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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Roman Coins ▸ The Twelve CaesarsView Options:  |  |  | 

Roman Coins of the 12 Caesars

Caligula, 16 March 37 - 24 January 41 A.D.

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This series of quadrantes commemorated abolition of the 0.5% tax remaining from an original 1% tax created by Augustus. The first half was removed by Tiberius. R CC stands for "remissa ducentesima," removal of the 1/200 tax. The favor made to the people of Rome is symbolized by the pileus (freedom cap).
RB85816. Copper quadrans, RIC I 52, BMCRE I 64, BnF I 109, Cohen I 7, SRCV I -, Hunter I -, VF, encrustation, obverse slightly off center, weight 2.712 g, maximum diameter 18.5 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 18 Mar - 31 Dec 40 A.D.; obverse PON M TR P IIII P P COS TERT (high priest, holder of tribune power for 4 years, father of the country, consul for the third time), legend around R CC (remissa ducentesima - rescinded the 1/200 tax); reverse C CAESAR DIVI AVG PRON AVG (Gaius Caesar, emperor, great-grandson of Divine Augustus), pileus (liberty cap), S - C (senatus consulto - with permission of the Senate) flanking; ex Moneta Numismatic Services; $100.00 (€85.00)

Germanicus, b. 24 May 15 B.C. - d. 10 Oct 19 A.D.

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Issued under Caligula in honor of his deceased father. Germanicus inflicted serious defeats on the barbarian tribes in Germania and recovered the legionary standards lost by Varus. He was to be Tiberius' successor but died of an unknown cause. His tremendous popularity helped his son Caligula obtain the throne after Tiberius died.
RB85820. Orichalcum dupondius, RIC I Caligula 57, BMCRE I 93, BnF I 140, Cohen I 7, SRCV I 1820, F, very rough, weight 10.831 g, maximum diameter 28.6 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 37 - 41 A.D.; obverse GERMANICVS CAESAR, Germanicus in slow quadriga right holding eagle-tipped scepter; reverse SIGNIS RECEPT DEVICTIS GERM, Germanicus standing left, wearing military garb, raising right hand, aquila (legionary eagle) in left hand, large S - C flanking low across field; ex Moneta Numismatic Services; $120.00 (€102.00)

Octavian, Triumvir and Imperator, c. 31 - 30 B.C., Colonia Julia, Cilicia

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The location of this mint has been the subject of some debate. The monograms on the reverse abbreviate the names of the two duovirs.
RP85834. Bronze AE 20, RPC I 4083 (21 spec.), SNG Levante 597, SNG BnF 778, Lindgren-Kovacs 1553, VF, tight flan, bumps and scratches, light deposits, weight 5.626 g, maximum diameter 19.9 mm, die axis 135o, Colonia Julia mint, c. 31 - 30 B.C.; obverse PRINCEPS FELIX, bare head of Octavian right; countermark edge upper right: capricorn (or Pegasos?) right in a rectangular punch; reverse two humped oxen pulling plow left, COLONIA / IVLIA in two lines above and lower right, IIVIR (duovirs) in upper right field, VE and TER monograms in left field; countermark edge lower left: branch(?) in an oval punch; $140.00 (€119.00)

Augustus and Livia, 16 January 27 B.C. - 19 August 14 A.D., Ephesos, Ionia,

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When Octavian and Livia met, both were already married, Livia already had a son, the future emperor Tiberius, and was pregnant with a second, Nero Claudius Drusus (also known as Drusus the Elder). Legend says that Octavian fell immediately in love with her. Octavian divorced Scribonia in 39 B.C., on the very day that she gave birth to his daughter Julia the Elder. Tiberius Claudius Nero was persuaded or forced by Octavian to divorce Livia. On 14 January, Livia's second son was born. Augustus and Livia married on 17 January, waiving the traditional waiting period. Tiberius Claudius Nero was present at the wedding, giving her in marriage "just as a father would." The importance of the patrician Claudii to Octavian's cause, and the political survival of the Claudii Nerones are probably more rational explanations for the tempestuous union. Nevertheless, Livia and Augustus remained married for the next 51 years. They had no children apart from a single miscarriage. Livia always enjoyed the status of privileged counselor to her husband, petitioning him on the behalf of others and influencing his policies, an unusual role for a Roman wife in a culture dominated by the paterfamilias.
RP85856. Bronze AE 21, RPC I 2585 (4 spec.); BMC Ionia p. 72, 199; SNG Tire 32; SNG Tübingen 2816; SNG Cop -; SNGvA -; SNG München -, F, excellent centering, dark green patina with earthen highlighting, weight 8.012 g, maximum diameter 21.1 mm, die axis 0o, Ephesos mint, obverse jugate heads of Augustus and Livia; reverse stag right, quiver above, APXIEPE−YΣ / AΣKΛAΣ / E−ΦE NI−KOΣT−PA/TOΣ (archiereus (priest) / Asklas / Ephesos / Nikostratos) in five lines divided across fields; scarce; $90.00 (€76.50)

Vitellius, 2 January - 20 December 69 A.D.

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Libertas (Latin for Liberty) was the Roman goddess and embodiment of liberty. The pileus liberatis was a soft felt cap worn by liberated slaves of Troy and Asia Minor. In late Republican Rome, the pileus was symbolically given to slaves upon manumission, granting them not only their personal liberty, but also freedom as citizens with the right to vote (if male). Following the assassination of Julius Caesar in 44 B.C., Brutus and his co-conspirators used the pileus to signify the end of Caesar's dictatorship and a return to a Republican system of government. The pileus was adopted as a popular symbol of freedom during the French Revolution and was also depicted on some early U.S. coins.
SH86375. Silver denarius, RIC I 105 (R), RSC II 47, BMCRE I 31, BnF III 67, Hunter I 11, SRCV I 2197 var. (obv. leg), VF, excellent portrait, tight flan, some flatness in centers, light scratches, areas of porosity, weight 3.556 g, maximum diameter 18.2 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, Jul - 20 Dec 69 A.D.; obverse A VITELLIVS GERM IMP AVG TR P, laureate head right; reverse LIBERTAS RESTITVTA (liberty restored), Libertas standing facing, head right, pileus in extended right, long rod vertical in left; rare; $500.00 (€425.00)

Vespasian, 1 July 69 - 24 June 79 A.D.

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In spring 73 A.D., The Roman governor Lucius Flavius Silva laid siege to Masada, the last outpost of the Jewish rebels following the end of the First Jewish-Roman War in 70. The Roman army (Legio X Fretensis) surrounded the mountain fortress with a 7-mile long siege wall (circumvallation) and constructed a rampart of stones and beaten earth against the western approach. When their defeat was imminent, 960 Zealots under the leadership of Eleazar ben Ya'ir committed mass suicide.
RB86768. Orichalcum dupondius, RIC II 391 (R2), BnF III 566, Hunter I -, Cohen I -, BMCRE II -, SRCV I -, F, green patina with some brass showing and minor chipping, light bumps and marks, weight 11.849 g, maximum diameter 27.0 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 72 - 73 A.D.; obverse IMP CAES VESPASIAN AVG COS IIII, radiate head right; reverse CONCORDIA AVGVSTI (to the harmony of the Emperor), Concordia seated left on draped throne without back, extending patera in right hand, cornucopia in left hand, S - C flanking below center; very rare; $150.00 (€127.50)

Domitian, 13 September 81 - 18 September 96 A.D.

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In 93 A.D., Domitian persecuted Christians.
RS86784. Silver denarius, RIC II-1 764; BMCRE II 220; BnF III 195; RSC II 282; Hunter I 87; cf. SRCV I 2736 (TR P XII), aVF, dark toning, well centered, some obv. die wear, light marks and scratches, part of rev. legend weak, weight 2.995 g, maximum diameter 18.3 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 14 Sep 93 - 13 Sep 94 A.D; obverse IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERM P M TR P XIII, laureate head right; reverse IMP XXII COS XVI CENS P P P, Minerva standing left, helmeted and draped, inverted spear vertical before her in her right hand, her left hand on hip; $135.00 (€114.75)

Augustus, 16 January 27 B.C. - 19 August 14 A.D., Apamea, Phrygia

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Apamea is mentioned in the Talmud (Ber. 62a, Niddah, 30b and Yeb. 115b). Christianity was very likely established early in the city. Saint Paul probably visited the place when he went throughout Phrygia.
RP85829. Bronze AE 20, RPC I 3127 (6 spec.); SNGvA 3486; Imhoof-Blumer KM p. 209, 13a; Waddington 5700; magistrates Dionysios Apolloniou and Meliton, F, dark patina with highlighting earthen deposits, scratches, weight 5.334 g, maximum diameter 19.5 mm, die axis 0o, Phrygia, Apameia mint, c. 5 B.C.; obverse ΣEBAΣTOΣ, laureate head right, aphlaston to right; reverse ∆IONYΣIOΣ AΠOΛΛΩNIOY MEΛITΩN AΠAMEΩN, facing cult statue of Artemis (with arm supports), meander pattern below; ex Moneta Numismatic Services; $125.00 (€106.25)

Augustus and Agrippa, 16 - 15 B.C., Nemausus, Gaul

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This two-headed brass dupondius was commonly cut between the heads, creating two individual one-as coins.

The reverse commemorates the conquest of Egypt in 30 B.C. and was probably issued in connection with Augustus' visit to Gaul in 16 B.C.
RP85826. Bronze cut half dupondius (as), cf. RIC I 155, RPC I 523, SNG Cop 698, Cohen I 7, SRCV I 1729, aVF, cut half, green patina, weight 5.692 g, maximum diameter 25.4 mm, die axis 315o, Nemausus (Nimes, France) mint, 16 - 15 B.C.; obverse IMP DIVI F, back to back heads of Augustus and Agrippa, Agrippa left wearing a rostral crown, [Augustus head right (cut off flan)]; reverse COL NEM, crocodile right chained to a palm, wreath with long ties above, two palm fronds below; ex Sayles and Lavender; $75.00 (€63.75)

Augustus and Agrippa, Colonia Augusta Nemausus, Gaul, 10 - 14 A.D.

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This two-headed brass dupondius type was commonly cut between the heads, creating two individual one-as coins. The final issue of these crocodile dupondii included the P P (Pater Patriae - Father of the Country) on the obverse.
RP85827. Bronze cut half dupondius (as), cf. RIC I 159, RPC I 525, SNG Cop 699, SNG Tub 161, SRCV 1731, VF, cut half, dark patina, earthen deposits, spots of light corrosion, weight 6.134 g, maximum diameter 27.8 mm, die axis 0o, Colonia Augusta Nemausus (Nimes, France) mint, 10 - 14 A.D.; obverse IMP DIVI F P P, back to back heads of Augustus and [Agrippa (cut, Agrippa off flan)], Augustus laureate head right; reverse COL NEM, crocodile right chained to a palm, wreath with long ties above, two palm fronds below; ex Sayles and Lavender; $90.00 (€76.50)

Catalog current as of Monday, May 21, 2018.
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12 Caesars