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Anchialus, Thrace

Anchialos (Pomorie, Bulgaria today) was possibly founded in the 5th or 4th century B.C. as a colony of Apollonia. It is mentioned in Strabo's Geographica as a small town. It was briefly captured by Messembria in the 2nd century B.C., but retaken by Apollonia and its fortified walls destroyed. The western Black Sea coast was conquered by the Romans under Marcus Licinius Crassus in 29 - 28 B.C. after continuous campaigns in the area since 72 - 71. The city became part of the Roman province of Thrace and was formally proclaimed a city under Trajan. Anchialos prospered as the most important import and export location in Thrace during the 2nd and 3rd centuries and acquired the appearance of a Roman city during the Severan Dynasty.


Septimius Severus, 9 April 193 - 4 February 211 A.D., Anchialus, Thrace

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Agonistic "urns" or "crowns" were awarded to winners at ancient Greek games, similar to modern trophies. They are called "crowns" because they may have been placed on the head of the victor. The crown on this coin may have commemorated the victory of an athlete from Anchialus at the Olympic Games.
RB73835. Orichalcum AE 26, Varbanov II 277 (R4), SNG Cop 435, cf. AMNG II 493 (inscription arrangements), BMC Thrace p. 84, 10 (no fronds flanking, urn contains frond), VF, well struck with most legend on flan, mostly toned bare metal, some green encrustation, weight 10.644 g, maximum diameter 26.4 mm, die axis 45o, Anchialus (Pomorie, Bulgaria) mint, 9 Apr 193 - 4 Feb 211 A.D.; obverse AV K Λ CEΠ - CEVHPOC, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse OVΛΠIAN-ΩN - AΓXIAΛE,ΩN (last two letters in exergue), prize urn, flanked on each side by a palm frond, set upon agonistic table with decorated legs, CEBH/PIA / NUMΦIA below the table top between the legs; rare; $95.00 (€80.75)
 


Gordian III and Tranquillina, May 241 - 25 February 244 A.D., Anchialus, Thrace

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Anchialos (Pomorie, Bulgaria today) was possibly founded in the 5th or 4th century B.C. as a colony of Apollonia. It is mentioned in Strabo's Geographica as a small town. It was briefly captured by Messembria in the 2nd century B.C., but retaken by Apollonia and its fortified walls destroyed. The western Black Sea coast was conquered by the Romans under Marcus Licinius Crassus in 29 - 28 B.C. after continuous campaigns in the area since 72 - 71. The city became part of the Roman province of Thrace and was formally proclaimed a city under Trajan. Anchialos prospered as the most important import and export location in Thrace during the 2nd and 3rd centuries and acquired the appearance of a Roman city during the Severan Dynasty.
SH38481. Bronze AE 27, Varbanov II 699, VF, weight 11.482 g, maximum diameter 26.6 mm, die axis 0o, Anchialus (Pomorie, Bulgaria) mint, May 241 - 25 Feb 244 A.D.; obverse AYT K M ANT ΓOP∆IANOC AYΓCEB TPANKYΛΛINA, confronted busts of Gordian on left, laureate, draped, and cuirassed, and Tranquillina on right, draped and wearing stephane; reverse OYΛΠIANWN AΓXIAΛEWN, galley under sail left, containing five crew members, hull decorated with dolphin, fish and octopus right, waves below; SOLD


Gordian III and Tranquillina, May 241 - 25 February 244 A.D., Anchialus, Thrace

Click for a larger photo
Anchialos (Pomorie, Bulgaria today) was possibly founded in the 5th or 4th century B.C. as a colony of Apollonia. It is mentioned in Strabo's Geographica as a small town. It was briefly captured by Messembria in the 2nd century B.C., but retaken by Apollonia and its fortified walls destroyed. The western Black Sea coast was conquered by the Romans under Marcus Licinius Crassus in 29 - 28 B.C. after continuous campaigns in the area since 72 - 71. The city became part of the Roman province of Thrace and was formally proclaimed a city under Trajan. Anchialos prospered as the most important import and export location in Thrace during the 2nd and 3rd centuries and acquired the appearance of a Roman city during the Severan Dynasty.
SH33329. Bronze AE 27, Varbanov II 761, VF, weight 10.640 g, maximum diameter 27.1 mm, die axis 180o, Anchialus (Pomorie, Bulgaria) mint, May 241 - 25 Feb 244 A.D.; obverse AYT K M ANT ΓOP∆IANOC AYΓCAB TPANKYΛΛINA, confronted busts of Gordian on left, laureate, draped, and cuirassed, and Tranquillina on right, draped and wearing stephane; reverse OYΛΠIANWN AΓXIAΛEWN, galley under sail left, containing five crew members, hull decorated with dolphin, fish and octopus right, waves below; SOLD










REFERENCES

Burnett, A., M. Amandry, et al. Roman Provincial Coinage. (1992 - ).
Forrer, L. Descriptive Catalogue of the Collection of Greek Coins formed by Sir Hermann Weber, Vol. II: Macedon, Thrace, Thessaly, Greece. (London, 1924).
Lindgren, H. Ancient Greek Bronze Coins. (Quarryville, 1993).
Lindgren, H. Ancient Greek Bronze Coins: European Mints. (San Mateo, 1989).
Mionnet, T. Description de Médailles antiques grecques et romaines, supplement 2: Thrace. (Paris, 1822).
Moushmov, N. Ancient Coins of the Balkan Peninsula. (1912).
Münzer, F. & M. Strack. Die antiken Münzen von Thrakien, Die antiken Münzen Nord-Griechenlands Vol. II. (Berlin, 1912).
Poole, R. ed. A Catalog of the Greek Coins in the British Museum, Thrace, etc. (London, 1877).
Sear, D. Greek Imperial Coins and Their Values. (London, 1982).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Denmark, The Royal Collection of Coins and Medals, Danish National Museum, Vol. 2: Macedonia and Thrace. (West Milford, NJ, 1982).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, USA, The Collection of the American Numismatic Society, Part 7: Macedonia 1 (Cities, Thraco-Macedonian Tribes, Paeonian kings). (New York, 1987).
Varbanov, I. Greek Imperial Coins And Their Values, Vol. II: Thrace (from Abdera to Pautalia). (Bourgas, Bulgaria, 2005).

Catalog current as of Thursday, December 14, 2017.
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Anchialus