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Gallienus, August 253 - September 268 A.D., Side, Pamphylia

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The great ruins of Side are among the most notable in Asia Minor. They cover a large promontory which a wall and a moat separate from the mainland. There are two agoras: a commercial agora and the "state" agora. The commercial agora is over 8000 square meters, surrounded by columns, with shops, exedras and latrines and washing places. On it inconceivable numbers of slaves must have been traded, for during part of its history Side was a major center for pirates who stationed their fleet here. At its center, there is a round temple, well-restored, that was dedicated to the protective goddess of the city, Tyche. The present construction dates from the 2nd century A.D. and was still in use in Byzantine times.Temple of Tyche

RP88916. Bronze 5 assaria, SNG Pfalz 835, SNG BnF 918, SNG Cop -, SNGvA -, SNG Righetti -, BMC Lycia -; c/m: Howgego 805 (169 pcs.), VF, broad flan, porosity, weight 17.498 g, maximum diameter 30.1 mm, die axis 180o, Side (near Selimiye, Antalya Province, Turkey) mint, joint reign, Aug 253 - 260 A.D.; obverse AYT KAI ΠOY ΛI ΓAΛΛIHNOC CEB, laureate bust right, wearing paludamentum and cuirass, star above dividing legend; countermark on right: E (5 assaria) in 7.5mm round punch obliterating IA (prior mark of value); reverse CI∆HTΩN NEΩKOPOC, draped bust of Tyche right, wearing mural crown; only three sales of this type recorded on Coin Archives in the last two decades; scarce; $140.00 (€123.20)


Gallienus, August 253 - September 268 A.D., Side, Pamphylia

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The great ruins of Side are among the most notable in Asia Minor. They cover a large promontory which a wall and a moat separate from the mainland. There are two agoras: a commercial agora and the "state" agora. The commercial agora is over 8000 square meters, surrounded by columns, with shops, exedras and latrines and washing places. On it inconceivable numbers of slaves must have been traded, for during part of its history Side was a major center for pirates who stationed their fleet here. At its center, there is a round temple, well-restored, that was dedicated to the protective goddess of the city, Tyche. The present construction dates from the 2nd century A.D. and was still in use in Byzantine times.Temple of Tyche

RP88917. Bronze 5 assaria, SNG Pfalz 823; SNG BnF 922; BMC Lycia p. 161, 117; Waddington 3495; SNG Cop -; SNGvA -; SNG Righetti -; Lindgren -; c/m: Howgego 805 (169 pcs.), VF, broad flan, porous, edge crack (from counter-marking?), weight 13.494 g, maximum diameter 30.0 mm, die axis 180o, Side (near Selimiye, Antalya Province, Turkey) mint, joint reign, Aug 253 - 260 A.D.; obverse AYT KAI ΠO ΛI ΓAΛΛIHNOC CE (AI in error, should be ΛI, but error is normal for this type), laureate bust right, wearing paludamentum and cuirass, eagle right below with wings open; countermark on right: E (5 assaria) in 7.5mm round punch obliterating IA (prior mark of value); reverse CI∆HTΩN NEΩKOPΩ, draped bust of Tyche right, wearing veil and mural crown, pomegranate on branch right (not fully struck) below; scarce; $150.00 (€132.00)


Gallienus, August 253 - September 268 A.D., Side, Pamphylia

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A neocorate was a honor granted by the Roman Senate and the Roman Emperor to certain cities which had built temples to the Emperor or had established cults dedicated to members of the Imperial family. The city itself was referred to as neokoros (pl. neokoroi). A temple dedicated to the emperor was also called neocorate. These titles came from the Greek word νεωκορος, literally a temple-sweeper (νεως, temple, κορειν, to sweep), and was also used for a temple attendant and for a priestly holder of high rank who was in charge of a temple. The first city to use the title was Ephesus for its Temple of the Sebastoi. Starting in the 2nd century A.D., the title appeared on many coins. There were approximately 37 cities holding the neocorate, concentrated in the province of Asia, but also in neighboring provinces.
RP88912. Bronze 10 assaria, SNG BnF 901, SNG Fitzwilliam 5112, Waddington 3498, SNG PfPs -, SNG Cop -, SNGvA -, SNG Righetti -, SNG Hunterian -, BMC Lycia -, Lindgren -, VF, well centered, porous, weight 15.370 g, maximum diameter 29.2 mm, die axis 30o, Side (near Selimiye, Antalya Province, Turkey) mint, sole reign, 260 - Sep 268 A.D.; obverse AYT KAI ΠOY ΛI EΓNA ΓAΛΛIHNOC CEB, laureate bust right, wearing paludamentum and cuirass, arrow right below, I (mark of value) before; reverse CI∆HTΩN, NE/ΩKO/PΩN in three lines within laurel wreath; only one sale recorded on Coin Archives in the last two decades; very rare; $160.00 (€140.80)


Gallienus, August 253 - September 268 A.D., Side, Pamphylia

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The great ruins of Side are among the most notable in Asia Minor. The well-preserved city walls provide an entrance to the site through the Hellenistic main gate. Next comes the colonnaded street, all that remains of the marble columns are a few broken stubs near the old Roman baths. The street leads to the public bath, restored as a museum displaying statues and sarcophagi from the Roman period. Next is the square agora with the remains of a round Temple of Tyche in the middle. The agora was a trading center where pirates sold slaves. The remains of the theater, which was used for gladiator fights and later as a church, and the monumental gate date back to the 2nd century. The early Roman Temple of Dionysus is near the theater. The fountain gracing the entrance is restored. At the left side are the remains of a Byzantine Basilica. A public bath has also been restored. The remaining ruins of Side include three temples, an aqueduct, and a nymphaeum. The photograph right is of ruins of the temple of Apollo.Temple of Apollo

RP88913. Bronze 5 assaria, SNG Cop 4844 (same obv. die), SNG BnF 924, BMC Lycia p. 160, 110, SNG Pfalz -, SNG Cop -, SNG Righetti -, Lindgren -; c/m: Howgego 805 (169 pcs), VF, well centered on a broad flan, porous, weight 17.834 g, maximum diameter 30.5 mm, die axis 30o, Side (near Selimiye, Antalya Province, Turkey) mint, joint reign, Aug 253 - 260 A.D.; obverse AYT KAI ΠOY ΛI ΓAΛΛIHNOC CE, laureate bust right, wearing paludamentum and cuirass, eagle right with wings open below; countermark on right: E (5 assaria) in 7.5mm round punch obliterating IA (prior mark of value); reverse CI∆HTΩN NEΩKOPΩN, Apollo standing front, head left, wearing short chiton, chlamys and boots, patera in right hand, left hand rests on laurel tipped staff, pomegranate on branch right; scarce; $130.00 (€114.40)


Gallienus, August 253 - September 268 A.D., Side, Pamphylia

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The great ruins of Side are among the most notable in Asia Minor. The well-preserved city walls provide an entrance to the site through the Hellenistic main gate. Next comes the colonnaded street, all that remains of the marble columns are a few broken stubs near the old Roman baths. The street leads to the public bath, restored as a museum displaying statues and sarcophagi from the Roman period. Next is the square agora with the remains of a round Temple of Tyche in the middle. The agora was a trading center where pirates sold slaves. The remains of the theater, which was used for gladiator fights and later as a church, and the monumental gate date back to the 2nd century. The early Roman Temple of Dionysus is near the theater. The fountain gracing the entrance is restored. At the left side are the remains of a Byzantine Basilica. A public bath has also been restored. The remaining ruins of Side include three temples, an aqueduct, and a nymphaeum. The photograph right is of ruins of the temple of Apollo.Temple of Apollo

RP88914. Bronze 5 assaria, cf. BMC Lycia p. 160, 109 (no altar, obliterated by c/m?); SNG PfPs -; SNG BnF -; SNGvA -; SNG Righetti -; Lindgren -; c/m: Howgego 805 (169 pcs.), aVF, obverse die break at 3:00, porosity, countermark poorly struck sparing obliteration of the altar, the only example with a visible altar known to FORVM, weight 15.070 g, maximum diameter 31.0 mm, die axis 45o, Side (near Selimiye, Antalya Province, Turkey) mint, joint reign, Aug 253 - 260 A.D.; obverse AYT KAI ΠOY ΛI ΓAΛΛIHNOC CE, laureate bust right, wearing paludamentum and cuirass, star above; countermark on right: E (5 assaria) in 7.5mm round punch obliterating IA (prior mark of value); reverse CI∆HTΩN NEΩKOPΩN, Apollo standing front, head left, wearing short chiton, chlamys and boots, patera in right hand, left hand rests on laurel tipped staff, small flaming altar at feet on left; only one sale recorded on Coin Archives in the last two decades (also with an apparently obliterated altar); very rare; $160.00 (€140.80)


Gallienus, August 253 - September 268 A.D., Side, Pamphylia

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The great ruins of Side are among the most notable in Asia Minor. They cover a large promontory which a wall and a moat separate from the mainland. There are colossal ruins of a theater complex, the largest in Pamphylia, built in the 2nd century A.D. Following Roman design it relies on arches to support the sheer verticals. The Roman style was adopted because Side lacked a convenient hillside that could be hollowed out in the usual Greek fashion more typical of Asia Minor. The stage building was ornately adorned but the decorations and the theater are damaged, in part due to a strong earthquake. The theater was converted into an open-air sanctuary with two chapels during the 5th or 6th century (Byzantine times).Theater at Side

RP88910. Bronze 10 assaria, Unpublished in references examined; SNG BnF -, SNG Cop -, SNGvA -, SNG Righetti -, SNG PfPs -, SNG Hunterian -, BMC Lycia -, Lindgren -, F, well centered, porous, rough areas, weight 17.950 g, maximum diameter 29.0 mm, die axis 30o, Side (near Selimiye, Antalya Province, Turkey) mint, sole reign, 260 - Sep 268 A.D.; obverse AYT KAI ΠOY ΛI EΓNA ΓAΛΛIHNOC CEB, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, arrow right below, I (10 assaria) to right; reverse CI∆HTΩN NEΩKOPΩN, Athena standing slightly left, head left, wearing crested Corinthian helmet, long chiton and peplos, holding the letter A in extended right hand (a boast that Side is first or best - A is the Greek number one), spear vertical in left hand; prow before, grounded shield behind leaning on spear; only one sale recorded on Coin Archives in the last two decades - Savoca Numismatik auction 14 (23 Apr 2017), lot 396; that is the only other specimen known to Forum; extremely rare; $150.00 (€132.00)


Gallienus, August 253 - September 268 A.D., Side, Pamphylia

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BMC Lycia does not have a plate image for this coin but it is described with the same obverse legend error and the same reverse inscription arrangement. There are five specimens from these dies on Coin Archives. The British Museum coin is probably also from the same dies.
RP88911. Bronze 5 assaria, BMC Lycia p. 161, 115 (same dies?); SNG BnF -; SNG PfPs -; SNG Cop -; SNGvA -; SNG Righetti -; Lindgren -; c/m: Howgego 805 (169 pcs), aVF, well centered, porosity, central depressions, weight 15.543 g, maximum diameter 29.1 mm, die axis 180o, Side (near Selimiye, Antalya Province, Turkey) mint, joint reign, Aug 253 - 260 A.D.; obverse AYT KAI ΠO AI ΓAΛΛIHNO CEB (AI in error, should be ΛI), laureate bust right, wearing paludamentum and cuirass, eagle right below with wings open; countermark on right: E (5 assaria) in 7.5mm round punch obliterating IA (prior mark of value); reverse galley left with acrostolium, ram, oarsmen, steersman with rudder, and aphlaston, tree with pomegranates on right, CI∆H/TΩN in two lines above, NEΩKOPΩ/N in two lines below; rare; $150.00 (€132.00)


Gallienus, August 253 - September 268 A.D., Side, Pamphylia

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This reverse type was used primarily for coins of Salonina (e.g. SNG BnF 941, SNGvA 4858, SNG PfPs 878).
RP88900. Bronze 10 assaria, Unpublished in references examined; SNG BnF -, SNG Cop -, SNGvA -, SNG Righetti -, SNG PfPs -, SNG Hunterian -, BMC Lycia -, Lindgren -, VF, well centered, porous, a little rough, weight 18.547 g, maximum diameter 31.1 mm, die axis 195o, Side (near Selimiye, Antalya Province, Turkey) mint, sole reign, 260 - Sep 268 A.D.; obverse AYT KAI ΠOY ΛI EΓN ΓAΛΛIHNOC CEBA, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, I (mark of value) before; reverse CI∆HTΩN NEΩKOPΩN, three galleys left, A above (a boast that Side is first or best - A is the Greek number one), NAVA/PXIC in two lines below; only one sale recorded on Coin Archives in the last two decades - CNG e-auction 413 (31 Jan 2018), lot 257 (realized $300 plus fees); extremely rare; $250.00 (€220.00)


Salonina, Augusta 254 - c. September 268 A.D., Wife of Gallienus, Side, Pamphylia

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IA is a mark of value. IA is the Greek additive number eleven (I = 10, A = 1, I + A = 11). Some references and sales listings identify this type with a value of eleven units. Eleven seems quite an odd denomination. We believe IA should be read as 10 assaria, the A abbreviating assaria. Most of these IA coins were later countermarked E, devaluing them to 5 assaria. At the same time other coins were struck with the mark of value I (only, without the A), 10 assaria.
RP88902. Bronze 10 assaria, SNG BnF 940; BMC Lycia p. 162, 120; SNG Cop -; SNGvA -; SNG PfPs -; SNG Righetti -; SNG Hunterian -; Waddington -; Lindgren -, F, well centered, legend not fully struck, porous , weight 13.978 g, maximum diameter 28.7 mm, die axis 180o, Side (near Selimiye, Antalya Province, Turkey) mint, 254 - 260 A.D.; obverse KOPNHΛIA CAΛΩNINA CEBA, draped bust right, wearing stephane, star above, IA (10 assaria) before; reverse CI∆HTΩN NEΩKOPΩN, Athena standing facing, helmeted head left, temple model in extended right hand, vertical spear and grounded shield in left hand; zero sales of this type recorded on Coin Archives in the last two decades, we could not find another example online; very rare; $150.00 (€132.00)


Valerian I, October 253 - c. June 260 A.D., Side, Pamphylia

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SNG Pfalz 792 and SNGvA 4836 have the same types but with a reverse legend CI∆HTΩN - NEKOPΩN. This type and reverse legend was also struck for Gallienus in the same issue. This Athena type was used on coins struck at Side for many different emperors and empresses and probably depicts a sculpture of Athena that was in her temple at Side. The obverse countermark, Howgego 805 (169 pcs), devalued the coin from 8 to 5 assaria, likely at the same time when, during the sole reign of Gallienus, coins bearing the denomination "I" (i.e. 10 assaria) were issued.
RP88907. Bronze 5 assaria, Apparently unpublished; cf. SNG Pfalz 792 ( rev. leg.), SNGvA 4836 (same), SNG BnF -, SNG Righetti -, BMC Lycia -, et al. -; c/m: Howgego 805, F, well centered, some legend weak, porous, weight 14.488 g, maximum diameter 31.5 mm, die axis 180o, Side (near Selimiye, Antalya Province, Turkey) mint, c. Oct 253 - 260 A.D.; obverse AVT KAI ΠO ΛI OYAΛEPIANON CEB, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, seen from behind; countermark on right: E (5 assaria) in 7.5mm round punch, obliterating prior mark of value H (8 assaria); reverse CI∆HTΩN, Athena standing facing, head right, wearing crested Corinthian helmet, long chiton and peplos, spear vertical in right hand, thunderbolt in left hand, pomegranate on stem on left, palm frond and shield upright on the ground to right; zero sales of this type recorded on Coin Archives in the last two decades, we could not find another example online; very rare; $150.00 (€132.00)




  







Catalog current as of Monday, June 24, 2019.
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