Nero became emperor after his stepfather, the emperor Claudius, died (Claudius was probably poisoned by Nero's mother Agrippina II). At first Nero ruled well, guided by his mentors Seneca and Burrus, but soon his reign degenerated into the debauchery and murder for which he is infamous. He had his mother, Burrus, Britannicus, and numerous senators and members of the nobility murdered or executed. Legend says he kicked Poppaea, his pregnant wife, to death. He was the first emperor to persecute Christians, blaming them for the Great Fire in 64 A.D. Nero committed suicide in 68 A.D after generals in Africa, Gaul and Spain all rebelled, and the Praetorian Guard in Rome deserted him.
Nero, 13 October 54 - 9 June 68 A.D., Perinthus, Thrace
In 46 A.D., after the death of the Thracian king Rhoemetalces III and after an unsuccessful anti-Roman revolt, the Thracian Kingdom was annexed by Claudius as the Roman province of Thracia. Perinthus was made the capital of Roman Thracia. All the Latin coins of Perinthus are rare. BMC does not list Perinthus mint, but identifies this type as "barbarous." RIC notes the existence of Balkan sestertii, dupondii and asses but does not catalog them.
RB90366. Copper as, RPC I Supplement S-1760a, F, corrosion, light scratches, weight 8.452 g, maximum diameter 27.7 mm, die axis 315o, Heraclea Perinthos (Marmara Ereglisi, Turkey) mint, 63 - 9 Jun 68 A.D.; obverseNERO CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG, laureate head right; reverse Neptune standing half left, dolphin in right, long vertical trident in left, S - C flanking across field; very rare; $225.00 (€168.75)
Nero, 13 October 54 - 9 June 68 A.D., Kassandreia, Macedonia
Cassandrea, previously Potidaea, was founded as a colony by Hortensius in 43 - 42 B.C. and refounded as COL IVL AVG CASSANDREN by Augustus in 30 B.C. The portrait and inscribed titles indicate this type was struck between 63 and 68 A.D. It may have been struck for Nero's visit to Greece in 66 - 67.
SH59952. Bronze AE 22, RPC I 1517, SNG ANS 234, Varbanov 3324, SNG Cop -, VF, weight 8.108 g, maximum diameter 22.5 mm, die axis 180o, Kassandreia mint, 63 - 68 A.D.; obverseNEROCLAVDCAESAR AVG GER P M TR P (IMP?) P P, radiate head left; reverse COL IVL AVG - CASSANDREN, head of Zeus Ammon left; nice jade patina and attractive style; $205.00 (€153.75)
In 65 A.D., Nero killed his pregnant wife, Poppea Sabina, with a kick to the stomach. He also apeared in a stage performance shocking the senatorial class.
RB72095. Orichalcumdupondius, RIC I 296, BMCRE I 205, Cohen I 280 (2f.), MacDowell WCN 225, BnF II 385; SRCV I 1966, F, rough, corrosion, weight 11.134 g, maximum diameter 28.5 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 65 A.D.; obverseNEROCLAVDCAESAR AVG GER P M TR P IMP P P, radiate head right; reverseRoma seated left on cuirass, right foot on helmet, wreath in right, parazonium in left, arms on ground below, S - C flanking across field, ROMA in exergue; ex Morton & Eden auction 59 (14 Nov 2012), part of lot 873; ex Seaver Collection; $195.00 (€146.25)
Nero, 13 October 54 - 9 June 68 A.D., Abdera, Thrace
In ancient Athens it was proverbial to ridicule Abdera by saying that the air in Abdera causes stupidity. But Abdera counted among its citizens the philosophers Democritus, Protagoras and Anaxarchus, historian and philosopher Hecataeus of Abdera, and the lyric poet Anacreon.
SH68886. Bronze AE 22, RPC I 1730, Varbanov II 7 (R6), AMNG II 244, SNG Cop 382, SGICV 485, aVF, some corrosion, weight 4.523 g, maximum diameter 19.4 mm, die axis 180o, Abdera mint, 63 - 68 A.D.; obverse NEPΩNI KΛAY∆IΩ KAIΣAPI ΣEBAΣTOY, bare head of Nero left; reverse ΘEΩ AB∆HPEITAI, bare head of Augustus (or Claudius) left; from the Jyrki Muona Collection, ex Harlan J. Berk; scarce; $175.00 (€131.25)
Judaea, Antonius Felix, Roman Procurator Under Claudius and Nero, 52 - 60 A.D.
Minted by Antonius Felix, Roman Procurator of Judaea, 52 - 60 A.D., in the names of Nero and Britannicus Caesars, the stepson and son respectively of the emperor Claudius.
JD66656. Bronze prutah, Hendin 1348, Meshorer TJC 340, SGICV 5626, gVF, flan flaw, weight 2.501 g, maximum diameter 17.7 mm, die axis 270o, Caesarea mint, 54 A.D.; obverse NEPW KΛAV KAICAP (NeroClaudiusCaesar), two oblong shields and two spears crossed; reverse BPIT (Britannicus), six-branched palm bearing two bunches of dates, L - I∆ / K-AI (year 14 of Caesar) flanking trunk; $160.00 (€120.00)
Nero and Poppaea, 62 - 65 A.D., Thyatira, Lydia
Poppaea was renowned for her beauty and voluptuous extravagance. Nero divorced his first wife Octavia to marry her in 62 A.D. Three years later, in a fit of anger, Nero kicked her in the abdomen. Pregnant, she died from her injuries.
RP71349. Bronze AE 19, RPC I 2383; BMC Lydia p. 302, 65; SNG Cop -; SNGvA -, VF, nice portraits, weight 3.979 g, maximum diameter 18.9 mm, die axis 0o, Thyatira mint, c. 62 A.D.; obverse NEPΩN KΛAY∆IOC KAICAP CEBACTOC, laureate head of Nero right; reverse ΠOΠΠAIAN CEBACTHN Θ YATIPHNOI, draped bust of Poppaea right; rare; $160.00 (€120.00)
Nero, 13 October 54 - 9 June 68 A.D., Perinthus, Thrace
The obverse centering mark, style, flan, lack of concavity, 12:00 die axis and Balkan patina identify this as a product of the Balkan mint.
RB71339. Orichalcumdupondius, Apparently unpublished; RIC I -, BMCRE -, RPC I -; cf. CNG e-auction 158, 225 (similar Balkans mint with Nero right), F, weight 10.844 g, maximum diameter 27.2 mm, die axis 0o, Heraclea Perinthos (Marmara Ereglisi, Turkey) mint, c. 65 A.D.; obverseNERO CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG GERMP M TR P IMP P P, Laureate head left, centering mark; reverse SECVRITAS AVGVSTI, Securitas seated right, resting right arm against back of throne, long scepter in right; lighted, altar before, S - C flanking across field, II (mark of value) in exergue; possibly unique; $145.00 (€108.75)
Nero, 13 October 54 - 9 June 68 A.D., Sardes, Lydia
Sardis was the capital of the Kingdom of Lydia, an important city of the Persian Empire, a Roman proconsul seat, and in later Roman and Byzantine times the metropolis of the province Lydia. In the Book of Revelation, Sardis, one of the Seven Churches of Asia, is admonished to be watchful and to strengthen since their works haven't been perfect before God. (Revelation 3:1-6).
RP67772. Bronze AE 16, RPC I 3002; BMC Lydia 120, SNG Cop 522 corr., F, weight 4.047 g, maximum diameter 15.8 mm, die axis 0o, Sardes mint, strategos Mindios, c. 59 - 62 A.D.; obverse NEPΩN KAIΣAP, laureate head right; reverse EΠI MIN∆IOY CAP∆IANΩN (square C), bust of Herakles right with Nemean lion skin tied around neck; $115.00 (€86.25) ON RESERVE
Nero, 13 October 54 - 9 June 68 A.D., Caesarea, Cappadocia
This type was issued to celebrate Corbulo's Armenian conquest. Corbulo was honored by Nero as the man who had brought this "triumph" but his popularity and influence with the army made him a potential rival. Together with the involvement of his son-in-law Lucius Annius Vinicianus in a foiled plot against Nero in 66, Corbulo became suspect in the eyes of the emperor. In 67, while journeying in Greece, Nero ordered him to be executed; upon hearing of this, Corbulo committed suicide.
RP70091. Silver hemidrachm, Sydenham Caesarea 81, RPC I 3644, RIC I 616, BMC Galatia -, VF, frosty surfaces, uneven toning, weight 1.309 g, maximum diameter 13.2 mm, die axis 0o, Cappadocia, Caesarea mint, c. 59 - 60 A.D.; obverseNEROCLAVD DIVI CLAVD F CAESAR AVG GERMANI, laureate head right; reverseVictory advancing right, raising wreath in right, palm frond over shoulder in left, ARME-NIAC flanking across field; rare; $115.00 (€86.25)
Antioch, Roman Syria, 59 - 60 A.D.
Gnaeus Domitius Corbulo was the Propraetorial Imperial Legate of Roman Syria from 60 - 63 A.D. In 58 A.D. Corbulo, who had been Caligula's brother-in-law, had defeated the Parthians. Tigranes, who grew up in Rome, was installed as king of Armenia. In 63, Armenia again fell under Parthian hegemony. Corbulo crossed the Euphrates with a strong army. The new Armenian king Tiridates refused battle, laid down his diadem at the foot of the emperor's statue, and promised not to resume it until he received it from the hand of Nero himself in Rome. In 67, Nero, suspicious of Corbulo and his support among the Roman masses, summoned him to Greece. On his arrival at Cenchreae, the port of Corinth, messengers from Nero met Corbulo, and ordered him to commit suicide, which he loyally obeyed by falling on his own sword, saying, "Axios!"
RP69855. Bronze trichalkon, McAlee 106(a), RPC I 4292 var (no dot), SNG Cop 102 var (same), BMC Galatia p. 161, 76 var (same), F, weight 6.488 g, maximum diameter 17.8 mm, die axis 0o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, reign of Nero, 59 - 60 A.D.; obverse ANTIOXEΩN, turreted and veiled bust of Tyche right; reverse burning, garlanded altar, on ground line, dot below altar, ET HP (year 108) in ex; rare variety; $38.00 (€28.50)