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Megara, Megaris, Peloponnesos, Greece, c. 275 - 250 B.C.
Megaris, a small but populous state of ancient Greece, west of Attica and north of Corinthia, whose inhabitants were adventurous seafarers, credited with deceitful propensities. The capital, Megara, famous for white marble and fine clay, was the birthplace of Euclid. Mount Geraneia dominates the center of the region. The island of Salamis was originally under the control of Megara, before it was lost to Athens in the late 7th century B.C. GB79701. Bronze dichalkon, BCD Peloponnesos 17, Kroll 644a, SNG Cop 474, SNG Tübingen 1791, F, green patina, weight 2.868 g, maximum diameter 14.8 mm, die axis 180o, Megara mint, c. 275 - 250 B.C.; obverse MEΓA, war galley prow left; reversetripod lebes, flanked by two dolphins heads upward, border of large dots; ; rare; $60.00 SALE PRICE $54.00
Argos, Argolis, Peloponnesos, Greece, 370 - 270 A.D.
The site of ancient Argos Amphilochicum is near the modern town of Loutron on the Ambracian Gulf. According to varying traditions cited by Strabo, it was founded after the Trojan War by Alkmeion or his brother Amphilochos. No Mycenaean remains have been found, but Hekataios mentions the site at the end of the 6th century B.C. The rival of Ambrakia Arta in the 5th century B.C., it was allied with Athens at the beginning of the Peloponnesian War.GB85882. Bronze chalkous, BCD Peloponnesos 1054; Nemea 1686 - 1714; BMC Peloponnesus p. 144, 101; HGC 5 707 (S), aVF, rough, obverse double struck, weight 1.640 g, maximum diameter 12.6 mm, die axis 0o, Argos mint, 370 - 270 A.D.; obverse wolf head left; reverse large A, facing crested Macedonian helmet below crossbar; ex J. Cohen Collection.; scarce; $85.00 SALE PRICE $76.50
Argos, Argolis, Peloponnesos, Greece, c. 280 - 260 B.C.
Argos is located in the eastern Peloponnese, very near the Aegean Sea. Inhabitants worshiped Hera. Sparta was a close neighbor to the south but the city was a nominal ally of Athens in the continuous conflict between Athens and Sparta in 5th century B.C.GB85883. Bronze dichalkon, BCD Peloponnesos 1102; Nemea 1644 - 1646, BMC Peloponnesus p. 144, 106; SNG Cop 57; HGC 5 697 (S), VF, green patina, rough corrosion, weight 2.990 g, maximum diameter 17.1 mm, die axis 0o, Argos mint, c. 280 - 260 B.C.; obversehead of Hera right, wearing polos inscribed APΓE; reversePalladion statuette of Athena advancing left, helmeted and draped, shield on raised left arm, hurling javelin with right hand; ex J. Cohen Collection; scarce; $80.00 SALE PRICE $72.00
Pheneos, Arkadia, Peloponnesos, Greece, c. 300 - 240 B.C.
Feneos lies at the foot of Mount Cyllene, mythical birthplace of the god Hermes. It therefore was an important cult center for the god, notably during the annual festival of the Hermaea. Catullus (Poem 68) mentions the seasonal flooding of the plain and says it was drained by an underground channel dug by Hercules during his Twelve Labors. According to Herodotus the river Styx originates near Feneos. In the Aeneid, Evander's fond memories of a visit by Aeneas' father Anchises to Feneos are one factor in his decision to ally his Arcadian colonists to the Trojans.GB85884. Bronze chalkous, BCD Peloponnesos 1629; Imhoof-Blumer MG 257; Traité III 905 & pl. CCXXV, 13; HGC 5 995 (R2); SNG Cop -; BMC Peloponnesus -, F, dark olive green patina, reverse slightly off center, weight 2.693 g, maximum diameter 15.1 mm, die axis 0o, Pheneos (Feneos, Greece) mint, c. 300 - 240 B.C.; obversehead of Artemis Heurippa right, quiver behind; reverse hound running right, ΦE above, syrinx (Pan pipes) below; ex J. Cohen Collection; very rare; $130.00 SALE PRICE $117.00
Pheneos, Arkadia, Peloponnesos, Greece, c. 360 - 340 B.C.
Feneos lies at the foot of Mount Cyllene, mythical birthplace of the god Hermes. It therefore was an important cult center for the god, notably during the annual festival of the Hermaea. Catullus (Poem 68) mentions the seasonal flooding of the plain and says it was drained by an underground channel dug by Hercules during his Twelve Labors. According to Herodotus the river Styx originates near Feneos. In the Aeneid, Evander's fond memories of a visit by Aeneas' father Anchises to Feneos are one factor in his decision to ally his Arcadian colonists to the Trojans.GB85885. Bronze dichalkon, BCD Peloponnesos 1611; BMC Peloponnesus p. 193, 8; Traité III 893; SNG Cop -; Weber II -, VF, attractive green patina, tight flan, light marks and corrosion, weight 3.452 g, maximum diameter 17.1 mm, die axis 45o, Pheneos (Feneos, Greece) mint, c. 370 - 340 B.C.; obversehead of young Hermes right, cloak tied tied around neck and petasos suspended by cord behind; reverse ΦENEΩN, ram standing right, ΣI below ram; ex J. Cohen Collection; very rare; $110.00 SALE PRICE $99.00
Mantinea, Arkadia, Peloponnesos, Greece, c. 340 - 325 B.C.
Mantineia was the site of two significant battles in Classical Greek history. The First Battle of Mantinea, in 418 B.C., was the largest land battle of the Peloponnesian War. After the Athenian commander was killed, due to greater Spartan courage, the battle turned into a rout. The Second Battle of Mantinea, in 362 B.C., led to the fall of Theban hegemony. In that battle, Athens and Sparta were allied. Thebes won the battle, but its greatest general, Epaminondas, was killed in the fighting. The Macedonian kingAntigonus III Doson renamed the city Antigonia, but Mantineia's name was restored by Hadrian.GB85889. Bronze chalkous, BCD Peloponnesos 1485.1; Nemea 1949; SNG Cop 253; BMC Peloponnesus p. 186, 20; HGC 5 909 (S); Heraia undertype: BCD Peloponnesos 1360; HGC 5 838, VF, strong undertype effects on obverse, light marks, slightest porosity, weight 2.668 g, maximum diameter 15.0 mm, die axis 270o, Mantinea mint, c. 340 - 325 B.C.; obversehead of Athena right, wearing Corinthian helmet without crest; undertype: helmeted head of Athena right; reverse trident head upward, MAN upward on right; undertype: large H; ex J. Cohen Collection; ex BCD Collection with his tag noting the Heraia undertype and acquisition from "G.G., April 86, 120 Sfr."; rare; $135.00 SALE PRICE $122.00
Megara, Megaris, Peloponnesos, Greece, Early 1st Century B.C.
Megara is in westAttica, the northern section of the Isthmus of Corinth opposite the island of Salamis, which belonged to Megara in archaic times, before being taken by Athens. Megara was a trade port, its people using their ships and wealth as a way to gain leverage on armies of neighboring poleis. Megara specialized in exportation of wool and other animal products including livestock such as horses. It possessed two harbors, Pegae, to the west on the Corinthian Gulf and Nisaea, to the east on the Saronic Gulf of the Aegean Sea.GB85897. Bronze dichalkon, BCD Peloponnesos 38; SNG Cop 471; BMC Attica p. 120, 16; Kroll 647; HGC 4 1795 (S), aVF, centered on a tight flan, dark patina, marks, some corrosion, weight 3.242 g, maximum diameter 15.5 mm, die axis 90o, Megara mint, early 1st century B.C.; obverse laureate head of Apollo right; reversetripod lebes, MEΓA/PEΩN flanking in two downward lines, the first on the right; ex J. Cohen Collection; ex BCD with his ticket; ex Schulten Co (27 Mar 1990), lot 97 (DM 80+15%); scarce; $85.00 SALE PRICE $76.50
Achaean League, Sikyon, Sikyonia, Peloponnesos, Greece, 191 - 146 B.C.
The obverse probably depicts temple-statue of Zeus Homagyrius or Homarius, in whose temple the assembly of the Achaeans met.GB85900. Bronze tetrachalkon, BCD Peloponnesos 323; BMC Peloponnesus p. 13, 147; Clerk 20; Benner 4; HGC 5 285 (S), F, dark patina, tight flan, marks, scrape on reverse, corrosion, weight 4.581 g, maximum diameter 17.9 mm, die axis 45o, Sikyon mint, 191 -146 B.C.; obverse Zeus standing left, nude, Nike in extended right hand, long scepter vertical in left hand, ∆A monogram lower left; reverse AXAIΩN SIKYΩNIΩN, Achaia seated left, wreath in extended right hand, long scepter vertical in left hand; ex J. Cohen Collection, ex BCD Collection (acquired from old German collection in Oct. 1993); rare; $85.00 SALE PRICE $76.50
Megara, Megaris, Peloponnesos, Greece, c. 370 - 275 B.C.
Megara is in westAttica, the northern section of the Isthmus of Corinth opposite the island of Salamis, which belonged to Megara in archaic times, before being taken by Athens. Megara was a trade port, its people using their ships and wealth as a way to gain leverage on armies of neighboring poleis. Megara specialized in exportation of wool and other animal products including livestock such as horses. It possessed two harbors, Pegae, to the west on the Corinthian Gulf and Nisaea, to the east on the Saronic Gulf of the Aegean Sea. Megara had 23,456 inhabitants at the 2011 census.GB85282. Bronze dichalkon, BCD Peloponnesos 7; SNG Cop 480; BMC Attica p. 120, 21; Kroll 643e; HGC 4 1797, gF, weight 2.435 g, maximum diameter 14.8 mm, die axis 0o, Megara mint, c. 370 - 275 B.C.; obverse prow of galley left, tripod on deck, nothing below; reverse two dolphins swimming clockwise around MEΓ, all within dotted border; ex CNG, ex BCD Collection; $130.00 SALE PRICE $117.00
Aegira, Achaea, Peloponnesos, Greece, c. 369 - 330 B.C.
The symbol of Aegira is the goat. The city supposedly adopted the symbol and its name after goats saved it from an attack. When the Sikyonian army was about to invade, the inhabitants gathered goats. They tied torches to their horns and at night lit the torches and released the herd. The invaders believed the city was receiving an allied force and turned back. In 370, the inhabitants of Aegae left their city and most settled in Aegira.GB85811. Bronze AE 14, BCD Peloponnesos 394; BMC Peloponnesus p. 17, 2; Traite 829 & pl. CCXXIII, 1, F, near black patina, scrapes, marks, weight 1.556 g, maximum diameter 13.8 mm, die axis 180o, Aegira mint, c. 369 - 330 B.C.; obverse helmeted head of Athena right; reverse forepart of goat right, AIΓI around, all within laurel wreath bound above; ex CNG, ex BCD Collection with his round tag; $90.00 SALE PRICE $81.00
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