Nero became emperor after his stepfather, the emperor Claudius, died (Claudius was probably poisoned by Nero's mother Agrippina II). At first Nero ruled well, guided by his mentors Seneca and Burrus, but soon his reign degenerated into the debauchery and murder for which he is infamous. He had his mother, Burrus, Britannicus, and numerous senators and members of the nobility murdered or executed. Legend says he kicked Poppaea, his pregnant wife, to death. He was the first emperor to persecute Christians, blaming them for the Great Fire in 64 A.D. Nero committed suicide in 68 A.D after generals in Africa, Gaul and Spain all rebelled, and the Praetorian Guard in Rome deserted him.
Nero, 13 October 54 - 9 June 68 A.D.
The Lost Arch of Nero. This arch is undoubtedly the one that Tacitus says was voted to Nero for Corbulo's victory in Armenia in 58, and that he further reports was being constructed "in the middle of the Capitoline Hill" in 62, despite a successful invasion of Armenia by the Parthians in that year. No traces of the arch have ever been found. The arch was completely destroyed either shortly after Nero's death with the damnatio memoriaeNero received when the senate proclaimed him an enemy of the state, or in one of the two fires that consumed the Capitoline hill in 69 and 80
SH65417. Orichalcumsestertius, RIC I 143, BMCRE I 183, Cohen 307, SRCV I 1962, VF, Tiberpatina, evenly struck on a broad flan, weight 25.858 g, maximum diameter 37.6 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, c. 64 AD; obverseNEROCLAVDCAESAR AVG GER PM TR P IMP P P, laureate head right, wearing aegis; reverseS - C, triumphal arch; on top statue of Nero in quadriga, Victory on left, Pax on right; wreath in arch, nude helmeted statue of Mars in side niche; of good Rome style, superior execution and eye appeal; $1810.00 (€1357.50)
Nero, 13 October 54 - 9 June 68 A.D., Antioch, Syria
Gnaeus Domitius Corbulo was the Propraetorial Imperial Legate of Roman Syria from 60 - 63 A.D. In 58 A.D. Corbulo, who had been Caligula's brother-in-law, had defeated the Parthians. Tigranes, who grew up in Rome, was installed as king of Armenia. In 63, Armenia again fell under Parthian hegemony. Corbulo crossed the Euphrates with a strong army. The new Armenian king Tiridates refused battle, laid down his diadem at the foot of the emperor's statue, and promised not to resume it until he received it from the hand of Nero himself in Rome. In 67, Nero, suspicious of Corbulo and his support among the Roman masses, summoned him to Greece. On his arrival at Cenchreae, the port of Corinth, messengers from Nero met Corbulo, and ordered him to commit suicide, which he loyally obeyed by falling on his own sword, saying, "Axios!"
SH66235. Silver tetradrachm, Prieur 82 (same reverse die); McAlee 258; RPC I 4182; BMC Galatia p. 174, 192; cf. SNG Cop 154 (Z / ΘP), VF, weight 14.760 g, maximum diameter 24.66 mm, die axis 0o, Antioch mint, 61 - 62 A.D.; obverse NEPΩNOΣ KAIΣAPOΣ ΣEBAΣTOY, laureate beardless bust right wearing aegis; reverseeagle standing left on a thunderbolt, wings spread, head left, palm frond on left, H (regnal year 8) over IP (year 110 of the Caesarian era) on right (off flan); $340.00 (€255.00)
The reverselegend translates, "The gates of Janus' temple are closed because peace (of the Roman people) is set on both land and sea." On the rare occasions when Rome was not at war the doors of the 'Twin Janus' were ceremonially closed, an event Nero commemorated extensively on the coinage of 65 - 67 A.D. -- David R. Sear, Roman Coins and Their Values, Vol 1
SH66835. Copper as, RIC I 306, BMCRE I 227, Cohen 171, SRCV I 1974, VF, weight 10.792 g, maximum diameter 28.4 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, c. 65 A.D.; obverseNEROCAESAR AVG GERM IMP, laureate head right; reverse PACE P R VBIQ PARTA IANVM CLVSIT S C, three-quarter view of the Temple of Janus with garland over closed doors within arch, temple front on the right, the left side of the temple side with windows to the left; $290.00 (€217.50)
Nero and Poppaea, 62 - 65 A.D., KoinonGalatia, Galatia
Poppaea was renowned for her beauty and voluptuous extravagance. Nero divorced his first wife Octavia to marry her in 62 A.D. Three years later, in a fit of anger, Nero kicked her in the abdomen. Pregnant, she died from her injuries.
SH67800. Bronze AE 27, RPC I 3562, SNG BnF 2400, SNGvA 6117, SGICV 662, F, porous, weight 10.943 g, maximum diameter 27.0 mm, die axis 0o, Tavium(?) mint, 62 - 65 A.D.; obverse NEPΩNOΣ ΣEBAΣTOY, laureate head of Nero right; reverse ΠOΠΠIAΣ ΣEBAΣTHΣ, draped bust of Poppaea right; $250.00 (€187.50)
Nero, 13 October 54 - 9 June 68 A.D., Kassandreia, Macedonia
Cassandrea, previously Potidaea, was founded as a colony by Hortensius in 43 - 42 B.C. and refounded as COL IVL AVG CASSANDREN by Augustus in 30 B.C. The portrait and inscribed titles indicate this type was struck between 63 and 68 A.D. It may have been struck for Nero's visit to Greece in 66 - 67.
SH59952. Bronze AE 22, RPC I 1517, SNG ANS 234, Varbanov 3324, SNG Cop -, VF, weight 8.108 g, maximum diameter 22.5 mm, die axis 180o, Kassandreia mint, 63 - 68 A.D.; obverseNEROCLAVDCAESAR AVG GER P M TR P (IMP?) P P, radiate head left; reverse COL IVL AVG - CASSANDREN, head of Zeus Ammon left; nice jade patina and attractive style; $230.00 (€172.50)
Judaea, Antonius Felix, Roman Procurator Under Claudius and Nero, 52 - 60 A.D.
Minted by Antonius Felix, Roman Procurator of Judaea, 52 - 60 A.D., in the names of Nero and Britannicus Caesars, the stepson and son respectively of the emperor Claudius.
JD66656. Bronze prutah, Hendin 1348, Meshorer TJC 340, SGICV 5626, gVF, flan flaw, weight 2.501 g, maximum diameter 17.7 mm, die axis 270o, Caesarea mint, 54 A.D.; obverse NEPW KΛAV KAICAP (NeroClaudiusCaesar), two oblong shields and two spears crossed; reverse BPIT (Britannicus), six-branched palm bearing two bunches of dates, L - I∆ / K-AI (year 14 of Caesar) flanking trunk; $200.00 (€150.00)
Nero, 13 October 54 - 9 June 68 A.D., Roman Provincial Egypt, TiberiusReverse
In 66 A.D. the First Jewish Revolt began. The Zealots took Jerusalem and annihilated the Roman garrison (a cohort of Legio III). The Sicarii captured the fortress of Masada overlooking the Dead Sea. Cestius Gallus, legate of Syria, marched into Judea with a Roman army of 28,000. After retreating from Jerusalem, he was surrounded at Beth-Horon and nearly wiped out by the Zealots.
RX66491. Billon tetradrachm, RPC I 5295; Kampmann 14.101; Dattari 185; Geissen 187; BMC Alexandria p. 15, 114; Milne 256, VF, toned, weight 11.924 g, maximum diameter 23.7 mm, die axis 0o, Alexandria mint, 29 Aug 66 - 28 Aug 67 A.D.; obverse NEPΩ KΛAY KAIΣ ΣEB ΓEP AY, radiatebust left, wearing aegis, date LIΓ left ( year 13 ); reverse TIBEPIOΣ KAIΣAP, laureate head of Tiberius right; $180.00 (€135.00)
Nero, 13 October 54 - 9 June 68 A.D., Side, Pamphylia
Side was founded by Greeks from Cyme, Aeolis, most likely in the 7th century B.C. The settlers started using the local language and over time forgot their native Greek. Excavations have revealed inscriptions written in this language, still undeciphered, dating from as late as the 2nd century B.C. The name Side is from this indigenous Anatolian language and means pomegranate.
RP64025. Bronze AE 18, RPC I 3404, BMC Pamphylia p. 53, 75; SNGvA 4810; cf. SNG Cop 414 (younger portrait), VF, weight 4.037 g, maximum diameter 18.1 mm, die axis 45o, Side mint, c. 65 A.D.; obverse NEPΩN KAICAP, draped, bare-headed bust right; reverse CI∆−HT, Athena advancing left, spear and pomegranate in right, shield in left, snake before at feet; ex Helios Numismatik auction 7 (12 Dec 2011), lot 607; $180.00 (€135.00)
The reverselegend translates, "The gates of Janus' temple are closed because peace (of the Roman people) is set on both land and sea."
SH66169. Orichalcumsestertius, RIC I 265, BMCRE I 160, SRCV I 1958 var (head right), F, a little rough, weight 21.260 g, maximum diameter 33.7 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 65 A.D.; obverseNEROCLAVDCAESAR AVG GER P M TR P IMP P P, laureate head right; reverse PACE P R TERRA MARIQ PARTA IANVM CLVSIT, three-quarter view of the Temple of Janus with garland over closed doors within arch, temple front on the right, the left side of the temple side with windows to the left, S - C flanking sides; ex Seaver Collection; $175.00 (€131.25)
Philippi, Macedonia, 41 - 68 A.D.
This coin has traditionally been attributed to Augustus, but due to its copper composition, RPC attributes it as likely from Claudius to Nero; Philippi probably did not issue copper coins during the reign of Augustus.
RP66889. Bronze AE 19, RPC I 1651, SGICV 32, SNG Cop 305, gVF, weight 3.724 g, maximum diameter 17.4 mm, die axis 180o, Philippi mint, 41 - 68 A.D.; obverse VIC - AVG, Victory standing left on base holding wreath and palm; reverse COHOR PRAE PHIL, three standards; nice example of the type; $170.00 (€127.50)