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Lysimacheia, Thracian Chersonese, c. 245 - 225 B.C., Overstruck on Seleukid Kingdom, Antiochos II, 261 - 241 B.C.
Undertype: Seleukid Kingdom, Antiochos II, 261 - 241 B.C., cf. Houghton-Lorber 522, Sardes(?) mint, obverse: diademed head of Apollo right; reverse: tripod over anchor, BAΣIΛEΩΣ downward on right, ANTIOXOY downward on left. RP89880. Bronze AE 18, MacDonald Overstrikes 91 (same undertype); Asilbeyli Hoard, group 8, 95 (same); SNG Cop 914; BMC Thrace p. 195, 4, aVF+, nice green patina, weak strike leaving strong undertype on reverse, earthen deposits, weight 4.154 g, maximum diameter 18.4 mm, die axis 0o, Lysimachia (Eksemil, Turkey) mint, c. 245 - 225 B.C.; obverse head of Herakles right, clad in Nemean lion scalp headdress; reverse Nike standing left, raising wreath in right hand, ΛYΣIMAXEΩN starting downward on left and ending below, monograms (controls) on right; undertype: obverse - head of Apollo right; $180.00 (158.40)
Faustina Sr., Augusta 25 February 138 - Early 141, Wife of Antoninus Pius
Pietas in traditional Latin usage expressed a complex, highly valued Roman virtue; a man or woman with pietas respected his or her responsibilities to the gods, family, other people and entities (such as the state), and understood his or her place in society with respect to others. RB91021. Orichalcum sestertius, RIC III AP1146A(a), BMCRE IV 1443; Hunter II 67, SRCV II 4631, F, choice obverse, excellent centering, reverse weakly struck and rough, weight 21.955 g, maximum diameter 33.8 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, posthumous, 141 A.D.; obverse DIVA AVGVSTA FAVSTINA, draped bust right, hair elaborately waved and in a bun on top of head, band of pearls; reverse PIETAS AVG (to the piety of the Emperor), Pietas standing left, dropping incense on candelabrum-altar with right, holding box in left hand, S - C (senatus consulto) flanking legs; from the Eric J. Engstrom Collection; $130.00 (114.40)
Commodus, March or April 177 - 31 Dec 192 A.D.
Hilaritas, the personification of rejoicing, is usually depicted as a matron, standing with a cornucopia in her left hand and a long palm frond on the ground in her right. Green branches were a sign of gladness and for special occasions, both public and private, it was the custom in ancient times to ornament streets, temples, gates, houses, and even entire cities, with branches and leaves of trees. This tradition carries on today in the form of wreaths and Christmas trees. RB91329. Orichalcum sestertius, RIC III 497 (S); Cohen III 213; BMCRE IV p. 810, 593 var. (rev. HILARITAS...); MIR 18, 729-6/30 var. (same); SRCV II 5754 var. (same); Hunter II -, F , broad and heavy flan, spot of reverse encrustation, weight 27.795 g, maximum diameter 33.9 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, Dec 186 - Dec 187 A.D.; obverse M COMMODVS ANT P FELIX AVG BRIT, laureate head right; reverse HILARIT AVG PM TR XII IMP VIII COS V P P, Hilaritas standing slightly left, head left, olive branch in extended right hand, grounded palm frond vertical in left hand, S - C (senatus consulto) flanking across the field below center; scarce; $110.00 (96.80)
Lucilla, Augusta c. 164 - 182 A.D., Wife of Lucius Verus
Lucifer means lightbringer, from the Latin lux light and ferre to bear or bring. The word Lucifer is found in only one place in the Bible -- Isaiah 14:12 -- but only in the King James and related versions: How art thou fallen from heaven, O Lucifer, son of the morning! The King James Version is based on the Vulgate, the Latin translation of Jerome. Jerome translated the Hebrew helel (bright or brilliant one) as lucifer, which was a reasonable Latin equivalent. And yet it is this lucifer, the bright one or lightbearer, that came to be understood by so many as the name for Satan, Lord of Darkness. RS91445. Silver denarius, RIC III MA762; RSC II 14; BMCRE IV p. 427, 310; Hunter II p. 388, 2, Choice VF, toned, flow lines, edge cracks, weight 3.303 g, maximum diameter 17.91 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 166 - 169 A.D.; obverse LVCILLAE AVG ANTONINI AVG F, draped bust right, hair waived and knotted in chignon low at back; reverse DIANA LVCIFERA, Diana standing left, holding long torch with both hands, S - C (senatus consulto) flanking across the lower half of the field; from the Maxwell Hunt Collection; $170.00 (149.60)
Crispina, Wife of Commodus, Augusta 178 - 182 A.D.
At one time, the obverse on this coin probably looked much like the reverse, worn and rough, with a loss of detail. The fields have been smoothed and Crispina's hair and features have been recut (tooled) to "restore" the coin and make it appear less worn. Collectors consider tooling damage, not improvement. This would make a good coin for jewelry because it is already damaged and yet still attractive. RB91452. Orichalcum sestertius, RIC III 672b (R), Cohen III 32, BMCRE IV 423 var. (SC in ex.), Hunter II 39 var. (obv. leg.), SRCV II 6010 var. (same), Tooled, weight 21.969 g, maximum diameter 29.9 mm, die axis 315o, Rome mint, 180 - 182 A.D.; obverse CRISPINA AVG IMP COMMODI AVG, draped bust right, hair knotted in a coiled bun in back; reverse SALVS, Salus seated left, from patera in right hand feeding snake coiled around column altar, left forearm on back of chair, S - C (senatus consulto) flanking low across field; from the Maxwell Hunt Collection; $50.00 (44.00)
Fausta, Augusta, 8 November 324 - Autumn 326 A.D., Second Wife of Constantine the Great
Fausta is depicted as Spes, the Roman personification of hope. She holds her infant children, Constantine II and Constantius II, her hopeful promise for the future of the "Republic." RL91457. Billon centenionalis, RIC VII Ticinum p. 387, 203 (R5); LRBC I 488; SRCV IV 16565; Cohen VII 17; Hunter V 7 var. (1st officina), Choice VF, well centered, dark patina with earthen highlighting, weight 2.823 g, maximum diameter 18.6 mm, die axis 0o, 3rd officina, Ticinum (Pavia, Italy) mint, c. 326 A.D.; obverse FLAV MAX FAVSTA AVG, draped bust right with hair waved, bun at back, wearing pearl necklace; reverse SPES REIPVBLICAE, Fausta standing facing, looking left, holding infants Constantine II and Constantius II, T crescent T in exergue; from the Maxwell Hunt Collection; rare; $80.00 (70.40)
Roman Republic, Second Triumvirate, Mark Antony and Octavian, 40 - 39 B.C.
In 40 B.C., with the Treaty of Brundisium, the Triumvir Rei Publica Constituende (Three Men for the Restoration of the Republic) agreed to divide the Roman Republic into spheres of influence. Gaius Octavian, who took the name Caesar, controlled the Western provinces. Mark Antony controlled the Eastern provinces; the River Drin, the boundary between the provinces Illyricum and Macedonia, would serve as their frontier. Marcus Aemilius Lepidus controlled Hispania and Africa. The treaty was cemented by the marriage of Antony and Octavia, sister of Octavian. SH91537. Silver denarius, Crawford 528/3; Sydenham 1194; RSC I Mark Antony and Augustus 2; BMCRR East 123; Sear CRI 251; SRCV I 1506, F, old cabinet toning, well centered, some die wear, banker's mark, scratches, tiny test cut on edge, weight 3.660 g, maximum diameter 19.4 mm, die axis 90o, struck by Antony (in Syria?), traveling military mint, Autumn 41 B.C.; obverse M ANTON IMP IIIVIR R P C AVG (Marcus Antonius, imperator, triumvir rei publica constituende, augur), bare head of Antony right; reverse CAESAR PONT IIIVIR R P C (Caesar, pontifex, triumvir rei publica constituende), bare head of Octavian right; from the Maxwell Hunt Collection; very scarce; $400.00 (352.00)
Herennius Etruscus, Early 251 - First Half of June 251 A.D.
The reverse legend dedicates this coin to the Prince of Youth, Herennius Etruscus. When Augustus ruled Rome, he was not called emperor or king, he was the Princeps, the "first of men." In the empire, the designated successors to the emperor were named caesar and also given the title Princeps Juventutis, the "first of youths." This is the origin of the English word prince, meaning the son of a monarch. RS91542. Silver antoninianus, RSC IV 20, RIC IV 144b (R), Hunter III 9 var. (PRINCIPI IVVENTVTIS), SRCV III 9522 var. (same), VF, excellent portrait, well centered, toned, flow lines, some die wear, long closed edge crack, small edge split, weight 3.786 g, maximum diameter 22.2 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, as caesar, 250 - early 251 A.D.; obverse Q HER ETR MES DECIVS NOB C, radiate and draped bust right, from behind; reverse PRINC IVVENT (to the Prince of Youth), Apollo seated left, nude to the waist, himation around hips and legs, laurel branch in extended right hand, left arm resting on kithara on the back of chair; from the Maxwell Hunt Collection; rare; $140.00 (123.20)
Augustus, 16 January 27 B.C. - 19 August 14 A.D., Ancient Counterfeit
Although the style of this ancient counterfeit is very close to the official original, it apparently aroused suspicion in ancient times. It was cut and punched to test and expose the core. RS91546. Fouree silver plated denarius, RIC I 207, RSC I 43, BMCRE I 533, BnF I 1651, Hunter I 217, SRCV I 1597, aVF, close to official style, obverse off center, scratches, marks, small test punches, tiny edge cut, big test punch with core exposed 6:00 on obv., weight 2.775 g, maximum diameter 20.6 mm, die axis 90o, unofficial, counterfeiter's mint, c. 2 B.C. - 4 A.D.; obverse CAESAR AVGVSTVS DIVI F PATER PATRIAE, laureate head right; reverse C L CAESARES AVGVSTI F COS DESIG PRINC IVVENT, Caius and Lucius Caesars stand facing, togate, each resting hand on a round shield with spear behind, above center on left a simpulum right and on right a lituus left; from the Maxwell Hunt Collection; $90.00 (79.20)
Augustus, 16 January 27 B.C. - 19 August 14 A.D.
The reverse legend means "for citizens saved." The wreath is the corona civica, the oak wreath awarded by special decree of the Senate to Augustus in 27 B.C. for saving the lives of citizens by ending the series of civil wars. The shield in the center commemorates the golden shield awarded to Augustus by the Senate for his virtue, piety, justice and clemency, which was kept on display in the Curia Iulia. SH91548. Silver denarius, RIC I 79a, RSC I 215, BMCRE I 381, BMCRR Rome 4393, BnF I 1144, SRCV I 1626, F, dark toning, banker's marks below ear, flow lines, lighter area on reverse, weight 3.804 g, maximum diameter 19.8 mm, die axis 210o, Colonia Patricia (Cordoba, Spain) mint, c. 19 B.C.; obverse CAESAR AVGVSTVS, bare head of Augustus right; reverse OB CIVIS / SERVATOS (for citizens saved) curving above and below, S P Q R / CL V in two lines inscribed on round shield within oak wreath; from the Maxwell Hunt Collection; scarce; $300.00 (264.00)
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