17-year-old nephew and the 8-year-old son of the late , .RS84422. Silver , H448, 1057, H1007, H411, 4134, -, VF, nice portrait, , slightly off center, edge cracks, 3.334 g, maximum 18.4 mm, 180o, Rome mint, as , 25 Feb - 10 Jul 138 A.D.; IMP ANTONINVS, right; TRIB POT COS, standing left, offering in right hand, left hand resting on grounded round , spear rests against left arm; ; $150.00 (€133.50)
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