Nero became emperor after his stepfather, the emperor Claudius, died (Claudius was probably poisoned by Nero's mother Agrippina II). At first Nero ruled well, guided by his mentors Seneca and Burrus, but soon his reign degenerated into the debauchery and murder for which he is infamous. He had his mother, Burrus, Britannicus, and numerous senators and members of the nobility murdered or executed. Legend says he kicked Poppaea, his pregnant wife, to death. He was the first emperor to persecute Christians, blaming them for the Great Fire in 64 A.D. Nero committed suicide in 68 A.D after generals in Africa, Gaul and Spain all rebelled, and the Praetorian Guard in Rome deserted him.
The Lost Arch of Nero. This arch is undoubtedly the one that Tacitus says was voted to Nero for Corbulo's victory in Armenia in 58, and that he further reports was being constructed "in the middle of the Capitoline Hill" in 62, despite a successful invasion of Armenia by the Parthians in that year. No traces of the arch have ever been found. The arch was completely destroyed either shortly after Nero's death with the damnatio memoriaeNero received when the senate proclaimed him an enemy of the state, or in one of the two fires that consumed the Capitoline hill in 69 and 80
SH71775. Orichalcumsestertius, RIC I 392 var, BMCRE I 329 var, BnF II 77 var, Cohen 307 var, MacDowell WCN 410 var (all ...IMP P P), F, nice portrait, well centered, weight 26.413 g, maximum diameter 34.2 mm, die axis 180o, Lugdunum (Lyon, France) mint, c. 65 A.D.; obverseNEROCLAVDCAESAR AVG GER PM TR P IMP P (sic), laureate head right, globe at point of bust; reverse triumphal arch; on top: statue of Nero in quadriga, Victory on left, Pax on right; wreath in arch, nude helmeted statue of Mars in side niche on left, S - C flanking across field; scarce variety; $450.00 (€337.50)
Nero, 13 October 54 - 9 June 68 A.D., Perinthus, Thrace
In 46 A.D., after the death of the Thracian king Rhoemetalces III and after an unsuccessful anti-Roman revolt, the Thracian Kingdom was annexed by Claudius as the Roman province of Thracia. Perinthus was made the capital of Roman Thracia. All the Latin coins of Perinthus are rare. BMC does not list Perinthus mint, but identifies this type as "barbarous." RIC notes the existence of Balkan sestertii, dupondii and asses but does not catalog them.
RB90366. Copper as, RPC I Supplement S-1760a, F, corrosion, light scratches, weight 8.452 g, maximum diameter 27.7 mm, die axis 315o, Heraclea Perinthos (Marmara Ereglisi, Turkey) mint, 63 - 9 Jun 68 A.D.; obverseNERO CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG, laureate head right; reverse Neptune standing half left, dolphin in right, long vertical trident in left, S - C flanking across field; very rare; $225.00 (€168.75)
Nero, 13 October 54 - 9 June 68 A.D., Kassandreia, Macedonia
Cassandrea, previously Potidaea, was founded as a colony by Hortensius in 43 - 42 B.C. and refounded as COL IVL AVG CASSANDREN by Augustus in 30 B.C. The portrait and inscribed titles indicate this type was struck between 63 and 68 A.D. It may have been struck for Nero's visit to Greece in 66 - 67.
SH59952. Bronze AE 22, RPC I 1517, SNG ANS 234, Varbanov 3324, SNG Cop -, VF, weight 8.108 g, maximum diameter 22.5 mm, die axis 180o, Kassandreia mint, 63 - 68 A.D.; obverseNEROCLAVDCAESAR AVG GER P M TR P (IMP?) P P, radiate head left; reverse COL IVL AVG - CASSANDREN, head of Zeus Ammon left; nice jade patina and attractive style; $205.00 (€153.75)
Nero, 13 October 54 - 9 June 68 A.D., Roman Provincial Egypt
The object on Serapis' head is sometimes described as a modius, a grain container, or as a polos, a high cylindrical basket-like woven crown. Poloi are normally worn by female deities but perhaps is worn by Serapis to indicate his all-encompassing nature. In "The symbolical language of ancient art and mythology: An inquiry," Richard Knight identifies this object as the seed-vessel of the lotus plant.
RX90469. Billontetradrachm, Kampmann 14.77, Geissen 160, Milne 222, RPC I 5274, Dattari 251, BMC Alexandria 156, Choice VF, toned, weight 13.364 g, maximum diameter 25.4 mm, die axis 0o, Alexandria mint, 63 - 64 A.D.; obverse NEPΩ KΛAY KAIΣ ΣEB ΓEP, radiate head right; reverse AYTOKPA, draped bust of Serapis right, wearing taenia and polos on head, date LI right (year 10); $185.00 (€138.75)
To celebrate his escape from the Pisonian conspiracy and assassination attempt in 65 A.D., Nero constructed a temple to Salus, the Roman goddess of health and safety, and honored her on the reverse of his coins.
RS71347. Silver denarius, RIC I 67, SRCV I 1945, BMCRE I 90, F, weight 3.052 g, maximum diameter 18.8 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 66 - 67 A.D.; obverseNEROCAESARAVGVSTVS, laureate head right; reverseSALVS, Salus enthroned left, patera in extended right, left elbow on throne; $180.00 (€135.00)
Nero, 13 October 54 - 9 June 68 A.D., Abdera, Thrace
In ancient Athens it was proverbial to ridicule Abdera by saying that the air in Abdera causes stupidity. But Abdera counted among its citizens the philosophers Democritus, Protagoras and Anaxarchus, historian and philosopher Hecataeus of Abdera, and the lyric poet Anacreon.
SH68886. Bronze AE 22, RPC I 1730, Varbanov II 7 (R6), AMNG II 244, SNG Cop 382, SGICV 485, aVF, some corrosion, weight 4.523 g, maximum diameter 19.4 mm, die axis 180o, Abdera mint, 63 - 68 A.D.; obverse NEPΩNI KΛAY∆IΩ KAIΣAPI ΣEBAΣTOY, bare head of Nero left; reverse ΘEΩ AB∆HPEITAI, bare head of Augustus (or Claudius) left; from the Jyrki Muona Collection, ex Harlan J. Berk; scarce; $175.00 (€131.25)
Judaea, Antonius Felix, Roman Procurator Under Claudius and Nero, 52 - 60 A.D.
Minted by Antonius Felix, Roman Procurator of Judaea, 52 - 60 A.D., in the names of Nero and Britannicus Caesars, the stepson and son respectively of the emperor Claudius.
JD66656. Bronze prutah, Hendin 1348, Meshorer TJC 340, SGICV 5626, gVF, flan flaw, weight 2.501 g, maximum diameter 17.7 mm, die axis 270o, Caesarea mint, 54 A.D.; obverse NEPW KΛAV KAICAP (NeroClaudiusCaesar), two oblong shields and two spears crossed; reverse BPIT (Britannicus), six-branched palm bearing two bunches of dates, L - I∆ / K-AI (year 14 of Caesar) flanking trunk; $160.00 (€120.00)
Nero and Poppaea, 62 - 65 A.D., Thyatira, Lydia
Poppaea was renowned for her beauty and voluptuous extravagance. Nero divorced his first wife Octavia to marry her in 62 A.D. Three years later, in a fit of anger, Nero kicked her in the abdomen. Pregnant, she died from her injuries.
RP71349. Bronze AE 19, RPC I 2383; BMC Lydia p. 302, 65; SNG Cop -; SNGvA -, VF, nice portraits, weight 3.979 g, maximum diameter 18.9 mm, die axis 0o, Thyatira mint, c. 62 A.D.; obverse NEPΩN KΛAY∆IOC KAICAP CEBACTOC, laureate head of Nero right; reverse ΠOΠΠAIAN CEBACTHN Θ YATIPHNOI, draped bust of Poppaea right; rare; $160.00 (€120.00)
Nero, 13 October 54 - 9 June 68 A.D., Perinthus, Thrace
The obverse centering mark, style, flan, lack of concavity, 12:00 die axis and Balkan patina identify this as a product of the Balkan mint.
RB71339. Orichalcumdupondius, Apparently unpublished; RIC I -, BMCRE -, RPC I -; cf. CNG e-auction 158, 225 (similar Balkans mint with Nero right), F, weight 10.844 g, maximum diameter 27.2 mm, die axis 0o, Heraclea Perinthos (Marmara Ereglisi, Turkey) mint, c. 65 A.D.; obverseNERO CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG GERMP M TR P IMP P P, Laureate head left, centering mark; reverse SECVRITAS AVGVSTI, Securitas seated right, resting right arm against back of throne, long scepter in right; lighted, altar before, S - C flanking across field, II (mark of value) in exergue; possibly unique; $145.00 (€108.75)
Nero, 13 October 54 - 9 June 68 A.D., Antioch, Syria
The Sela Neron (NeroTetradrachm) is mentioned in the Mishna Keilim 17:12.
RP71773. Silver tetradrachm, McAlee 261, Prieur 85, RPC I 4185, F, weight 13.974 g, maximum diameter 24.1 mm, die axis 0o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 62 - 63 A.D.; obverse NEPΩN KAIΣAP ΣEBAΣTOΣ, laureate bust right wearing aegis; reverse ETOYΣ AIP Θ (year 111 Caesarian era and regnal year 9), eagle standing right on thunderbolt, wings open, pellet and palm branch right; $145.00 (€108.75)