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Peloponnesos, Greece

Claudius, 25 January 41 - 13 October 54 A.D., Lakedaimon (Sparta), Achaea, Peloponnesos

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All of Grunauer group XXXV is very rare. Grunauer wrote that almost all examples are from a single hoard, which BCD notes was found before 1933. This variety is apparently unpublished.
RP76795. Bronze AE 23, Grunauer group XXXV - (-/R4, this rev. listed only with obv. head right); BCD Peloponnesos 932 var. (legends); RPC I 1113, Fair, rough, weight 12.094 g, maximum diameter 23.1 mm, die axis 180o, Lakedaimon (Sparta) mint, 25 Jan 41 - 13 Oct 54 A.D.; obverse TI KΛAY∆ ΣEBA (or similar), bare head left, with an early, long necked, Caligula-like style; reverse EΠI ΛA−KWNOΣ, statue of Apollo Karneios standing facing, nude, head right, right hand on top of head, resting left arm on short column and holding cornucopia, legs crossed, Λ−A across field; ex CNG e-auction 360, part of lot 654; ex BCD Collection; ex Alex G. Malloy (with his tag); extremely rare; $150.00 (€132.00)
 


Aegium, Achaea, Greece, c. 37 - 31 B.C., Under Antony and Cleopatra

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Kroll connected the types with Antony and Cleopatra, who controlled Achaea when this coin was struck. Dionysos refers to Antony, who called himself the "new Dionysos," and the typically Ptolemaic eagle symbolizes Cleopatra.
GB67910. Bronze tetrachalkon, BCD Peloponnesos 438 - 439, BMC Peloponnesus 6 - 7, Kroll Bronze 3, Weber 3954, F, weight 3.916 g, maximum diameter 20.0 mm, die axis 0o, Aegium mint, Theoxios and Kletaios, magistrates, c. 37 - 31 B.C; obverse AIΓIEΩN, head of young Dionysos right, wreathed in ivy; reverse ΘEOΞIOΣ KAHTAIOΣ, eagle standing left, head left, wings closed; rare; $180.00 (€158.40)
 


Orchomenos, Arcadia, Greece, 370 - 340 A.D.

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Kallisto, the daughter of King Lykaon of Arcadia, was seduced and impregnated by Zeus. Caught in the act, jealous Hera angrily transformed her into a bear and persuaded Artemis to shoot her. Zeus had Hermes recover the child Arkas from her womb and transformed Kallisto into the constellation Ursa Major. Arkas grew up to become the eponymous founder and king of the Arkadians. Upon his death, he was placed in the heavens beside his mother as Ursa Minor.

In another version of the myth, Kallisto, as a companion of Artemis, vowed to remain a virgin, but was seduced and impregnated by Zeus. Artemis seeing her condition in the bath, in anger, changed her into a bear. When her son Arkas was grown, Kallisto wandered into the sanctuary of Zeus Lykaios. Arkas, not recognizing his mother, would have killed her, but Zeus immediately transformed the pair into Ursa Major and Ursa Minor.
BB62604. Bronze dichalkon, BCD Peloponnesos 1575, SNG Cop 265, VF, weight 5.317 g, maximum diameter 18.5 mm, die axis 270o, Orchomenos mint, 370 - 340 A.D.; obverse EPXOMEN−IΩN APKAΣ, Artemis kneeling right, holding bow, hound seated right behind her; reverse Kallisto seated left, falling backwards with arms outstretched, an arrow piercing her breast, the infant Arkas below her lying on his back reaching upward toward Kallisto; very rare; $135.00 (€118.80)
 


Achaean League, Peloponnesos, Greece, c. Mid 3rd Century B.C.

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The Achaean League, a confederation of Greek city states existing from 280 B.C. to 146 B.C., controlled much of the Peloponnesus, considerably weakening the Macedonian hold on the area. It acquired Sicyon in 251, Corinth in 243 B.C., Megalopolis in 235 B.C. and Argos in 229 B.C.
GB58776. Bronze AE 14, BCD Peloponnesos 377, SNG Cop 229, BMC Peloponnesos 2 - 4, Weber 3984, gF, weight 1.384 g, maximum diameter 14.2 mm, Achaean mint, c. mid 3rd century B.C.; obverse laureate head of Zeus right; reverse monogram of the Achaian League within laurel wreath; ex CNG, ex BCD Collection (with his round tag, not in LHS sale); $65.00 (€57.20)
 










REFERENCES

Babelon, E. Traité des Monnaies Grecques et Romaines. (Paris, 1901-1932).
Burnett, A., M. Amandry & P.P. Ripollès. Roman Provincial Coinage I: From the death of Caesar to the death of Vitellius (44 BC-AD 69). (1992 and supplement).
Calciati, R. Pegasi. (Mortara, 1990).
Clerk, M.G. Catalogue of the Coins of the Achæan League. (London, 1895).
Dengate, J.A. "The Triobols of Megalopolis" in American Numismatic Society Museum Notes 13. (1967).
Gardner, P. Catalog of the Greek Coins in the British Museum: Peloponnesus (excluding Corinth). (London, 1887).
Gill, D. "Coinage of Methana" in A Rough and Rocky Place: The Landscape and Settlement History of the Methana Penninsula, Greece. (Liverpool, 1997).
Leu Numismatics. Coins of Olympia: The BCD Collection. Auction 90. (10 May 2004, Zürich).
LHS Numismatics. Coins of Peloponnesos, The BCD Collection. Catalog of public auction 96, 8-9 May 2006. (Zurich).
Lindgren, H. C. Ancient Greek Bronze Coins: European Mints from the Lindgren Collection. (1989).
Lindgren, H. C. Lindgren III: Ancient Greek Bronze Coins from the Lindgren Collection. (1993).
Papageorgiadou-Banis, C. The Coinage of Kea. (Athens, 1997).
Sear, D. Greek Coins and Their Values, Volume 1, Europe. (London, 1978).
Seltman, C.T. The temple coins of Olympia. (Cambridge, 1921).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Denmark, The Royal Collection of Coins and Medals, Danish National Museum. (Copenhagen, 1942-1979).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Great Britain, Volume IV, Fitzwilliam Museum, Leake and General Collections. (London, 1940-1958).
Thompson, M. The Agrinion Hoard. ANSNNM 159 (1968).
Williams, R.T. The Confederate Coinage of the Arcadians in the Fifth Century BC. ANSNNM 155 (1965).

Catalog current as of Friday, February 12, 2016.
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Peloponnesos