Sikyon was located in the northern Peloponnesus between Corinth and Achaea. Sicyon was known in antiquity for its industries including wood sculpture, bronze work, and pottery. Its central location meant it was frequently involved in the wars of its neighbors, Thebes, Corinth, Athens and Sparta.
SH64029. Silver stater, BCD Peloponnesos 218 (same obverse die); Traité 776; BMC Peloponnesus p. 40, 57, aEF, weight 11.740 g, maximum diameter 23.3 mm, die axis 225o, Sikyon mint, c. late 330s B.C.; obverse chimera advancing left, paw raised, wreath above, SE below; reverse dove flying left, N left, all within olive wreath; ex Helios Numismatik auction 7 (12 Dec 2011), lot 374; $1950.00 (€1501.50)
Achaean League, Peloponnesos, Greece, c. Mid 3rd Century B.C.
The Achaean League, a confederation of Greek city states existing from 280 B.C. to 146 B.C., controlled much of the Peloponnesus, considerably weakening the Macedonian hold on the area. It acquired Sicyon in 251, Corinth in 243 B.C., Megalopolis in 235 B.C. and Argos in 229 B.C.
GB58776. Bronze AE 14, BCD Peloponnesos 377, SNG Cop 229, BMC Peloponnesos 2 - 4, Weber 3984, gF, weight 1.384 g, maximum diameter 14.2 mm, Achaean mint, c. mid 3rd Century B.C.; obverse laureate head of Zeus right; reversemonogram of the Achaian League within laurel wreath; ex CNG, ex BCD Collection (with his round tag, not in LHS sale); $110.00 (€84.70)
Sikyon, Peloponnesos, Greece, c. 265 - 200 B.C.
Herodotus describes the following story relevant to the olive wreath. Xerxes was interrogating some Arcadians after the Battle of Thermopylae. Asked why there were so few Greek men defending the Thermopylae, they answered, "All other men are participating in the Olympic Games." And when asked "What is the prize for the winner?", "An olive-wreath" came the answer. Then Tigranes, one of his generals uttered a most noble saying: "Good heavens! Mardonius, what kind of men are these against whom you have brought us to fight? Men who do not compete for possessions, but for honor."
GB64576. Bronze AE 15, BCD Peloponnesos p. 90, 317.3, gF, weight 2.381 g, maximum diameter 15.3 mm, die axis 0o, Sikyon mint, c. 323 - 251 B.C.; obverse dove flying right; reverseSI within olive wreath tied on right; ex Ancient Imports; $80.00 (€61.60)
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