Home > Catalog > Roman Coins > Constantinian Era > Constantius II > RL89481
Constantius II, 22 May 337 - 3 November 361 A.D.
The cross was rarely used in early Christian iconography, perhaps because it symbolized a purposely painful and gruesome method of public execution that most early Christians would have personally witnessed. In 315, Constantine abolished crucifixion as punishment in the Roman Empire. The Ichthys, or fish symbol, was used by early Christians. Constantine adopted the Chi-Rho Christ monogram (Christogram) as his banner (labarum). The use of a cross as the most prevalent symbol of Christianity probably gained momentum after Saint Helena, mother of Constantine the Great, traveled to the Holy Land, c. 326 - 328, and recovered the True Cross.
light maiorina, RIC VIII
Cyzicus 75, LRBC
II 2478, Voetter
34, SRCV V
18233, Cohen VII
41, Hunter V
aEF, excellent centering, dark patina
, scratches, earthen deposits, 4th officina
, Cyzicus (Kapu Dagh, Turkey) mint, weight
3.168g, maximum diameter
21.8mm, die axis
, 348 - 351 A.D.; obverse
D N CONSTANTIVS P F AVG
, pearl-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust
left, holding globe in right hand; reverse
FEL TEMP REPARATIO (happy times restored
), emperor standing left, labarum
in right hand, resting left on grounded shield
behind, two kneeling bound captives at feet before him, *SMK∆ exergue
; ex Numismatik Naumann auction 73, part
of lot 970; $95.00
Catalog current as of Friday, May 24, 2019.
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