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Argos, Argolis, Peloponnesos, Greece, 370 - 270 A.D.
The site of ancient Argos Amphilochicum is near the modern town of Loutron on the Ambracian Gulf. According to varying traditions cited by Strabo, it was founded after the Trojan War by Alkmeion or his brother Amphilochos. No Mycenaean remains have been found, but Hekataios mentions the site at the end of the 6th century B.C. The rival of Ambrakia Arta in the 5th century B.C., it was allied with Athens at the beginning of the Peloponnesian War.GB85882. Bronze chalkous, BCD Peloponnesos 1054; Nemea 1686 - 1714; BMC Peloponnesus p. 144, 101; HGC 5 707 (S), aVF, rough, obverse double struck, weight 1.640 g, maximum diameter 12.6 mm, die axis 0o, Argos mint, 370 - 270 A.D.; obverse wolf head left; reverse large A, facing crested Macedonian helmet below crossbar; ex J. Cohen Collection.; scarce; $85.00 (€72.25)
Argos, Argolis, Peloponnesos, Greece, c. 280 - 260 B.C.
Argos is located in the eastern Peloponnese, very near the Aegean Sea. Inhabitants worshiped Hera. Sparta was a close neighbor to the south but the city was a nominal ally of Athens in the continuous conflict between Athens and Sparta in 5th century B.C.GB85883. Bronze dichalkon, BCD Peloponnesos 1102; Nemea 1644 - 1646, BMC Peloponnesus p. 144, 106; SNG Cop 57; HGC 5 697 (S), VF, green patina, rough corrosion, weight 2.990 g, maximum diameter 17.1 mm, die axis 0o, Argos mint, c. 280 - 260 B.C.; obversehead of Hera right, wearing polos inscribed APΓE; reversePalladion statuette of Athena advancing left, helmeted and draped, shield on raised left arm, hurling javelin with right hand; ex J. Cohen Collection; scarce; $80.00 (€68.00)
Pheneos, Arkadia, Peloponnesos, Greece, c. 300 - 240 B.C.
Feneos lies at the foot of Mount Cyllene, mythical birthplace of the god Hermes. It therefore was an important cult center for the god, notably during the annual festival of the Hermaea. Catullus (Poem 68) mentions the seasonal flooding of the plain and says it was drained by an underground channel dug by Hercules during his Twelve Labors. According to Herodotus the river Styx originates near Feneos. In the Aeneid, Evander's fond memories of a visit by Aeneas' father Anchises to Feneos are one factor in his decision to ally his Arcadian colonists to the Trojans.GB85884. Bronze chalkous, BCD Peloponnesos 1629; Imhoof-Blumer MG 257; Traité III 905 & pl. CCXXV, 13; HGC 5 995 (R2); SNG Cop -; BMC Peloponnesus -, F, dark olive green patina, reverse slightly off center, weight 2.693 g, maximum diameter 15.1 mm, die axis 0o, Pheneos (Feneos, Greece) mint, c. 300 - 240 B.C.; obversehead of Artemis Heurippa right, quiver behind; reverse hound running right, ΦE above, syrinx (Pan pipes) below; ex J. Cohen Collection; very rare; $130.00 (€110.50)
Pheneos, Arkadia, Peloponnesos, Greece, c. 360 - 340 B.C.
Feneos lies at the foot of Mount Cyllene, mythical birthplace of the god Hermes. It therefore was an important cult center for the god, notably during the annual festival of the Hermaea. Catullus (Poem 68) mentions the seasonal flooding of the plain and says it was drained by an underground channel dug by Hercules during his Twelve Labors. According to Herodotus the river Styx originates near Feneos. In the Aeneid, Evander's fond memories of a visit by Aeneas' father Anchises to Feneos are one factor in his decision to ally his Arcadian colonists to the Trojans.GB85885. Bronze dichalkon, BCD Peloponnesos 1611; BMC Peloponnesus p. 193, 8; Traité III 893; SNG Cop -; Weber II -, VF, attractive green patina, tight flan, light marks and corrosion, weight 3.452 g, maximum diameter 17.1 mm, die axis 45o, Pheneos (Feneos, Greece) mint, c. 370 - 340 B.C.; obversehead of young Hermes right, cloak tied tied around neck and petasos suspended by cord behind; reverse ΦENEΩN, ram standing right, ΣI below ram; ex J. Cohen Collection; very rare; $110.00 (€93.50)
Tegea, Arkadia, Peloponnesos, Greece, c. 50 - 25 B.C.
Aleos was the mythical founder of Alea and the king of Tegea. Kepheos was his son and successor as king. When Kepheos and all of his 20 sons joined Herakles on his campaign against King Hippocoon of Sparta, Athena (or Herakles in some sources) presented a lock of Medusa's hair to Kepheos' daughter Sterope. This lock made Tegea, the home of a major sanctuary of Athena, unconquerable despite the absence of its men. Kepheos and all of his sons (or 17 in some sources) were killed on the campaign against Sparta. GB85887. Bronze hemiobol, BCD Peloponnesos 1749; BMC Peloponnesus p. 202, 20; Nemea 1967, SNG Cop 314; Weber 4353; HGC 5 1056, Fair/Fine, pitting, edge chipping, weight 2.544 g, maximum diameter 19.6 mm, die axis 270o, Tegea (Alea, Arcadia, Peloponnese, Greece) mint, c. 50 - 25 B.C.; obversehead of Aleos right, wearing tainia; reverse Kepheos standing right, holding spear and shield and extending hand to Athena standing left, holding spear and lock of Medusa's hair; between them stands Sterope, holding vessel to receive the lock; monograms in center above and below; ex J. Cohen Collection; ex J. Aiello; ex BCD Collection; ex Bruun Rasmussen auction 498 (17 Sep 1987); deacquisition (duplicate) Danish National Museum, Copenhagen; very rare; $140.00 (€119.00)
Mantinea, Arkadia, Peloponnesos, Greece, c. 340 - 325 B.C.
Mantineia was the site of two significant battles in Classical Greek history. The First Battle of Mantinea, in 418 B.C., was the largest land battle of the Peloponnesian War. After the Athenian commander was killed, due to greater Spartan courage, the battle turned into a rout. The Second Battle of Mantinea, in 362 B.C., led to the fall of Theban hegemony. In that battle, Athens and Sparta were allied. Thebes won the battle, but its greatest general, Epaminondas, was killed in the fighting. The Macedonian kingAntigonus III Doson renamed the city Antigonia, but Mantineia's name was restored by Hadrian.GB85889. Bronze chalkous, BCD Peloponnesos 1485.1; Nemea 1949; SNG Cop 253; BMC Peloponnesus p. 186, 20; HGC 5 909 (S); Heraia undertype: BCD Peloponnesos 1360; HGC 5 838, VF, strong undertype effects on obverse, light marks, slightest porosity, weight 2.668 g, maximum diameter 15.0 mm, die axis 270o, Mantinea mint, c. 340 - 325 B.C.; obversehead of Athena right, wearing Corinthian helmet without crest; undertype: helmeted head of Athena right; reverse trident head upward, MAN upward on right; undertype: large H; ex J. Cohen Collection; ex BCD Collection with his tag noting the Heraia undertype and acquisition from "G.G., April 86, 120 Sfr."; rare; $135.00 (€114.75)
Megara, Megaris, Peloponnesos, Greece, Early 1st Century B.C.
Megara is in westAttica, the northern section of the Isthmus of Corinth opposite the island of Salamis, which belonged to Megara in archaic times, before being taken by Athens. Megara was a trade port, its people using their ships and wealth as a way to gain leverage on armies of neighboring poleis. Megara specialized in exportation of wool and other animal products including livestock such as horses. It possessed two harbors, Pegae, to the west on the Corinthian Gulf and Nisaea, to the east on the Saronic Gulf of the Aegean Sea.GB85897. Bronze dichalkon, BCD Peloponnesos 38; SNG Cop 471; BMC Attica p. 120, 16; Kroll 647; HGC 4 1795 (S), aVF, centered on a tight flan, dark patina, marks, some corrosion, weight 3.242 g, maximum diameter 15.5 mm, die axis 90o, Megara mint, early 1st century B.C.; obverse laureate head of Apollo right; reversetripod lebes, MEΓA/PEΩN flanking in two downward lines, the first on the right; ex J. Cohen Collection; ex BCD with his ticket; ex Schulten Co (27 Mar 1990), lot 97 (DM 80+15%); scarce; $85.00 (€72.25)
Achaean League, Sikyon, Sikyonia, Peloponnesos, Greece, 191 - 146 B.C.
The obverse probably depicts temple-statue of Zeus Homagyrius or Homarius, in whose temple the assembly of the Achaeans met.GB85900. Bronze tetrachalkon, BCD Peloponnesos 323; BMC Peloponnesus p. 13, 147; Clerk 20; Benner 4; HGC 5 285 (S), F, dark patina, tight flan, marks, scrape on reverse, corrosion, weight 4.581 g, maximum diameter 17.9 mm, die axis 45o, Sikyon mint, 191 -146 B.C.; obverse Zeus standing left, nude, Nike in extended right hand, long scepter vertical in left hand, ∆A monogram lower left; reverse AXAIΩN SIKYΩNIΩN, Achaia seated left, wreath in extended right hand, long scepter vertical in left hand; ex J. Cohen Collection, ex BCD Collection (acquired from old German collection in Oct. 1993); rare; $85.00 (€72.25)
Heraia, Arcadia, Peloponnesos, Greece, c. 380 - 350 B.C.
Heraia is located on the Alpheios river, a few miles south-west of the modern village of Loutra Iraias, in the municipality of Gortynia in the western Peloponnese, Greece. According to legend, the eponymous founder of the city was Heraieus, son of Lykaion. By the 6th century B.C., Heraia was a major Arcadian city. The famous Tabula Peutingeriana shows a road system connecting Heraia with ancient Olympia, Melaneai and Megalopolis. Famous Olympic champions from Heraia include Demaretos (520 B.C.), his son Theopompos (516 B.C.), his grandson Theopompos and others.GB85901. Bronze dichalkon, BCD Peloponnesos 1360; BMC Peloponnesus p. 183, 19; SNG Cop 240; Imhoof-Blumer MG 217; Traité III 1021; HGC 5 838 (R1), F, green patina, tiny edge split, light marks, weight 2.579 g, maximum diameter 14.3 mm, die axis 45o, Heraia mint, c. 380 - 350 B.C.; obversehead of Athena right, wearing crested Athenian helmet with cheek pieces turned back; reverse large H with curved sides, four pellets within and around; ex J. Cohen Collection, ex J. Aiello, ex CNG, ex BCD Collection; rare; $80.00 (€68.00)
Megara, Megaris, Peloponnesos, Greece, c. 370 - 275 B.C.
Megara is in westAttica, the northern section of the Isthmus of Corinth opposite the island of Salamis, which belonged to Megara in archaic times, before being taken by Athens. Megara was a trade port, its people using their ships and wealth as a way to gain leverage on armies of neighboring poleis. Megara specialized in exportation of wool and other animal products including livestock such as horses. It possessed two harbors, Pegae, to the west on the Corinthian Gulf and Nisaea, to the east on the Saronic Gulf of the Aegean Sea. Megara had 23,456 inhabitants at the 2011 census.GB85282. Bronze dichalkon, BCD Peloponnesos 7; SNG Cop 480; BMC Attica p. 120, 21; Kroll 643e; HGC 4 1797, gF, weight 2.435 g, maximum diameter 14.8 mm, die axis 0o, Megara mint, c. 370 - 275 B.C.; obverse prow of galley left, tripod on deck, nothing below; reverse two dolphins swimming clockwise around MEΓ, all within dotted border; ex CNG, ex BCD Collection; $130.00 (€110.50)
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