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Home>Catalog>Judean&BiblicalCoins>GreekDomination>Hanukkah

Hanukkah

In 168 B.C., Antiochus IV ordered the Jews to worship Greek gods. The Temple in Jerusalem was seized and dedicated to Zeus. The Jews revolted and after three years of fighting, Judah Maccabee defeated the Seleukid army. Hanukkah, the Festival of Lights, commemorates the rededication of the Temple in 165 B.C. According to the Talmud, there was only enough consecrated olive oil to fuel the eternal flame in the Temple for one day. Miraculously, the oil burned for eight days, enough time to prepare and consecrate fresh oil. John Hyrcanus was the son of Simon the Maccabee and nephew of Judah Maccabee, the hero of the Hanukkah story. John Hyrcanus was the first Jewish ruler to issue coins in his own name.

If you order one of our Hanukkah Lots or Jewish - Biblical Starter Sets, we will be happy to provide a coin identification lesson for your family over the telephone or instant messenger.


Seleukid Kingdom, Antiochus IV Epiphanes, 175 - 164 B.C.
Click for a larger photo Antiochos IV assumed divine epithets, which no other Hellenistic king had done, such as Theos Epiphanes ("God Manifest") and after his defeat of Egypt, Nikephoros ("Bearer of Victory"). But his often eccentric behavior, capricious actions and even insanity led some of his contemporaries to call him Epimanes ("The Mad One"), a word play off of his title Epiphanes.

In 168 B.C., Antiochus IV ordered the Jews to worship Greek gods. The Temple in Jerusalem was seized and dedicated to Zeus. The Jews revolted and after three years of fighting, Judah Maccabee defeated the Seleukid army. Hanukkah, the Festival of Lights, commemorates the rededication of the Temple in 165 B.C. According to the Talmud, there was only enough consecrated olive oil to fuel the eternal flame in the Temple for one day. Miraculously, the oil burned for eight days, enough time to prepare and consecrate fresh oil.

GB70642. Bronze AE 15, Houghton-Lorber II 1407, SNG Spaer 963 ff., Hoover Syrian 684 (R1), aF, weight 2.678 g, maximum diameter 14.6 mm, die axis 0o, Antioch on the Orontes mint, 175 - c. 172 B.C.; obverse veiled and diademed bust of Laodike IV right; reverse BAΣIΛEΩΣ ANTIOXOY, elephant head left, tripod right, uncertain control mark in exergue; from Butte College Foundation, ex Lindgren; scarce; $30.00 SALE PRICE $27.00

Seleukid Kingdom, Antiochus IV Epiphanes, 175 - 164 B.C., Ake Ptolemais, Galilee
Click for a larger photo Ptolemais was a maritime city of Galilee (Acts 21:7). It was originally Accho, but was renamed Ptolemais under the rule of Ptolemy Soter.

Antiochos IV assumed divine epithets, which no other Hellenistic king had done, such as Theos Epiphanes ("God Manifest") and after his defeat of Egypt, Nikephoros ("Bearer of Victory"). But his often eccentric behavior, capricious actions and even insanity led some of his contemporaries to call him Epimanes ("The Mad One"), a word play off of his title Epiphanes.

In 168 B.C., Antiochus IV ordered the Jews to worship Greek gods. The Temple in Jerusalem was seized and dedicated to Zeus. The Jews revolted and after three years of fighting, Judah Maccabee defeated the Seleukid army. Hanukkah, the Festival of Lights, commemorates the rededication of the Temple in 165 B.C. According to the Talmud, there was only enough consecrated olive oil to fuel the eternal flame in the Temple for one day. Miraculously, the oil burned for eight days, enough time to prepare and consecrate fresh oil.


GB70637. Bronze serrated AE 14, Houghton-Lorber II 1479; BMC Seleucid p. 38, 41; SNG Spaer 1130 ff.; Houghton CSE 791 ff.; Babelon Rois 572 ff.; HGC 9 726; SGCV II 6994, F, weight 2.442 g, maximum diameter 13.9 mm, die axis 0o, Ake Ptolemais (Acre, Israel) mint, c. 173 - 168 B.C.; obverse diademed and radiate head of Antiochus right, A/B monogram (control mark) left, fillet border; reverse BAΣIΛEΩΣ ANTOXOY, veiled and draped goddess (Hera or Demeter) standing facing, long scepter or torch in right; from the Butte College Foundation, ex Lindgren; $29.00 SALE PRICE $26.10

Seleukid Kingdom, Antiochus IV Epiphanes, 175 - 164 B.C., Ake Ptolemais, Galilee
Click for a larger photo Ptolemais was a maritime city of Galilee (Acts 21:7). It was originally Accho, but was renamed Ptolemais under the rule of Ptolemy Soter.

Antiochos IV assumed divine epithets, which no other Hellenistic king had done, such as Theos Epiphanes ("God Manifest") and after his defeat of Egypt, Nikephoros ("Bearer of Victory"). But his often eccentric behavior, capricious actions and even insanity led some of his contemporaries to call him Epimanes ("The Mad One"), a word play off of his title Epiphanes.

In 168 B.C., Antiochus IV ordered the Jews to worship Greek gods. The Temple in Jerusalem was seized and dedicated to Zeus. The Jews revolted and after three years of fighting, Judah Maccabee defeated the Seleukid army. Hanukkah, the Festival of Lights, commemorates the rededication of the Temple in 165 B.C. According to the Talmud, there was only enough consecrated olive oil to fuel the eternal flame in the Temple for one day. Miraculously, the oil burned for eight days, enough time to prepare and consecrate fresh oil.


GB70639. Bronze serrated AE 14, Houghton-Lorber II 1479; BMC Seleucid p. 38, 41; SNG Spaer 1130 ff.; Houghton CSE 791 ff.; Babelon Rois 572 ff.; HGC 9 726; SGCV II 6994, F, weight 2.126 g, maximum diameter 14.5 mm, die axis 45o, Galilee, Ake Ptolemais mint, c. 173 - 168 B.C.; obverse diademed and radiate head of Antiochus right, A/B monogram (control mark) left, fillet border; reverse BAΣIΛEΩΣ ANTOXOY, veiled and draped goddess (Hera or Demeter) standing facing, long scepter or torch in right; from the Butte College Foundation, ex Lindgren; $29.00 SALE PRICE $26.10

Seleukid Kingdom, Antiochus IV Epiphanes, 175 - 164 B.C., Ake Ptolemais, Galilee
Click for a larger photo Ptolemais was a maritime city of Galilee (Acts 21:7). It was originally Accho, but was renamed Ptolemais under the rule of Ptolemy Soter.

Antiochos IV assumed divine epithets, which no other Hellenistic king had done, such as Theos Epiphanes ("God Manifest") and after his defeat of Egypt, Nikephoros ("Bearer of Victory"). But his often eccentric behavior, capricious actions and even insanity led some of his contemporaries to call him Epimanes ("The Mad One"), a word play off of his title Epiphanes.

In 168 B.C., Antiochus IV ordered the Jews to worship Greek gods. The Temple in Jerusalem was seized and dedicated to Zeus. The Jews revolted and after three years of fighting, Judah Maccabee defeated the Seleukid army. Hanukkah, the Festival of Lights, commemorates the rededication of the Temple in 165 B.C. According to the Talmud, there was only enough consecrated olive oil to fuel the eternal flame in the Temple for one day. Miraculously, the oil burned for eight days, enough time to prepare and consecrate fresh oil.


GB70640. Bronze serrated AE 14, Houghton-Lorber II 1479; BMC Seleucid p. 38, 41; SNG Spaer 1130 ff.; Houghton CSE 791 ff.; Babelon Rois 572 ff.; HGC 9 726; SGCV II 6994, F, green patina with highlighting earthen fill, weight 2.364 g, maximum diameter 14.1 mm, die axis 0o, Galilee, Ake Ptolemais mint, c. 173 - 168 B.C.; obverse diademed and radiate head of Antiochus right, A/B monogram (control mark) left, fillet border; reverse BAΣIΛEΩΣ ANTOXOY, veiled and draped goddess (Hera or Demeter) standing facing, long scepter or torch in right; from the Butte College Foundation, ex Lindgren; $29.00 SALE PRICE $26.10

Seleucid Kingdom, Antiochus IV Epiphanes, 175 - 164 B.C., Ake Ptolemais, Galilee
Click for a larger photo In 168 B.C., Antiochus IV ordered the Jews to worship Greek gods. The Temple in Jerusalem was seized and dedicated to Zeus. The Jews revolted and after three years of fighting, Judah Maccabee defeated the Seleukid army. Hanukkah, the Festival of Lights, commemorates the rededication of the Temple in 165 B.C. According to the Talmud, there was only enough consecrated olive oil to fuel the eternal flame in the Temple for one day. Miraculously, the oil burned for eight days, enough time to prepare and consecrate fresh oil.
GB70643. Bronze serrated AE 15, cf. Houghton-Lorber II 1477 (various control marks), F, weight 3.819 g, maximum diameter 15.3 mm, die axis 0o, Galilee, Ake Ptolemais mint, 175 - c. 172 B.C.; obverse veiled bust of Laodike IV right, no monogram visible; reverse BAΣIΛEΩΣ / ANTIOXOY, elephant head left, galley forepart left below on right (off flan), no monogram visible; from Butte College Foundation, ex Lindgren; $29.00 SALE PRICE $26.10

Hanukkah Lot - 11 Maccabees (Hasmonean) Coins, c. 134 - 37 B.C.
Click for a larger photo In 168 B.C., Antiochus IV ordered the Jews to worship Greek gods. The Temple in Jerusalem was seized and dedicated to Zeus. The Jews revolted and after three years of fighting, Judah Maccabee defeated the Seleukid army. Hanukkah, the Festival of Lights, commemorates the rededication of the Temple in 165 B.C. According to the Talmud, there was only enough consecrated olive oil to fuel the eternal flame in the Temple for one day. Miraculously, the oil burned for eight days, enough time to prepare and consecrate fresh oil.

Use our website catalog to identify the coins with your children. Enjoy a fun family project that will inspire them to learn ancient Jewish history!

Click here for a discussion on how to read the paleo-Hebrew inscriptions and identify the Judaean king and date.
LT56703. Bronze lot, 10 prutot and lepta, includes one John Hyrcanus prutah struck for the Seleukid King Antiochos VII, and 2 scarcer coins of Mattathias Antigonus, Fine, actual coins in the photograph; $160.00 SALE PRICE $144.00


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Hanukkah