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Trebonianus Gallus, June or July 251 - July or August 253 A.D.
Juno was the patron deity of Trebonianus Gallus. The epithet Martialis literally means "of or belonging to Mars" or "warlike," but the depictions of Juno Martialis on the coins are not warlike. The epithet may refer to Juno as the mother of Mars. Or perhaps she is Juno of March - her festival was on 7 March. Perhaps the title refers to her temple in the Campus Martius, the old "Field of Mars" down by the Tiber. She is sometimes equated with Juno Perusina, as Perugia was where Trebonianus Gallus came from, and as such is sometimes called Juno Martialis Perusina by modern scholars.
RB85509. Orichalcum sestertius
, RIC IV
110a (R), Banti
14, Cohen V
50, SRCV III
- (p. cv), aVF/F, tight ragged flan
cutting off most of the legends, area
of corrosion on the reverse
10.908g, maximum diameter
25.7mm, die axis
, 251 - 253 A.D.; obverse IMP CAES
C VIBIVS TREBONIANVS GALLVS AVG, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust
right, from behind; reverse
IVNONI MARTIALIS, Shrine of Juno Martialis
: domed, distyle
rotunda with Corinthian columns, garlands hanging below dome; statue of Juno
seated facing within holding two stalks of grain in extended right; rare
; ON LAYAWAY
Catalog current as of Tuesday, January 23, 2018.
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